About Eid Ul Adha - An Islamic Celebration
› History of the Eid ul Adha Festival
Eid ul Adha is an Islamic festival commemorating the obedience and faith of Prophet Ibrahim (A.S) to sacrifice his son Prophet Ismail (A.S), for Allah (S.W.T). Allah tested Ibrahim by commanding him through a dream to sacrifice his son, Ismail. He then set off with his son to a mountain, where he would perform the sacrifice. But while he was about to slaughter his son, Allah The Almighty rewarded him with a sheep instead, to be sacrificed.
Eid al Adha falls on the 10th of Dhul Hijjah of the Islamic calendar and happens after the Hajj. This celebration is one of the 2 main festivals in Islam; the other is Eid ul Fitr.
› How Muslims celebrate Eid ul Adha
On this day, Muslims first perform the Eid ul Adha prayer in the morning. After which, there would be a khutbah or sermon given by the imam. Muslims are recommended to stay and hear the sermon instead of leaving straight after the prayers.
After that is completed, it is time for the sacrifice of the animal, usually sheep or goats but camels or cows can be used too. Once the animal has been slaughtered, the meat is distributed, sold, cooked or given to the poor and needy. Distribution of the meat is an important practice to encourage giving to the poor and needy.
Similar to the festival Eid ul Fitr, Muslims would usually visit their family, relatives, neighbours and friends to celebrate Eid ul Adha.
› Some facts regarding Eid ul-Adha
→ According to the Hanafi scholars, Solat Eid is compulsory (wajib). To the Maliki and Shafi'e jurisprudence, it is a Sunnah Muakkadah and according to the Hambali scholars it is a Fardh.
→ Women and children participated in the Solat Eids during the time of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W).
→ Following the Sunnah, the timing for Solat Eid ul Fitr is delayed while Solat Eid al Adha is hastened to facilitate the zakat fitrah and the sacrifice respectively.
Wallahu A'lam Bissawab.
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