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Fun and Interesting Facts About Sikhism

Updated on January 27, 2014

Many people know very little about any religion other than their own. I believe that everybody should know at least a few facts about each of the world’s most popular religions. Sikhism is the world’s fifth largest religion, with over 23 million adherents worldwide. Therefore, without any further ado, here are a few fun and interesting facts about Sikhism.

  • Sikhism is a monotheistic religion, which emerged in India in the 16th century.
  • The main goal of Sikhism is to build a close and loving relationship with God.
  • God, according to Sikh tradition, has 99 names.
  • The founding teacher of Sikhism was Guru Nanek Dev, who was born in 1469 to a Hindu family. He was the first of ten.
  • Many Sikhs recite the fist hymn composed by Guru Nanek Dev, entitled Mool Mantar, daily.
  • The word "Sikhism" is derived from the word "Sikh," which means a strong and able disciple.
  • The Sikhs reject the Hindu caste system.
  • Sikhs are often mistaken for Muslims, because the male adherents wear turbans, and do not shave their beards, or cut their hair.
  • Sikhs are forbidden to smoke or drink alcohol.
  • The sacred text of Sikhism is the Adi Granth, which is their ultimate source of authority and doctrine.
  • Sikhism forbids the representation of god in any image, as well as the worship of idols.
  • Sikhs believe in the Hindu concepts of karma, samsara, and reincarnation. Only by being born into a human life can one obtain salvation.
  • The most common name middle name among followers of Sikhism is Singh.
  • Sikhism’s most important holidays are called gurpurbs and celebrate the birthday or martyrdom of one of their gurus.
  • Most Sikh holidays are celebrated with a ritual involving a 48-hour reading of the Adi Granth.

I hope that this article will shed a little light on the lesser known and understood religion of Sikhism. Taking the time to learn a little bit about the beliefs of others will help us to become a more understanding and accepting world.


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      Gagandeep Kaur 2 years ago

      I am sorry but Sikh does not means strong and able disciple. Sikh is a sanskrit word which means Shishya , which literally mean Student. In earlier times when Somebody joined the saadh sangat of Guru Nanak Dev ji then he became the Sikh that means Shishya or Student of Guru Nank Dev ji. Also Sikh don't believe that God has 99 names , we believe that God has uncountable names, or we can say that uncountable praises.

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      Yoleen Lucas 2 years ago from Big Island of Hawaii

      Sikhism sounds interesting! I did a hub about it; it sounds like one big summer camp.

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      Destry 3 years ago

      Check that off the list of things I was conuesfd about.

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      Tatiana 3 years ago

      Normally I do not learn article on blogs, hoveewr I wish to say that this write-up very compelled me to check out and do it! Your writing taste has been amazed me. Thanks, very nice post.

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      Fairy 3 years ago


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      Mankirat SINGH 3 years ago

      Thanx for sharing facts.... Hope sikhism will amaze people lile this only... SINGH SAAB THE GREAT!

    • tillsontitan profile image

      Mary Craig 5 years ago from New York

      Voted up, useful, and interesting. We need to learn about others and their culture and religions. This is a grat introduction to Sikhism.

    • ImKarn23 profile image

      Karen Silverman 5 years ago

      great information. Sadly timely, as well. Wondering why so many have the middle name of 'Singh'? There must be a meaning for it..

    • Sturgeonl profile image

      Sturgeonl 5 years ago

      Thanks for the interesting information! Great hub.

    • always exploring profile image

      Ruby Jean Fuller 5 years ago from Southern Illinois

      Thank you so much. I knew nothing about the Sikh religion, I've been wondering about their belief system since the shooting in their house of worship. Very interesting..

    • Angela Blair profile image

      Angela Blair 5 years ago from Central Texas

      Thanks for filling in a blank for me -- I was totally ignorant as to what was involved in the Sikh religion. I knew it was somewhat related to Muslim (appearance of members, etc.) and somewhat related to Hindu but didni't know the bottom line. Excellent information/Hub. Best/Sis

    • Barbara Kay profile image

      Barbara Badder 5 years ago from USA

      I wondered what this religion taught. Thanks for an easy to understand article.

    • Linda Compton profile image

      Linda Compton 5 years ago from The Land of Enchantment

      Enjoyed this article. The Sikhs I know are devout and very gracious people. Many years ago I visited the famed Golden Temple in Amritsar, India. It was a marvelous experience. Reading this hub has me wanting to read more of your work. Thank you! Linda