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Difference between 7th Day Adventists and Baptists (Christianity)

Updated on February 3, 2012

Christianity: Difference between 7th Day Adventists and Baptists


The 7th Day Adventists is a Christian church group. One fact that makes them different is that they have church on Saturday. They have church on Saturday because they believe that Saturday is the Sabbath, or the 7th day of the Judeo Christian week. It only has a worldwide population of about 15 million people, but it is still very ethnically and culturally diverse. Currently, there is not anyone making significant changes to the church today.

The Seventh Day Adventist’s founding was a slow process. The 7th Day Adventist Church was founded around 1844 by a man named William Miller, a Baptist preacher from Low Hampton, New York. The Adventist group started in the United States during the Second Great Awakening. It became a separate church group with Miller’s theory of Daniel 8:14. He thought that he could judge when the date of Christ’s return would be by using the Bible verse Daniel 8:14. According to Miller, Jesus Christ would return to the earth on October 22nd, 1844. But, when Christ didn’t return to the Earth, many people who had followed Miller had left him to go back to their old churches. This became known as the “Great Disappointment”. Miller was then seen as a false prophet by his former followers. He also realized that he had contradicted scripture because it says in the Bible that only God knows the true day that Christ will return to Earth. But after a vision of Adventist Hiram Edson, the Adventists began to believe that October 22nd was not the second coming of Christ, but rather the day that Christ entered the “Most Holy Place”. Then, an understanding known as the Investigative Judgment came into play over the next few years along with the help of a few individuals. Some of which were J. N. Loughborough, Uriah Smith, and James and Ellen G. White. Uriah Smith and J. N. Loughborough first brought in the idea that a judgment had began when Christ had entered the “Most Holy Place”. James White was the first one to use the words investigative judgment. He stated in his magazine the Review and Herald that an “investigative judgment” was taking place in Heaven and that all the believer’s lives would be judged and reviewed by God. This doctrine/belief was further explained in chapter 28 of Ellen Whites book The Great Controversy. The main bible verses that Adventists quote to support their Investigative Judgment are Daniel 7:9-10; 1 Peter 4:17; and Revelation 14:6, 7; 20:12.

Compared to other Denominations, the 7thDay Adventists haven’t had very many splits or schisms. But one main offshoot is the Davidian 7th Day Adventists. This branch of 7th Day Adventists was started by Victor Houteff. It was formed because Victor had gotten excommunicated for incorporating some new ideas into a book called The Sheppard's Rod. This branch wasn’t actually formed until after Houteff’s death when Benjamin L. Roden took over. Houteff had started a movement that led to the creation of the Davidian branch. Also, the term Davidian refers to the restoration of the Davidic kingdom. The largest schism in Adventist history was over the Glacier View Controversy of 1980. This was where Dr. Desmond Ford wrote against the churches views on the investigative judgment in his 900 page paper. It is called the Glacier View Controversy because there were meetings held in Glacier View Ranch, Colorado, to discuss Dr. Desmond’s paper. It ended up with Dr. Desmond losing his teaching and ministering credentials, and many Adventists leaving the Church. One last small split in the church was the split into the group of the SDA Kinship International. This is a group of people who have completely separated from the church because they are gay, lesbian, bisexual, or transexuals.


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    • profile image


      4 years ago

      I don't follow Ellen G White's writings.

    • profile image


      4 years ago

      I love the truth and want to walk in it. I found out years ago the history of Sunday worship. I cannot find a church in my area that worships on Saturday that lines up with the Word of God. I can find churches that believe that the church has the absolute right to govern over the bible and the Holy Spirit. I can find churches that believe in their prophets and false prophets and hold them in authority over the Word as well. If I could find a church that worshiped God in spirit and in truth I would be so happy! I just can't accept Ellen G. White's writings and teachings as Authority over the church. The word of God and the holy Spirit, yes, but when you follow a prophet over the word of God, it is not good.

    • Little Grandmommy profile image


      6 years ago from Small Town Tennessee

      Very interesting. A lot of things I wasn't aware of concerning the 7th Day Adventist Church beliefs and controversies. I have been considering attending on of these churches for a time.

    • Pool Of Thoughts profile image

      David Steffy 

      6 years ago from Southern Ohio

      Very informative. I was listening to a speaker over the weekend who believes this way and was expounding on the importance of keeping the sabbath. I agreed with everything he said except that I believe that all of those Old Testament types of the severity of despising the birth right, and not keeping the sabbath only spoke of the oncoming Holy Spirit. The sabbath is the Holy Ghost indwelling the believer. Without it, you'll perish. Blessings,


    • profile image


      6 years ago

      A few corrections I've made to this article below, apart from that a good clear simple picture of our history (I'm a Seventh Day Adventist)

      William Miller never founded the Seventh Day Adventist Church, William Miller never became a Seventh Day Adventist after the Great Disappointment of 1844. "Seventh-day Adventist" was chosen in 1860, the denomination was not officially organized until May 21, 1863, when the movement included some 125 churches and 3,500 members.

      He never thought he could judge the date of Christ's return by using Daniel 8:14, it was his interpretation of the phrase "unto 2300 days then shall the sanctuary be cleansed" which lead him to the date 1844 and the 2nd coming being the fulfillment of the cleansing of the sanctuary, for he took the premise as EVERY OTHER CHURCH did at the time, that the Old Sanctuary that Moses built represented the earth, and so he concluded that the event the bible foretells that will 'cleanse' the earth with fire is the 2nd Coming. Taking this line of reasoning, then if he could find the beginning date to the 2300day prophecy, he concluded then he had found the DATE TO FIX Christs Second coming.

      Hiram Hedson's 'vision' (not sure that it was an actual vision or strong impression - this needs to be verified by his personal testimony [writings]) was given after they had been studying the question, of where did they go wrong as all the prophetic waymarks in the 2300 day time period and other time prophecies had been fulfilled to the letter, but they were obviously wrong in the INTERPRETATION OF THE CLEANSING OF THE SANCTUARY. They had studied already and found NOT ONE VERSE stating that the earthly sanctuary represented the earth, but numerous scriptures in Hebrews to state unequivocally that the earthly sanctuary REPRESENTED (or was a 'shadow') of the Heavenly Sanctuary, as the earthly high priest was a 'shadow', 'figure' 'type' of Christ as a High Priest, so its services and feast days were also TYPES OF CHRIST AND HIS WORK TO COME. If was after this, then as he walked through the corn field when he was given this 'vision' that it confirmed what they had already studied in scripture. The basis of Christ moving from one apartment to another was SOLELY BUILT upon a mans claim of a vision, but both his testimony of a vision and scripture testifying to this even based upon the premise that the earthly sanctuary and all its services WERE A TYPE of shadow of THINGS TO COME.

      William was not considered a 'false prophet' as he never claimed to be a Prophet, neither did anyone who believed in his preachings give him the title of prophet.

    • schoolgirlforreal profile image


      8 years ago

      Interesting hub, so I gather you are baptist? :-)


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