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What is Sin?

Updated on February 23, 2015

I. Man’s Need for Salvation

After man sinned in the garden (Gen. 3:6) and knowingly allowed sin to enter into the world (Rom. 5:12), he in his immediate depraved state had no greater need than salvation (Gen. 3:15).

  • Man is totally depraved

Man, in depravity is incapable of saving himself (Rom. 7:18) and being under the wrath of God (Rom. 1:18), must accept any punishment He sees fit (Matt. 25:46). The natural result of sin is punishment and the punishment for man’s rejection of God is an eternity without Him (Matt. 10:28).

  • Man is at God’s mercy

Man is at the mercy of a just God (Deut. 32:4) Who is legitimately angry at his sin (Isa. 63:4).

II. God’s Role in Salvation

  • Provision

God has offered man only one means of salvation (John 14:6) by dying for every human He created (John 3:16).

  • General Call

God has called all men to Himself (Psalm 19:4) and in His sovereignty, assigned each man the free will to either choose or reject Him (Josh. 24:15). He has empowered man’s will to choose, but will not force an eternity with Himself on anyone (Rev. 1:8).

  • Justification

Justification is a one-time event wherein a believer is instantaneously cleared of all charges against him (Rom. 3:24) and clothed in the righteousness of Christ (Isa. 61:10) just as Christ took his unrighteousness upon Himself (1 John 2:2).

  • Adoption

At the time of belief, a believer is adopted as a child of God (Rom. 8:15).

  • Perseverance

Once an individual has chosen Christ as his only hope of salvation he can never lose that salvation regardless of his subsequent sins (John 17:11), though by them, he may lose the blessing of his salvation (Psalm 3:8).


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