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Anthrax(Garnet) or Jacynth - the Fourth Stone in Aaron's Breastplate

Updated on February 4, 2019
Marilynn Dawson profile image

Born-again Christian single mother of two grown kids. PC Tech, and Author of 18+ books in the non-fiction, personal/spiritual growth genres

High Priestly Robes with the Breastplate in place
High Priestly Robes with the Breastplate in place

Anthrax(Garnet) or Jacynth

Depending on the sources you read, and in what time period of history they wrote, you will find yourself looking at the fourth stone of the first row of Aaron's Breastplate and the third foundation of New Jerusalem, wondering what on earth they are talking about! An excellent case in point is provided by's discussion of this particular stone. By the time you get to the end of this stone's historical breakdown, you end up with a very similar description to two stones in particular, the Anthrax(Garnet) and the Jacynth. Even how the Hebrew word is spelled is up for debate, depending on one's understanding of the ancient Hebrew versus modern Hebrew (Yiddish) presentations. Matters aren't helped by the modern-day dictionary discussion of the Anthrax (Garnet), which appears to be as wide-ranging as the Topaz, minus the ability to appear in any colour resembling blue. However there are enough similarities between the modern and ancient descriptions of these two stones to settle on them for the purposes of our discussion.

Make-up and Characteristics

While Anthrax(Garnet) and Jacynth are both known to have varying hues, it is interesting to note that while the Jacynth's orange-red coloring is it's most predominent hue, the hue of the Anthrax(Garnet) that is most commonly referred to is that of burning embers, reddish coal, or a red appearing over a dark/dark green background. These stones are similar in that regard, but the Anthrax(Garnet) is darker. In hardness, they are both rated around a 7 on the Mohs scale (see the Mohs scale link in the discussion on Chrysoprase), causing one gem researcher to note that due to this rating, jewelers should take care setting these stones as they are known to be brittle. It should be mentioned that the Jacynth was known to be mined in the African region.

Judah and Simon - Associations with the Stone

Judah is the tribe of Israel most commonly ascribed to this stone. The name means "Praise" or "Praise of Jehovah". It would appear, based on various imagery available down through the ages, that dark red has been considered one of the colours of royalty along with the likes of deep purple, royal blue, and rich emerald green. So it is said, that such a colour is fitting for this tribe, as it would be from the Tribe of Judah that Israel's eternal King would come. Indeed it is from this tribe that King David was born, and then from his line would come Mary, virgin mother of Jesus Christ. Scripture tells us that God inhabits the praises of His people! The connotation is not lost on the writer. Out of praise Christ came.

Early Church writings and various scholars ascribe Simon to this particular stone. His name literally means "rock or stone" in the Greek. Some speculate that perhaps the name was a derivative of Shimeon, which as we learned already, means "hearken" or "one who hears". So we either have a rock with ears, or we have one who hears The Rock, refering to Christ Himself. Most conjecture about this apostle's personality comes from the added description given to him any time his name is mentioned in the gospels. From Matthew and Mark calling him Simon the Caananit, to Dr. Luke calling him Simon the Zealot. Apparently the name Canaanite refers less to the ancient land of Canaan upon which Israel was settled, and more to do with the Greek word used with a similar definition to Luke's choice of wording. Being a doctor, Luke was the disciple to write his book with much detail, so it appears this particular Simon among the disciples, had been part of the radical group in Israel known as The Zealots, at the time Christ called him.

How does all this come together for the Bride of Christ?

Burning embers suggest hot coals. They can also suggest a fire that risks burning out. How is the Bride of Christ to keep the fires burning? But through the praises of her people lifted high to the Throne of God! Truly in her praises, God shows up, worship ensues as spirit meets Spirit and as God communes with the heart of man, and the heavenly Bridegroom is pleased. Anyone who has been around a campfire will know that if you take a piece of wood out of the fire and set it off to one side, the flames on that piece will eventually die down and go out. However, if that piece of wood is added back into the fire, it's embers flare up again and join the others as hot as before.

For many in the Church, the fervent fire of their faith has burned low. The coals flicker and are at risk of dieing out altogether because for many, eyes have been shifted off the object of their worship and onto the differences and divisions among them instead. Christ would desire that we turn our hearts back to Himself, join arms with our fellow believers once more and allow ourselves to once again be fanned by the eternal flame of the Holy Spirit to bring intense pleasure to our God and King.

Today we covered the fourth stone in Aaron's Breastplate

King James
Breastplate Stone
Foundation Stone
Carbuncle (Garnet)
Yellow green (Golden)
Reddish black

© 2013 Marilynn Dawson


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