About the Religion, God, and the Reality Behind - Part - II
Why not many Gods?
Well, the people who believe in God are more in numbers than those who don’t. Similarly, those who believe in polytheism are more in number than the ones who believe in monotheism, the prevailing situation around us say so. But as we know the majority is does not always stand for truth, sometimes the truth needs to be probed through the dense curtains that are hindrance to know the reality. The presence of little darkness during the day time does not mean absence of the sun; it’s just owing to the cloud’s interference. Therefore the absence of the majority of monotheists should not justify polytheists to be true. There are solid evidences that suggest God to be one, and the conception of more than one God does not suit to the human nature and, of course, to the pattern over which he has been brought into existence. Let us examine some facts:
(1) Humans have an effervescent relation with the universe, though most of the celestial objects are quite far, not even within the visibility limits of human eyes, but they exert direct impacts on human lives and their day to day affairs. For instance, look at the distance between the sun and moon from the earth and their movements and speed, it’s the precision in all that make our lives sustainable on the planet earth. Even an insignificant change in their distance, speed or movement will cause havoc on the earth. Similar is the case of other events, the flowing of breeze, falling down of the raindrops, reaching of the sun rays on earth and beneath the ocean….every single act has a direct relation with us.
Now just imagine how could such a relation with the far off bodies become possible? Who is monitoring and guiding each and every act? And who is associating every act with the humans and other creatures?
- He it is Who gave the sun radiance and the moonlight, and determined the stages (for the waxing and waning of the moon) that you may learn the calculation of years and the reckoning of time. Allah has created all this with a rightful purpose (rather than out of play). He expounds His signs for the people who know. (Ch10: Verse 5).
- We have not created the heavens and the earth and whatever lies between them merely in sport; We have created them with the truth, but most of them do not know (Ch44: 38-39).
(2) The study of laws of nature suggests that there is a Divine Personality that guides everything and has subjected and pressed them into the service of human kind:
- Another Sign for them is the night: We remove the day from above it, and they are covered in darkness. (Ch 36: 37).
- And the Sun: it is moving to its place of rest. This is the decree of the All-Mighty, All-Knowing God. (Ch 36: 38).
- And the Moon: We have determined stages for it till it again becomes like an old dry palm-branch. (Ch 36: 39).
- Neither is it possible for the Sun to overtake the Moon, nor for the night to outstrip the day. Each is gliding in its own orbit. (Ch 36: 40).
- Do you not see that Allah has subjected to you whatever is in the earth and the heavens, and has bestowed on you all His favors, visible as well as invisible? Yet there are some among the people who wrangle about Allah, without any knowledge, or guidance, or an enlightening Book. (Ch 31:20).
(3) The way in which the humans form a precise relation to the objects of the universe suggests that there is one God Who is unifying the near and far off objects with a purpose, had there been many Gods such unification would not have been possible.
- Had there been any gods in the heavens and the earth beside Allah, the order of both the heavens and the earth would have gone to ruin. Glory be to Allah, the Lord of the Throne, Who is far above their false descriptions of Him. (Ch 21: 22).
(4) The uniformity in terms of benefits and advantages between the objects of the universe reveals a phenomenon called ‘serial homology’. Everything appears to be disciplined as they abide by the physical laws formulated by the One who has created them. Therefore the one who takes birth or passes away in this physical world as the created being and a beneficiary neither become God nor can be termed as God.
How reasonable is the acceptance of one God?
The acceptance of God is as reasonable and logically true as consulting a doctor when in need and approaching a lawyer owing to disputes. This is quite a natural phenomenon that man always looks for the ‘out-side source’ for his basic needs. For food, clothe and shelter, a he can’t deem himself as a self-contained one, rather he is supposed to look at the outside sources to meet the requirements. The ups and downs of life divulge that humans are dependent a lot on one or the other thing for want of some solutions. When the same matter is taken into consideration, in view of the whole human life, the acceptance of Divine Personality and heavy dependence on Him look quite natural and inevitable. This human nature has varied shades:
- O Mankind! Fear your Lord Who created you from a single being and out of it created its mate; and out of the two spread many men and women. Fear Allah in Whose name you plead for the rights, and heed the ties of kinship. Surely, Allah is ever watchful over you (Ch 4: 1)
- And (such is man that) when an affliction befalls him, he cries out to Us, reclining and sitting and standing. But no sooner than We have removed his affliction, he passes on as though he had never cried out to Us to remove his affliction. Thus it is that the misdeeds of the transgressors are made fair-seeming to them. (Ch 10: 12)
- When a calamity whom you invoke forsakes you accept Him. But when He delivers you safely to the shore you turn away from Him, for a man is indeed most thankless.(Ch 17:67)
- Ask them (O Prophet!): 'Who is it that delivers you from dangers in the deep darknesses of the land and the sea, and to whom do you call in humility and in the secrecy of your hearts? To whom do you pray: "If He will but save us from this distress, we shall most certainly be among the thankful?" (Ch 6: 63)
- Who is it Who listens to the oppressed one when he invokes Him, and Who relieves him of his affliction? And (Who is it Who) makes you vicegerents on the earth? Is there besides Allah another god (to do this)? How little you reflect! (Ch 17: 62).
