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An Introductory Guide to the Seven Major Chakras

Updated on April 24, 2017
Figure Showing the Location of the seven chakras discussed in this hub.
Figure Showing the Location of the seven chakras discussed in this hub. | Source

Chakra is a Sanskrit word that means wheel or disk. These are the points in the body at which the mind and body meet and can be thought of as an intersection between the physical and metaphysical planes of existence. The chakras are sometimes described as being funnel shaped, like a whirlpool or tornado.

Each person’s chakras maintain the energy within their body. Learning about and coming to understand chakras can give you the power to enhance all aspects of your health and wellbeing. Working with these energy centres enables energy to flow more freely around the body and can help to cure physical ailments as well as mental and spiritual issues.

Each chakra draws in the energy that it encounters, process the energy and then passes it back out. This can bring good things to ourselves and our lives but unfortunately can also mean that we draw in negativity from the people and places around us. This can cause disruption to the chakra or the flow of energy around the body. This may then manifest as illness and disease.

There are seven major chakras in the body which are known as the root, sacral, solar plexus, heart, throat, third eye and crown. These are distributed throughout the body and are affected by our thoughts, experiences and emotions. How we were treated as children, unresolved issues from previous lives and even the culture and life we are born into have an effect on our chakras in positive and negative ways. Each of the chakras work independently and can be open, closed or at any point in between. They can also become blocked or 'stuck'. A stuck chakra is unable to function correctly and will have a negative affect the general flow of energy around a person’s body. This poor energy flow then in turn affects their physical, emotional and spiritual health. This does not need to be a permanent problem however, as it is possible to undertake chakra healing and balancing through various methods. These include crystal healing, reiki and meditation. Healing and balancing the chakras as needed restores imbalances and keeps an individual’s energy flow in its ideal state

Each of the seven major chakras is associated with a specific part of the body and also with aspects of the physical plane such as colours and elements.

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The Root Chakra

Name - Root or Base
Traditional name – Muladhara
Position - Base of the spine
Colour – Red
Element - Earth

The root chakra is the first of the seven chakras and is located at the base of the spine, between the anus and the genitals. This chakra is linked to survival instincts and our ability to stay grounded in the physical plane. It is also associated with security, passion, trust, relationship with parents and money.

Any blockage or dysfunction in the root chakra can result in a person feeling fear (particularly of loss), hoarding and paranoia. When functioning correctly the root chakra creates a feeling of balance, safety and security in life.

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The Sacral Chakra

Chakra name – Sacral
Traditional name – Svadhisthana
Position - Just below the navel
Colour – Orange
Element - Water

The sacral chakra is situated approximately two inches below the naval and is connected to sexuality, creativity, emotions, anger, food and sex. It communicates to you what is needed and feels pleasurable.

A healthy sacral chakra creates an open, healthy and confident attitude towards sex, pleasures, intimacy and fun. Any imbalances can cause emotional immaturity, obsessive attachments, jealousy and manipulative behaviours. Someone who has a blocked sacral chakra may feel unloved or that they are unlovable. They may also struggle with feelings of guilt or shame in relation to their bodies.

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The Solar Plexus Chakra

Chakra name - Solar Plexus
Traditional name – Manipura
Position - Abdomen ( at the solar plexus nerve network)
Colour – Yellow
Element - Fire

The solar plexus chakra is associated with how we perceive power, control and freedom. It affects how we view ourselves and how we see our place in the world. This chakra is located just below the breast bone.

A well balanced solar plexus will create a healthy level of self-respect and self-esteem. It will enable a person to be considerate of others and their thoughts and opinions without allowing themselves to be taken advance of. Balance here creates a sense of purpose, flexibility and the ability to say 'no' when it's necessary.

Blockages in this chakra can lead to losing belief in oneself and can cause a person to become aggressive, critical and judgemental. It can also cause a person to become defensive and hypersensitive to criticism and the opinions of others. This may lead them to become isolated or cause shyness, anxiety and a person to be overly passive.

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The Heart Chakra

Chakra name – Heart
Traditional name – Anahata
Position – Heart
Colour – Green
Element - Air

The heart chakra is behind the physical heart and is associated with all forms love and the relationships we form with others. A well balanced heart chakra will allow a person to have a compassionate, tolerant and loving nature. People with balanced hearts have healthy views of love and relationships and able to find and maintain these well. This also includes having a healthy amount of self-love.

