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Cleanliness in Islam

Updated on January 11, 2019

How to make Wudu and Bath in Islam


General Concept of Cleanliness in Islam

Cleanliness in Islam

Islam is religion of cleanliness. Cleanliness of thought, body and cloths are the core of Islam. In this short article I am talking of personal hygiene or bodily cleanliness in Islam.

·         Major Cleanliness – Bath and when it is obligatory to take bath and when it is not and how to take bath will be the my topic of discussion.

·         Minor Cleanliness – Wudu or ablution , when it is obligatory and when it is not and how to make wudu.

Quran has very clearly mentioned about cleanliness and there are certain Ayah of Quran which mentioned about it.

"Allah loves those who turn to Him constantly and He loves those who keep themselves pure and clean." Quran Surah Bakara 2: 22)  In this ayah pure and clean mean both hygienically pure and clean as well as thought and philosophy. This refers to the man must be clean and pure in heart and his body and his cloths. Unless and until human being are pure and clean inside ( heart) it is not possible remain clean outward.

 In this Quranic Ayah it has been mentioned how to clean yourself and when one must clean and purify so that he stand in front of his Lord ( Allah ) All Powerful and Mighty for Prayers. Prayers are not allowed in impure conditions. (O you who believe! When you rise up for prayer, wash your faces, and your hands up to the elbows, and wipe your heads (with wet hands), and (wash) your feet up to the ankles. And if you are in a state of major ritual impurity (janaba – intercourse or similar thing which needs bath to purify), purify yourselves (by taking a bath). And if you are sick or on a journey or one of you comes from the answering of call of nature, or you have had contact with women, and you find no water, then go to clean earth and wipe your faces and hands with some of it. Allah does not want to place you in difficulty, but He wants to purify you and to perfect His grace upon you that you may give thanks.) (Quran Surah Al-Maidah :6)

In this Ayah of Quran the order for cleanliness of cloths has been delivered.  "Keep your clothes clean." (Quran 74:4)

The Qur'an insists that the believer maintain a constant state of purity:  In this Quranic verse ( Ayah)  how to get cleaned has been described. "Believers! When you prepare for prayer wash your faces, and your hands (and arms) to the elbows; rub your heads (with water) and (wash) your feet up to the ankles. If you are ritually impure bathe your whole body." (5: 6)

 Prophet ( Peace Be Upon Him) has mentioned as narrated "Had I not been afraid of overburdening my community, I would have ordered them to brush their teeth for every prayer." (Bukhari) Narrated AbuMalik al-Ash'ari:


·         Faith ( Iman) is Cleanliness

In this saying , the how important is cleanliness in point of view of religion is mentioned. Cleanliness is described as half of Iman(faith). The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said: Cleanliness is half of faith and Alhamdulillah (Praise be to Allah) fills the scale, and SubhanAllah (Glory be to Allah) and Alhamdulillah (Praise be to Allah) fill up what is between the heavens and the earth, and prayer is a light, and charity is proof (of one's faith) and endurance is a brightness and the Qur'an is a proof on your behalf or against you. All men go out early in the morning and sell themselves, thereby setting themselves free or destroying themselves. (Sahih Muslim Book 2, Number 0432)

Wudu (Ablution)

The basic form of purification for prayer is called “Wudu” (Ablution). Then begin with Miswak ( soft thin stick of plant to brush the teeth) and say Bismillah ( In the Name of Allah).

These are the steps to be performed in the similar order

1.     While making intention for Wudu pour the water on your both palms and wash those up to wrist and run finger through the fingers.

a.      ( All actions of Wudu ( except for the wiping of the head and the ears may be performed 1,2 or 3 times)

b.     Make sure no part of your hands is left dry.

2.     Rinse mouth thoroughly, then inhale water into the nose with your right hand and clean it with your left hand

3.     Wash the face completely

4.     First wash your right hand including elbow.

5.     Then wash your left hand including elbow.

6.     Wipe both your wet hands over your head, from front ( Forehead) to the back( Nape of your neck) and from back to the front ( Once only)

7.     Wipe inside of your index finger and outside of both ears with your thumb finger.(Once Only)

8.     First wash your right foot thoroughly including the ankles and run fingers of through the fingers of foot with little finger of left hand from above to below.

9.     Then wash your left foot thoroughly including the ankles and run fingers of through the fingers of foot with little finger of left hand from above to below.


I testify that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah alone and I testify that Muhammad (Peace be Upon Him) is His slave and His Messenger. (Muslim)

O Allah make me among those who repent and make among those who keep (themselves) pure. ( Tirmidhi)

What nullifies Wudu

1.       Passing of wind, urine, excrement.

2.       Deep sleep.

3.       Touching private part without any cover.

4.       Eating camel’s meat.

5.       Flow of blood, or pus from any part of the body;

6.       Mouthful-vomiting;

7.       Loss of one’s senses due to fainting or madness.

8.       Laughing aloud in Prayers (Salat)

When in doubt do not renew the Wudu unless you are absolutely sure that your Wudu has been invalid.