Unarguably the life hangs between hope and fear, with an eloquent relationship with the Creator, the created being succeeds in maintaining a balance cord between hope and fear. Obviously, you can define faith as an amalgamation of hope and fear. This is where one has to remain focused and God invites towards the same and expect us to respond positively:
- Call upon your Lord with humility and in secret. Surely He does not love transgressors. And do not make mischief in the earth after it has been set in order, and call upon Him with fear and longing. Surely Allah's mercy is close to those who do good (Ch 7: 56-57).
Lastly, the rationality of accepting God depends on one’s perception of God, if He is All-Powerful, Omnipresent, Respondent of prayers, Solver of problems, then it becomes inevitable to form a sturdy relationship with the God, as we know the expectations and hope are the powerful sources of life, the absence of which is just equivalent to death, therefore it can rightly be said…what characterizes the difference between the living and the dead is just his attitude towards his Creator.
Evidence of existence of God
The existence of anything can be felt both by its presence and functioning. A man is alive as he breathes; a tree shows signs of life through its movements. Similarly, the movements and the presence of non-living being things help us feel their existence. In the entire cases, be it a matter of living or non-living being, a systematic plan appears to be in function, by virtue of which we find organized and orderly things over and above the earth, in the sky and amidst the vastness of the universe.
As our experience supports, behind any organized and systematic presence or functioning there must be an ‘agency’ or ‘authority’ without which nothing can be realized in that sense. If this is not the case in focus, it is as if all the vehicles are following traffic rules without any ‘guiding source’, and very attractive and delicious dishes are being made and served without the presence of any ‘assisting source’. When these worldly matters are hard to realize ‘without an agency’ then how come the birth and death of humans, the change in day and night and weather, rising and setting of the sun, waxing and waning of the moon, flowing of rivers and controlling ocean waves….can be imagined without accepting the existence of God? The mind starts inclining towards the truth, and starts whispering ‘what actually make all the celestial objects ‘disciplined’? What force driving them to follow their own course of actions? What causes days and nights to systematically follow each other?.....innumerable musings gush out from the mind continuously.
Scientific and rational approach to understand the realities give rise to a disciplined attitude, whereas unscientific and unrealistic approaches lead humans to go astray or reject faith in the Creator itself.
Here one should understand the human nature, it has been created to understand its actuality and that of the entire universe. Humans have been bestowed with eyes to look in and around, ears to listen to admonitions and heart to reflect and understand. You can find these faculties in animals too but they don’t reflect. It’s expected of humans that they see as they ought to see. Looking at the rain drops falling on earth may be a scientific phenomenon for the one who doesn’t bother about the Creator and the created being but for the one, who reflects from the deep within, it appears the scheme of the Almighty, Who caused the ocean water to evaporate, the sun rays to make it a steam and then tidy breeze cause it to travel to near and far off places. To realize the existence of God, humans have been bestowed with faculties that help them grow both physically and spiritually:
- It is Allah Who made the earth a resting-place for you and the sky a canopy over it, Who shaped you, and shaped you so well, and Who provided you with pure things. The same Allah (Who did all this is your Lord. Highly blessed is Allah, Lord of the Universe (Ch 40: 64).
- Indeed, We honored the progeny of Adam, and port them across land and sea and provided them with good things for their sustenance, and exalted them above many of Our creatures. (Ch 17: 70).
- We have indeed created man in the finest of moulds (Ch 95: 4).
And then the God spread His innumerable signs in and around them:
- Soon shall We show them Our Signs in the World around them, as well as in themselves, till it becomes clear to them, that this Qur'an is indeed the Truth.Is it not enough that your Lord watches everything? (Ch 41: 53).
- Have you ever considered the sperm drop that you emit? (Ch56:58).
- Is it you who create the child from it, or are We the Creators? (Ch 56:59)
- Have you ever considered the seeds that you sow? (Ch 56: 63).
- Is it you who cause them to grow into crops, or do We? (Ch 56: 64).
- If We so pleased We could turn these crops into chaff, and you would then be left lamenting (Ch 56: 65).
- Have you ever seen (with open eyes) the water that you drink? (Ch 56: 68).
- Is it you who cause it to rain from the clouds, or do We? (Ch 56: 69).
- If We so pleased We could make it salt. Then why don't you be grateful (Ch 56: 70).
- Have you ever considered the fire that you kindle? (Ch 56: 71).
- Is it you who have created its tree, or are We its Creator (Ch 56: 72).
