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Science of fate and sanskars

Updated on March 7, 2012

Does God really listen to our prayers? Millions of devotees are confused on this point. To understand this we should know the science of action and fate.

The results of our previous actions stay in two states:

(a) accumulated (sanchit) and

(b) the present life's fate (prarabdh).

A person's actions are observed by the Divine power and the consequences of all such doings go on accumulating every day.

It is certain that the outcome of every good and bad action cannot be harvested in one lifetime. Suppose a person commits a robbery and he is sentenced to three years rigorous imprisonment. For one hour's offense he has to undergo three years of punishment. A person commits a number of bad and good actions (physical and mental) every day. Imagine, how many years would be required to suffer or enjoy the results

of one life's actions.

The Spiritual government keeps a complete record of all the actions of a person. It keeps on adding all the present actions to the accumulated stock of one's previous countless lives' doings. When a person dies and takes a new birth, a portion of his previous life's doings are given to him (by the Spiritual government) to undergo its consequences. This is called fate or prarabdh. Thus, the present life is simply a passing through the resulting punishments or rewards of his past life's deeds,

In the present life, a person again does good and bad actions, and these become the cause of his next life's fate. It means, on one hand he undergoes the outcome of his past deeds, and on the other hand he again continues to do new actions, because his mind is free to think anything good or bad which he then puts into action. Although he is free to act, he is bound by the results of his actions. He binds himself by-his own actions, and thus, the chain of life and death never ends, and the accumulated stock of past doings, which is called sanchit karm, goes on increasing day by day. The actions which are done in the present life are called kriyaman karm.

Actions can be classified as:

(a) bad,

(b) good,

(c) neutral and

(d) devotional.

Good and bad action could be understood after reading this hub- Good and bad actions.

Neutral actions are those actions which are done honestly for making a living and maintaining one's family, etc. These actions are not done to harm or please anyone, so they are neither good nor bad, and are neutral in consequence.

Ritual deeds, all types of intellectual meditations, worshipping formalities and sincere austerity, etc. belong to the class of good actions.

Devotional actions are those devotions which are done without any worldly motive. Such devotional activities, which are based on selfless love and surrender to God, are called devotional actions. Devotional actions are done with an aim to purify the heart, so they produce their effects accordingly and instantly.

The outcome of bad actions is physical and mental agony to the doer, and, at the same time, their corresponding results appear as an awakening of impious or evil qualities in his mind. Thus, bad actions result in double trouble. On one side they appear as physical and mental sufferings and on the other side they evoke evil in a person's mind, which makes the sufferer more miserable and induces him towards morn had doings.

The results of good actions appear as worldly happiness, and its corresponding effect is the awakening of deep worldly ambitions in the heart of the doer.

Devotional actions are directly concerned with God, so their direct effect is mental purity and their corresponding effect is the evolution of devotional qualities in the person's mind. Purity of mind is related to the devotional qualities of the mind, and so its main effect and its side effect have a similar nature.


Actions are actions, they cannot be stored, but the motive of an action and its prescribed consequence can be recorded. In this way, the initial records of all the three types of actions (good, bad and devotional), which stay in the unconscious mind, are called sanskars. Thus, innumerable (good, bad and devotional) sanskars remain in the mind. Out of all the sanskars (which are actually our past lives' actions) when some sanskars (actions) appear as their consequence in the present life (which we call fate), the person's mind is naturally changed towards a material or devotional attitude, as explained above.

From the devotional point of view, all sanskars which arouse materiality in the mind are called bad sanskars and those which arouse devotional qualities are called good sanskars. Thus only the result of devotional actions can appear as good sanskars, others lead to materiality. In this way a person's mind keeps changing due to these varying sanskars.

Another cause of the change in attitude or mode of thinking is the present association (physical or mental) with the outer world or any means of knowledge. These outer situations plus inner sanskars arouse different qualities of the mind at different times in a person.


Fate is the good or bad result of a good or bad action done in the past. The Ramayan says,

"Material gain and material loss, the time of death, the major incidents of life, fame or bad name, are all predestined, and this is called the `fate' or `luck' of a person. It is unchangeable because it is the outcome of one's own (past) doings, so one is bound to undergo it."

"The destiny of a person cannot be undone even by the Divine personalities like Brahma and Shiv."

It is seen in.the world that some people do a lot and get a little. Some people do a little and they get a lot, and some are in the middle. This is all destinies. Some people do good, but they are criticized by their jealous colleagues, and thus they receive a bad name in society. Some people do bad things, but their doings remain hidden. So, for material gain and fame, a person is bound to receive what he is'destined for, one cannot get more than that. He can do good deeds to get the reward in his next life, not in the present life. Only devotional actions are fructified instantly.

So, a person should know that he will receive his destiny, and to receive his destined gain he should not worry about it; but at the same time, he should not lazily think, "If I am in luck so be it, why worry?" A person should lead an active life. He should work, but he should not be too much worried about his material gain, and should not give himself to sensual gratification. He should devote his time and mind to devotion.

Is God realization is also destined.

