ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Book of Confucius Ideology Chapter 20 (final chapter)

Updated on December 28, 2015

Passage Five Hundred and One


English Translation

When Yao passed the throne to Shun, he said: Alright, the gods have now chosen you. Let you be the King. But if the world is poor, then your reign is over.

When Shun passed the throne to Yu, he said the exact same thing.

Shangtang said: All mighty gods. As your child in the mortal world, I would only use the black cow to worship you, pray to you. I do not dare to pardon those who committed a crime. I don't dare to hide those who are kind or evil. You are all knowing. If I am guilty, please don't blame the peasants. If the peasants are guilty, I am willing to be punished, for their sins.

Jhou dynasty created world peace. All the good people have become wealthy.

King Wu said: Having humane people, is better than having relatives. If the peasants are at fault, let me carry their wrong for them.

Confucius said: Conduct detail research. Make well thought out laws. Establish a just human resource system. Let the law work fluently. Let the dying states revive. People have no need, to worry about, not having decedents. Promote talent people, who have otherwise been forgotten. This way, the people of the world, would all follow you.

Confucius said: When governing, the government should focus on the people, food, funeral, praying. Been generous would let the people, to be protected. Been truth to your word would let the people be willing to obey you. Been keen and cheap in governing, would achieve the good result for its policy. Been just, would give the people happiness.

Note: Even those who lived over 2000 years ago know to tolerate those who doesn't affect another's freedom or hurt others, even if they are sinners, in relationship to religion. Despite, living in a superstitious era, due to a lack of understanding towards science, instead of conducting discrimination or persecution acts against those, who are sinners. The humane King of the past asked the gods, not to punish the people for their sins and let him the King, be punished for them. Considering people over 2000 years ago, living in the superstitious era, due to a lack of understanding towards scientific knowledge, can have such wisdom. Isn't it an embarrassment, despite we live two thousand years later, in a none superstitious era, due to having a better understanding of science, we are seen people who conducting act of persecution and discrimination upon others, for been sinners in relationship to our religion, even if such sin doesn't affect another's freedom or hurt others?

Isn't it an embarrassment that prior to the 1980s, in Ireland there was the Catholic church home for unwed mothers, which is really a life in prison for unwed mothers, simply for been sinners in relationship to Catholicism? Isn't it an embarrassment, in the 21st century the Middle East, we would see Taliban attacking girls school in Pakistan and Afghanistan simply because they felt it is a sin in relationship to the Muslim faith? Isn't it an embarrassment, in the 21st-century western world, we are seen the issue of gay discrimination, by some Christians, because been gay is a sin in relationship to their religion?

Passage Five Hundred and Two


English Translation

Zihjhang asked: What should one do, to be someone worthy, to be in politics?

Confucius said: Worship five good moral and get rid of four bad behaviours. Then you will be worthy to be in politics.

Zihjhang asked: What is the five good moral.

Confucius said: You should benefit the peasants, but not be wasteful in spending. You must let the public be willing to work hard and have no complaint. You must let the economy prosper, but not greedy. You must be close to the peasants, but not arrogant. You must gain the peasant's respect, but not be aggressive.

Zihjhang said: How to benefit the peasants, but not be wasteful in spending?

Confucius said: Do things that are good for the public interest, give the people advantage, isn't that giving the peasants benefit, but not wasting money? Create a policy that is to public interest and let the public put it into practice, who will complain about working for the government then? If the economy is prospering, there is no need for the people to be greedy. Disregards to whether this person is young or old, disregards to whether the population is large or small, always respect the peasants, isn't that been close to the peasants and not been arrogant? Dress up in a tidy manner and be serious, would give people reason respectful to you, isn't that giving people reason to respect you, but not been aggressive?

Zihjhang asked: What are the four evil?

Confucius said: Arrest the peasants before they are educated. Not supervising their work, yet ask them to have the result. Have a loose policy, but expect them to complete their job within time. Decide to reward the peasants for their effort, but give them less than they deserve.

Passage Five Hundred and Three


Confucius said: If you don't know how to be objective, you are not a gentleman. If you do not understand politeness, you cannot have a career. If you cannot differentiate between people's words, you cannot understand people.



台灣海外網 2005, 論語 viewed 24/09/2015

中國哲學書電子化計劃 2015, 論語 viewed 24/09/2015 History Encyclopedia 2015,

Ancient History Encyclopedia 2015 Zhou Dynasty viewed 27/09/2015

BBC 16/07/2014 Ireland confronts past treatment of unmarried mothers viewed 27/09/2015 C McGraw 2001 Self Matters Simon & Schuster Source New York

Shouse Law Group Channel 3/01/2013 Falsely Accused of Rape? Advice from a former D.A. viewed 30/09/2015

National Review 06/04/2015 That'Only 2 to 8 percent of Rape accusations are false' Stat is Extremely Misleading viewed 30/09/2015

gupta 11/07/2014 Story of Confucius viewed 1/10/2015

Brainy Quote 2015 Abraham Lincoln Quotes viewed 01/10/2015

Isabel Harris 5th September 2014 The Spanish Inquisition History Channel Full Documentary HD viewed 12/10/2015 21/09/2015

Man Gets Sentenced To 20 Year On False Rape Charge But Female Is Now Viewed As The Victim viewed 06/12/2015


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)