Basic Beliefs: Shedding Light on Islam!
Islam is the second-largest religion of the world. It’s an Arabic word which means “submission, surrender, peace and commitment”. A monotheistic faith centred around belief in the one God (Allah), makes its place throughout Arabia and surrounding countries first and then in the rest of the world. With 1.2 billion Muslims living around the globe, Indonesia and India hold the largest Muslim population.
Several prophets were sent to preach the same universal message of belief in one God, and according to the Muslim’s faith, the last on the series of prophets was Muhammad (P.B.U.H). He was born in Makkah, Saudi Arabia around 570 CE. His main motive was to spread the message that there’s no other God, but Allah and people should live their lives in a way that please Allah.
- There’s only one God (Allah).
- Belief in the Angels.
- Belief in the holy books: Tawrat (Torah) revealed to the prophet Musa (Moses), Injil (Bible) revealed to the prophet Isa (Jesus), Zabur revealed to the Prophet Dawud (David), and the Quran revealed to Muhammad (P.B.U.H).
- Belief in the Day of Judgement.
- Muslims have a strong faith in all the prophets sent by God.
- The belief that God has all-powers and everyone will be questioned on the day of judgement about how they lived their lives.
First Mosque of Islam
The prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) was the one who created the first mosque in the Islamic history named Quba, where the prophet and his companions rested during their migration.
Muslim pray five times a day. Fajr (the dawn prayer), Zhuhr (the early afternoon prayer), Asr (the late afternoon prayer), Maghrib (the sunset prayer) and Isha (the night prayer).
Five Pillars of Islam
Following are the five pillars of Islam:
Shahada (declaration of faith): faith in the oneness of God (Allah) and belief in Muhammad as the last prophet or messenger of Allah.
Salat (ritual prayer): Muslim pray daily, five times a day.
Zakat (alms tax): giving a decided amount of one’s wealth to those in need.
Swam (fasting): Muslim fast during the month of Ramadan to remind people of the blessings they have and to understand and show equality with the poor.
Hajj (pilgrimage): Make a pilgrimage to Mecca to perform hajj at least once in their lifetime.
The Islamic calendar, also known as Hijra indicates the proper Islamic days and also highlights Islamic celebrations, holidays and all the important religious days.
A plethora of festivals are celebrated by the Muslims including New Year Muharram (Islamic new year)
Celebrated in the honour of Prophet Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his son for Allah.
Celebrated after the month of Ramadan (the holy month of fasting).
© 2019 Catriona Jasica