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Comparison Chart Of Major World Religions

Updated on January 31, 2015

Islam, Judaism and Christianity

Islam, Judaism, and Christianity record their birth when God appeared to a man in the Iron Age named Abram and wrapped him in a covenant. This Abram is later known as Abraham, and is the founder of all beliefs and is the anchor of faith of the three major religions in the world. The theologies of these three communities of worshipers emerged from the same messiah, thus paving the way for monotheism.


Monotheism Of All Three Religions

The monotheists believe in only one God, whether Yahweh or Elohim in Judaism, Allah in Islam or God in Christianity. This God created the world and humans and set the covenant with Abraham. Though the names differ, all three major religions worship the same God as per the covenant. The differing names has led many to believe that they worship different Gods, and thus intolerance of each other's religion developing over the ages.

Jews, Muslims and Christians are all the consequences of the covenant that contracted faith in a "People of the Book." All the three religions agree that there is indeed a book, but opinions differ on whether the book is called the Koran, the New testament or the Bible. This is the point of separation of the three great faiths.

The Jews and Muslims believe that Moses noted down God's instructions in a book called The Law or Torah. The Torah still holds pride of place in Judaism. Jesus also believed in the scriptures, and never wrote a new book, though the Christians consider The Gospels as accounts of Jesus' deeds and words and consider that their holy book. The Christians consider Jesus as a message, and his life and death are sealed as a New Covenant on the promise of God.


The following table contains various facts on these three major religions of the world.

Comparative Chart Of The Three Religions

 
Islam
Judaism
Christianity
Followers Called
Muslims
Jews
Christians
Estimated Followers
1.4 Billion
12 Million
2Billion
Ranking based on size
Second largest
Twelfth largest
Largest
Areas of largest followers
Southeast and Middle East Asia
Europe, Israel, USA
Europe, Americas, Africa
Holy Book
Koran
The Tanakh (Hebrew Bible)
Bible
Other Scripture Authorities
Hadith
Midrash, Talmud
Papal Decrees and Church Councils
Laws of Religion
Sharia
Halakhah
Canon
Priests and Clergymen
Imam
Kohanim and Rabbis
Bishops, Priests, Pastors and Ministers
Place of Worship
Mosque
Synagogue
Cathedral, Chapel, Church
Holy Day
Friday
Saturday
Sunday
Nation and Religion
Same
Different
Different
Beginning of Religion
622 CE
3760 BCE
33 CE
Location of Beginning
Saudi Arabia
Ur of the Chaldes
Palestine
Messiah
Muhammad
Many
Jesus Christ
Language
Arabic
Hebrew
Greek/Aramaic
Expansion
Arab world in 12 years, China to Atlantic in 100 years
2% of World Population
Entire Roman Empire by Fourth Century AD
Divisions
Shia/Sunni
Conservative, Orthodox, Reform
Denomitaions of Christian Origin
Abrahamic Religion
Yes
Yes
Yes
Abraham Known As
Millat Ibrahim
Abraham, Biological Ancestor, Husband of Sarah and Keturah
Father Of Faith, Abraham

Why Intolerance and Wars?

If all three religions believe in the same God, though named differently, why is there war, hatred and intolerance? Is it that the followers are ignorant about the basics of their religion? Why the crusades, jihad and the like?

Religious leaders need to congregate, put their heads together, realize that they are worshiping the same God, explain to their followers the origins of their faith and ensure world harmony and peaceful coexistence as the basic tenets of toleration. Until such time, strife and wars will continue unabated, without realization dawning that it is only one God up there.

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    • Dip Mtra profile imageAUTHOR

      Dip Mtra 

      3 years ago from World Citizen

      Great thoughts Udayan. I could not include Hinduism in the comparison since it is not an Abrahmic religion. Hinduism originated from a different premise altogether. Influences of Abraham are not the point here, the point is all three religions trace their origin back to Abraham's covenant with God, yet the divergence and intolerance over the centuries.

      The point I am trying to make here is all these three religions believe in the same God, yet name them differently. They even believe in the law of God as relayed to Moses.

      Great to have you here and thanks for your informed opinion on this. Thanks again for stopping by to read this.

    • profile image

      Udayan Bakshi 

      3 years ago

      Just going by history and inquisitiveness. Mother of all religion is Judaism 3760 BC. If we consider Hinduism originated during Mahabharata era then it is around 800-900 BC. Buddhism and Jainism which I think are off shoots of Hinduism were started around 550 BC. Then came Jesus Christ and lastly Muhammad. Islam is a relatively new religion. Has anyway the monothesis of Abraham influenced the other three old religion? It seems the Abramian covenant was dormant for a long time before rejuvenating as Christianity. We Hindus have the book Geeta and Buddhists have their own book in native Pali language. Not all religions have their guide book to follow and preach whether abrahamian covenant or not. Interesting! Again if you go by the place of origin then it's quite natural that the Abramian religions will have common thing whereas the other three religion will have similarities. It is a pity that fundamentalists make division.

