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Egypt (Kemet): The Egyptian Book of the Dead-Admissions Of Faith & Purity(The So-Called Negative Confessions)-Part 1

Updated on December 7, 2016

Admissions Of Faith And Purity: African Origins Of Spirituality, Religion And Philosophy

Found on the original papyrus,  of  the Book of the Dead is the Weighing of the Heart scene representing the individual judgement of the deceased
Found on the original papyrus, of the Book of the Dead is the Weighing of the Heart scene representing the individual judgement of the deceased
The weighing of the heart  of the deceased painted rendition
The weighing of the heart of the deceased painted rendition
Egyptians believed that their soul had to be judged by Osiris and many other Gods before they could enter eternal life. In this illustrations, souls stand before Osiris at the moment of judgement.
Egyptians believed that their soul had to be judged by Osiris and many other Gods before they could enter eternal life. In this illustrations, souls stand before Osiris at the moment of judgement.
An image from the Book of the Dead shows Horus leading the soul of a dead person to judgment by Osiris.
An image from the Book of the Dead shows Horus leading the soul of a dead person to judgment by Osiris.
The Egyptian God of the Underworld and of Vegetation
The Egyptian God of the Underworld and of Vegetation
Osiris, God of the Dead, was represented by the stars of the modern-day constellation Orion.
Osiris, God of the Dead, was represented by the stars of the modern-day constellation Orion.
Both God and man, Osiris suffered a terrible death,but his subsequent resurrection held the promise of eternal life for ordinary Egyptians.
Both God and man, Osiris suffered a terrible death,but his subsequent resurrection held the promise of eternal life for ordinary Egyptians.
Judgement of souls before Osiris
Judgement of souls before Osiris
Osiris, the god of Fertility
Osiris, the god of Fertility

Book of the Coming Forth by Day and Night - Admission Of Faith And Purity To The Ancestors

"There are many Humorous things in the world; among them, the White Man's notion that he is less savage than other savages." (Mark Twain)

In writing this Hub below, I am going to utilize the sage words of the Elder, Prof. Clarke to attempt to illuminate the topic in its broader ramifications. This is a very important topic that I want to discuss below, and I am going to the Master Teacher for my preface to the Hub.

Prof Clarke Writes:

"Now, I'm going to talk about the contribution of Nile Valley civilization to the world civilization. I have spoken on this subject many time over the years. I am no longer argumentative about the subject. The evidence of the Aficanness of Nile Valley civilization, the evidence of Egypt being solely and purely African is so clear. The argument is an offense to my intelligence and yours.

I will proceed with the assumption that you know what I am talking about. When I say Egypt, I am talking about a country in Africa that the Greeks called Aegyptus and the Africans never called Egypt. I'm talking about the Nile Valley civilization and I'm talking about a river that stretches four thousand miles into the body of Africa. It related to all the people along that fiver valley.

"Egypt was not a singular civilization, but a composite civilization which was composed of all the cultures and ethnic elements of that entire valley. Egypt was a civilization in itself, but a culmination of a number of civilizations all of them originally coming from the South.

"In their own literature, The Papyrus of Henefer," they said, "we came from the foothills of the mountains of the Moon, where the Great God Hapi dwells." Happy was one of the early Gods of the Nile civilization. Translated, "Mountains of the Moon" means Kilimanjaro. The Nile Valley is a contradiction as a river. It starts in the South and flows to the North. Since it starts in the South and flows to the North, what you think is the first cataract, is really the sixth cataract. You are moving into Egypt down the Nile Valley. The foreigners got it exactly backwards because they were 'beholden' to Europe, and Europe gets a whole lot of things backwards.

"Hear me well, the main contribution of Nile Valley civilization to world civilization contributed organized societies, social order, the concept of coming together, the concept of the village uniting with other villages, creating the cities, the concept of cities uniting with other cities, creating a state, and the concept of other areas(states) uniting with other areas creating a concept that would later be called diplomacy.

"Nile Valley civilization continued the idea of getting together, one to the other, creating a concept of human relationships and survival. In early agriculture we created something after the radical nature of the river calmed down and stopped overflowing irregular and begin to overflow at a specific time. We knew when to get out of the way of the river and when to come back and plant in the rich earth of its banks. They created the worlds first massive agriculture.

"By creating the first massive agriculture, they could develop a technical class and a laboring class which could be taken of. People down this valley would gravitate toward the end of the river and bring their technical skills, goods, and services.Therefore, they made the river the world's first cultural highway.

"To build a basic civilization, you've got to have enough resources, food and the ability to pay craftsmen and technicians,to sustain yourself. When you've got enough and some left over, you build an intellectual civilization that explains and preserves the original civilization. Since they had time to sit some men down and let them think for a living, they created literature. Out of this literature came spirituality. Out of this spirituality came all of the elements that went into the making of the three major religions. Spirituality is real. Organized religion is a formation of man.

"Nearly everything that is a formation of man has some defect. If you create a formation out of someone else's spirituality which you do not understand and say, "I am a chosen people," you are saying someone else is not chosen, therefore making god ungodly. If you create from that spirituality-the elements created-and say, "I have the true faith," you are saying other people's faith must be false. If you create another religion which says that my religion gives some the right to enslave you because you are an infidel, you are making God an accessory to murder.

"The misunderstanding of the spirituality extracted from Africa and the opportunistic remolding of it into something which rationalizes someone's donation over another people has made all organized religions, to some degree, atheistic because they deny by their actions that God is love and that God is kind and merciful.

"... One thing hat is so inconceivable to you, because of the success of massive propaganda, is that over half of human history was over before anyone knew that the European was in the world. Because of massive propaganda, assumptions, and a change which occurred in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries (the juncture of our enslavement and the beginning of European dominance), they had to make people believe that the world waited in darkness for them to bring the light. According to them, everything good came from them. Yet they put out more lights than they ever lit. They destroyed more civilizations than they ever created. We need to understand that fact inorder to put history in proper focus.

"When you look at the chronology of history, you will know there no European in ancient times. When the ancient world emerged, there was no Europe. Europe emerged at the end of the ancient world, at the beginning of the modern worked. It took advantage of the all of the ancient world. It copied from ancient peoples and it put its name on things it did not develop. It was like a faker, a liar, and a murderer who discovered absolutely nothing … he is being celebrated now five hundred years after the mass murder he set in motion. Such genocide would make Hitler look like a Sunday school boy.

"How then did we get a reputation as a people who needed to be led into the light by a "civilized" people who thought we were primitive? How did we become primitive when we knew long before they wore shoes and lived in a house that had a window? We had created an honorable way of life and had every element that went into the making of Socialism and Christianity? We had no word for jail because nobody ever gone to one. There was no word for oprhanage because no one had ever thrown away any children. There were no old people's homes because nobody threw away because nobody ever threw away, grandma and grandpa.

"The literature of the Nile Valley was already intact. The Book of The Coming Home By Night" was already intact, out of which others would copy a lot of the elements that would go into the Bible. Out of which others would copy the basis of the Ten Commandments from the Forty aTwo Confessions.

"You should never use the word "Negative" in relation to those confessions, that's a European interpretation. They weren't n'negative' at all. These were admissions of faith and purity. You would stand before your master teacher and say, "I have not done this.' Not, "Though shalt not," but "I have Not." I have not violated my neighbors wife. I have not done this. If you had not done all those things you were qualified for something. The European changed the language around to "thou shall not." The Africans originally did not say, "Thou halt no." The said, "I have not."

"Every organized religion is the African's true religion because every element that went into the making of it came out of Africa."

In this excerpt there's no attempt to undermine or challenge nor compare any religion or belief in any manner whatsoever to what is being discussed here. This is also not an attempt to argue nor settle the issue of 'racial ' and or "indigenous" physical characteristics of the Ancient Egyptians or Nubians. The reasons for emphasizing the indigenous Southern African origin of the ancient Egyptians, is because of the message based upon a historical message taken from the most highly respected "Papyrus of Hunefer" found in Egypt and the Nile River and amongst the indigenous Africans', "Book of the Coming Forth by Day and Night" .

In it, the Egyptians clearly state: "We came from the beginning of the Nile where the God Hapi dwells, at the foothills of the Mountain of the Moon," (Kilimanjaro- between Kenya and Tanzania, or Rwenzori in Uganda). This article is more focused on the spirituality and religiousness of the ancient Egyptians and how they accounted and comported themselves throughout the eons, in life and after-life. (Budge.)

Budge says: "The pre-historic native of Egypt, both in the old and the new Stone Ages, was African and there is every reason for saying that the earliest settlers came from the South". Budge further states that :"There are many things in the manners and customs and religions of the historic Egyptians that suggests that the original home of their prehistoric ancestors was in a country in the neighborhood of Uganda and Punt".

(Some historians believe that the Biblical land of Punt was in the area known on modern maps as Somalia) The great historian, Diodorus Siculus, observed that 'the Kushites were of the opinion that their country was not only the birthplace of the human race and the cradle land of the world's earliest civilization, but that it was the primal Eden where living things first appeared on Earth, as reported by the Scriptures'. It is the spiritual and religious practices and comportment of the Egyptians in their daily life and in death that concerns us here. In learning about this practices, there's some hope that we might look at ourselves in relation to the Confession, in this day and era.

Osiris was one of the first gods to live as a human being, died and was resurrected to life again. In those days and times, every man hoped to rise from the dead and enjoy the immortal life just like Osiris did. Early Egyptians realized and accepted the fact that not everyone will be raised from the dead to live an immortal life, as they all believed that good and evil deeds of men were to be taken into account, somewhere, and by someone who had the power to punish the wicked and reward the just.

Before we dig deeper into the nature and form of the So-called 'Negative concession,' it will be appropriate to view some short background as to what contributed to their rise and usage. In the VI dynasty, Osiris became known as a god and judge of all the dead of Egypt. Osiris had great power as an ancestor god, and his role was, as a judge of human conduct, illimitable.

When he was murdered by his brother Set, he was helped to rise from the dead by Horus and Toth, and was allowed to rule over the kingdom of heaven by virtue of his innocence and freedom from the defects of sinful human nature. So, the Egyptians believed that Osiris died on their behalf and rose again in order that they must rise from the dead.

This belief goes way beyond the VIth dynasty, and I might say, from my researches, this goes as far back as, and beyond, 10 to 20,000 BC. I hope to go deeper into the most remote civilizations of the past in the up-coming articles. So, we are really talking about a time in antiquity and in this case, it would tedious to digress and fill-in some gaps, so we will contend ourselves with the topic at hand.

Dr. John Henrik Clarke on organized religion vs spirituality, part 1

Judgement Scene - Ani's Heart Being Weighed In The Balance
Judgement Scene - Ani's Heart Being Weighed In The Balance | Source

Admission Of Faith And Purity...

The confessions above are made when the deceased entered the Hall of Osiris, when his heart had braved the ordeal of being weighed in Balance(Maat). Social balance and spiritual balance were in tandem with the functioning and well-being of that society. The recitation of these confessions were not only done in the after-life, but on earthly life too. Egyptians always provided elaborate resting places for the deceased. They mummified the bodies which would ensure reincarnation in the body upon the soul being weighed in the Hall of judgment by Osiris, god of the Dead.

It is worth noting that among the Calabar people, before a man undergoes the ordeal of drinking the great juju drink 'Mbiam', which is made of filth and blood, he says:

"If I have been guilty of this crime,

"If I have gone and sought the sick one's hurt,

"If I have sent another to seek the sick one's hurt,

"If I have employed any one to make charms, or to cook bush.

"Or to put anything in the road,

"Or touch his cloth,

"Or touch his yams,

"Or to touch his goats,

"Or to touch his fowl,

"Or to touch his chilren,

"If I have prayed for his hurt,

"If I have thought to hurt him in my heart,

"If I have any intention to heurt him,

"If I ever, at any time, do any of these things,(recite in full)

"Or employ others to do these things(recite in full)

"Then, Mbiam! thou deal with me."

