ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

A Brief History of Atheism Part II

Updated on March 21, 2010

 

A Brief History of Atheism Part II

Ancient and Continuing

Charles J. Hunsinger

 

 

 

Not all Atheistic thought is positive, as not all Atheists were or are of a positive mindset, as is demonstrated in the above story. In saying that, it was the Atheistic philosopher who gave authorship to the theory and practice of Marxist Communism, which. I believe, can be described, as an atheistic theism, as that is precisely the essence of Marxist thought.  Frederick Engels and Karl Marx, both men of intellectual achievement and philosophers in their own right viewed humanity with disdain, much like the religious thinkers of Christianity, Judaism and Islam. Man was weak, evil and, most certainly, incapable of self government. Marx held a utopian vision for humanity; a vision of harmony, prosperity, peace, equality. All this would be achieved on a global basis under the rule of a benevolent elite. Marx simply transposed all the attributes of the godly reward of heaven to an earthly Plan. The Plan, as any religious plan for salvation, would require a constant struggle, blind loyalty, adherence and obedience. As religion demands a submission to a god and to the instruments of god i.e. priests, rabbis, imams shamans and ministers; Marxism demands the same submission to its bureaucrats and functionaries all of whom are delighted to administer to the flock in exchange for authority, power and wealth.

The Antiquity of Atheistic Thought

Perhaps, the most articulate spokeswoman or for that matter spokesperson, for Atheistic thought in modern times, the 20th century, was Ayn Rand. Rand was born in Russia and immigrated to the USA in 1926. She was born in 1905 and died in 1982 in her home in New York City. Rand was an accomplished writer and philosopher. She however, was never to achieve  academic acclaim, nor would she be truly recognized, as a staunch defender of American freedom, due to her gender and the fact that she espoused Atheism, a supposed contradiction to American freedom. Rand will be covered in greater depth, as we continue our research. For purposes of thought stimulation, however, let me note that people such as Alan Greenspan, Ron Paul, Ronald Reagan, Clarence Thomas and Rush Limbaugh have been influenced by Rand, her writings, her thought and her passion for American freedom.

Claims of origin are easy to make. It is much more difficult to sustain such claims with evidence. I will give indication of claimed origin, but concentrate on evidence of origin. Atheistic thought and social practice, manifested in social behavior can be found in India, China, Greece and Rome from, as early, as 5,000 BCE, 7000 years ago. The Jain philosophy claims an origin, as old, as the world itself, but there is no evidence.

China

Tao or Taoism (Dao-ism or Pathway) claims an origin of 2700 BCE to 4700 BCE. The founder of Tao is said to be Lao Tze at about 1500 BCE, with a claimed founder, the first legendry Emperor of China, Fu Hsi. Fu Hsi has some striking parallels to modern religions. Hsi was born of a virgin and was considered a shepherd, as he taught men to hunt and fish. There was also abandonment at birth and care was given by animals and birds.

The principles of Tao are;

The Three Jewels—compassion, moderation and humility

The Three Treasures—abstinence from aggression, simplicity of living and refusal to assert     active authority

The Tao philosophy does not possess a creator, savior or damnation deity. The ideas of sin, whether inherent or active, heaven and hell do not exist. Tao is an active life philosophy and continues today with about 30 million followers.

Confucianism

Confucianism is dated to 551 BCE the birth year of Confucius, who is an historical figure.

Ethical teachings; ritual, propriety and etiquette. There is a pronounced belief in the family, as a love of parents and children is an expectation. Honesty, trustworthiness, benevolence, and kindness toward others are also a social and cultural expectation. Social harmony is the primary objective with a strong demand of subservience to the State.

Governance under Confucianism can be summed in the following quotes.

“To govern by virtue, let us compare it to the North Star: it stays in its place, while myriad stars wait upon it.”

“There is government when the prince is the prince, the minister is the minister, when the father is the father and the son is the son.”

Again, as in Tao there is no creator, savior or damnation deities. Sin and the prescribed guilt that is inherent with a sin mentality does not exist.

 

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)