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Guru Nanak Dev, The Sikh Founder Meets Babur, The Mughal Emperor, An Eventful Episode In History
Guru Nanak Dev and Babur were contemporaries of their time. Both had a great place in history though in a different flavour. While Guru Nanak Ji founded a religion named ‘Sikhism’, Babur, a Muslim ruler from Afghanistan established the Mughal dynasty in India.
A study of the history text will reveal the characteristics of these two great men in different ways. Nanak ji was a man of peace, communal tolerance and loved all people irrespective of their religion, caste, region and status whereas Babur was just opposite. He was very rude, intolerant, greedy and a great attacker. While Guru Nanak Ji stood for fostering religious tolerance and harmony, Babur demolished many of the temples and worship places of non-Muslims. But the same Babur later became a good ruler thanks to the influence of Guru Nanak Dev. By the end of this article, you will know the story of that great transformation.
Flipping through the history books will reveal the narration of some interesting interaction between these two great men of history.
In 1521, Guru Nanak returned to India with Mardana, his Muslim friend after their missionary tour. After reaching the homeland, he wished to meet his friend Lalo and went to his city. But the scene at the city was so terrible as it had been totally destroyed by a military attack. Houses destroyed, looted, temples demolished, many mutilated bodies were lying around and women were crying. It gave much pain to Nanak.
On enquiry, he came to know that Babur was behind all these gruesome attacks. Nanak was sad and agitated over the barbarous act of Babur. He registered his protest in strong words. The Mughal soldiers came to know this and immediately arrested Guru Nanak Ji.
My Other Articles on Guru Nanak Dev Ji
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Guru Nanak Dev in Jail
After the arrest, Guru Nanak was put in a prison. The scene there too was depressing. All the prisoners had to do heavy work like grinding grains using heavy stone grinders. Even the old prisoners too were not spared from this toughest job.
Guru Nanak Ji felt extremely sad seeing the prisoners' suffering. He started singing a song describing the sufferings of these people. The song was in sad tone but beautiful as well meaningful. His voice was even sweeter. Babur heard the sad song. It touched him deeply. He ordered, 'Bring the singer to me, his voice touches my heart'.
The Historic Meet
Guru Nanak was brought before Babur from the jail. He asked Guru Nanak about what he had been singing. Nanak ji replied that he was singing to God to see the sufferings of His people.
Nanak's reply opened Babur's eye. He realized that he had hurt people and was the cause of their sufferings. He admitted his crime and asked Guru Nanak 'I have done much wrong and what can I do now to make up?'
Guru Nanak requested him to free the prisoners. He also suggested giving these poor men their land back. The divine power of Guru Nanak might have attracted Babur. He did exactly as what Guru Nanak asked.
After freeing all the war prisoners, Babur asked Guru Nanak, 'Will I ever become the Emperor of India?'
Guru Nanak Dev replied he would become the Emperor of India soon. He also gave him some advice. He asked Babur to win the hearts of the people and stop killing and exploiting them.
By now Babur had changed tremendously. He promised Guru Nanak henceforth he would look after his people well. Babur was totally impressed on Guru Nanak's holy words and he immediately released Guru Nanak from the jail.
Exactly as Guru Nanak Dev predicted, Babur did become the Emperor of India after some time. The Mughal ruling started in India under the rulership of Babur.
© 2014 Sunil Kumar Kunnoth