The Egyptian acted as does the modern African. The former made his declaration of innocence of a series of offenses, and his heart was by the gods to test the truth of his words; the latter makes his declaration of innocence, and the action of the juju drink tests the truth of his words.

The Second Form of The Negative Confessions

Gods of the 42 Nomes

We now look at the second type of the Negative Confessions.. In this case, the deceased addressed a series of Two and forty gods by their names one after the other, and asserted before each, that he had not committed a certain sin. These gods were the forty-two nomes of Upper and Lower Egypt. He had already told Osiris that he knew their names, and proceeded to prove it by saying the following:

1. Hail, Usekh - nemmet, coming forth from Anu(Heliopolis), I have not done iniquity.

2. Hail, Heprshet, coming from Kher-aha[A Large City between Fustat and Matariyah), I have not committed robbery.

3. Hail, Fenti, coming forth forth from Khemenu (hermopolis), I have not stolen with violence.

4. Hail, Am-khitabu, coming from Qerrt'(The Circle- perhaps a place in the other world), I have not committed theft.

5. Hail, Neha-hau. comng forth from Re-stau(A region in the other World of Memphis), I have not killed men.

6. Hail, Lion and Lioness god, coming forth from heaven, I have not made light the bushel of corn.

7. Hail, Merti-f-em-tes, coming froth from Sekhem(Letopolis), I have not acted deceitfully.

8. Hail, Neba, coming forth from Khetkhet, I have not robbed the property of god.

9. Hail, Set-qesu, coming forth from Suten-henen(Herakleopolis), I have not uttered falsehood.

10. Hail Uatch-Nesert, coming forth from Het-ka-Ptah(Memphis), I have not stolen food.

11. Hail, Qerti, coming forth from Ament, I have not cursed.

12. Hail, Hetch-abehu, coming forth from Ta-he(Fayyum), I have not attacked any man.

13. Hail, Am-senf, coming forth from the slaughter-house, I have not slain the cattle of god.

14. Hail, Am besek, coming forth from Mabit, I have not used deceit

15. Hail, Neb-Maat, coming forth from Maati, I have not stolen grain.

16. Hail, Thenemi, coming from Bast(Bubastis),I have not acted the part of the spy (eavesdropper).

17. Hail,Asti (or Anti), coming forth from Anu, I have not slandered.

18. Hail, Tutu-f, coming forth from Ati(?), I have not been angry without cause.

19.Hail, Uamenti, coming forth from the House of the Block, I have not lain with another man's wife.

20. Hail Maa-anuf, coming forth from Per-Menu, I have not abused myself.

21. Hail, Her-seru, coming forth from Nehatu, Ihave made no man to be afraid.

22. Hail, Khemi, coming forth from Ahaui, I have attacked no man.

23. Hail, Shetkheru, coming forth from Urit, I have no been a man of wrath.

24. Hail, Nekhen, coming forth from Heq-at, I have not been deaf to the words of truth.

25. Hail, Ser-Kheru, coming forth from Unes, I have not stirred up strife.

26. Hail, Basti, coming from Shetait, I have made no one weep.

27. Hail, Her-f-ha-f, (was the ferryman of the Other World. He loved ruth and hated sin, and because of his integrity, became a leader of the gods), coming forth from the place of sailing, I have neither acted impurely, nor lain with men.

28. Hail, Ta-re, coming out of the night, I have not eaten my heart.

29. Hail, Kenemti, coming forth from Kenmet, I have not cursed any man.

30. Hail, An-hetep-f, coming forth from Sau, I have not done deeds of violence.

31. Hail,Nebheru, coming forth from Tchefet, I have not acted hastily.

32. Hail, Serekhi, coming forth form Unth, I have not ... my skin, I have not ... the god.

33. Hail, Neb-abui, coming forth from Sauti, I have not made loud my voice in speaking.

34. Hail, Nefer-Tem, coming forth from Het-ka-Ptah (Memphis), I have not acted deceitfully, I have not acted wickedly.

35. Hail, Tem-sep, coming forth from Tetu, I have not cursed the king.

36. Hail, Ari-em-ab-f, coming forth from Tebti, I have not fouled water.

37. Hail, Ahi, ..., coming forth from Nu, I have not made my voice loud.

38. Hail, Utu-rekhit, coming forth from they house, I have not dursed the god.

39. Hail, Neheb,-nefert, coming forth from ..., I have not acted insolently.

40. Hail, Neheb-kau, coming forth from [thy] city, I have not worked for honors.

41. Hail, Tcheser-tep, coming forth from the carven, I have not increased my possessions except through my own goods.

42. Hail, An-a-f, coming forth from Auker, I have not treated with contempt the god of my city.

The deceased, after his confession, concludes by saying to the Forty-two gods:

Homage to you, O gods who dwell in your hall of Maati. I indeed know you, I know your names. Let me not fall under your knives and slaughter,and bring ye not my wickedness before the god whom ye serve. Ye have no charge against me. Speak ye truth on my behalf before Neb-er-tcher, for I have worked righteousness in Ta--mera(Egypt), Ihave not ursed the god, and the king who reigned in his day had no charge[to bring] against me.(Budge)

The form of Negative confessions above is interesting because it supplies us with the names of several spirits or gods that were worshipped in the very early time, in fact, long before the cult of Osiris became common in Egypt. Taken as whole, thee forty two gods in that time period the spiritual gurus of all of Egypt and anyone who can satisfy them with his/her innocence in the Hall of Judgment, had a chance of being proclaimed "just" or "true" before the whole nation.

It has not yet become particularly clear as to why a particular god was connected with a particular sin. This is ancient stuff which, because of the paucity of records explaining the process, we will aver that there was a good reason for the association. The second part of the Negative Confession is of interests because it shows us that the idea of judgment is very old and ancient; also, that the importance of life of truth-diong and truth-speaking was recongized earrlier in Egyptian society and history, even though they believed in the plurality of the Gods.

Note that this "Drama" took place approximately more than one-thousand three-hundred years to one-thousand three-hundred and fifty years (1,300-1,350) before Moses was supposedly driven out of Western Sais (Egypt) to the eastern limits - Mt. Sinai - by Pharaoh Rameses II between c1225 and 1232 B.C.E. An account of this document was discovered written on a black basalt-slab (stone) in the ruins of the Temple of Ptah at Memphis, Sais(renamed Egypt by the Hebrews and the Greeks). This stone, itself only dates back to the 8th century B.C.E It was prepared by Shabaka - the Ethiopian (Kushite) Pharaoh of Egypt - founder of the Temple of Ptah. It was Pharaoh Shabaka's attempt to preserve the words of his very much more indigenous African ancestory whose descendants are today called "negroes, Bantus, Pygmies(Twa), Nilotes" and other such names. It is estimated (by Egyptologists) that the original script was written around 1,3000 years before Moses(Moshe) - the messenger of Yahweh (Jehovah), 2575 years before the the birth of the Christians' Gpd - Jesus Chris, and 3,197 years before the Moslem (Muslim) prophet of Allah - Mohamet. Why, then is it told that the first time man was given only "Ten" of these one-hundred and forty-seven (147) "CONFESSIONS" - called "COMMANDMENTS" - was when God allegedly "gave them to Moshe at Mt. Sinai?" Because each religion that followed the other in this region co-opted most of the myths and traditional dogmas of the former - Judaism, through Moses, being no exception to this rule of historical tradition.

Left Picture - Osiris and his Wife Isis Right Picture - Anubis, The God Of The Dead
Left Picture - Osiris and his Wife Isis Right Picture - Anubis, The God Of The Dead | Source

A Cursory Glance at the Gods of the Egyptians

Wallis Budge informs us thus: "The Egyptians, however, acted in a perfectly logical manner, for they believed that they were a divine nation,and that they were ruled by kings who were themselves gods incarnate; their earliest kings, they asserted, were actually gods, who did not disdain to live upon the earth, and to go about and up and down through it, , and to mingle with men.

Other ancient nations were content to believe that they had been brought into being by the power of their gods operating upon matter, but the Egyptian believed that they were of directly divine origin. When the gods ceased to reign in their proper persons upon earth, they were succeeded by a series of demi-gods, who were in turn succeeded by the Manes, and these were duly followed by kings in whom was enshrined a divine nature with characteristic attributes.

When the physical or natural body of a king died, the divine portion of his being, i.e., the spiritual body, returned to its original abode with the gods, and it was duly worshiped by men upon earth as a god with the gods. This happy result was partly brought about by the performance of certain ceremonies, which were at first wholly magical, but later partly magical and partly religious, and by the recital of appropriate words uttered in the duly prescribed ton and manner, and by the keeping of festivals at the tombs at stated seasons when the appointed offerings were made, and the prayers for the welfare of the dead were said."

Budge continues: "From the earliest times the worship of the gods went hand in hand with the deification of dead kings and other royal personages, and the worship of departed monarchs from some aspects may be regarded as meritorious as the worship of the gods. From one point of view Egypt was as much a land of gods as of men, the the inhabitants of the country wherein the gods lived and moved naturally devoted a considerable portion of their time upon earth to the worship of divine beings and of their ancestors who had departed the land of the gods. In the matter of religion, and all that appertains thereto, the Egyptians were a "peculiar people," and in all ages they have exhibited a tenacity of belief and a conservation which distinguished them from all the other great nations of antiquity.

The Egyptians were not only renowned for their religious observances, they were famous as much for the variety as for the number of their gods. Animals, birds, fishes and reptiles were worshipped by them in all ages, but in addition to these they adored the great powers of nature as well as a large number of beings with which they peopled the heavens, the air, the earth, the sky, the sun, the moon, the stars, and the water. In the earliest times the predynastic Egyptians , in common with the [otter Africans or non-africans] people, believed that all the various operations of nature were the result of the actions of beings which were for the most part unfriendly to man.

The inundation which rose too high and flooded the primitive village, and drowned their cattle, and destroyed their stock of grain, was regarded as the result of the working of an unfriendly and unseen power; and when the river rose just high enough to irrigate the land which had been prepared, they either thought that a friendly power, which was stronger than that which caused the destroying flood, had kept the hostile in check, or that the spirit of the river was on that occasion pleased with them. They believed in the existence of spirits of the air, and in spirits of mountains, streams, and trees, and all these had to be propitiated with gifts, or cajoled and wheedled into bestowing their favor and protection upon their supplicants."

We further on learn from Budge that: "There is no doubt that at a very early period in the predynastic history the Egyptians distinguished between great gods and little gods, just as they did between friendly gods and hostile gods, but either their poverty of expression, or their inflexibility of their language [or maybe that which we do not fully understand-my addition] prevented them[or us-addition mine] from making a distinction apparent in writing, and thus it happens that in dynastic times, when the lofty conception of monotheism prevailed among the priesthood(see my Hub on "Amen"), the scribe found himself obliged to call both God and the lowest of the beings that were supposed to possess some attribute of divinity by one and the same name, i.e., NETER.

The inferior gods of the Egyptians were supposed to suffer from many of the defects of mortal beings, and they were even thought to grow old and to die, and the same ideas about the angels were held by Mhammadans and Hebrews. According to the former, the angels will perish when heaven, their abode, is made to pass away at the Day of Judgment.

According to the latter, one of the two great classes of angles, i.e., those which were created on the fifth day of creation, is mortal; on the other hand, the angels which were created on the second day of creation endure for ever, and these may be fitly compared with the unfailing and unvarying powers of nature which were personified and worshipped by the Egyptians; of the angels which perish, some spring from fire, some from water, and some from wind.

The angels are grouped into ten classes, i.e., the Erelim, the Ishim, the Bene Elohim, the Melachim, the Hashmalim, the Tarshishim, the shishanim, the Cherubim, the Ophannim, the Seraphim; among these wee divided al the deities connected with the ordering of the heavens and the earth , and they, according to their position of importance, became the interpreters of the Will of the Deity.

A comparison of the passage in Rabbinic literature which describe these similar matters connected with the angels, spirits, etc., of ancient Hebrew mythology with Egyptian texts shows that both the Egyptians and Jews possessed many ideas in common, and all the evidence goes to prove that the latter(Hebrews) borrowed from the former(Egyptians), in the earliest period."

