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Updated on March 7, 2012

The Ved says,

(Prashn. 3/7)

"Bad deeds result in miseries and good deeds result in worldly luxuries with worries. Both ways a person remains unhappy and stays within the cycle of birth and death."

Further it says, "Those who wish to find God through their ritual observances and are proud of their doings, such proud performers of ritual actions enter into darkness."

The reward of ritual and good action s celestial (material) enjoyment for a limited period of time. So, to waste time on such observances is unwise because the next birth, due o increased worldly attachment, becomes materially worse than the previous one. Thus, good actions never liberate the doer. Instead, they bind him and fortify his worldly attachments.

(Gita 2/42)

"Those who are drawn towards celestial luxuries are ignorant and (wise because the luxuries of the celestial abodes are similar in nature the luxuries of the world."

(Bhagvatam. 11/14/11)

"The abodes of celestial gods, where such ritualists go, are full of Misery and darkness."

We see that all these scriptures condemn the performance of ritual actions. Similarly, we learn from the Divine history that the younger brother of Bhagwan Ram, Bharat, rebuked his mother, saying, "I would have killed you if I had known that my Lord Ram would not be angry with me."


Lakchman says to Ram, "I do not wish to hear Your religious talks because I am not willing to go to the celestial abodes. I will follow You wherever You go."

Tulsidasji, a dynamic figure of his time, says,

"Prahlad neglected his father, Vibheeshan ignored his elder brother's advice, and the Gopis disobeyed the orders of their Husbands. Yet all these actions were respected by Divine personalities because they were not done maliciously, but were done for the sake of God and in the love of God." Whoever it wits, when he became an obstacle to the devotion to God, he was neglected and rebuked because,

(Bhagvatam. 5/5/18)

According to the Bhagwatam, "The religious preacher, friend, father, mother, guardian or anyone who does not help in the devotional path and gives selfish and worldly teachings, is liable to be neglected by a devotee because God realization is the only aim of his life."

Action in the Gita.

To understand this contradictory philosophy of action, we should think over it deeply. The Gita tells about four types of actions:

(1) Karm (good, ritual or religious action or dharm),

(2) Vikarm (bad action, sin or adharm),

(3) Karm yog (devotional action), and

(4) Karm sanyas (single-minded devotion but ignoring good action).

1) Karm (good action or dharm).

One class of good action, called karm or ritual observance, is that which is observed strictly as prescribed in the Vedas. As a spiritual rule, such observances and rituals must be done strictly according to le instructions and regulations as prescribed therein; otherwise they produce undesirable and adverse results.

Another class of good action is that which is done for the good of others or the society, but it should be done with a compassionate heart, not with a proud mind and also without seeking for any return of that action in any form, even as praise. The result of these actions is the achievement of worldly luxuries in the next life, or attainment of sensual pleasure in the abode of the celestial gods for a limited period.

Our scriptures say that there are abodes of the celestial gods in this material universe which are invisible to the human eye. These celestial abodes are simply places of sensual enjoyments. According to the Vedas, people who very sincerely observe ritual and religious duties go into these celestial abodes after death, and as a return for their good deeds, they are rewarded by a fixed amount of luxury for a definite period of time. Those who go to these abodes are lustful, and they feel envious of others who enjoy better luxuries there. They always remain restless and unhappy, and these differences are bound to persist because of the varying limit of good deeds done by them. For these reasons, the Vedas, Bhagwatam, Gita, Ramayan and all the scriptures say,

(Bhagvatam. 11/14/11)

(Mundakopnishad 1/2/10)

(Gita 9/21)

"People who do good deeds to get a worldly return in the next life are first-rate fools.

They waste their most valuable time for nothing, because everywhere, from this mundane plane to the celestial abodes, there is only an attainment of dissatisfaction. So, wherever and whatever amount of luxury a person will receive, he will always remain dissatisfied and unhappy."

(2) Vikarm (bad actions, sin or adharm).

Those actions which are against the social laws and are intentionally done to hurt others are called bad actions or sins. Those people who are after sensual gratification and have no consideration for others commit more and more transgressions and, thus, their hearts become more and more impious due to their sinful deeds. In the spiritual realm, thinking of as well as committing a crime is recorded as crime or sin, and the offender is liable to be punished for that. So, mental and physical actions (sins) of such people make their hearts impure and they remain far from the generous or compassionate feelings for others, and also far from the fear of God.

Such people hurt others for their own satisfaction and needs. They criticize the Saints and the doings of God, thus committing more and more sins and spiritual transgressions. Such undisciplined, selfish and willful people enter into extreme suffering (physical, mental and social) in the next life; and in the present life, too, they suffer mental agony and miseries.

Though the result of both types of good and bad actions is only material gain or loss, nevertheless, good actions are better than bad ones, because the person performing good actions is trying to be good and disciplined. So, when he is blessed with the association of a Saint, he may turn towards devotion to God, but for an undisciplined and selfish person, who is only after worldly enjoyments, this is not possible.

(3) Karm yog (devotional action).

The actions of such a devotee who has fully surrendered himself to God are called devotional actions.

Ritual observances and good actions result in worldly luxuries and neglecting such observances and committing sins result in worldly pains miseries. They are called fate or luck by men. Thus, both are the forms of bondage. Action of either type cannot give liberation from the cycle of life and death. Now, if these actions are done without any mental attachment, there will be no binding of their results, because only the motive and the attachment binds, not the physical action of the person.