A worldly person may say that if everything occurs according to his destiny, he will see God if it is destined. But, such talkers should know that achieving God realization is never destined. It depends upon the purity of the heart achieved through the selfless devotion to God.

Thus we learn that we. receive the results of our own past good or bad actions. God is not concerned with that. There is another power of Krishn which keeps a record of people's actions and gives them the proper compensation. God never Graces anyone with material benefits.

Some people believe that God has listened to their prayers and has given them worldly benefits on some occasions, but such a belief is wrong. Such benefits were the result of good actions of their past lives. The reason is that at the time of good sanskar people's minds are normally inclined towards the pious and devotional activities and at that moment when they sincerely say their prayers and receive some material benefits, they think that their prayers have been answered. Actually is not so, because firstly, why is God merciful to one particular person when all human beings are His children? Secondly, why is He not benefiting that person all the time and fulfilling his each and every demand?

Again, if we look at the Divine history, we find that even the greatest Devotees like Tulsidas, Ramkrishn Paramhans and many others suffered physically and monetarily in this world. Why did He not heal them? It shows that a person has to suffer his destiny. So asking for material gains from God is a proof of absolute ignorance.

Moreover, if we accept God as our omniscient well wisher, we do not need to ask Him for anything, because He knows better than us what is good for us, and He Himself will do the best.

Kristin says in the Bhagwatam,

"I do not give material luxuries to My devotees, instead, I destroy the objects of their attachments."

Because, according to the Ramayan,

"There is no one in the world who could remain prideless after gaining material fortune."

A proud person can never become a devotee, because pride itself is an intoxicant which keeps a person away from spirituality. Devotional thoughts arise in humbleness, and humbleness generally arises when there are no pride producing objects. Thus, we learn that devotion should be selfless and there should not be any worldly demand of God.


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    • moneycop profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago from JABALPUR

      thanks to u too...take care

    • Civil War Bob profile image

      Civil War Bob 

      6 years ago from Glenside, Pennsylvania

      Thank you,MC...I thought it might be something like that. Have a good day.

    • moneycop profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago from JABALPUR

      actually i am againt the mentality that money gives happiness so ..this name i thought to work our out with.

    • Civil War Bob profile image

      Civil War Bob 

      6 years ago from Glenside, Pennsylvania

      You chose "moneycop" for your Hub Pages name. Why? My Hub Pages name reflects my interest in the American Civil War.

    • moneycop profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago from JABALPUR

      i didnt get u clearly . u are asking about names of person or GOD GODESS....

      people keep the name of there children here on names of god and godess and or powers like sun, air, etc..

      god names are not made by us..they are there as mentioned in scriptures

    • Civil War Bob profile image

      Civil War Bob 

      6 years ago from Glenside, Pennsylvania

      Voted this hub up, useful, and interesting, moneycop. I'm curious about your choice of names, given your Hindu beliefs. Can you explain? Thanks, and have a good day.

    • moneycop profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago from JABALPUR

      absolutely correct rose.......

      we are masters of our own fat eand the one who when understands what u said has no problem in coping with responsibilities and problems of life

      thanks for commenting

    • Gypsy Rose Lee profile image

      Gypsy Rose Lee 

      6 years ago from Riga, Latvia

      Voted up and interesting! I believe that faith helps us along in life. However we must show that we are masters of our own lives and if we show that we are truly deserving then the Lord may reward us with some good.To get we must give unselfishly of ourselves and learn to decide between good and bad. Life was never meant to be easy so I always hold on the the hand of the Lord and know when I really need it He will guide me.

    • moneycop profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago from JABALPUR

      thanks a lot for the understanding

      i feel that i have to come up with what is teh science of make it clear that there is no harm to be in world and do devotion there is no need to go in forest and mountain to attain any thing as we all know people prepare for IAS, becomes scientist etc. the main thing is the interest and interest to any field arise by clear knowledge about it. I am trying to have a clear vision of all the doubtfull clouds and incomplete and wrong knowledge. Its grace of my spiritual master that i have gained the right knowledge and gaining a lot in spirituality with practical doings.

      a devotee is one who knows that the happiness what he wants is not in this world as he demands for rising, never ending, and unlimited happiness. but in World he fails to recieve ever increasing happiness from any thing and then it is limited and then there is some thing for interesting than that. So his happiness comes to peak when he attaches his mind to god.

    • cleaner3 profile image


      6 years ago from Pueblo, Colorado

      Your words are thick with devotion, the difference between wrong and right and human failings of every day life. In the perspective of this observation of you reap what you sow, I think that it can be said that this applys not only to the here and now but in the lives that are to come. If you believe in the philosophy of reincarnation. but to try to live a life as a devotee to your own god whosoever that may be, you would have to live on a mountain top in order to keep away the influences that affect these disturbances of your true reality. I beleive that what you do in this life of the here and now is due to you in your next life that is what dictates your personality as you born into your next life. You then become who you previously were because if you keep repeating the same mistakes over and over you cannot advance to a higher state of mind and actions that make you a better person. So to put it as simply as I can.

      watch what you think and do

      someone is always watching you

      writing it down for him to see

      this you will see in the finality


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