Budge finally sums up the narrative about the origins of the Egyptian gods as follows: "In comparatively late historical times the Egyptians introduced into their company of gods a few deities from Western Asia, but these had no effect in modifying the general character either of their religion or of their worship.

The subject of comparative Egyptian and Semitic mythology is one which has yet to be worked thoroughly, not because it would supply us with the original forms of Egyptian myth and legends, but because it would show what modifications such things underwent when adopted by Semitic peoples, or at least by peoples who hadSemitic blood in their veins.

Some would compare Egyptian andSemitic mythologies on the ground that the Egyptians and Semitic were kinsfolk, but it must be quite clearly understood that this is pure assumption, and is only based on the statements of those who declare that the Egyptian and Semitic languages area akin. Others again have sought to explain the mythology of the Egyptians by appeals to Aryan mythology, and to illustrate the meanings of important Egyptian words in religious texts by means of Aryan etymologies.

But the results are wholly unsatisfactory, and they only serve to show the futility of comparing the mythologies of two peoples of different race occupying quite different grades in the ladder of civilization. It cannot be too strongly insisted on that all the oldest gods of Egypt are of Egyptian origin, and that the fundamental religious beliefs of the Egyptians also are of Egyptian origin, and that both the gods and the beliefs date from predynastic times, and have nothing whatever to do do with the Semites or Aryans of history."

The Nile was the cultural and spiritual highway on which elements of civilization came into and out of inner Africa. Most ancient civilizations were built alongside big rivers. How one behaved in these civilizations was according to laws and rules like the Negative confessions and how they conceived of the Gods. What would have been life like in todays' civilization with some of the rules listed above, will remain a wonder.

But I cannot help but notice how these confessions and the conceptions and beliefs in the various gods affect and effect ones soul and conscience. Some of the confessions really take a dig at the shenanigans that we see being carried out by many people in different spheres and religious institutions of life today.

Osiris was also a fertility-god. This and other attributes of Osiris will be delved into in the second part of this deposition. Right now, it is important to read the Negative confessions and begin to look at our contemporary and fledgeling civilization, how it has compared to them in the past and match-up with them today. We also need to dig deeper into issues pertaining to the soul and spirit in this rat-race society.

We need to mull over the things that add some correction to our world which glorifies wealth and efforts towards that end. In the time when we are dealing with our souls and spirits, we need a much more deeper and well informed alternative take and perspective. If we teach ourselves to look backwards, we will be in a position to order to make sense of the present, , finally, we will be well armed to predict and formulate the future.

Left - Amen-Ra - King Of The gods ~ The Lord Of Heaven.. Right - The Goddess MUT Pouring out Water From The Sycamore Tree Over The Deceased And His Soul
Left - Amen-Ra - King Of The gods ~ The Lord Of Heaven.. Right - The Goddess MUT Pouring out Water From The Sycamore Tree Over The Deceased And His Soul | Source

Gods Of TheGods: Egyptian Deities

The African Origins Of The Egyptian Gods

According to Wallis Budge"

"It is now a known fact that the Egyptian Gods are of African rather than Asiatic origins, as has been suggested over the millennia by so many. But acceptance of this view was that the chief egyptian literature contained the numerous hymns to the Sun-god under his various forms, e.g., Remu, Ra, Horus,, and Khepera, and frequent allusions to a heaven in which Ra is the King and Lord of all Gods.

"On the other hand, there is sparse evidence that the great bulk of the people of Egypt adopted the religion of Ra and in the Book of the Dead there is ample proof that the Moon-god was one of their chief and favorite object of worship.

"Many African peoples, especially those who live in the great forests and on the Nile, Congo, Niger, Limpopo and other rivers, not only regard the Sun with indifference, but with positive dislike; on the other hand, the Moon and its spirit are venerated devoutly. Proofs of this fact are found in the writings of many travelers, whose works are quoted inn many instances and writings and in many countries.

Taking into consideration all the information available on the subject, it is tolerably clear that the religion of the Sun-god was introduced into Egypt by the priests of Heliopolis, under the Vth Dynasty, when they assumed the rule of the country, and began to nominate their favorite warriors to the throne of Egypt." (You can read about this saga and history in my Hub dubbed: "Egyptian God, Amon(Amen)-The Invisible Creative Power - Hidden From view: Akhnaton, Moses and the Origins of Monotheism.")

In order to understand African Origins of Egyptian we learn from Budge that , "In early Dynastic period, through the Egyptians texts now available enable us to trace the history of the religion of Osiris from the Archaic to the Roman period with completeness. Osiris was an African and his religion was founded in Upper Egypt.. some attribute the meaning of his name to mean "The Sea-maker," and this is suggested in the Pyramid Texts. this came about because "early in the Dynastic Period his(Osiris's) priests succeeded in incorporating in in his worship al that was best in the local cults, and the ideals of morality, justice and righteousness which they designed such that it appealed to the people of every part of Egypt.

"This religion spread rapidly both in Upper Egypt and theDelta, because there was no other religion in Egypt that offered its adherents the hope of the ressurection and immortality.." so that, according to the information provided by Budge, African Origins of Egyptian religion, the various religious groups of Egypt made him their divine ancestor. "His human nature, they thought and believed, enabled Him to understand the needs, troubles, and the griefs of men, and to listen sympathetically to their prayers, and his divine nature gave him powers to help them in this world and in the next, which no other Ancestor-god ever possessed. Osiris, the Divine Ancestor, became the Father of the should of the Egyptians, and the symbol of their hope of resurrection and immortality." (Budge)

The statement above helps to put into context and better framework the 42 Negative Confessions above, and why the people of Egypt relied and believed in them. so that, "according to the priests of Osiris, immortality could only be attained by belief in his Kingdom; they had, to all intents and purposes, no hope of resurrection and therefore could have no existence in the Other World."

It is also better to understand much more clearly that "What the fate of the body of an Osirian was, ultimately mattered very little, provided that the sacred words of the liturgy of the dead had been said over it(this can be read in detail above), for through these genesis of the spirit-body and its union with its soul in Abydos or Busiris were assured.

"The costly tombs, and elaborate mummification and funerary ceremonies, and splendid copies of the Book of the Dead, and inscribed amulets, with which the great and wealthy provided themselves, availed their owners nothing in the Judgment Hall of Osiris, and the true Osirian regarded them as evidences of wealth and power than as effectual means of salvations.

"For the [believers] knew that in the Judgment Hall the hearts of Kings and peasants alike were weighed in the Balance before a just Judge, and that the sentence, and that the sentence pronounced was in accordance with the evidence given by the Warder of the Balance.

"The pleadings of Thoth, who had acted as advocate for Osiris on a memorable occasion, were heard by Osiris, and his recommendations appear to have been generally adopted by the god. As no man could possibly fulfill the demands of the Law, it was the mercy of Osiris of Osiris which ultimately decided the fate of the soul in the Other World, and not the splendor of a tomb, or the magnificence of a funeral procession.

"The King who was declared justified in the Judgment lived presumably with the rank and state of a king in the Other World, the noble as a noble, and the poor man as a poor man; but for all there was only the same hope, and that hope was Osiris. Osiris the God became this hope because he had lived in a body which had suffered, and died, been raised from the dead by the God incarnate in it, and had passed into heaven." (Budge)

All what has been said, the reader needs to remember, predated modern Christianity by thousands of millennia, and it is worth noting the principles and protocol of belief and the acceptance of immortality and hope to be be judged fairly by Osiris, has been been approved by all, and all this was from an African Perspective.

In order to begin to understand the African Origins of the Egyptian religions and belief systems, we shall have to study much more in detail other forms of African religions throughout Africa, of which the Hub I have suggested above, attempted to do so, and another Hub is still in the works, that will trace the African Origins of Egyptian religion more in-depth and in a much more historical detailed acount.

The picture of King Munza, of the Bayanzi supplies a good typical example of the Crowns which great African Kings wore
The picture of King Munza, of the Bayanzi supplies a good typical example of the Crowns which great African Kings wore | Source

Egyptian Symbols and Religion are African in Origin and practice

Encyclopedia Britannica 1984 ed. Macropedia Article, Vol 6: "Egyptian Religion" , pg 506-508
"A large number of gods go back to prehistoric times. The images of a cow and star goddess (Hathor), the falcon (Horus), and the human-shaped figures of the fertility god (Min) can be traced back to that period. Some rites, such as the "running of the Apil-bull," the "hoeing of the ground," and other fertility and hunting rites (e.g., the hippopotamus hunt) presumably date from early times.. Connections with the religions in southwest Asia cannot be traced with certainty."

"It is doubtful whether Osiris can be regarded as equal to Tammuz or Adonis, or whether Hathor is related to the "Great Mother." There are closer relations with northeast African religions. The numerous animal cults (especially bovine cults and panther gods) and details of ritual dresses (animal tails, masks, grass aprons, etc) probably are of African origin. The kinship in particular shows some African elements, such as the king as the head ritualist (i.e., medicine man), the limitations and renewal of the reign (jubilees, regicide), and the position of the king's mother (a matriarchal element). Some of them can be found among the Ethiopians in Napata and Meroe, others among the Prenilotic tribes (Shilluk)." Encyclopedia Britannica, 1984)

Now, we take a much more concrete and closer look at the link of Egyptian civilization and religion as it I have already stated that it is of African origin. The following account is to concretely point out to the sameness of the Osirian gabardine and other elements of his apparel, furniture, poise and posture, which are the same as these of King Munza as shown in the picture above. According to Budge:

"Osiris is seated upon a throne(as can be seen in the Photo Gallery above) or chair, the side of which has doors with bolts, similar to those of a sepulchral shrine of coffer, This throne is believed to contain portions of the God's body, and was therefore made in the form of a funerary chest. Osiris wears the White Crown, to which are attached two feathers, one on each side. The White Crown was originally the crown of the God Khenti Amenti and when it was adopted as the head-covering of Osiris, the two feathers were added to it to indicate Truth, which was his chief characteristic.

"It is possible that two feathers were placed on the ancestral figures with which Osiris was identified at a later period, and that they were merely transferred to the crown of Khenti Amenti when Osiris was identified with him. What the original crown was made of cannot be said, but it was probably woven basketwork or white skin.

"The Bayanzi Kings used to war tall hats made of basketwork, and the Imbangala of the Middle Kwango used to war striking head-dresses made of Black and White Colobus monkey skin, as did also the Lomami, Lulongo-Maringo, Bangala, and Northern Ngombe.

"Another cron often worn by Osiris in the Judgment scene is the "Atef," which is the ordinary crown of the God, with the addition of a pair of horns. This calls to mind the head-gear of the Alunda men, with their excrescent tufts and horns. The picture of King Munza supplies a good typical example of the crowns which great Africans Kings wore."The feathers on the crown of Osiris are from the Ostrich, presumably those of a male bird, but of which of the three great types, East African, South African, or noNorth African,is not a matter of concern here, but are nonetheless, African.

Anyway, all the mentioned peoples above, the type of feathers from those countries could be found right across the Sahara from the Sudan and Nigeria to Tunis and Algeria, and from Senegal eastwards to Syria and Arabia. One of more feathers were worn by many African peoples and Kings of the South of Africa with whom the Egyptians came in contact, and among the Egyptians "bearer of the feather" was a title of honor. Head-dresses madeof feathers are frequently worn by the peoples of the forest region between the West coast o f Tanganyika and the Lualaba Congo, and the Zulus of South Africa at the present day"

This is just a smattering of the historical link of the Egyptian God and the African Kings, and one cannot fail to see the similarities and importance attached to the same symbols throughout Africa, as discussed briefly above. this issue is still going to be expanded upon and showing the commonalities in the religion of Africa and that of the Egyptian in much more detail.