- We have made it a means of remembrance and a provision of life for the needy (Ch 56: 73).
And then He presents a world of fascination before the eyes and intellect of the humans to reflect and understand:
- It is Allah Who has raised the heavens without any supports that you could see, and then he established Himself on the Throne (of Dominion). And He it is Who has made the sun and the moon subservient (to a law), each running its course till an appointed term. He governs the entire order of the universe and clearly explains the signs that you may be firmly convinced about meeting with your Lord. (Ch 13: 2).
- It is Allah Who created the heavens and the earth, Who sent down water from the heaven and thereby brought forth a variety of fruits as your sustenance; Who subjected for you he ships that they may sail in the sea by His command; Who subjected for you the rivers; Who subjected for you the sun and the moon and both of them are constant on their courses; Who subjected for you the night and the day; (Ch 14: 32-33).
- What! Have they never looked up to the sky above them, (and observed) how we made it and adorned it and how there is no flaw in it? (Ch 50: 6).
- And We spread out the earth and set mountains in it and caused to grow in it every kind of beautiful vegetable. (Ch 50: 7).
- All these things are eye-openers and object lessons for every servant who turns (to the Truth) (Ch 50: 8).
- And from the sky We sent down blessed water where-by We produced gardens and harvest grain (Ch 50: 9).
- And tall palm-trees laden with clusters of fruit, piled one over another.(Ch 50: 10).
- This is the arrangement to provide food for the servants. With this water We revive a dead land; such also will be the resurrection (of the dead from the earth) (Ch 50: 11).
If man does not develop himself spiritually and intellectually from the signs of his Creator, he is then addressed with a little sternness and politeness:
- Man, what has beguiled you concerning your Lord, the gracious; Who created you, fashioned you, proportioned you; and put you together in whatever form He pleased? (Ch 82: 6).
The difference between humans and animals is the reflection, humans are supposed to make use of the senses to understand the realities and know the responsibilities towards the God and the fellow human beings. If the purpose is not served then there remain no difference between humans and animals, and the presence of ears, eyes and heart does not make any sense and they are as aimless as is the case of an animal:
- …They have hearts with which they fail to understand; and they have eyes with which they fail to see; and they have ears with which they fail to hear. They are like cattle - indeed, even more astray. Such are utterly heedless. (Ch 7: 179).
Now it’s pretty clear to understand how the synchronization between human intellect and objects in the universe play a pivotal role in realization. Islam regards this life as a journey of realization where in a man supposed to realize himself first and then the One Who has created him. And to facilitate his journey of realization the teachings of the Quran and Sunnah coupled with the overall affairs of the universe help undertake a comfortable journey and reach the destination safely.
Why do you believe in God?
Reasons for the confusion around
Two things are very clear, one, those who know who their God is, do so after going through the process of realization as mentioned above and also we saw in the case of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him), the same has been precisely mentioned:
- And why should we not place our trust in Allah when it is indeed He Who has guided us to the ways of our life? We shall surely continue to remain steadfast in face of your persecution. All those who have to place trust should place their trust only in Allah.'(Ch 14:12)
- …'All praise be to Allah Who has guided us on to this. Had it not been for Allah Who granted us guidance, we would not be on the Right Path…. (Ch7: 43)
Second, if you move further, there appear series of reasons behind people’s rejection of Truth and the real reasons for the fuss around. We all know the guidance rest with the idea of Divinity, when people void of this idea try on their own with their wishful desires or calculations, nothing comes there way accept an utter loss. The human intellect seems to be fondling between vain and directionless arguments, whereas unrealistic approach define their overall behavior. That’s the reason why their path characterizes with the darkness of ignorance. You may conclude that the wishful desires and improper understanding of the realities put the humans in utter darkness where neither they recognize their own-self nor they succeed in recognizing their God:
- Among men there are some who wrangle about Allah without knowledge and follow every rebellious devil. (Ch 22: 3).
- And who could go further astray than the one who follows his own lusts, without guidance from Allah? (Ch 28: 50).
- Although they have no knowledge of this. They follow mere conjecture, and conjecture can avail nothing against the Truth. (Ch 53: 28).
- In fact they arbitrarily rejected as false whatever they failed to comprehend and whose final sequel was not apparent to them. Likewise had their predecessors rejected the truth, declaring it falsehood. Do observe, then, what was the end of the wrong-doers. (Ch 10: 39).
- If you obey the majority of those who live on earth, they will lead you away from Allah's path. They only follow idle fancies, indulging in conjecture. And your - Lord knows well who stray from His path, and also those who are rightly-guided. (Ch 6: 116-117).
This is how I deal with the contentions put forth here by our hubbers. Since we all are here to share our own views and observations, it’s highly appreciable if we come forward for healthy criticism and of course with a realistic approach to accept the truth.
© 2014 – Muhammad Abdullah Javed (m abdullah javed)