ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Domestic Abuse

Updated on April 7, 2016

Domestic Violence Research College essay

Sociology of the Family



Domestic Violence

Conflict between women and men has a public significance beyond the

immediate family. It can affect the Private Family,such as, the quality of emotional

support, intimacy,and cooperation. In the Public Family it can affect the social consequences. Violence is not a new thing, in any country, for centuries human beings have been violent towards one another. In the New England Colonies, the Puritans believed that family affairs were the government's responsibility.Divorce was unheard or was not allowed, regardless of the relationship between the man and the women. In 1641, the Massachusetts Bay Colony enacted the first law against wife beating, along with children involved.How strict was the law really enforced against wife beating ? We are not sure, but the reports were a very small percentage. In the late 1800s, when the child protection movement a arose, people were becoming more concerned about children’s lives and how they were being affect. In 1874, the first society for the prevention of cruelty of children was founded, 40 years later there were 494 of them. The founder of the New York Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children assured people that Pleck, only wanted to help children in Domestic Relations with parents who couldn’t get along. People feared that these kind of groups encouraged breakups of the family.

In the twentieth Century, little attention to Domestic Violence was paid until the Feminist Movement arose, now making it a Political issue. During this time, there was two ways of thinking about Domestic Violence . The first way was to be called the political model, but not in the sense of Republican or Democratic but in the sense of the relations and power of authority between men and Women.

Today in Ohio every 2 out of 10 girls experience some form of Violence in a relationship, whereas 1 out of 10 boys also experience some form of Violence in a relationship. In the United States, every 9 seconds, someone is assaulted or beaten. Nearly 2 in 5 teenage girls who have been in a relationship said a boyfriend threatened violence or self-harm if presented with a breakup.Females between the ages of 16-24 are 3 times more likely to be abused than the entire population. In the United States, 8 states do not consider dating violence abuse. 50% of youth who have been raped or physically abused are more likely to commit suicide. 1 in 3 college students give their social media/email passwords to their partner.They are more likely to experience digital abuse. As of the most recent study, In The United States of 1998, 31% of Women have been abused. In other countries such as Zambia 48% of Women are abused. “ More than Six million Married Women in each country that was studied reported that being pushed,shaken,slapped, or targeted with a thrown object from their male partner. At least one and ten have been threaten or publicly humiliated by their husbands.”

Domestic Violence has many myths that people sadly mistaken as true,such as

it only affects a small percentage of the population, when in actuality it states that 3 to 4 million women are beaten each year. Some as young as 15 and some as old as 44.Another common myth is about Teenage Domestic Violence.People often mistake Teenage relationships as “puppy love”, whereas it can seriously have effects that result in a negative conflict, such as unwanted pregnancies, seriously injuring one’s self esteem, and self-harm. Another myth is Domestic Violence only occurs between straight people.In fact Domestic Violence does occur in the LGBTQ community just as much as the straight community.The LGBTQ community is likely to report it.

We as humans have to deal with different types of violence in everyday life and some types of violence that we may experience are; child abuse, spousal abuse or Domestic Violence, violence directed towards elderly, and teenage domestic violence. Domestic violence most often occurs between individuals who are dating, couples that are married, separated or divorced, also domestic violence occur in heterosexual as well gay and lesbian relationships. All social, religious, ethnic groups experience domestic violence in one way or another. There are also many different forms of Domestic Violence such as Physical abuse,Emotional Abuse, Verbal Abuse,Physiological Abuse and Sexual Abuse.

Physical Abuse is the most common form of Domestic Violence.Physical abuse is the act of the person involving contact of another person inflicting or attempting to inflict feeling of physical pain,injury or bodily harm. Examples of this type of abuse is: hitting, grabbing,throwing,pinching, stabbing,and shooting.

Emotional/Verbal abuse, is often the silent type of abuse, and goes unnoticed at times. Undermining or attempting to undermine victim’s sense of worth.Trying to control the victim using fear,humiliation,guilt,and manipulation. Examples include, constant criticism,belittling victim’s competency and abilities,name-calling,insults,put-downs,silent treatment,and breaking promises.