Atheists, and European Meandering About Religion And Science(Philosophy)

I have written the Hub above to highlight the orgins of Admissions Of Faith And Purity to establish the fact that what we see as the basic doctrines of Christianity, have their anteecedents in Egyt. What I want to do in this part of the Hub, in a diffeent theme but same vein, is to demonstrate the changes and shift in belief that charactherizes those that happened to the Confessions as demosnstrated above.

The basic tenets of the Confessions have been altred, and those that believe today had long been set up too. This is part of the discourses that do not really take place in academia, except that many people only want to take what they find in Hubs such as tis one and use fr themselves, without bothering to do the necessary homework to produce such perpsectives and dialogues. Nonetheless, I will continue to add to the Hub, but begin to talk about the way, in our history, Christianity and belief systems were manipulated, how and why.

It is at this point in the Hub I point out to the Atheists. The inclusion of the atheists in this part will be interesting to know, for they believed in something, but not God, and they forced their detractors to formulate the Christian religion as we know it today.It is also important to bring out, and flesh out these truth, so that the knowledge about African spirituality is explained and expanded on as many fronts there are.

I have used Bdge in order to unearth forgotten spiritual and religious(today) aspects which form the basis of the belief its adherents cling to. It would be better to get to better know these fact much clearly, and from an African-centered pepsective and narrative.There's a wide berth of literature that addresses the conflict between religion and science, that I will try and indulge the readers henceforth as to what took place.

This genre of literature has largely bee been forgotten in this phase of history. White writes and informs us that A movement toward secularism began in Europe as early as the twelfth century, and reached its zenith in eighteenth century France. Historians have largely ignored this movement, Which was that the French eighteenth century is one of the grand climacterics in the history of human growth. all the seeds which had been geminating in Europe since the twelfth century ripped into fruit. A new era began, in its significance one of the epochs of most concentrated glory in the evolution of a race...

Our attenton has for a hundred years been trained upon its defects and imperfections. Much in the theories of the philosophies (contemptuously so referred to by Pierre, to avoid desecration of the appellation of philosopher) was crude and a priori, and lacking in a sufficient basis for induction; their generalizations were superficial, their shibboleths and abstractions trivial, their rhetoric declamatory.

In all inteelectual life and activity of that active time ... a new quality, a terrible new dangerous virtue became awake. It was by men such as Bayle, Montesquieu, Voltair, Didero and Volley that helped cast aside all conventional formals, resolved to think for themselves, and, what is more, to speak out boldly what they thought, to own no other sanction or criterion than rational thought, that the world has been transformed. Behind them and around them stood mediavalism in all its ignorance and darkness, and tyranny over life and mind ... After them is a changed world the modern world. It was these men who threw the portals from the some into the other.(Antonie Jean)

"In all advanced civilizations, the intellectuals were, as a rule, skeptics, whereas the untutored masses were deeply religious. In ancient Greece and Romme some of the greatest thinkers were atheists. Men like Epictetus, Lucian, Lucretius, and Epicurus laughed at the Godss.In the Middle ages, this tradition was carried on, especially among the freethinkers of Islam. The poet Marri of Baghdad, held religion up to ridicule in his poetry.

The Baghdad caliphate in the tenth century was a highly civilized state(I have written a Hub About The Spors And The Civilizing Of Europe and published it here on HubPages), which fostered science and rational thought, and even tolerated atheism. Even on the papal throne in in Rome, religion was represented. Pope Leo X ws a member of the Mdici family, fabulously rich, and also a skeptic. When a visiting scholar expressed doubt as to the historicity of Jesus and praised the pontiff for his opulent life-style, it is that the pope replied: "we owe all this to the fable ofJesus Christ."

As long as the Roman Catholic Church could make philosophy the handmaiden of theology, it could keep atheism under cover. By the seventeenth-century, Atheism had come into the open, and the churches were on the defensive. The first great Atheisti philospher was Spinoza...(Benedict)

According to Bury:

Spinoza conceived ultimate reality, which he called God, as an absolutely perfect, 'impersonal Being,' a substance whose nature is constituted by two attributes - thought and spatial extension.... If Atheism means, as I suppose in ordinary use it si generally taken to mean, rejection of a personal god, Spinoza was an Atheist."

We learn from Hervey that:

"The ruling church state set up in the eighteenth-century Westrn Europe was in a state of crisis. The feudal regime and the Chrisitan religion were linked together in mutual aid, and the fall of one seemed to involve the doom of the other. The aristocracy and the iddle class were anti religious, but they strove to keep the masses in a state of religion, poverty, and ignorance. Karl Marx did not discover that religion was the opium of the people in the nineteenth century. The skeptical classes throughout the ages used religion as a weapon against the ignorant and destitute masses. When Montesquie visited England, and that:

"There is no religion in England," and that, "If religion is spoken of, everybody laughs." Hervey endorsed this view thusly:

"The fable of Christianity .. was now (1728) so exploded in England that any man of fashion or condition would have been almost as much ashamed to won himself a Christian as formely he would have been to profess himself none. Even women who prided themselves at all on their understanding, took care to let people know that Christian prejudices were that they despise beign bound by."

Philosophy was to the eighteenth century as science was to become in the ninetieth centuries. The theologians based the belief in god on blind faith; the philosophers subjected theidea to the test of reaso and concluded that it had no validity.The rulers of state went along with this verdict, but decided to keep this intelligence from the masses. religion was rejected by the classes, but was a good opiate for the masses. This was encapsulated marvelously by Joad:

"Sicity is at bottom based upon force which the exploiters employ to maintain and to perpetuate the inequalities upon which they thrive. But exploitees who lend themselves contentedly to the porpose of the expoiters are more saatisfactory subjects to exploitation than a working class which must be driven by the whip.

"To ensure the desired contentment, the exploiters invoke the assistance of religion; for religion is not only a means to reconcile the individual to society; it is also a device for inducing the poor and oppresssed to tolerate the particular order of society wich impoverishes and oppresses them.

"Thus, religion, the instrument of the rich, is also the briddle of the poor.. ... The Christian religion goes further, and makes a virtue out of poverty. It is only, we are assured, with the greatest difficulty that the rich man will enter the Kingdom of heaven, which opens its gates to the humble and the needy. Poverty and insignificance are not, therefore, as they appear to be, and as the world insists on regarding them disabilities to be avoided at al costs."

"The Christian religion, indeed, expressly encourage men to cultivate them, exhorting them to workday improvidence and inertia by bidding them to take not thought of tomorrow, and to be content with that state of life into which it shall lease God to call them. As it pleased him to call ninety-nine out of every hundred to a state of extremel lowliness, religion, so far as it is taken seriously, assists the governing class to keep the poor in their place.

"The governing classes have been quick to seize the opportunity Christianity has offered them, of not only exploiting the workers, but representing the effects of their exploitation as a positive asset to the exploiters."(Matthew)

The Deistic aatack on Christianity began with Herbert in 1624, and piekaed in 1730, by Matthew. Teir works on Christianity raised interesting questions. Matthew asked why god punished Adam and Eve for the pursuit of knowledge, and their posterity just for being born? Why also, did this same god establish a religion which promoted prosecution, terror, strife and immortality?"

Steven Bantu Biko adddressed the same question when talking about religion in his writings.

Viscount was a harsh critic of both philosophers and theologians. He considered Plato as theologically mendacious, St. Paul a visionary fanatic, and Leibniz as a chimeral quack. Metaphysicians were learned lunatics. the Old Testament was a farrago of lies and nonsense; all knowledge was relative and uncertain; and hes convinced that Jesus Christ never existed. He opined that all established belief in philosophy, religion and bgeovernment should be distrusted.."(Viscount)

Berkely warned Deist that would become atheist, and that would lead to immoral conduct. He conceded that there a a few good Atheists; but unbelief, if transmitted to the masses, would end up in libertinism. Religious skeptics should also be skeptical of science, especially in mathematics. Certainly the doctrine of the Trinity is not more incomprehensible that the square roo of (-1).

Philo observes:

"Examime the religious principles which have, in fact, prevailed in the world. You will scarcely be persuaded that they have anything but sick men's dreams; or perhaps you will regard them more as the playsome shimsiys of monkeys in human shape, than the serious, positive, dogmatical observations of a being who dignifies hiself with the name of rational."

Kant wrote:

"There are only three possible ways of proving the existence of God by the speculative reason. ... The first is the argument from design, the second, the argument from a frist cause, the third the ontological argument. There no ore, and there can be no more. I shall show that reason can accomplish as little in the one way as in the other, and it spreads its wings in vain in the effort to rise above the world sense by the mere power of speculation. I assert then that all the attempts of a mere speculative use of reason in the field of theology are entirely fruitless and in their very nature, null and void."

Hume held that:

"... reason and scinece possessed only a limited validity, and that outsid this restricted filed, faith could justify the belief in god, natural religion, freedom and immortality."

Voltair claimed that he did believe in god, but not the Christiana god, becasue Voltair detested the Religion of the Christians and considered jesus to be a lunatic. His religiosity was probably a pretense, which aided him in his against the Roman Catholic church. But the crew he hung out with were for the most part regarded as belligerent Atheists.

Durant made tese observations below:

"The cafes of Paaris hummed with Atheism; lampoons of the clergy were the feast of urbban wits, who referred to God as Monsieur de ;'Etre[Mr Being]. Even in the procvicnes of anticlerical literature circulated widely; some traveling statesmen profitable peddled from dod-to-door a brochure entitled, "The Three Most Famous Imposters: Moses, Jesus and Mahomet. And was not the clergy itself infected with religious doubt - even here and there, with out-and-out Atheism?"(Durant)'Jean intoned:

"All children are Atheists - they have no idea of God. ... Men believe in God only onlyupon the word of those who have no more idea of him than they themselves. Our nurses are only our first theologians; they talk to children about God and they talk to them of werewolves. ... Very few people would have god if care had not been taken to give them one."

Jean went on to say that

We see in him(Jesus), a fanatic, a misanthrope, who, preaching to the wretched, adivses them to be poor, to combat and extinguish nature, to hate pleasure, to seek sufferings, and to dspise themselves. He Tells them to leave father, mother, and all ties of life, in order to follow him"

The du;icity of a theocratic state is thus expressed:

"The votaries of a religion which preaches charity, harmony and peace, have shown themselves more ferocious than cannibals or savages every time that thie instructors have excited them to the destruction of their brethren. There is no time which men have not committed in the idea of pleasing the dieaty or appeasing his wrath, or to sanction the knaveries of impostors on account of a being who exists only in their imagination. ... We see haughty tyrants, courtiers, countless extortioners, unscrupulous magistrates, imposstors, adulterers, libertines, prostitutes, thieves, and rogues of all kinds, who have never doubted the existence of a vindictive God, or the punishments of Hell, or the joys of Paradise.(Baron)Randall ties:

Hume suggested doubts; he questioned the tenets of natural religion. Baron catergorically denied God, freedom and immortality.In his works, he delivered the most telling attack ever directed aagainst Christianity as a system of propositions offered for rational belief. Baron belied that Newtonian socence offered a complete explanation of the universe, which he thought required no addition at all.

According to Rene:

"To such men, discarding of traditional religion meant a liberation from superstition and the possibility of a genuinely enlightened and universal morality.

Randall writes:

Thus, the working out of thf the principles of Nature and Reason, the cardinal deals of the age that wroshipped science, when applied to the Christian tradition, seemed wholly destructive, thus seeing a failute to try and build some form of religion based on science, failed. Mutltitudes ere kept in ignorance, just as they were less knowledgeable to the knowling of the emerging sciences.

"But the thinking middle class, to whom the future belonged, accepted wholly. When reconstructing theChristian tradition to the new intellectual world was put afoot, its was with the understanding that the 18th century had made the foundation of religion upon the principles of scientific reason, from then on, impossible.

