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Book of Confucius Ideology Chapter 20 (final chapter)

Updated on December 28, 2015

Passage Five Hundred and One

堯曰:「咨!爾舜!天之曆數在爾躬。允執其中。四海困窮,天祿永終。」舜亦以命禹。曰:「予小子履,敢用玄牡,敢昭告于皇皇后帝:有罪不敢赦。帝臣不蔽,簡在帝心。朕躬有罪,無以萬方;萬方有罪,罪在朕躬。」周有大賚,善人是富。「雖有周親,不如仁人。百姓有過,在予一人。」謹權量,審法度,修廢官,四方之政行焉。興滅國,繼絕世,舉逸民,天下之民歸心焉。所重:民、食、喪、祭。寬則得眾,信則民任焉,敏則有功,公則說。

English Translation

When Yao passed the throne to Shun, he said: Alright, the gods have now chosen you. Let you be the King. But if the world is poor, then your reign is over.

When Shun passed the throne to Yu, he said the exact same thing.

Shangtang said: All mighty gods. As your child in the mortal world, I would only use the black cow to worship you, pray to you. I do not dare to pardon those who committed a crime. I don't dare to hide those who are kind or evil. You are all knowing. If I am guilty, please don't blame the peasants. If the peasants are guilty, I am willing to be punished, for their sins.

Jhou dynasty created world peace. All the good people have become wealthy.

King Wu said: Having humane people, is better than having relatives. If the peasants are at fault, let me carry their wrong for them.

Confucius said: Conduct detail research. Make well thought out laws. Establish a just human resource system. Let the law work fluently. Let the dying states revive. People have no need, to worry about, not having decedents. Promote talent people, who have otherwise been forgotten. This way, the people of the world, would all follow you.

Confucius said: When governing, the government should focus on the people, food, funeral, praying. Been generous would let the people, to be protected. Been truth to your word would let the people be willing to obey you. Been keen and cheap in governing, would achieve the good result for its policy. Been just, would give the people happiness.

Note: Even those who lived over 2000 years ago know to tolerate those who doesn't affect another's freedom or hurt others, even if they are sinners, in relationship to religion. Despite, living in a superstitious era, due to a lack of understanding towards science, instead of conducting discrimination or persecution acts against those, who are sinners. The humane King of the past asked the gods, not to punish the people for their sins and let him the King, be punished for them. Considering people over 2000 years ago, living in the superstitious era, due to a lack of understanding towards scientific knowledge, can have such wisdom. Isn't it an embarrassment, despite we live two thousand years later, in a none superstitious era, due to having a better understanding of science, we are seen people who conducting act of persecution and discrimination upon others, for been sinners in relationship to our religion, even if such sin doesn't affect another's freedom or hurt others?

Isn't it an embarrassment that prior to the 1980s, in Ireland there was the Catholic church home for unwed mothers, which is really a life in prison for unwed mothers, simply for been sinners in relationship to Catholicism? Isn't it an embarrassment, in the 21st century the Middle East, we would see Taliban attacking girls school in Pakistan and Afghanistan simply because they felt it is a sin in relationship to the Muslim faith? Isn't it an embarrassment, in the 21st-century western world, we are seen the issue of gay discrimination, by some Christians, because been gay is a sin in relationship to their religion?

Passage Five Hundred and Two

子張問於孔子曰:「何如斯可以從政矣?」子曰:「尊五美,屏四惡,斯可以從政矣。」子張曰:「何謂五美?」子曰:「君子惠而不費,勞而不怨,欲而不貪,泰而不驕,威而不猛。」子張曰:「何謂惠而不費?」子曰:「因民之所利而利之,斯不亦惠而不費乎?擇可勞而勞之,又誰怨?欲仁而得仁,又焉貪?君子無眾寡,無小大,無敢慢,斯不亦泰而不驕乎?君子正其衣冠,尊其瞻視,儼然人望而畏之,斯不亦威而不猛乎?」子張曰:「何謂四惡?」子曰:「不教而殺謂之虐;不戒視成謂之暴;慢令致期謂之賊;猶之與人也,出納之吝,謂之有司。」

English Translation

Zihjhang asked: What should one do, to be someone worthy, to be in politics?

Confucius said: Worship five good moral and get rid of four bad behaviours. Then you will be worthy to be in politics.

Zihjhang asked: What is the five good moral.

Confucius said: You should benefit the peasants, but not be wasteful in spending. You must let the public be willing to work hard and have no complaint. You must let the economy prosper, but not greedy. You must be close to the peasants, but not arrogant. You must gain the peasant's respect, but not be aggressive.

Zihjhang said: How to benefit the peasants, but not be wasteful in spending?

Confucius said: Do things that are good for the public interest, give the people advantage, isn't that giving the peasants benefit, but not wasting money? Create a policy that is to public interest and let the public put it into practice, who will complain about working for the government then? If the economy is prospering, there is no need for the people to be greedy. Disregards to whether this person is young or old, disregards to whether the population is large or small, always respect the peasants, isn't that been close to the peasants and not been arrogant? Dress up in a tidy manner and be serious, would give people reason respectful to you, isn't that giving people reason to respect you, but not been aggressive?

Zihjhang asked: What are the four evil?

Confucius said: Arrest the peasants before they are educated. Not supervising their work, yet ask them to have the result. Have a loose policy, but expect them to complete their job within time. Decide to reward the peasants for their effort, but give them less than they deserve.

Passage Five Hundred and Three

孔子說:「不懂得客觀規律,就不能做君子;不懂得道德規範,就無法建功立業;不懂得分辨言論,就不能瞭解人。」

Confucius said: If you don't know how to be objective, you are not a gentleman. If you do not understand politeness, you cannot have a career. If you cannot differentiate between people's words, you cannot understand people.

孔子說:「不懂得客觀規律,就不能做君子;不懂得道德規範,就無法建功立業;不懂得分辨言論,就不能瞭解人。」

Reference

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