Physiological Abuse is the attempt to instill fear.Isolating victims from family,school, and work. Examples are withholding access to transportation or phone. Physiological Abuse victims often feel the sense of always having to check in with their abuser.

Sexual Abuse is coercing or attempting to coerce any sexual contact without consent.Often the abuser undermines the Victim’s sexuality in order to gain sexual advancement.

We have just stated the most common forms of abuse, but doesn’t there have to be some sort of cycle or pattern these kind behaviors follow ? Yes, there is. The cycle of abuse starts with the Abuser’s building Tension,during that communication is lost and then the victim becomes afraid and tries to placate the abuser.Then the incident occurs whether that be any of the mentioned forms of abuse above. The after the incident occurs, the Abuser tries to explain his or her actions by apologizing and promises that it will never happen again, this step is called reconciliation. Then finally the Honeymoon phase, where the incident is forgotten and everything is fine, until it happens again.

The main causes of abuse adult relationships are sense of entitlement ,gender roles, Family,Impunity, and a Need for control. The main causes for Teenage relationships are Low self esteem, Inexperience, Immaturity ,Media, Peer pressure, Impunity, and upbringing.Things that are not causes of why people should/are abused, the behavior of the victim,stress, anger, genes, loss of control, Poverty, Communication problems,Mental illness, and Substance abuse.

Long Lasting effects of Domestic Violence can be hard on not only the victim, but the family as well. Long Lasting Effects include higher risk for substance abuse in alcohol,drugs, eating disorders,risky sexual behavior, and More abusive relationships.

They are more likely to attempt suicide , more likely to be depressed, more likely to have anxiety disorders, and antisocial behaviors.Many parents can feel depressed after their child has been abused and they can not do anything about it, no matter the age of their child.Post traumatic Stress Victims can have flashbacks, nightmares, or serve anxitey due to the abuse they have experienced.

Resources and Hotlines victims can reach out to are:

National teen dating abuse helpline


National Domestic Violence hotline


You can also file a police report on the abuser.

Talk to a close friend or family member

Partners in abusive relationships have varying reasons for remaining in them. People who have never been in a violent relationship often wonder why a person wouldn’t just leave. They don’t understand that breaking up can be more complicated than it seems.There are many reasons why both men and women stay in abusive relationships. Conflicting emotions, which include Fear, believing that the abuse is just normal,embarrassment,low self-esteem, and Love. Pressure, such as socially, with family, sexually, and with children.Distrust of authority, especially with teenagers or young adults. Victims that do try to break away from abusive partners may find that abuse escalates to dangerous proportions. Abusive partners may stalk victims who try to leave them, beat them severely, or otherwise attempt to control their ability to exit the relationship. If they don't threaten to kill or harm the victim or the children, they may threaten to harm themselves, and by so doing, guilt the victim into feeling sympathy for them and then staying to prevent the threatened suicide from happening.The reality of abuse is complex and can be damaging to one’s self.

Today several decades after Domestic Violence reemerged as an issue, the political landscape has been transformed on how we view Domestic Violence then and how we view it today. A half a century ago, a husband could still hit his wife as corrective action was needed in a particular sense. Today a husband wouldn’t be able to do that, and be looked down upon in our society. Policies and Laws (ohio) regarding Domestic Violence Include, In the Ohio revised code section 2919.25 on Domestic Violence, No person shall knowingly cause intentional physical harm to another household member.

Though domestic violence will never be extinct, we as a society can do all we can to prevent and educate ourselves from these horrible situations.Educating ourselves is the best possible solution. Knowing what to do if in an abusive situation, and not only that but being an educational shoulder for another victim to lean on. Domestic violence is an act committed behind closed doors. Though it normally takes place between a man and wife, it can affect a society in more ways than one and as a whole and cannot be ignored. Whatever the tactics if you are forced to make decisions on how your partner may hurt you physically or emotionally, your partner has behaved inappropriately; and when violence is used, they have acted criminally. Using violence and/or other controlling behaviors is not acceptable. No one deserves to be abused.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)