The philosophical attacks on the foundations of religion were widely read by the aristocratic and middle-class intellectuals. The works of these fphhilosphers was trying touring freethought tothe masses, and the ruling classes and elite disliked this effort

Now I need to add this part by Dr. Ben:

"The traditional religions of the indigenous African peoples and their descendants which are notoriously called "paganism" and "fetishism" by antagonists of the so-called "western Religions," are in fact the forerunners of the Nile Valley Religions; therefore, they are in the creators of the "Mysteries of Sais"(Egypt), Kush(Ethiopia) and Nubia(Sudan). This is shown by the fact that the "Mysteries" were developed from the ancient religious rites[and sacred practices] of the indigenous Africe who once occupied the lands around the major "Great Lakes" of central Africa,(As I have already stated above), and along the head-waters of the Nile River.

"That civilization Egypt(Africa) travelled from south to north with the flow of the Nile River and all its component parts. With them, they brought religion/[spirituality] and philosophy, all of which existed thousands of years before the first nation in Europe, Greece, came into being.

"The similarity between esisting religious practices in parts of West, Central, East and South Africa, is not coincidental, but instead, is common to the heritage which began along the "Great Lakes" of Central Africa and the head-waters of the Nile Rivers, as I have already hinted upon above.

Smithe wrote:

"No positive religion that has moved man has been able to start with a tabula rasa, and express itself as if religion were beginning for the first time, in form, if not in substance. The new system must be in contact all along the line with older ideas and practices which it finds in possession.

"A new scheme of faith can find a hearing only by appealing to religious instincts and susceptibilities that already exist; and it cannot reach these without taking account of the traditional forms in which all religious feelings is embodied, and without speaking a language which men accustomed to these old forms ca understand....

Dr. Ben adds:

No major religion of today is exclusive of moral and philosophic concepts of any of the people with whom it had contact in its earliest development. This would, of course, give credit to those African and Asian predecessors who are the ones that really began the religions which are today called "Judaism," "Chrisitanity" and Islam.

It has become common knowledge, the general public would have no diffuculty recognizing that much of what they read in their Torah(Jewish Holy Book or Five Books Of Moses), Christian Hoy Bible (Any version - Roman Catholic or Protestant and Christian Scientist), and Moslem (Muslim) Koran or Quran, would be conceded to be of African origin, as well as Asian, and developed later by Europeans and European-Americns before they arrived in the Americas - the "New World."

Now, this brings us to the nub of this Hub, "The Sacred Mysteries," or the Admissions Of Faith And Purity"(So-called Book Of The Dead), and its writings of the wrongly named. "Negative confessions, as to what has happened and need to begin to better understand for urselves. African centered history enable and postis solid histoical facts that are indisoputable, that I have mentioned this fact somewhere in this Hub that this is what I will endeavor to to do when writing this Hub.

Christianity, Judaism & Islam - Dr. Ben Jochannan

Deconstructing The Origins Of Philosophy

I have written and published a Hub about he Moors civilized Spain and Europe, and the reader can go and read it just so that the discourse in this Hub makes sense. By me saying so, I have made a long citation of the story and history of religion and philosophy in Europe and discussed, to the best of my ability, through citations as I am synergizing it now, that, what we saw in Europe, the Hub of the Moors I referred to, show and gives the reader how Europe was pulled out of the doldrums of backwardness, during the Dark ages, and civilized by Africans called the Moors.

European historiography has given itself the entitlement as the purveyors of civilization, and that they brought religion and modernity(light) to backward Africans in Africa and around the world. This Hub has used the Egyptian Mysteries to deconstruct that lie, and also, the problem with such Hubs, I must say, is that some readers, who come and read here, they steal and shamelessly make as if they did the research.

I cite a lot of writers and Master teachers to try and create a point of view from the African centered perspective, not to ry and just copy what these learned teachers have to say, only. I am more interested in knitting the ideas that are so lacking in our midst, introduce scholarship about our history, and continue to educe anyone who is interested, but not those who come and steal, with ease, such ideas, and pretend that they looked for the works.

Having said the above piece, I want to proceed to cite from Dr. Ben, so that we keep things in line and within the strait and narrow. Ben writes:

"The "Ten Commandments" spoken of in each of the so-called "Western Religions" moral codes and ethics are based upon extensions of philosophical developments by the indigenous Africans - the so called 'Blacks,' "Negroes," "Bantus," and so forth — of the Nile River Valley civilizations from pre-recorded history. The laws that say: "Thou Shalt Not Kill" ... , etc., and "Thou Shalt Not Steal," , etc., were used in Egypt (Sais) and Ethiopia or Cush, Thousands of years before the birth of Moses of the Hebrew (Jewish) Torah.

"Yet, these laws, including all of the other Ten that make up so-called 'Western Religions'" basic moral codes, are still being taught as if the first time they ever came to the knowledge of mankind was when they were allegedly "... given to Moses on Mount Senai." At least, this is the manner in which they are presently taught in Europe, the Americas and wherever European and European-American religious and economic control are in evidence.

Dr. Ben's Musings On Philosophy

I will show that the statements so far, hold true in regard to the almost successful attempts to make all philosophical concepts in the major religions cited at the beginning with the usually mentioned "Greek Philosophy" and "Greek Philosophers." In this sense, the Greek are treated as if they were in no way whatsoever influenced or taught by the Egyptians, Ethiopians, and other indigenous Africans along the Nile Valley - whence the philosophical concepts, now called Greek Philosophy," were originated — thousands of years before the creation of the Greek nation.

James noted:

"The Greeks were not the authors of Greek Philosophy, but the people of North Africa, commonly called the Egyptians."

Charles wrote:

It is sufficiently proved by the Papyrus in the Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, actually the oldest book in the world. It consists of eighteen pages written in black ink with bold and round character, the prototype or the letters copied by the Greeks from the Phoenicians and transmitted through the Latin to us. In other words, the Phoenicians adopted the Egyptian alphabet, simplified it and passed it on to the Greeks and Romans. This was a cultural legacy of no mean value.

The Greeks have been praised for their contributions to philosophy, but they were ignorant to that study before coming under the influence of the Egyptians. Aristotle concealed that the Hellenes obtained their knowledge of mathematics and astronomy from Egypt; and according to Diodorus, Egyptian priests possessed souvenirs of the visits of Pythagoras, Democritus, Plato, and Eudoxus to their country.

In Egypt, Democritus studied astronomy, Pythagoras learned geometry and the theory of numbers; and it was here that Solon, Plato and Lycurgus got their knowledge of law. Exodus, about 370 B.B., learned from the Egyptian astronomers about the celestial sphere, which intelligence he transmitted to Greece, and outlined upon it the celestial Equator, the ecliptic, and the most important constellations.

Thales of Miletus of Greco-Phoenician ancestry was born in the first half of the sixth century BC, and was a pioneer in Greek science and philosophy; and he was a merchant, traveler, philosopher, mathematician, astronomer, and an engineer. In his youth, he was a student in Egypt, but returned to Miletus in his old age.(Charles)

Reade writes:

Egypt, from the earliest times had been the university of Greece. It had been visited, according to tradition, by Orpheus and Homer. ... And now every intellectual Greek made the voyage to that country; it was regarded as a part of education, as a pilgrimage to the cradle-land of the mythology. To us, Egypt is a land of surpassing interest, but to us, it is merely a charnel-house, a museum, a valley of ruins and dry bones.

The Greeks saw it alive. ... They wandered in the mazes of the labyrinth, they gazed on the mighty Sphinx crouched on the yellow sands with a temple between the paws; they entered the great hall of Carnac, filled with columns like a forest, and paved with acres of solid stone.

There are some who ascribe the whole civilization of Greece, and the rapid growth of Greek literature, to the free trade which existed between the two lands. Greece imported all its paper from Egypt, and without paper there would have been few books."

We learn from Joseph:

The name, Athens, still shines in all literature more brightly than the name of any other of the thousand cities that has built since the days of the Pyramids. A single building, ... the ancient Temple of the Virgin Athene,enriches it more generously than the solemn pile of medieval cathedral or the proudest and costliest group of modern buildings enriches any other city in Europe.

Even the uncultivated holds his breadth when, as his train speeds through the outskirts of Athens, he first sees it on its hill in the light of the setting sun; and his veneration deepens when at last he mounts the hill and gazes upon it.

It is useless to attempt to enable one who has not at least seen the ruins to visualize the architectural beauty of Athens. Take a large photograph of the Parthenon, ... and dream it back into rounded life, the pure white carving backed by brilliant reds and blues which the Greeks loved, the southern sun drenching it with light, and you get a faint impression of the new gift, perfection of beauty, which the Greeks had brought to the world. ... The Golden Age Of Egypt or of Babylon had left the surrounding world dark when it vanished. The Golden Ages of Greece made all civilization richer.(Joseph)

Parthenon At Dusk

Writing African history from an African-centered perspective is very hard. You find many Africans, who peoclaim Africanism, but believe deeply and dearly in the Western concept of religion, stealing such articles as I am onto, and try and merge these with their own White-centered reserach on Threology/religion and philosphy-from a Western point of view. It is therefore, for people like me to even suggest that all religius history emanates from African spritualism and African worship of the ancesotrs.

When I 'dare' state what I have opined above, I have been met, in real and written life, with such vociferous and viciously malicious criticismms, and the majority of those put-downs come from my indoctrinated African brtohers. The tehft of such articles is being done by many of my African borthers, who do not even have the courtesy to ask if they could use the research I have laid out in this Hub.

For those who steal, paste and cut such Hubs, I will keep on adding to the research even more... what I have come to realize in writting such a Hub, is how large swaths of time can be linked together to show similar tendencies of put-down and theft of the ideas from Africans, and then turned around and falsified, and at the same taken over by the same detracotrs.. This can be discerned by digging even much deeper into the writing and lectures videos of Dr. Ben and Dr. Clarke.

What has become clear is that these Master Teachers, are never even listened to fully, and also, no one is able to challenge their ammaswed research on African historiography. I recently met a Tehology Professors, who claimed that he taught from the mid-sixties in Princeton, Harvard, Brown, and so forth, and that NYU was not an Ivy Leage. He procedeeded to declare, brazenly, that Prof. Ben was a 'fraud'; and he believed that the Egyptians were not Africans of dark melanin; he positted that the Phoenicians were the founders of Civilization.

This old professors was well informed in his trying to convince me that White people had 'tribes, too, and that the Goths and visigoths, and other obsuv0cure British and European, were tribes, then it ended. Instead, he was insisting that we African people belong to 'tribes'. I told him, plain and simply, that our discourse is not going to inculdue religion, and we can talk about 'tribes.' I can tell the reader that the Old Professor was dispelased with my dismal of religion as big a 'personal' thing.

African intellectual, are very good at dismissing African-centered point of view; they are also adpt at narating and using European centered-history to defend their discuouses. debates and arguents. The derisvely dismiss any African centered notion or discussion about African history from Africans who talked about their history from an African centered point of view.

So, it is a fact that the so-called 42 Negaitve Confessions, which I have diceided were Admissions Of Faith And Purity, were stolen and trancribed to intimidate the poor, keep them ignroant and in poverty, and alwys at the mercy of the Church oficials nd big business/the elite and intellectuals/middle class. What can be gleaned from the research above, is how the changes from the original intent and writings by Priest of the Mysteries of Egypt, has been turned around on its head, originallly as told/written by Ben and Clarke above.

It is only tough to convince anyone even if they are listening to the lectures, and reading the earlierst writings of the Egyptians, provided for by the Master Teachers in the field and on the Subject of this African historiography. What I wanted to achieve, with this Hub then, was to harp upon, and highlight the origins of relgion and spirituality-more focus and intent on the African aspects of the origins and practices. Also, it is reclaiing the original tenets of spiritual and religious communication as espoused by the African people of Egypt, milleniums before there was even a European nation to speak of.

We have seen and read from the cittions above how the Greeks had to go to Egypt to learn everything they took back to their backward Greece. We have also seen how the Greeks were aghast at the slowness of the Romans. thus, some writers have referred to the them as the Greek Egg-heads and the Roman Jug-heads. What these tw learned from the Egyptian via each other, detriorated in quality and longevity Both fell becasue they failed to come up with something better, but utilize what they had stolen and plagiarized.

