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God’s Holy Days And The Plan of Salvation; Pentecost

Updated on September 4, 2009

God’s Holy Days And The Plan of Salvation;


9 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
10 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest:
11 And he shall wave the sheaf before the LORD, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the sabbath the priest shall wave it.
12 And ye shall offer that day when ye wave the sheaf an he lamb without blemish of the first year for a burnt offering unto the LORD.
13 And the meat offering thereof shall be two tenth deals of fine flour mingled with oil, an offering made by fire unto the LORD for a sweet savour: and the drink offering thereof shall be of wine, the fourth part of an hin.
14 And ye shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn, nor green ears, until the selfsame day that ye have brought an offering unto your God: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.
15 And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven sabbaths shall be complete:

(Lev. 23:9-15)

There are many names for the Holy Day known in the Christian world as Pentecost. It is identified in the Old Testament as the Feast of Weeks (Ex. 34:22) and the Feast of Harvest (Ex. 23:16). Also referred to as Latter Firstfruits; Pentecost marks the end of the barley harvest and beginning of the wheat harvest. The “early firstfruits” (barley) were waved before the Lord during the Feast of Firstfruits and the “latter firstfruits” (wheat) were offered unto the Lord during the Feast of Weeks. The Hebrew name is Shavuot (pronounced sha-voo-ote) The name Pentecost is only found in the New Testament (Acts 2:1); Pentecost is a Greek word meaning fiftieth. This comes from the command to “Even unto the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall ye number fifty days” (Lev. 23:16). Pentecost is considered the closing festival of the Passover season (Ex. 34:22; Lev. 23:15; Deut. 16:9-10). Pentecost is the only festival for which no specific date is given in the Bible.

Events related to Pentecost

There are a number of related events that have occurred on Pentecost. These events relate to God’s laws and us.

First off, the Ten Commandments were given; written on stone and this was fifty days after the parting of the Red sea. Fifty days after Christ was raised “1 And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. 2 And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. 3 And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them. 4 And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost” (Acts 2:1-4). Also on those two days; when the law was written on stone 3,000 people died due to their disobedience. (Ex 32:28) but on the day when the Holy Spirit was poured out 3,000 people accepted Christ and were baptized. (Acts 2:41).

But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people.

(Jeremiah 31:33)

For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people:

(Hebrews 8:10)

This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, saith the Lord, I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them;

(Hebrews 10:16)

Forasmuch as ye are manifestly declared to be the epistle of Christ ministered by us, written not with ink, but with the Spirit of the living God; not in tables of stone, but in fleshly tables of the heart.

(2 Corinthians 3:3)

The Wave Offering

Historically, the main activity on the Feast of Pentecost was the presentation of a wave offering to the Lord, two loaves of bread with leaven.

17 Ye shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves of two tenth deals: they shall be of fine flour; they shall be baken with leaven; they are the firstfruits unto the LORD.
18 And ye shall offer with the bread seven lambs without blemish of the first year, and one young bullock, and two rams: they shall be for a burnt offering unto the LORD, with their meat offering, and their drink offerings, even an offering made by fire, of sweet savour unto the LORD. 19 Then ye shall sacrifice one kid of the goats for a sin offering, and two lambs of the first year for a sacrifice of peace offerings. 20 And the priest shall wave them with the bread of the firstfruits for a wave offering before the LORD with the two lambs: they shall be holy to the LORD for the priest. 21 And ye shall proclaim on the selfsame day, that it may be an holy convocation unto you: ye shall do no servile work therein: it shall be a statute for ever in all your dwellings throughout your generations.

(Lev. 23:17-21)

These loaves were very large. Ye shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves of two tenth deals: they shall be of fine flour; they shall be baken with leaven; they are the firstfruits unto the LORD (Lev. 23:17). An ephah is a measure of Egyptian origin and contained ten omers (an omer is about two quarts, so it would be approximately four quarts of flour). Four quarts of four cups each is about sixteen cups of fine flour. This would make the loaves approximately 12" x 21" x 3".

A New Israel

It was at the first Pentecost that the physical nation of Israel was created at Mt. Sinai and it was at Pentecost after Christ’s death that the spiritual Israel was created; the New Testament Church. The English word church is derived from kuriakos, a Greek word meaning belonging to The Lord. "Church" is commonly used to translate another original New Testament Greek word, ekklesia, which meant an assembly of called out ones. It corresponds to the congregation of the Old Testament e.g. "This is he who was in the congregation in the wilderness with the angel who spoke to him at Mount Sinai, and with our fathers" (Acts 7:38 RSV).

"Congregation," "meeting" or "assembly" are most often used to translate the original Hebrew words of the Old Testament, pronounced mo-aw-daw, ay-daw and kaw-hawl which were used primarily to describe the Israelites in a sense of a gathering of The Lord's holy people. In the Greek version of the Hebrew Old Testament, ay-daw was translated as sunagoge (from which comes the English word synagogue), and kaw-hawl was translated as ekklesia. Earlier, synagogue was a term used collectively for the Israelite people, while ekklesia was used for the church, the "called out ones."

"I want you to know, brethren, that our fathers were all under the cloud, and all passed through the sea, and all were baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea, and all ate the same supernatural food and all drank the same supernatural drink. For they drank from the supernatural Rock which followed them, and the Rock was Christ."

(1 Corinthians 10:1-4 RSV)

So as the law was changed from a physical display; written on tablets of stone, and now it is written on our hearts so too has the nature of Israel been changed. No longer is it strictly a physical nation following God’s written law but now God’s chosen are those that have the law written in their heart. Seeing this change in regards to the law; from a physical to a spiritual one it may be asked if there were any other similar changes. Recall that one of the names of this Holy Day is the Feast of Harvest and that the priests were to offer the firstfruits to the Lord[1] and this too has been changed from a physical act to a spiritual one.

The Firstfruits

"But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept. For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive. But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; afterward they that are Christ's at his coming."

(1 Corinthians 15:20-23 KJV)

And not only they, but ourselves also, which have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, to wit, the redemption of our body.

(Rom 8:23)

it is these who follow The Lamb wherever He goes; these have been redeemed from mankind as first fruits for God and The Lamb

(Revelation 14:4 RSV)


[1] Lev. 23:10,14


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