Deuteronomy: Last Book of the Pentateuch
The Book of Deuteronomy is the fifth and last book of the Pentateuch that includes Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.
Deuteronomy is known as the second law. That's because much of the information in the book has been recorded before. Not much of the information is new. Instead, it is a repeat of things that have happened, mostly in Exodus. For instance, the Ten Commandments are repeated in Deuteronomy.
As you read the Book of Deuteronomy, you might remember having read some of the information in other places. Deuteronomy is sometimes referred to as the Book of Remembrance or Second Law.
At the end of the Book of Numbers, the Israelites still had not entered the promised land. However, the land had been spied out to see what Canaan was like. The Israelites' journey through the wilderness is reviewed.
In Chapter 1, Moses gives the people the command to leave Horeb. He assures the Israelites that God had already given them the land. However, they needed to go in and possess it. He reviews what has happened up to this point in their journey.
Starting with Chapter 4, Moses reviews the Jewish Laws and restates the Ten Commandments. He emphasized how important it was for the nation of Israel to be obedient to God's commandments.
Chapters 12–16a: Laws governing Israel's worship are restated.
Chapter 16b–18: The appointments and regulations of the community and religious leaders are stated again so they would know exactly what was expected of them.
Chapter 19–25: Laws are given about social regulations just in case you missed them before.
Chapter 26: Confession of identity and loyalty is stated.
Chapters 27–28:1-14: Blessings for obedience is recorded.
Chapter 28:15-68 - Curses for disobedience are the opposite of blessings for obedience. Notice that the list of laws for disobedience is much longer than the list of blessings for obedience.
Bible scholar Derek Prince wrote Blessing and Curses book based on the curses that come on people because of their disobedience.
Chapters 29–30: If you have read chapters in the Book of Deuteronomy up to this point, you will see there is a conclusion of the laws in the Deuteronomic code.
Chapters 31-34 are the last four chapters of the book.
- The Song of Moses
- The Blessing of Moses
- Moses Passes Mantle to Joshua
- Moses Dies on Mount Nebo
- God Buries Moses in Unknown Place
Deuteronomy 34:10-12: One of the best things said about Moses is included at the end of the book.
"Never again did there arise in Israel a prophet like Moses."
Deuteronomy's Influence on Christianity
The New Testament contains many references to Deuteronomy. In fact, Jesus and Paul quoted many scriptures from that last book of the Pentateuch. Remember Jesus quoted the scriptures when he was tempted by Satan in Matthew 4:1-11.
Today, Christians all over the world know some of the familiar verses from Deuteronomy that give them comfort in their time of need.
- "See, I have given you this land. Go in and take possession of the land the LORD swore he would give to your fathers – to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob – and to their descendants after them." (Deuteronomy 1:9)
- "Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God, the LORD is one." (Deuteronomy 6:4)
- "Love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength." (Deuteronomy 6:5)
- "Do what is right and good in the LORD's sight, so that it may go well with you and you may go in and take over the good land the LORD promised on oath to your ancestors." (Deuteronomy 6:18)
- "But remember the LORD your God, for it is he who gives you the ability to produce wealth, and so confirms his covenant, which he swore to your ancestors, as it is today." (Deuteronomy 8:1)
- "Be strong and courageous. Do not be afraid or terrified because of them, for the LORD your God goes with you; he will never leave you nor forsake you." (Deuteronomy 31:6)