ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

The life of Buddha

Updated on March 14, 2016

lord buddha

Source

The teaching of Lord Buddha

Gautama the Buddha or Siddhartha was a senior contemporary of Mahavira. His father Suddhodana was a Kshatriya ruler of Kapilavastu in the Tarai region of eastern Uttar Pradesh. He is said to have been born in 567 BC at Lumbini in the Nepal Terai. The site of his birth marked by a commemorative pillar erected by Ashoka when he visited that place. Gautama's mother Maya died when he was just seven days old. He was brought up by his mother's sister, Gautami. Gautama had a spiritual bent of mind and pondered over the questions of human suffering, birth, disease, old age and death, from his early childhood. In order to divert his attention, his father married him off to a beautiful princess Yashodhara when he was just 19 years of age. They had a son named Rahul from this marriage. But even the love of his wife and affection for his son could not keep him tied to worldly life.

The great renunciation

Once when he went out of the palace with his charioteer Channa, his tender heart was saddened to see an old man forsaken by his relatives, a dead man surrounded by his wailing relatives, a sick man crying with pain and an ascetic who has renounced the world in search of truth. These sights, called the `Four Great Sights'. Discomforted him greatly and finally he decided to renounce the luxuries of royal life and go out in search of answer to the problem of the miseries of life.

So, one night, when he was just 29 years of age, he quietly slipped out from his palace on the very night of the birth of his son and broke all worldly ties. He gave away his princely garments and became an ascetic. This event in the life of Gautama is known as the `Great Renunciation'.

The Buddha's first sermon at Sarnath is the nucleus of his religious philosophy. His teachings were simple and were explained in the language of the people i.e., Prakrit and not in Sanskrit, the sacred language of the brahmans.

Buddhism

Source

Religious beliefs and practices

The period Sixth – Seventh centuries BC marks an important stage in the history of world civilization. The period witnessed new developments in the fields of science and technology as well as in religious and philosophical thought. The rise of a large number of religious and social movements, out of which two, Buddhism and Jainism, have survived till the modern times.

Sixth - Seventh centuries BC was the period when a number of kingdoms which commanded large territories in the fertile plains of northern India came into existence. The rules and officials of these states became rich on the regular income from land revenue paid by the large peasant population of such states. In political history this period is known as the period of the Sixteen Great States. Most of these great states were situated in the area stretching from Eastern Afghanistan in the West to Eastern Bihar (Bhagalpur) ine the East and from Himalayas in the North to the Vindhyas in the South. A large income from land revenue.

The kings were no longer dependent on the support of the tribe for fighting wars or for administration. They could now raise and maintain paid regular armies and administrative officers and use the them to control their subjects. With their growing power and wealth, the kings also resented the control which the brahmanical priestly class wanted to exercise on the conduct of rulers and the affairs of the state. Many of them, therefore, patronize these new religious movements which undermined the position of the priestly class.

Buddhism, on its part, preached the idea of a Chakravarti ruler, that is an emperor of the entire country. The political unity and peace created by such an empire was convenient for the Buddhist monks who were expected to travel all over the country to preach the doctrines of Buddhism. Small states, especially tribal republics, were suspicious of outsiders including monks and ascetics entering their territories.

Some famous religious leaders of the period like Buddha and Mahavir came from princely families. The wealthy classes were also in a position to give charities to religious preachers of the period who used to travel from place to place with larger number of disciples and who did not have to work to earn a living. The political and economic developments of the period created conditions which made it possible for some people to devote all their time to religious and spiritual pursuits and to question the existence religious beliefs and practices.

Lord Buddha

Source

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)