When the mantle ws passed on to Europe when it was being civilized by the Moors of African descent, they took all what they knew, and applied it to a social reality that was too far backwards for the new ides and learning that thier people brought to them-both in Greece and Rome. What has not been acknowledged by the disenchants of this cultural, spiritual and education thiees of other peoples accomplsishnment, is that these were not originated by their forefathers; instead, they have belittled, demonized and dissed the very cultures they stole from, and ended up enslaving and dehumanizing them in the process.

It is also conveniently forgotten when the Wesern Intellectuals laud the virtues of the civilizations of Rome and Greece. They forget that the Romans were regarded by the Greeks as having a "certain dullness of imagination", and that is why their civilizations faltered and disintegrated. This point is illutrated lucidly by Wlls who writes:

"The Roman imperial system was a very unsound political growth indeed; it had no statecraft. It had a bureaucratic administration, keeping world peace, but failed to secure it. ... It had no strategic foresight, because it was blankly ignorant of geography and ethnology. It knew nothing of the conditions of Russia, Central Asia, and the East. ... The same unimaginative quality made the Romans leave the seaweed of the meditarraanean undeveloped. ...

The Romans had been held at the Euphrates by an array of mounted archers. It was clear that as the legion was organized, it was useless in the wide open country, and it shuld have been equally clear that sooner of later the mounted nomads of East Germany, South Russia or Parthia were bound to try conclusions with the empire.

But the Romans, two hundred years later after aesar's time, were still marching about, the same drilled and clanking cohorts they had always been, easily ridden around and shot to pieces. The empire had learnt nothing. ... By the second and third centuries A.D., the overtaxed and overstrained imperial machine was already staggering to it's downfall."

So, in studying the history of Greece and Rome, we note that the Romans were civilized mainly by the Greeks, but due to lower intelligence quotient, they not only failed to add to it, but eventually lost it altogether, lapsing into a Dark Age that lasted forover five hundred yeas.

Ancient Egyptian Architecture

Dr. John Henrik Clarke on organized religion vs spirituality, part 2

The Truth About African History Will Be Fianlly Told From An African-Centered Perspective

The Dark Age eventually ended in Europe, but the returning light of civilization came not from any relics of Roman culture buried amid the ruins, nor from the degenerate empire of Byzantium. The first light to penetrate the long night of Europe's long night of Darkness, and to herald a dawn of a new day, was from the Moorish Spain. I have written an extensive Hub on how the Moors Civilized Europe and it is published here on Hub Pages.

Nonetheless, for posterity and discourse in this Hub, I will cite from Joseph:

None of the sophistry redeems the squalor of Europe from the fifth to the eleventh century. And it was again the dark-skinned men of the South who restored civilization[In Europe]. By the year 1000 AD, Europe was reduced to a condition which, if we were not Europeans, we should frankly call barbarism, yet at that time, the Arabs held a splendid civilization in Spain, Sicily, Syria, Egypt, and Persia, and it linked on to those of India and China. We write manuals of the history of Europe, or of the Middle Ages, and we confine ourselves to a small squalid area (Russia and Prussia were not yet civilized and Spain was Moorish), and ignore the brilliant civilization[of the African Moors], that ran from Portugal to the China Sea."

It is such historical facts that are ignored and not spoken much of, and ignored that we find a jaundiced view of African history, and its apparent falsification, by Europe, untenable, and very disingenuous, bordering on evil intentions and obfuscation. Greek science and philosophy lingered here and there for another century, until it was driven underground by Christian bigotry. We are now given the narrative about the greatness and good intentions of Christianity, but the history of Christianity as told by Clarke below, presents some new and revealing facts.

Many have challenged the historiography os African people as presented by the Old Timers(African History Master Teachers). And yet, if the readers and many people were to give themselves enough time to listen to their lectures, many would be hard pressed to augment nor negate the volume of research these Master teachers of African history have done, and are presenting in their video lectures above.

It is also a fallacy to extol the virtues of a civilization which history informs us have learnt, not much from the Egyptians, and they failed in their countries, with their people, to keep up the civilizations they were in charge of, and these subsequently collapsed. We have discussed above how the emergence of philosophy and science was distorted, and falsified, by the ruling elites of post Dark Ages Europe. We have also been informed as to how the Romans, as a civilization, was below par, and they never were able to wrap their jug-heads around the fact that being an imperial power, needs one to know the geography ethnology of the different countries around them.

The subject of this Hub has more to do with the origins and applications of the Egyptian Spiritual Mysteries philosophies, religion and spiritualness. Many, who I have mentioned, have stolen this Hub, are trying to show-off their stolen knowledge, or negate the Confessions in relation to their present-day religious belief. The fact that it is African people who originated the Confessions, is harshly negated and opposed by many of those who profess to be Christians in their beliefs.

It is important, then, at this juncture, for those who have read up to this far, should have also listened to the Master Teachers above, and the theft, distortion and abuse of the original Confessions, as I have shown, was in part, the collusion of church officials and business magnates, using their misintepretation of the Confessions, and many other elements of African spirituality to oppress and confuse the ordinary poor folks as to what is the real truth regarding African human spirituality and Confessions.

The origins of Greece, their people going to be schooled in Egypt, and their inability to hang on to their newly found civilized status, it is important to note the many decides it took them to hang on to this civilization, and how long it took the Egyptian to originate and hang on to their civilizing the world. It is then preposterous for the Western historians to keep on harping the fact that Egypt was not Africa; Egypt did not originate anything. In fact, in today's world, some even postulate that the Pyramids of Egypt was built by Aliens from outer space.

But the Western historians and others to accept the fact that Africans originated the Confessions, long before there was a European country or people known as Europeans, is academic farce and dishonest scholarship. Period. The Book of the Dead, one of the most antiquated texts for human beings, was where these were transcribed from by Egyptologists like Budge and the Maser teacher whose videos I have posted above. In fact, Dr. Ben And Prof. Clarke address the Mystery System of Egypt, and the origin, use/practices of the Confession, the history behind their founding and the time-periods when these were originated, is one fascinating account that has not peer in explaining it.

I once asked Clarke about Budge, he simply said,take what you can from his works, the rest is not relevant… His exact words. I used Budge to present the Confessions, and some have stolen the same Confessions, along with what I wrote, and created their articles. This is sad, for my culling on Budge, only meant that I need to show how these Confessions looked like. But the main aim and thrust of the Hub is to restore and reclaim African history philosophy, spirituality, religion and culture. That is the purpose of this Hub.

Just a bit on the Byzantine period according to Joseph talking about the Byzantophiles:

"They ignore the fact that in ten centuries (AD 400 to 1400) this rich civilization did not produce a book that even cultivated folk read today and, except Santa Sophia at Constantinople, raised no building that attracts the tourist; or why there is no mention of it in the history of science, and its only philosopher, Psellos, is never mentioned in histories of philosophy."

Why is this important to know and talk about? Well, for the simple reason that the colonizers and owners of intellectual property tell the poor Africans that they invented nothing, and they brought the light of Christianity and modernity to what they have derivatively dubbed the 'Dark Continent.'

This is why this Hub is important,although I am not really giving the much-needed effort into elongating it with other material… May will do, or write another Hub on the subject of African spirituality and the Confessions. There is in fact more history to that fact I have just stated, and it would be worthwhile pursuing it in the very near future.

LIttle Lavrco in the Land Of The Pharaohs


Dr. John Henrik Clarke on organized religion vs spirituality, part 3

Pyramids Of Egypt/Architecture

Ancient Egyptian Architecture
Ancient Egyptian Architecture

Speicific Spirituality In Brief...

I have deposited several of Clarke's Lecture videos above that deal with Organized Religion And African Spirituality. This is real, for I know it first hand. Before I knew about the curch and what it meant, I was schooled well in matter of Africand sacred rites, practices and spirituality by my grandmother. Now that I ha grown up, I have my Mtundu next to my bed. My Mtundu would be what the Europeans would call African Ancestral alter. I use this for my spiritual edification, and communication with my African ancestors.

This has grounded me well against all adversities and life's curve balls hurled my way. I think, rather than speaking about this issues and matters from my own experience, I will defer to Dr Clark, and I hope the readers find time to listen to what he has to say

Egyptian Art, Architecture and Sculpture

Dr. John Henrik Clarke on organized religion vs spirituality, part 4

Christianity before Christ Dr. John Henrik Clarke

I would like to have a brief look at Chrisitanity and slavey... Flinders writes:

"Slavery is an ancient institution, with its genesis in pre-historic times. The first slaves were war captives and criminals. Certain historians have accused Egyptian rulers of using slave labor in the construction of their Pyramids, especially the Great Pyramid. There iis no evidence for this view, since slavery was practically unknown in ancient Egypt.

"... Slavery never attained the erious and infamous proportions that it had in Greece or in Italy. The serfage, which probably continued throughout history, prevented the requiremnts of lave labor on large estates. It was a mod and comparatively harmless obligation, which did not prevent ability from rising, and it saved the land from the ruin which slavery brings."

It has been noted elsewhere by many Egyptolists, harping on the Christian propaganda that the ancient Egyptians were cruel and barbarous, has been toatally debunked as false. Wighall infromed us as follows:

"The kindest race of the ancient world ws that of the Egyptians; and if we direct our coutse to the Nile Valley of three or four thousand years ago, we shall find conditons there so humane, that instsane of Pharaonic cruelty have been shown in some recent film dramas will be seen at once to reflect the mentality of the producer and not that of the people he has thought to portray.

"The Egyptians were seldom consciously cruel; ... they did not lash their laboring slaves, they did not torture people, they did not callously inflict death on anybody - in fact, they never did any of the things of this sort which the film producers are at such pains to present us."

The Egyptians lived their lives accoriding to the Confessions, and were not about to contradict what they originated. If one were to watch the Movie Exodus, in its many version, thus far, the Egptians are shown whipping and brudening slave with hug Holowood conceived rocks in building the Pyramid and temples. Hollywood goes to the extent of showing Cleopatra as White(Elizabeth Taylor), that,ordianry African movie goers, believe that Cleopatra is White, and they do not even kow much about the story and history of Cleopatra..

Does it then makes one wonder why is it that we are exposed to the type of religion we share, many of us, slaves thereof. I have shown above how Christianity was used to impoverish and dumb-down the power in the French philosophical and religious era? I have demonstrated how Europe was backwards in their post'Dark Ages time, that they were hauled out of their barbaric existence by the coming of the Moors and civilizing Spain, Portugal, Britain, , Italy, and so forth.

African Origins Of African Spiritual Practices And Life

Dr. Yosef Ben Jochannan - The African Origin of Christianity

One More Word About Christianity And Slavery: The "Black" Racist Tagging of Africans

I had a serious argument and semi-discussion one person on Facebook about the color 'black'; he held that we are 'black' people and we should accept this premise, and live with it l, as in making the name honorable and relative to African people. I was a bit miffed at first, but realized that many of people like him do not do the necessary hard world to trace the origins of the use of the named, 'black' tagged onto African people.

Although the piece below has to do with Christianity and they're not sanctioning slavery, I will nonetheless cite the piece below, for it barely touches on the issue of 'peoples' color being used negatively and then proceed to talk a bit about why Christians were mute about slavery. Chapman wrote:

"When Rome conquered, absorption in the empire almost automatically brought a share in the empire's dignities and privileges. ... The theory that the control of the world should rest with the white races is a modern theory, and as a consequence, color has in modern times carried with it a badge of inferiority, or divinely ordained servitude. ...

"Saved and lost in theology were the equivalents of superior and inferior sociology. And as the overwhelming bulk of the 'colored' people remained outside the Christian pole, the development of color bar was easy. Christianity gave just that religious sanction which slavery required for its ethical justification. Slavery applied to Whites was revolting; slavery applied to Africans("Blacks") became part of the divinely appointed order.…

"It was the Christian who elaborated the theory that "Black" slavery was permissible because the whole of the 'dark skinned' people were suffering from the curse of God pronounced on Han, son of Noah. ... It is enough that the Romans did not attempt to justify slavery on the ground of either morality of religion. That was left for the Christian Church."

