He is Wisdom's Cry
A Brief Account
There were three men who had a hand in writing the book of Proverbs:
- King Solomon--Of course, everyone should know by now that Solomon was the son of King David and Bathsheba (2 Samuel 12:24). King Solomon wrote all but two chapters of the book of Proverbs.
- Chapter 30 of Proverbs was written by a man named Agur. Agur was the son of Jakeh of Massa. Agur seemed to put within Proverbs, chapter 30, confessions of thoughts or actions that mankind can be guilty of, along with things that might hold thought provoking tidbits of wisdom. There are some suggestions that the name Agur is a symbolic name given for King Solomon.
- King Lemuel wrote Proverbs 31. It is thought, by some, that this is a pseudonym (for lack of a better word) for the name of King Solomon, as Lemoel was another symbolic name for Solomon. King Solomon, as most people know, had 700 wives and 300 concubines, and his mother was Bathsheba; which, if King Lemuel is indeed a reference to King Solomon, himself, then the second part of Proverbs 31 could be attributed to the authorship of Bathsheba herself, as King Solomon would have trusted any given advice from his mother.
**The words in italics for numbers 2 and 3, above, are only sources of conjecture and not proven evidence.**
The book of Proverbs was originally written for the children of Israel; but, for all believers, the truths and wisdoms given are essential for practical every day living. The reasoning behind reading and studying the book of Proverbs are given within the first six verses of Proverbs:
- For attaining wisdom and discipline...verse 2.
- For understanding words of insight...verse 2.
- For acquiring a disciplined and prudent [careful; sensible] life...verse 3.
- For doing what is right and just and fair...verse 3.
- For giving prudence [discretion in practical affairs] to the simple...verse 4.
- For knowledge and discretion for the young...verse 4.
- For the wise to listen and add to their learning...verse 5.
- For the discerning [having keen insight and good judgment] to gain guidance...verse 5.
- For the understanding of proverbs and parables...verse 6.
- For the understanding of sayings and riddles that the wise speak...verse 6.
As a whole, the ministry principle in the book of Proverbs is simplistic in nature; but, wisdom, understanding and knowledge are needed to know how to fully put into practice the ministry of the wisdom, understanding and knowledge given in the book of Proverbs. This principle states that a vertical wisdom (wisdom principles given to man from God) is an ultimate necessity for horizontal living (knowing how to govern and hold ourselves in society as a whole).
Some Specific Groupings
There are a number of groups of people, thoughts or feelings that are tied to one another within the pages of the book of Proverbs.
A.) Seven things that God hates...Proverbs 6:16-19. Proverbs 6:16 says, "There are six things the Lord hates, seven that are detestable to him:"
- haughty [prideful] eyes...verse 17
- a lying tongue...verse 17
- hands that shed innocent blood...verse 17
- a heart that devises wicked schemes...verse 18
- feet that are quick to rush into evil...verse 18
- a false witness who pour out lies...verse 19
- a man who stirs up dissension [discord] among brothers...verse 19
B.) Four things which are never satisfied...Proverbs 30:15-16. Proverbs 30:15b says, "There are three things that are never satisfied, four that never say, 'Enough!'":
- the grave [in Hebrew, this word is Sheol]...verse 16
- the barren womb...verse 16
- land, which is never satisfied with water...verse 16
- fire, which never says "Enough!"...verse 16
C.) Four things which the earth finds unbearable...Proverbs 30:21-23. Proverbs 30:21 says, "Under three things the earth trembles, under four it cannot bear up.":
- a servant who becomes king...verse 22-Men of lower society who gain authority and/or control in some way or other and then become tyrants.
- a fool who is full of food...verse 22-Men who indulge in excesses (food, alcohol, etc.).
- an unloved woman who is married...verse 23-A woman who is contentious [combative] and has vicious [uncivilized] habits.
- a maidservant who displace her mistress...verse 23-A woman who gains undue influence or usurps her mistress, or even replaces her mistress as the woman of the house.
1 Corinthians 1:25
Four Different Fools
The purpose of gaining wisdom is to be able to leave foolishness behind. Psalms 14:1 says, "The fool says in his heart, 'There is no God.' They are corrupt, their deeds are vile; there is no one who does good."
One of the purposes of reading and studying the book of Proverbs is to gain wisdom, thereby understanding those things that God would have you to understand. Proverbs 1:2 says, "for attaining wisdom and discipline; for understanding words of inside."
What kinds of fools are uncovered in the book of Proverbs?
- There is the simple fool. These are people who lack moral direction or character and are inclined to do evil; either because they don't know any better or they are in direct rebellion of the rules, be they God's rules, man's rules or their parents rules. Proverbs 1:4, Proverbs 1:22, Proverbs 7:7 and Proverbs 21:11
- There is the hardened fool. These are people who are morally deficient and have no plans for repentance or change. Proverbs 1:7, Proverbs 10:23, Proverbs 12:23, Proverbs 17:10, Proverbs 20:3, Proverbs 27:22
- There is the arrogant fool. These are people who mock, or treat with contempt, those who accomplishing their goals. Underneath their arrogance and pride are people who are insecure with their own dreams and desires. Proverbs 3:34, Proverbs 21:24, Proverbs 22:10, Proverbs 29:8
- There is the brutish fool. These are people who lack common sense, the ones who need direct supervision in all they do. Proverbs 17:21, Proverbs 26:3, Proverbs 30:22
Ecclesiastes is the next book of the Bible to read and study. This book's title, Ecclesiastes, means Preacher, and is thought to have been written by King Solomon; although, recent notations have been made that this book is more about King Solomon rather than written by King Solomon. The author's purpose to show that there is a need to recognize all things in a spiritual manner and not only in the materialistic ways of the world, that there is a time and season for all things...Jesus, our Lord and Savior is the Time and Season.