Imbalance or blockage in the heart chakra can lead to an unrealistic view of relationships and cause may lead to issues with co-dependency, jealously and possessiveness. Some people with blockages in their heart chakra will have an excessive need to give and always help other people, which can later lead to resentment and bitterness. Issues within the heart chakra can cause someone to become very shy and lead to loneliness and isolation.

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The Throat Chakra

Chakra name – Throat
Traditional name – Vishuddha
Position – Throat
Colour – Blue
Element - Spirit

The throat chakra is located in the physical throat, between the third and fifth vertebrae. This chakra is linked to self-expression, creativity and communication of all kinds.

A balanced throat chakra will allow a person to communicate well and freely whether that is by speech, writing or creatively such as through music or art. Balance here enables a person to be able to accept compliments well. Blockages in the throat chakra can have a negative effect on a person’s confidence and make it difficult for them to express their thoughts and emotions or ask for what they need. Blocks in creativity can be a result of unbalance in this chakra.

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The Brow Chakra

Chakra name - Brow (or Third Eye)
Traditional name – Ajna
Position – Forehead
Colour – Indigo
Element - Insight

The brow chakra is linked to intuition, spiritual experiences, self-reflection, honesty and the subconscious mind. It can be found on the forehead, slightly above and between the eyebrows. In metaphysics and philosophy this chakra has been linked to the pineal gland, which can be found near the centre of the brain and is responsible for functions such as sleep/wake cycles.

Balance in the brow chakra allows a person to accurately observe, interpret and understand what is happening in their lives and to be able to live harmoniously with whom they are and the people around them. A well-functioning brow chakra can greatly benefit the imagination, creativity and intuition. It can boost psychic perceptions such as clairvoyance and experiences. Any blockages or imbalance in this chakra can lead to difficulties with memory and poor concentration. It may also cause a person to feel that they do not have full understanding what is happening around them.

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The Crown Chakra

Chakra name – Crown
Traditional name – Sahasrara
Position - Top of the head
Colour – Violet
Element - Light

This chakra is positioned on the top of the head, over the spot that is called 'the soft spot' on a baby’s head. Some people believe that this is the place where the soul enters the body and leaves when the person dies. The crown is associated with our relationship with all things spiritual and spirit related.

When this chakra is balanced a person will have spiritual awareness, wisdom and a deep connection to universal forces. A well balanced crown chakra can create a desire to develop spiritual practices such as prayer, meditation and reiki. Imbalance or blockage can cause a person to feel that they are always searching for something they cannot find and that they lack harmony and peace in life. This can cause confusion, scepticism or a rigid adherence to extreme beliefs, even if these are ineffective.

A Short Chakra Meditation

© 2012 Claire

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    • Lisawilliamsj profile image

      Lisa Williams 4 years ago

      This is an interesting article. I had some knowledge of Chakras, but I have now learned quite a bit more. I voted up and interesting!

    • Elderberry Arts profile image
      Author

      Claire 4 years ago from Surrey, Uk

      Thank you for reading and your kind comment :)

    • Billie Kelpin profile image

      Billie Kelpin 4 years ago from Newport Beach

      I had only heard the term before, but last week when I told my husband that wearing white shoes makes me feel happier, more "me," and kinder in the world, he mentioned the term "chakras". Of course, after reading this, I don't think there's a foot chakra (tee hee). BUT, I learned a great deal from this article. It's well written and flows easily. Whether or not chakras do exist, I can see that pinpointing areas of where one is block and opening those areas up, is a wonderful visual way of improving one's life. I'd like to learn more about how a person goes about opening up those areas which seem to be blocked. Great article!

    • Elderberry Arts profile image
      Author

      Claire 4 years ago from Surrey, Uk

      Thank you. I'm glad it was helpful for you. Good luck in your research, meditation can be very helpful in balancing and energising chakras.

    • Kukata Kali profile image

      Kukata Kali 3 years ago

      Great info! I'm going to link your Hub into the Hub I'm currently working on for a reference :) Voted up!

    • Elderberry Arts profile image
      Author

      Claire 3 years ago from Surrey, Uk

      Thank you, very kind :D

    • Kukata Kali profile image

      Kukata Kali 3 years ago

      Thank you! Come over to the hub and check it out if it moves your spirit to do so. :)

      http://hub.me/afZPx

    • Elderberry Arts profile image
      Author

      Claire 3 years ago from Surrey, Uk

      I will do.

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