According to this law, if an apparently good action is done with a motive, this will be noted as a sin or bad action in the spiritual, records. In the same way, if an apparently bad action is done with a good motive, this will be treated as a good deed. For instance, a person helps someone with the intention of becoming his friend and then robbing him afterwards, this (apparently good) action will be called a sin. Again, if a person rebukes someone for his bad habits, wishing him to become a good person, this (apparently bad) action will be considered good.

Thus, we see that it is not the physical action that counts, but only the motive behind the action which is accounted for. We can deceive the human eye, but we cannot deceive God or a Saint, use they know every thought of our mind.

If a person has detached himself from all good and bad motives and as the Divine motive of getting the vision of God, his physical deeds will not be categorized as good or bad actions. Thus, there is no consequence issuing from those deeds, because he has fully surrendered his mind at the feet of God and has no attachment to the outcome of any worldly activities.

(Gita 17/28)

The Gita says that rites or austerities or any kind of good actions that are not done in good faith produce no good results and are considered as false. In this way, all social, charitable or similar actions, which are done with the intention of being honored or praised, are deceptive and will earn no reward from God because they are not done with the intention of helping the needy, but are done to display one's own dignity and status or to get praise in return.

It should be clearly understood that it is not the actual action, but the motive behind it that matters. When a person is absorbed in the selfless love of God, he will only get the result of his devotion, not of his physical actions. Thus, the actions which are physically done will never bind him because they are no longer considered as actions, they have become devotional actions. In our scriptures, actions (good or bad) are condemned because they bind a person with their results, but devotional actions are honored, because they liberate the doer from the very bondage of actions and this is known as karm yog.

(4) Karm sanyas.

Some devotees perform their devotions sincerely, but they do not observe social or religious formalities, nor do they perform any ritual duties. Such people are also honored as karm sanvasis, because they too, attain their aim of God realization because of their devotion.

In relation to God realization, both are equal, because both are selflessly attached to God, but from a social point of view, a karm yogi is considered to be better than a devotee who neglects all the social and religious obligations, because an ordinary person cannot see the inner love of a devotee or a Saint; he sees only his external actions.

It is human nature that everyone tries to emulate the actions of well ­known personalities. So, at least by imitating the outward good actions of a karm yogi, a person will become good, never bad. But if he follows actions of a devotee or Saint who has renounced all social obligations and social values, he will become unsocial and even undisciplined. So, his sense a karm yogi is better than a karm sanyasi.

Thus, it is clear that all actions, whether good or bad, bind a person. They do not release him from this bondage. They are relatively unimportant, yet good actions are still far better than bad ones. Nevertheless, in scriptures, only those actions are honored which are governed by devotion because they lead a person toward God realization.

The Vedas advise a person to observe devotional actions (karm yog) and says, "All actions should be surrendered to God."


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    • penofone profile image

      Anish Patel 

      6 years ago

      I didn't deliver the speech of a girl in the forest lately, have you heard of the communion of god with women and childern? I think the owl in the forest hears everything and created the concept of divine union with god and the childrean stand watching in wonderment?

      It is great to achieve the goal of Self realization i n one lifetime but can we take on the words manifested by the Great One. See my comment on the life of Siddartha and GAtsby. YOu won the world over with your sense of freedom from the confinement of an inner conflict.

    • moneycop profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago from JABALPUR

      just read my hub on who is saint it may help u in understanding..plz its not an order or force...just a request if u like.

    • moneycop profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago from JABALPUR

      u r right penofone..i also have the same views about aints at first. but this saint have no desciple and what i experienced cant dictate nor cant manage to convince you...because this world is full of peoples who pretend to be and its true at a time in world there are men of god but very few not in numbers as they are today i am very lucky to fing the real one.....he is real as i know u dnt have to rely on it as its matter of experience...but it is that only 1 or 2 are a true saint in whole world at a time...and that also very rare to be found..

      thanks for commenting

    • penofone profile image

      Anish Patel 

      6 years ago

      I don't believe in the hype of these superficial gurus, they tend to be borderline insane, good luck with the fortune of man in the hands of the last survivors of the earth as we book read these sea going individuals it could be the end of a show or shadow of darkness as the veil is lifted we are indeed sentient beings. YOu can decide on the fundamentals of a lost world in a paradigm shifted we agree that Krishna is king. A prince of a latter day it is not the saints that left the world in such dismay.



    • moneycop profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago from JABALPUR

      penofone....a lot of respect to u ..i found a real soul who is devoted to an understanding...i found my spiritual master jagadguru kripaluji maharaj and i am now doubtless and at rest which i thing is necessary irrespective of what one follows...and so my salute to u that u too are rest and satisfied in BUDDHA........but i am happy in KRISHNA...........

    • penofone profile image

      Anish Patel 

      6 years ago

      I'm glad you said incarnation instead of avatar because I myself don't like to differentiate between the two, jess because! If you feel you are being lessoned yourself, you could be onto something... I've read many books on the material motivations of god none of which entails the greedy nature of man in general. Go Buddha!



    • moneycop profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago from JABALPUR

      PENEFONE...first a lot of thanks to give time visiting and commenting on my hub ,

      yes u are right GOD BUDDHA was an incarnation of god...God come to this material world many times in different forms to give lesson to us and society. what is required at that time is being lessoned by the incarnation.

    • penofone profile image

      Anish Patel 

      6 years ago

      Buddha was a perfectly balanced Karma-yogi and Ram worshipped all the women in the world. Take Care,


      Raja YOU



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