As I have stated above, I had this discourse with this person on FB, and I realize now that he didi not really understand why it is some of us say that we are not "Black," but African. I can now better understand why he was in a hurry to take up on naming Africans "Black," because he belonged to the "Black Consciousness Movement(with the aim of make the term palatable and respectable), just because they chose to use it positively; to which I replied that it did not change anything.

Secondly, he was a Christian who is a dyed-in-the-wool believer of the doctrine, and he also did not understand, very clearly, as to how far the emergence of this term can be traced to, and what were the effects and implications on the African people to be called as such: "Black", which by the way today, is used interchangeably with Africa, and African naming of 'Black' people is wrong, according to these people, because it is foreign-as if being called black is indigenous to us African people.

What I am learning, particularly from some of the African elites in South Africa is that, they confuse their religious leanings, indoctrination and practices with African history. They believe that by virtue of being Africans(Considering themselves as "Black", that there is no contradiction there). The couch their belligerent illogical assumption that they can turn the negativity attached to the term "Black," and they can use it to make it a positive reference.

It is no different with the ongoing debate about the word "Nigger" in the United States, todays youth and middle aged people insist that whenever they call each other "Nigger", they are using the negative word as a term of endearment, and making it positive; meanwhile, should any White people refer to the same people as "Nigger", they White people are accused of playing the race card and being racist, and ignoring what the term "Nigger" negatively means to people of African descent in America.

There are many scholars of all stripes in total disagreement with Chapman, in fact, many Christian apologists vehemently disagree and attack the cited piece by Chapman above, but they cannot refute him. Scholars who are known to be Freethinkers have demonstrated that the wiping out os Paganism, followed by the rise of Christendom, cause such calamity for the whole of the human race. A French historian, Renan, put it succinctly as follows:

"We have seen that the great school of jurisconsults arising from the Antonines is entirely possessed by this idea, that slavery is an abuse. ... Christianity never said slavery is an abuse. The idea never came to the Christian doctors to protest against the established fact of slavery.The rights of men were not in any way a Christian affair.

"Saint Paul completely recognized the legitimacy of a master's position. No word occurs in all the ancient Christian literature to preach revolt to the slave, nor to advise the master to manumission.... Never is the master Christian who has Christian slaves counseled to free them.... If the movement which dates from the Antonines had continued in the second half of the third century, and in the fourth century, the suppression of slavery would have come about as a legal measure, and by redemption money. The ruin of the liberal policy, and misfortunes of the times, caused all ground which had been gained lost."

We now know from several scholars that the Bible is the slave masters' handbook, and that slavery has divine sanction. It can be gleaned from the Bible, by Christian defenders, that it perturbed them, and the record shows that they cannot distance themselves from it. The Version of King James does defend slavery in many way, but has nothing to say against it.

Leonard authoritatively stated:

There is no explicit condemnation in the teaching of our Lord.... It remains true that the abolitionist could point to no one text in the Gospels in defense of his position, while those who defend slavery could appeal at any rate to the letter of Scriptures…"

About a century ago, one Christian parson argued that "Black" people were automatically barred from the Christian heaven:

"Now, Adam was White, Abraham White, and our savor White. Did he enter heaven, when he rose from the dead, as a White man or as a Negro? If as a White man, the Negro is left out, if as a Negro, then the White man is left out. As Adam was the son of God, and as God is light(white), an d in him was no darkness(Black) at all, how could God then be the father of the Negro, as like begets, or produces like? And if God could not be the Father of 'Blacks," because he was White, how could our savior, being the express image of God person, as asserted by St. Paul, carry such a "damned color" into heaven, where all are White, much less to the throne…"

This view was even expounded and propounded upon by Swiss intellectual... below.

Dr Ben: Belief Vs Knowledge

Western Religion Is Affecting African Spirituality

Is Ghana too influenced by Western religion? Budding Ghanaian singer Azizaa and Wanlov the Kubulor of the rap outfit FOKN Bois would argue that it most certainly is. They tackle this “religion issue” in their new song and video “Black Magic Woman,” a
Is Ghana too influenced by Western religion? Budding Ghanaian singer Azizaa and Wanlov the Kubulor of the rap outfit FOKN Bois would argue that it most certainly is. They tackle this “religion issue” in their new song and video “Black Magic Woman,” a

Theft and False Scholarship And Dubious Knowledge

The citations about the way Christianity affected those wo applied it and used it against African people, is just as important as those who took the Confessions and called them the Ten Commandments. Many become puzzled, like the following writer who stole my whole article above before I added to it, Mfuniselwa J. BhenguIndependent Scholar and Researcher Africa Institute for Cultural Economy (Pty) Ltd, who goes by the name 'mjbhengu', who try to impose their religius indoctrination and belief on people, byt adding what they plagiarized from articles like mine above, cutting and pasing it to his posts.

For those who want to see what I am talking about, here's 'mjbhengu's' link, and the writing from him is different from all what he cut and pasted from my article:

I am giving out his link for I called him, and he still has not removed the article he stole from, and I think one way to expose such people is to give a direct link to their works and stolen articles. Here is another article and post he has and stole my article, and posted it as his in this link:

I will only remove these links abut Mr. Bhengu when he removes what he stole from my article. These are the false African intellectuals who steal other people's work, and pretend that it is theirs, withut going to the books of the authros mentioned, but cut and paste it into their article and put on in the end, a bibliography, but on the work they took from me.. Which is misleading, unconscioionable and disingenuous. This time of fraudulent scholarship, of which he is being lauded by many people, is unafair for even took my notation I have made, without any shame. This is what has been happening from the Days of The Greeks stealing Egyptian scholarship and pretending that it is theirs.

Yet, I used the citateions from Budge with the aim of elonganting the article as I have done thus far. I think Mr. Bhengu, mentioned above, when he sees what I have to say, he will palgiarize it as I am writing it now, and think nothing of it. This is preciely the problem many of us face. We have a group of lazy so-called researchers, stealing works from articles like mine and many others, and pretending that they did the research, but taking what I took from Budge, and my own comments, as if he made. This is infuririating and hurtful, and I would like the readiers of this article to go and check out the links I have provided about mjbhengu.

Now, knowledge can be garnered in many ways, and Dr. Ben, above, addresses this topic cogently and succintly, I think the reader, if they have not listened to his lecture, would be doing good by going back and listening to Dr. Ben above, in order to get a sense of what the Confessions are and how he teaches us about them.

Atheist Dogma

Dr. John Henrik Clarke on the African Origin of Christianity

Antiquated African Spiritualism Synergized

It is apparent then, the premise of and the religious doctrines of present-day Christendom are stolen from the Confessions It is also clear that those apologists for Christianity, who want to reconcile 'pretend' scholarship, steal from such Hubs, and try and merge biased and inconsistent/ahistorical christian ideology, to try and demonstrate African Christianity.

That is why I deferred to the Master Teachers in the various videos above, not only to try and make a meek comparison and contrast between contemporary Christianity and the Confessions, as attempted by Bhengu, as I have show above. It's far much more deeper than that. I have tried to add the Master Teacher in order to show the pithiness of the historiography of Religion of Theosophy/Theology plus Philosophy-which are securely embedded in the original Confessions for all and sundry to see and read about.

I am not religiously inclined in-as-much as I consider myself a student of African history and historiography. My aim here is purely for the motives of the restoration of African in its place to be properly mentioned and bring forth from it respectably and recognition.I believe we are going to have to start at the beginning of times; the origins of spirituality, philosophy and religion. I will also add, the role played by 'respect'('hlompho'(Sotho), 'inhlonipho'(Zulu), added to them, 'Ubuntu'(Zulu), 'Botho'(Sotho), which are embedded and also the fulcrum of the Confessions, which is the foundation of and firmly based in African spirituality and Humanbeingness.

I am not here, in this Hub trying to address the ramification and importance of present-day Christianity, but am talking about whence we emerge from as a people. I am not going to be pontificating about religious doctrines and practices, but simply put, I am addressing those values which are congruent to and make-up our cultures, customs, traditions, sacred rites and practices, premised upon the Africa-centered philosophy and spirituality, as I have pointed out above to be 'hlompho(Sotho), 'inhlonipho'(Zulu), along with 'Ubuntu'(Zulu), Botho(Sotho), all of which have variations and interpretation from Mzantsi to Egypt-but cohere and are in sync with the ways of cultural conduits and conductors I have just mentioned above.

I think the part I am addressing here, is in part what Dr. Ben is lecturing about above. I take it that our African South African contemporary collectives, have the cultural knowledge about our customs, traditions, sacred rites and practices and the whole bit. It is this knowledge that is of interest to me, of which, for me to clearly have a fully African-centered interoperation of my own culture and history, it is important I utilized the Confession, not as they stand, but what one can identify within our African Culture of Mzantsi, and highlight that for it to be African people of Mzantsi user-friendly: Knowledge.

For me, then, knowledge means our knowing and understanding and applying/using what our African culture of South Africa gives us, what we can garner from it, to increase and stylize our knowledge. We should not, I imagine, paste and cut the Confessions has been done by Bhengu, and awkwardly try and merge the different historical narrative just to gain points and to become accepted in the academical research entities and institutions.

I believe that when one uses the Confession as a springboard for even broader and clear, and relevant applications, teaching, it should tie-in in tandem with the other historical facts. Meaning, if I want to show some evolution and contribution s of the Christian dogma, and the original writings whence they emerge, it would be incumbent upon me to try and demonstrate and meld, this time, the African centered perspective as a forerunner of the Christian thinking by providing some African historical facts over the millennium.

So that, the culture of African people we are all living under here in Mzantsi, could be resuscitated and given legs to run the whole gamut. Our culture of Africans here in Mzantsi has its own slant, but it is African and the Confession simply buttress it. The problem for those professed Christian, is trying to de-Europeanize Western concepts and precepts along with perspectives, and try and suture these to African-centered religious doctrine.

Like trying to fit a square into a circle. It becomes not awkward, but for those who will have checked Bhengu's article and my stolen pieces… The fonts that were highlighted and pasted onto his article, are original from my article, and these differ with the fonts from his own machine. That has been accepted to be scholarly research, by some academic entity he writes for, and this can be seen on his own Blog: two different fonts for one supposedly researched paper. This is unscholarly, and too obvious to be overlooked.

My point being, he says he has done research, and some people and school kids will learn the wrong information,incomplete information, with two un-synergized texts, of different fonts, miseducating the readers and young-school minds. This is unconscionable, and that is why I am calling him out and gave out his link so that people can go and look/see for themselves.

But, I prefer to remain consistent, and foster learning not only about materials I have cited, but also, add my own thoughts, ideas, impression and synergy to these cited hunks-so that in the end, I am able to demonstrate that Our African-centered spirituality is the same as the Confessions, and that is what I would like people to take away from this Hub.

Knowledge, therefore, for my part, it is understanding and mastering all facets and faculties of our own African-centered spirituality, and cleanse our minds and soul of all the falsified religious history and African history, making sure the latter remains intact, respectable and authentic. The writing of and invoking our knowledge of our African-centered beings, should not be squandered and falsified for trivial gains, but it must serve and inform/teach and reach our African brothers and sisters, who might one day find it necessary to refer to such Hubs in order to straighten the ship.

The reader will find even much ore cogent and concise African story and history from the Master Teachers posted above, who are even much more deeper than what I have humbly offered here on this Hub I reiterate: The purpose of this Hub is to educe the African masses about the origins of their spirituality, and how this can be tied to, and merged, from an African centered point of view-utilizing our present-day cultures, customs, traditions, music, dances, languages, traditional food and dances and authentic and fully autonomous Nationhood

Prof Ivan Van Sertima African Egypy 5300 BC 30 BC


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    • ixwa profile image

      ixwa 23 months ago

      SERIOU S7: Thank you for adding to the article above and commenting favorably.. I notice you do have your historical bearings very well anchored by the African history Master Teachers...

