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Guru Nanak Dev, The Sikh Founder Meets Babur, The Mughal Emperor, An Eventful Episode In History

Updated on September 10, 2017

Guru Nanak Dev and Babur were contemporaries of their time. Both had a great place in history though in a different flavour. While Guru Nanak Ji founded a religion named ‘Sikhism’, Babur, a Muslim ruler from Afghanistan established the Mughal dynasty in India.

A study of the history text will reveal the characteristics of these two great men in different ways. Nanak ji was a man of peace, communal tolerance and loved all people irrespective of their religion, caste, region and status whereas Babur was just opposite. He was very rude, intolerant, greedy and a great attacker. While Guru Nanak Ji stood for fostering religious tolerance and harmony, Babur demolished many of the temples and worship places of non-Muslims. But the same Babur later became a good ruler thanks to the influence of Guru Nanak Dev. By the end of this article, you will know the story of that great transformation.

Flipping through the history books will reveal the narration of some interesting interaction between these two great men of history.

In 1521, Guru Nanak returned to India with Mardana, his Muslim friend after their missionary tour. After reaching the homeland, he wished to meet his friend Lalo and went to his city. But the scene at the city was so terrible as it had been totally destroyed by a military attack. Houses destroyed, looted, temples demolished, many mutilated bodies were lying around and women were crying. It gave much pain to Nanak.

On enquiry, he came to know that Babur was behind all these gruesome attacks. Nanak was sad and agitated over the barbarous act of Babur. He registered his protest in strong words. The Mughal soldiers came to know this and immediately arrested Guru Nanak Ji.

A Video on Golden Temple, The Sikh's Most Sacred Shrine

Guru Nanak Dev in Jail

After the arrest, Guru Nanak was put in a prison. The scene there too was depressing. All the prisoners had to do heavy work like grinding grains using heavy stone grinders. Even the old prisoners too were not spared from this toughest job.

Guru Nanak Ji felt extremely sad seeing the prisoners' suffering. He started singing a song describing the sufferings of these people. The song was in sad tone but beautiful as well meaningful. His voice was even sweeter. Babur heard the sad song. It touched him deeply. He ordered, 'Bring the singer to me, his voice touches my heart'.

The Historic Meet

Guru Nanak was brought before Babur from the jail. He asked Guru Nanak about what he had been singing. Nanak ji replied that he was singing to God to see the sufferings of His people.

Nanak's reply opened Babur's eye. He realized that he had hurt people and was the cause of their sufferings. He admitted his crime and asked Guru Nanak 'I have done much wrong and what can I do now to make up?'

Guru Nanak requested him to free the prisoners. He also suggested giving these poor men their land back. The divine power of Guru Nanak might have attracted Babur. He did exactly as what Guru Nanak asked.

After freeing all the war prisoners, Babur asked Guru Nanak, 'Will I ever become the Emperor of India?'

Guru Nanak Dev replied he would become the Emperor of India soon. He also gave him some advice. He asked Babur to win the hearts of the people and stop killing and exploiting them.

By now Babur had changed tremendously. He promised Guru Nanak henceforth he would look after his people well. Babur was totally impressed on Guru Nanak's holy words and he immediately released Guru Nanak from the jail.

Exactly as Guru Nanak Dev predicted, Babur did become the Emperor of India after some time. The Mughal ruling started in India under the rulership of Babur.

© 2014 Sunil Kumar Kunnoth


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    • manatita44 profile image

      manatita44 3 years ago from london

      So sweet,

      And about a supremely enchanting Soul!

    • profile image

      Nazeer 3 years ago

      Glad to be here in this great event.. Congratulation for your achievement of century in these excellent articles .. I am sure this is only a beginning. For you, sky is the only limit.. Go ahead my friend. I am here watching your fantastic performance...

    • sunilkunnoth2012 profile image

      Sunil Kumar Kunnoth 3 years ago from Calicut (Kozhikode, South India)


      Joyfully noted your comments. Thanks for your kind words and wishes.

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      Devika Primić 3 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      A very interesting insight to the different culture your achievements have been greatly accomplished best of luck to more hubs the 100th is your first milestone keep going.

    • sunilkunnoth2012 profile image

      Sunil Kumar Kunnoth 3 years ago from Calicut (Kozhikode, South India)

      Thank you for your visit and insightful comments on the topic. I am glad that it gave you a nice read. I also thank you for your compliments on my achieving a milestone of 100 hubs. Love to hear more from you.

    • sunilkunnoth2012 profile image

      Sunil Kumar Kunnoth 3 years ago from Calicut (Kozhikode, South India)


      Thank you for your compliments. I hope you too achieve some higher goals here soon. All the best.

    • Harishprasad profile image

      Harish Mamgain 3 years ago from India, New Delhi

      Sunil, so beautiful description of such an exalted soul as Guru Nanak Devji ! Babar was a lesser mortal and how could he have escaped the holy aura of such a great man of India. History abounds in so many instances where men of great wisdom in India influenced the oppressors to a great extent. Alexander attacked India and got King Porus defeated and arrested him. Alexander asked him" what kind of treatment should be meted out to you "? To this, King Porus replied " As a King does with the other king "? Alexander was so impressed with the reply that he freed King Porus and returned his kingdom too. These kinds of sagas are real gems in the Indian History and we all are proud of the accomplished wisdom of those great personalities. Loved reading this fantastic and well-written hub. Thank you. :-)

    • akhildev143 profile image

      Akhil Dev 3 years ago from India

      Congrats on your 100th Hub. Keep Going. God Bless