Whenever water is not available or water is just enough for drinking or the water is unhealthy, in such situation Tayammum( dry ablution) can be performed.

Make Niyat (intention to purify yourself in the heart) then start by saying “Bismillah”. In the Name of Allah

1.     Place the palm of both hands on clean earth or dust e.g.; wall or stone.

2.     Then blow into your hands.

3.     Wipe the palms of both your hands over the face.

4.     In the last wipe your right palm with your left palm.

5.     Make Dua.

When bath is Compulsory and How to take bath


This is when all parts of the body are washed with water, including the mouth and the nose.

  These are the steps to be performed in the similar order

6.     Wash your hands up to wrist thrice.

7.     Wash and clean private parts.

8.     Make Wudu as mentioned above.

9.     Then pour some water and wash body, pour the water on head and all over the body and clean it thrice.

10.Rinse mouth thoroughly, then inhale water into the nose with your right hand and clean it with your left hand thrice.

When BATH (GHUSL) is obligatory

1.     Semen discharge in all circumstances.

2.     Sexual intercourse.

3.     Menses

4.     After Childbirth

How to make Wudu

Wudu Step 1
Wudu Step 1
Wudu Step 2
Wudu Step 2
Wudu Step 3
Wudu Step 3
Wudu Step 4
Wudu Step 4
Wudu Step 5
Wudu Step 5
Wudu Step 6
Wudu Step 6
Wudu Step 7
Wudu Step 7
Wudu Step 8
Wudu Step 8
Wudu Step 9
Wudu Step 9

How to make wudu


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    • aayankhan0 profile image


      9 months ago

      Islam is the best and perfect religion for the whole universe.

    • LindaSarhan profile image

      L Sarhan 

      3 years ago

      MashAllah! Looks like we referenced the same YouTube video. I am going to link this article under related links in my hub on How to Perform Wudu, if that is alright. (

    • profile image


      4 years ago

      MashaAllah very informative wudu information , i am using an android application which is very informative for teaching kids Islamic wudu can download it from this link

    • younghopes profile image

      Shadaan Alam 

      5 years ago from India

      Beautiful, the way you have described it is simply worth reading, voted up

    • ZIa Ahmed khan profile imageAUTHOR

      Dr. Zia Ahmed 

      5 years ago from Kuwait

      @rumanasaiyed - thanks

    • rumanasaiyed profile image


      5 years ago from Sharjah, UAE

      Very beautifully explained.

      I am also writing articles on Islam. My blog is

    • ZIa Ahmed khan profile imageAUTHOR

      Dr. Zia Ahmed 

      5 years ago from Kuwait

      @iamvijay- thanks

    • iamvijay profile image

      vijaya kumar 

      5 years ago from Chennai, India

      Awesome article i agree to your hub..and your explanation was good keep it up.

      Thank you,

      Have a great day.

    • ZIa Ahmed khan profile imageAUTHOR

      Dr. Zia Ahmed 

      6 years ago from Kuwait

      @Saifudding, birmingham - thanks a lot.

    • profile image

      saifuddin, birmingham. 

      6 years ago

      inshallah it would help many people. thank you very much for this kind of positive program.

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      jazzakallah khair

    • ZIa Ahmed khan profile imageAUTHOR

      Dr. Zia Ahmed 

      6 years ago from Kuwait

      @Abhaque - Thanks

    • Abhaque Supanjang profile image

      Abhaque Supanjang 

      6 years ago from Kumango - Batusangkar - Sumatera Barat - Indonesia

      Vote up, Zia...! You're telling me.!

    • ZIa Ahmed khan profile imageAUTHOR

      Dr. Zia Ahmed 

      6 years ago from Kuwait

      @Salal Farid - Thanks a lot

    • profile image

      salal farid 

      6 years ago

      the way to wudu i have also larned it

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      help people with cancer

    • profile image

      Yusuf abdullahi Yusufari 

      7 years ago

      Thanks for this information and also i give advise for the muslims in order to remember the day of judgement and fair allah in any circurmstances.

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      thx a lot for uploading ;)

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      excllent amazingggggggg

    • Bbudoyono profile image


      7 years ago

      Excellent & informative hub. Thanks a lot for writing it.

    • ZIa Ahmed khan profile imageAUTHOR

      Dr. Zia Ahmed 

      7 years ago from Kuwait

      Islam has 99 names of Allah and all Muslims has full faith in it. Every name represents a unique and unparalleled attributes.

    • tiara86 profile image


      7 years ago

      great article... but request you not to mention statements like "I testify that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah alone..."

      No one has the right to rank god into ascending or descending grades.

      God is one, its just the religions and rituals that are different.

    • SerLeon profile image


      7 years ago from Pakistan

      Thank you SoO0 much 4 dis articl man. . . . . INSHALLAH it wud b useful 4 many out dere. . .

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      Jazakallah Khair. bad breath is a also common problem these days and many people don't care much about it.



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