      I am still working on adding the Congolese perspective of history, that is why I wrote the Article from 'Mzantsi to Gondwanaland' in effort to trace the history of Africans, this time, not starting with Egypt, but with South Africa(Mzantsi) and moving on upwards.. I have already published this very long and involved piece..

      It too, I will be adding onto it, a Part Two, and this one above I will be elongating it to include some of the untold history of Congo, with more bearing towards Egypt and South Africa, The civilization of Monomotapa, Mapungubwe, at the confluence of Zimbabwe, Northern South Africa and Botswana, and the Stone Culture of Mzantsi(South Africa, in order to draw historical, linguistic and cultural parallels of these region, from ancient and remote times to date...

      Still a lot of work to be done, in trying to tie-up the whole spiritual nature/forms of all these African peoples.. From Certnral, to North and Southern Africa... Asa Hilliard is my mentor in his writings and along with him as a human being... More about him and others later.

      I have already started writing about Professor Clarke, and will be including the rest of the great African History Master Teachers who I met and contributed to much of what I know today..

      Thanks, SERIOU S7

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      SERIOUS7 23 months ago

      2016 and made possible by Dr.Ben things have changed ..

      The "Mountains of the Moon" information sounds very correct because of the two bones that were discovered signaling that Africa was the birth of Mathematics and "everything" that was built in KEMET aka Egypt "REQUIRED MATHEMATICS" .. The Lebombo bone found in Swaziland So.Africa and is described as the oldest piece of Mathematics on the earth dated at 44,000 BC .. The ISHANGO bone describe as the second oldest bone and was found in the Congo dated at 20,000 BC ..

      According to Dr.Asa G.Hilliard ,when a KEMETIC aka Egyptian individual became lost, he would always face SOUTH to get his bearings in the direction of where he believed his ancestors came from in the direct of the Mountains of the Moon which is located in Uganda which next door to the Congo home of the ISHANGO bone .. So it s not hard for me to believe that information was shared in the region ,later the people migrated North to KEMET aka Egypt and built the Sphinx dated at 10,000 BC..

      The Greeks find Mathematics around 500-400 BC ..

      The Arabs find Mathematics at 850 AD ..

    • ixwa profile image

      ixwa 3 years ago

      k.d. reads: Thanks for reading and commenting on the Hub above.. I am humbled by you coments and hope that coffee and convo will happen when a chance presents itself. Thanks again...

    • profile image

      k.d. reads 3 years ago the hub!! Love the thinking (and i do mean thinking ) we should have coffee and convo,would love to pick your brain.... cheers

    • ixwa profile image

      ixwa 3 years ago

      jamespalmel223: So long as there are peole who see the point of this Hub, like you, I am more than encouraged to do more research and begin to link the whole piece to its African Antiquated origins, which will be the one way to go in expanding this Hub. There are many other additives to be included in this Hub, I alos hope you will keep on coming back to read some Hubs published in this Timeline.. Thanks...

    • profile image 3 years ago

      the truth will move forward and the eyes of the world will see the truth.thank you.

    • ixwa profile image

      ixwa 3 years ago

      victor harris: Thanks for reading the Hub above, and I really appreciate it very much. Yes, you are right, the so-called "Book Of The Dead" should be correctly called "the Book Of Coming Forth By Day".. The article above was to try and go back into the history of religion and trace the origin of things, specifically religion. Many of our people, as you have correctly observed, have stopped searching and looking for their true history, and accepted the formal religion as it has been taught them by those who oppressed them-for various reasons and aims. Some of our people have been intimidated by the prosepcts of dying and going to hell, without really understanding as to whence this whole thing emerged. I have tried to dig deeper into remote antiquity in order to begin to see that truth about what really happened and took place before we were told what we are imbibing in of itself which is highly questionable. We really need to have an open mind and test the faith we have been told that we ought to follow and practice, and the article above does not reject the many precepts of the present latter day belief systems, but it gives the reader a sense of what it is that led to these beliefs-and what else came before. Our people find it hard to wrap their heads around such articles, somethimes becasue of the education we have received for so many years, about ourselves, and that is why when I started the Hub above, I knew that I might not be looked at favorably, but I thought that we needed some alternative to the intoxicating doctrine which we also do not understand fully too. So that, those, like you, who seek the truth that we know exists somewhere in our world today, this Hub becomes evenmore helpful, and it all depends as to whether one is ready to open one's mind and allow new, but old ideas, to fill in the gap that has been ignored for such a long time, and which many of us do not know. I am glad you find this Hub relevant to what you have been seeking, and I hope it is something you will share with those who will be willing to read what you have found here; and am looking forward to seeing you ccome back and check out some Hubs which too raise and tries answer sosme questionsaboout all thsose things that are not common knowledge, but tend to make us even wiser, once we learn about them.. Thanks again and glad you 'liked' the Hub above...

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      victor harris 3 years ago

      Man, what can i say...its like everything that ive been feelin about religion n how our African religion was stolen, switched, n den fed to my ppl fa so many yrs dat my ppl couldnt do nothing but believe. Its sad bc black ppl never even attempted to figure out da truth. Well not me. Im seekin the truth so dat one day ill have da knowledge, understanding, and wisdom which will give me the power to save my ppl from dis Hell on earth, better yet, dis Hell in America. Den my whole family thinks im going crazy bc i dnt believe no more n it makes me so mad. Well, Id like to thank u fa proving dat im not da crazy one fa atleast attemting to seek da truth. Not sayin i wanna preach da word of our lost African religion n beliefs, but, i do have dreams of being a Music artist n i now know exactly how to reach my ppl. I am a very outspoken person n i have a very creative mindframe, which led me to seek...they say if u seek den u shall find n im beginning to see dis first hand dat i am finding the truth. I plan on ordering Kemetic Book of Death even thou i prefer da name The Book Of The Coming Forward by Day bc it sounds better!!!:) once again...thanks fa the info n i will b bck asap!!!

    • ixwa profile image

      ixwa 3 years ago

      Thanks, Gako... Have peeked at your link.. well.. I have written extensively about Amon/Amun here on my Hubs.. The other stuff, of African Egyptian meanings, and African/Egyptian usage.. well... Interesting.. Thanks..

    • profile image

      Gako 3 years ago

      Nice work! there is more interesting discussion here: Peace!

    • ixwa profile image

      ixwa 3 years ago

      I am glad, Garland Mario Landis, to have you visit the Hub above. My aim in writing Hubs like this, is to exhaust all I know through writing about the subject matter, with the hope that our people will come across this article and find it relevant to them and something they too can take it and make it their personal history. If I am able to help people do that through the articles, that to me is having attempted to contribute for the public and national/human good of the African people Globally. I hope your children and their children, ad infinitum, will receive the lessons you wold like them to know from articles like this and then some.. Thanks a lot Garland, appreciate your comment and accolades above...

    • profile image

      Garland Mario Landis 3 years ago

      I am a man that has been seeking the facts of the African people for many years because of the lifestyle in this country set to keep people in mental as well as physical states of confusion the fake as well as false teaching in this crooked teaching system here in this land called America by the thieves that control all froms of radio and tv we must seek the honest facts by reading and teaching the old and new unknowing people of color in this and other countries of who they truly are , i am a man of sprit not fake western religions, i never would join anybodys Church for i knew in my mind and soul it would not be right, being a avid reader of books of value i am preparing my son for the knowledge i did not get a chance to receive while in school, the most powerful man is one with a honest and strong mind to do right

    • ixwa profile image

      ixwa 4 years ago

      Brother Daniels: Thank you very much for viewing and acknowledging the Hub above. I know that you realized the historical bent of the article and retracing the narrative to put an African Egyptian perspective of issues of life on Earth, and in the Nether-worlds-that is, how this was known and dubbed to be, and it is in concert/tandem with African history, spirituality, cultures, customs, traditions and the whole bit. The truth, if it be gleaned from the article, gives me more courage to go even further with certain issues not yet even touched-up above. I have read historic books and listened lectures from most Master Teachers(And have written a Hub On one, Professor J.H. Clarke here as one of the Hubs) as to How the Africans of the Nile created the best civilization, ever. I am also more into the Nubian/Kush civilization of Egypt and the World, presently. I will blog about it in the Future. Thank you, again...

    • profile image

      Brother Daniels 4 years ago

      Shemhotep, I am brother daniels. I have no religion because I am not a man of faith. I am a man of truth and facts. I just want you to know that absolutly enjoyed what I have read. Have you ever read the Nile Valley contributation to Civilization? Keep up the great work.

    • ixwa profile image

      ixwa 5 years ago

      WebWatcher Review: Thank you very much for visiting and reading the Hub(and maybe some too). I am much appreciative of the accolades you have heaped on me above, and am humbled by that. You're welcome to come back and read and comment on the other Hubs,if possible... Thank you again...

    • profile image

      WebWatcher Review 5 years ago

      Your blog is extremely entertaining. I am impressed with your interests . Its not common that I myself come across a thread like yours. I applaud you..

    • ixwa profile image

      ixwa 5 years ago

      Christopher: Welcome to the Hub above, and I appreciate your comments above. The Hub above is a historical narrative of what life was like pre-Christianity. Any precepts attributed to Christianity, have long been in existence in cultures like the premier one of Egypt. I think it is good you have beliefs and abide by them. I have no quarrel nor problem with that. The Hub above is for any reader's interest who wants to broaden their scope and understanding for things we take for granted are as they are- and for people probing current phenomena and as to what the origins of what our present reality actually is. What this Hub does, is expand and elaborate on our present understanding of things spiritual or otherwise from antiquity. As every one is entitled to their own beliefs or opinions,which is true, facts remain facts. Thanks again

    • profile image

      Christopher davis 5 years ago

      hello my name is christopher and I've did a little research on this religion so to speak and it is very interesting. but i'm a true believer in the holy bible to the heart and the teachings of Jesus Christ. in do all respect because everyone is intitled to there own beliefs but i'm a believer in christ jesus.

    • profile image

      browneyes01 6 years ago

      IXWA wonderful, knowledge is power.. thank u for giving me the power "One Love" my dear pls dont stop the word

    • ixwa profile image

      ixwa 7 years ago

      marlanasifter: Thank you for visiting and reading the Hub above. I welcome and appreciate your comments and observation you gleaned from the article above. I aimed to show that the existence of the Ten Commandments is pre-dated by the 42 Negative Confession by thousands of years, thus this should help us put many other things we know into proper perspective, both spiritually and religiously. Thank you very much for the kind and encouraging comments above. Tanks!

    • marlanasifter profile image

      marlanasifter 7 years ago from Sanford, NC, USA

      Nice immersion into an ancient religion. It is fascinating to recognize Moses' ten commandments listed among the chants the dead recited for Osiris!

    • ixwa profile image

      ixwa 8 years ago

      Thanks Ken, I've been busy writing wring and doing some editorial work for the publishing agency that I lacked tome to peruse through my articles and respond. Thank for your short but sweet answer.

      Hi H. Bourne:

      I perused a bit on your site and the other stuff you have on your website. I read the Hamurabi Code and your short bio. Interesting stuff.I still need to see what you you referred me to on East Africa and the Sea in Antiquity. I have done a lot of reading and study on East Africa and would like to see what it is you are referring me to. anyway, sorry for answering you late, but have been busy writing and editing published stuff. Hope to hear from you, and I hope to read what you think about what I wrote about above.

    • profile image

      H. Bourne 8 years ago

      You may find East Africa & the Sea in Antiquity plus related articles of interest. They can be accessed on and have click access so that you can hop from one site to another.

    • profile image

      Ken 8 years ago


    • ixwa profile image

      ixwa 8 years ago

      I am sorry Idid not reply timely. I have been doing some reading and covering the bases. I hope to do good for Man. I will be writing some strange stuff in the future and thanks for passing bye. I appreciated your response, immensely.

    • DynamicS profile image

      Sandria Green-Stewart 8 years ago from Toronto, Canada

      ixwa, very interesting... I have never heard of such history, but it isn't surprising; my eurocentric education background would not have informed me of such historical data as it goes against everything that I was taught.

      Keep them coming...


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