- Religion and Philosophy»
Hinduism- A fascinating religion
Although the Hindu religion lacks a uniting belief system there are certain aspects that make up Hinduism. First, the religion is based on scriptures as well as the belief that meditation brings you closer to a personal experience of the truth. Second, Hinduism is based on the belief of Karma and that all bad things are a direct consequence of past unethical behavior. Finally, Hinduism is based on the belief that the main reason for suffering is people’s lack of self awareness.
Some practices are a part of most people who practice Hinduism everyday life such as “rituals, castes and social duties, life stages, home puja, homage to the guru, fasting, prayer, auspicious designs, and reverence paid to trees and rivers, pilgrimages, and religious festivals”(fisher,2009).Yoga is a major part of the Hindu religion there are four different types of Yoga: Raja yoga, (the path of mental concentration) this form of yoga uses breathing and the chakras,Jnana yoga (The path of rational inquiry), Karma yoga (is giving selflessly), and Bhakti yoga (devotion to a personal deity). One of the Goddesses that the people who practice Hinduism worship is Saktas, she is worshiped by an estimate 50 million people who practice Hinduism (Fisher, 2005).
According to (Hinduism today, 2009) there are fourteen nerve centers in the human body in Sanskrit these nerve centers are known as chakras. These are believed to be spinning balls of energy that are part of the power of one’s mind. Through prayer and meditation it is believed one can use Chakras to strengthen the mind and achieve a higher state of consciences.
According to (Hinduism, 2009), the belief structure of Hinduism started about 45,000 years ago in the Indus Valley civilization. About 3,000 years later the Aryans invaded India and The Hindu legends as they were combined with the Aryans rituals and religions, this is where the current Hindu belief system originates. According to (n.d. Aryan) The Aryan people were a group of light skinned people who invaded and conquered ancient India in the mid-19ththrough the mid -20th century. The Aryan invaders “literature, religion, and modes of social organization subsequently shaped the course of Indian culture, particularly the Vedic religionthat informed and was eventually superseded by Hinduism.” Some Hindu scholars do not agree that the Aryan invasion has anything to do with the formation of Hinduism they believe that it was locally born and never changed by foreigners. (N.d. Aryan).
The reason why Hindu people desire liberation from earthly existence is because they understand suffering and they would like to put an end to it. They are looking to discover themselves and while doing so they believe that they will find eternal bliss. Hinduism is structured on self discovery, meditation, and spirituality. All aspects of this religion point to the underlying desire to find peace and happiness. The Hindu religion is based on the belief that good deeds will bring karma and when one is transcended into the next life they are transcended into a better life. However, the ultimate goal is not to keep moving forward with a better life each time it is to” escape from samsara is to achieve moksha, or liberation from the limitations of space, time, and matter through realization of the immortal Absolute” (Fisher, 2005). Many cycles of birth and rebirth with a higher status are required to achieve this.
In conclusion, The Hindu religion is a fascinating religion, full of spirituality and self awareness. The religion has most likely become the religion it is today due to the Invasion of the Aryan people, although this has been disputed. This religion consists of Yoga, chakras and a devotion to personal deities. Hinduism is built on the belief of reincarnation and karma if one does right by other people they will be able to come back as something better in their next life. Their ultimate goal is to break the chain of reincarnation and experience liberation from earthly existence.