    • Dip Mtra profile imageAUTHOR

      Dip Mtra 

      3 years ago from World Citizen

      Thanks Sunitha for stopping by. Funnily, all these three Abrahmic religions also believe that Moses noted the law of God in a book or a stone tablet, so they have no apparent reason to diverge if they believe in the same God, albeit named differently. I guess ignorance is the root cause for intolerance.

    • profile image

      SUNITHA MITRA 

      3 years ago

      interesting read dipda. in fact, i was having a similar conversation with a friend lately. i don't know much about Judaism, but Islam does acknowledge Jesus as "one of the greatest prophets". apparently this is mentioned in the Koran itself.

      i sometimes wonder what initiates the creation of a religion and it seems to me that it is POWER. maybe the stemming is more from a perspective of breaking free from POWER rather than gaining POWER itself. but it probably becomes a vicious cycle. Pagan worshippers gave way to followers of Christ to followers of Mohammed ...

      The easiest religion is to be human- that's what any god we worship wanted us to be.

    • Dip Mtra profile imageAUTHOR

      Dip Mtra 

      3 years ago from World Citizen

      Judaism is considered as the sixth largest religion in the world, though the comparative chart above has been based on Abrahamic religions, and Hinduism or other major world religions cannot be cannot be compared on the same platform.

    • Dip Mtra profile imageAUTHOR

      Dip Mtra 

      3 years ago from World Citizen

      Thanks Saqib for writing this. There will be a time somewhere when people will say enough is enough and call for truce and universal brotherhood to live in harmony with nature and neighbors. If that doesn't happen in our lifetime, let's pray and hop that our children live in a world filled with love and hope.

      Best wishes and regards to you as well.

    • SAQIB6608 profile image

      SAQIB 

      3 years ago from HYDERABAD PAKISTAN

      Well dear Dip!

      Peace may seem Un-achievable now a days globally but each little drop of water makes mighty ocean. We must continue our efforts for world peace. As I said in my last comment RESPECT and PATIENCE hold the key for PEACE.

      Appreciated !!

      Redards !!

      SAQIB

    • Dip Mtra profile imageAUTHOR

      Dip Mtra 

      3 years ago from World Citizen

      Thanks Saqib and thanks Blossom for reading this. Your comments are greatly valued and a source of inspiration to me to continue my efforts at world peace in my small, rather insignificant way.

    • BlossomSB profile image

      Bronwen Scott-Branagan 

      3 years ago from Victoria, Australia

      Well set out and an unusual angle which makes it interesting.

    • SAQIB6608 profile image

      SAQIB 

      3 years ago from HYDERABAD PAKISTAN

      PATIENCE !

      RESPECT FOR ALL !

      That's what the three doctrines need !!

    • Dip Mtra profile imageAUTHOR

      Dip Mtra 

      3 years ago from World Citizen

      Thanks mio cid, thanks Manatita for reading this and leaving your valuable comments. Well, we have gone beyond fighting between religions and fighting these days rages between sects of the same religion. Case example Iraq, Syria where Sunnis are fighting the Shias, yesterday there was a blast in a Shia mosque in Pakistan killing 61 people and carried out by the Sunnis. With time the sectarian fights will overshadow the inter-religious clashes, if present events are any indication.

    • manatita44 profile image

      manatita44 

      3 years ago from london

      Seems a well-written article to me, and may be helpful to many. It is not my way, but there are so many colours in this myriad Universe!

      You ask for my comments and I see nothing that I really wish to speak on. Mine is the way of prayer; of service; of meditation; of Love for the Creation. I know almost nothing about Religion. I use the child approach, the Heart. I know very little about the Mind.

      Still, I came here for your sake. It appears to be a decent Hub. I wish you God's continued Love. Om Shanti!

    • mio cid profile image

      mio cid 

      3 years ago from Uruguay

      Religious fundamentalism is is like a cancer that creates war and confrontation even between people of the same religion.

    • Dip Mtra profile imageAUTHOR

      Dip Mtra 

      3 years ago from World Citizen

      Thanks Buildreps. This hub is just a comparative overview of the three major religions in the world, and whether it be God or Satan in disguise, these three follow the same person, so why fight? This hub has been featured, but the next in the series on Shia and Sunni sects of Muslims has been denied, I don't know why since I used the same format as the earlier one.

      Thanks again.

    • Buildreps profile image

      Buildreps 

      3 years ago from Europe

      It's awful that 50% of the world population believe in fairytale books where Satan is in disguise as a god, and demands from Abraham to sacrifice his son to show that he's a good believer. I prefer Logos instead of Mythos. It might be interesting for you to study the Nag Hammadi codex, that cuts much of the nonsense in the Bible, Koran and Torah.

      That nevertheless doesn't explain why this Hub isn't featured. It should be.

    • Writer Fox profile image

      Writer Fox 

      3 years ago from the wadi near the little river

      I can't understand why that Hub isn't featured. Allow a few days to hear back from someone on HP staff and remember that they don't work on Saturdays or Sundays.

    • Dip Mtra profile imageAUTHOR

      Dip Mtra 

      3 years ago from World Citizen

      Thanks Writer Fox. Please browse through the chart on Shia and Sunni Muslims and let me know if you find anything wrong in format for it not being featured. I have written team HP a mail on your advice, but seeking your opinion as well.

    • Writer Fox profile image

      Writer Fox 

      3 years ago from the wadi near the little river

      That's a great chart and I enjoyed your article.

    • Dip Mtra profile imageAUTHOR

      Dip Mtra 

      3 years ago from World Citizen

      Thanks Devika. Great to know that you liked it.

    • DDE profile image

      Devika Primić 

      3 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      You have written a clear insight on another interesting topic. A topic of debate and well-approach.

    • Dip Mtra profile imageAUTHOR

      Dip Mtra 

      3 years ago from World Citizen

      Thanks again George. There is only one God up there. I guess this has more to do with ignorance than anything else.

    • georgescifo profile image

      georgescifo 

      3 years ago from India

      very useful facts and insights. I also really wonder on why these wars are going on even though all of them are believing in the same God.

    • Dip Mtra profile imageAUTHOR

      Dip Mtra 

      3 years ago from World Citizen

      Thanks Phyllis, thanks Artois. Acknowledgements like yours are my inspiration. Thanks again.

    • Artois52 profile image

      Artois52 

      3 years ago from England

      Another very important hub. I tried to explain this to my son the other day and the best analogy that I could could come up with, in way that he would perhaps understand was; All football fans follow the same game, even if they support different teams.

    • Phyllis Doyle profile image

      Phyllis Doyle Burns 

      3 years ago from High desert of Nevada.

      Voted UP ++++ and H+

      Dip, I have felt the same as you do since I knew that wars start because of religions. My son is Buddhist and I am Christian with a strong affinity to Native American spirituality. As my son often says: "We all strive to reach the same place, the same Divinity, the same God, maybe by different paths, but all the same." He uses an old song (Do You Know the Way to San Jose?) as a metaphore to explain to some people who do not understand. He says there is not only one way to San Jose, for it depends on where you are coming from.

      I am very impressed with the information you have provided, the chart and your questions as to why are there wars, why can the spiritual leaders not get their heads together and tell their people the truths. Even though I know what causes wars, I have never seen anyone bring it all together in one place like you did to make it so easy to understand.

      Thank you for writing this article and clarifying so much. The history, the research, all of it - Awesome! I will read your next presentation in the series. Again, thank you.

    • Dip Mtra profile imageAUTHOR

      Dip Mtra 

      3 years ago from World Citizen

      Jodah, Ruby, Could you kindly read my next presentation in the series on sectarian differences among the Muslims in a tabular form for easier understanding to really understand why the ISIS in Iraq and Syria is such a threat to world peace? It is named Comparison Charts of Shia And Sunni Muslims. Thanks.

    • Dip Mtra profile imageAUTHOR

      Dip Mtra 

      3 years ago from World Citizen

      Thanks Jodah, once again. We indeed worship the same God despite differences between races, cultures, and geography. Fighting wars in the name of religion is futile and subversive. I guess most of us are ignorant or prefer to interpret religion as suits the situation and their convenience.

    • Jodah profile image

      John Hansen 

      3 years ago from Queensland Australia

      My hat is off to you Dip Mtra. I knew that Abraham was considered the father of all three religions and that Jesus was recognised as an important prophet in the Koran. Everyone needs to read this and realise we all worship the same God and have many of the same beliefs beneath different names. there is no need for wars, especially based on religion. Thank you for sharing this. Voted up.

    • Dip Mtra profile imageAUTHOR

      Dip Mtra 

      3 years ago from World Citizen

      Hinduism does not figure in this comparison since the study is restricted to Abrahamic religions originating from the Middle East.

    • Dip Mtra profile imageAUTHOR

      Dip Mtra 

      3 years ago from World Citizen

      Thanks Ruby. I just got wondering if there is indeed one God, why do faiths clash. To my surprise, I found that the Muslims also acknowledge Jesus Christ as a messiah in their holy book Koran and name him Issah. I went in further and found that all three major religions of the world acknowledge Abraham as the first person to be covenanted by God. Thus this comparison. Guess most of us are ignorant about this.

    • always exploring profile image

      Ruby Jean Richert 

      3 years ago from Southern Illinois

      I want to applaud you for writing this important piece. I believe wholeheartedly this is true. If more people would believe this, there would be no more divisions. The many religions turn people off, they wonder which is the correct one, when in reality it is one God, only he is called by different names. Thank you again...

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