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Hinduism - The Size & Distribution of the Hindu Religion

Updated on November 1, 2015
The Most Powerful Word in the World is "Ohm" according to the Hindu belief.
The Most Powerful Word in the World is "Ohm" according to the Hindu belief. | Source

Hinduism is the oldest religion in the world. What is its most specialty of the religion is that it has no point of origin. The other religions can claim their point of origin, usually being the date of the related Founder's birth or First Revelations.

The subject 'Hinduism' is so vast and beyond the scope of including it in one or two Hubs or articles. Because of its greatness and grand heritage, we can write to any extent about the religion, its features, Gods, and rituals.


For your information, I had already covered some of the grand festivals being celebrated by the Hindu communities. I had published 3 hubs on Diwali, Holi and Maha Shivaratri. By clicking on the respective highlighted text, you can read the stories and features related to those festivals. I promise I will brief you more on the topic in the near future with wonderful pictures and photos. Our topic of discussion for the time being is 'The Size and Distribution of Hindu Religion'. So let's go straight to the point.


The data I produce here is extracted from the report published by 'Pew Research Center' (PRC) titled "The Global Religious Landscape". They had done a very detailed and commendable research on the size and distribution of the world's major religious groups. Their work is very scientific too. I have so far published a few hubs on the size and distribution of the Jews and Buddhists based on the above study by PRC. My Hubs titled 'The Global Religious Census-2010' and 'The Religious Diversity of Asia' would help the readers to learn about religions and their strength in more depth. If you are passionate on following the topic, I advise you to read the hub 'India's Religious Diversity' also.


The peculiar features of the size and distribution of Hinduism are summarized below:


  • The world population of Hindus are about 1 Billion (100 crores)
  • It represents 15% of the global population
  • More than 99% of Hindus are in the Asia-Pacific region.
  • Less than 1% Hindus reside outside Asia-Pacific region.
  • Though 99% Hindus live in the Asia-Pacific region, it is only 25% of the total population live in the region.
  • 75% of the total population of Asia-Pacific region are non-Hindus.
  • In the region of North America, Europe, Middle East-North Africa, Latin America-Caribbean and Sub-Saharan Africa, Hindus make up less than 1% of the general population.
  • 94% of Hindus live in India.
  • The Hindu population of India is nearly 1 Billion (973,750,000 to be precise and we Indians read it as Ninety Seven Crores Thirty Seven Lakhs and Fifty Thousand).
  • The biggest population of Hindus outside India are in Nepal (2% of all Hindus) and Bangladesh (1%).
  • The combined population of Hindus in Nepal, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Pakistan & Sri Lanka will come about 47,900,000 (Indians will read it 4 Crores and 79 Lakhs).
  • Southern Asia (consisting of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan (Myanmar), India, Iran, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan & Sri Lanka) is accommodating about 99% of the world's Hindu population.
  • Overall, an estimated 60% of South Asia's total population is Hindus.
  • In three countries, Hindus form a majority: Nepal (81%), India (80%) and Mauritius (56%).
  • The countries with the largest percentage of Hindus are Nepal (81%). (India: 80%).
  • 97% of all Hindus live in three countries: India, Nepal and Mauritius.



Word Hindu Population (Region-wise)

(click column header to sort results)
Region  
Estimated 2010 Hindu Population  
Estimated 2010 Total Population  
% of Population, that is Hindu  
Asia-Pacific
1,025,470,000
4,054,990,000
25.3%
North America
2,250,000
344,530,000
0.7
Middle East-North Africa
1,720,000
341,020,000
0.5
Sub-Saharan Africa
1,670,000
822,720,000
0.2
Europe
1,290,000
742,550,000
0.2
Latin America-Caribbean
660,000
590,080,000
0.1
World Total
1,033,070,000
6,895,890,000
15.0

How are Hindus lying scattered around the world? Is there a country wise data? Sure, it is here. Please see the following Table, which gives an exact answer to these questions.


10 Countries With The Largest Number of Hindus

(click column header to sort results)
Country  
Estimated 2010 Hindu Population  
% of Population that is Hindu  
% of World Hindu Population  
INDIA
973,750,000
79.5%
94.3
NEPAL
24,170,000
80.7
2.3
BANGLADESH
13,520,000
9.1
1.3
INDONESIA
4,050,000
1.7
0.4
PAKISTAN
3,330,000
1.9
0.3
SRI LANKA
2,830,000
13.6
0.3
UNITED STATES
1,790,000
0.6
0.2
MALAYSIA
1,720,000
6.0
0.2
BURMA (MYANMAR)
820,000
1.7
0.1
UNITED KINGDOM
800,000
1.3
0.1
Sub Total for the 10 Countries
1,026,780,000
44.9
99.4
Sub total for Rest of the World
6,290,000
0.1
0.6
World Total
1,033,070,000
15.0
100.00
The World's Tallest Shiva-Shakti Statue, South Africa (Also called Ardha Nareeswara, half part of male and half part of  female)
The World's Tallest Shiva-Shakti Statue, South Africa (Also called Ardha Nareeswara, half part of male and half part of female) | Source

To make our study complete, let's also try to find where the concentration of Hindus top outside the Asia continent.


Hindus outside Asia (large concentration)


  1. Fiji 34%
  2. Guyana 35%
  3. Mauritius 56%
  4. Seychelles 2.1%
  5. Jamaica (25,000 nos.)
  6. Suriname 27.4%
  7. Trinidad & Tobago 22.5%
  8. United Kingdom 01%
  9. South Africa



Check your knowledge on Hinduism by attending the Quiz given below:


view quiz statistics

Hope you tested your knowledge and feel proud of the result. Good. I pat on your shoulder if you have scored 100%. In case your score is 60% or below, please read the article one or two more times. I hope you will achieve ten out of ten. To learn and feel more about Hinduism, you need to land on the Indian soil. We, Indians lovingly welcome all of you to our soil to study and understand an old religion in the world called "Hinduism". Pack your bag and explore more.


I also invite the attention of the readers to two other hubs I wrote a few months back which can neatly be placed in the basket of "Hinduism". To read the same, you just need to click on the title (boxed columns) shown on the right side of this article. The one is on a visit to a famous Hindu temple (Mookambika) in Karnataka and the other one is about a Mantra, which enhances your wealth and prosperity provided you chant it every day with devotion. So please read both the articles I put on the right side and benefit yourself. Let the God grace all of you!

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    • sunilkunnoth2012 profile image
      Author

      Sunil Kumar Kunnoth 8 months ago from Calicut (Kozhikode, South India)

      Hinduism never encourage conversion. It is a religion of tolerance and respect all other religions.

    • sunilkunnoth2012 profile image
      Author

      Sunil Kumar Kunnoth 13 months ago from Calicut (Kozhikode, South India)

      Hinduism stands for tolerance and peace for all.

    • profile image

      Rohandaniel 14 months ago

      Ya...hinduism dou da 3rd largest religious grup it is more or concentrated in asia....Hs dre been conversion practices in Hindu culture lyk da christians...& da sense of unity among da old hindu kingdoms ...hinduism wud hv been da largest religion 2dy...wher I hope it wud hv stop da growth of Islam in Asia...So itz knwn as da religion of ignorance & arrogance...

    • sunilkunnoth2012 profile image
      Author

      Sunil Kumar Kunnoth 21 months ago from Calicut (Kozhikode, South India)

      Thank you brother for your visit and comments. I will write more on the topic in the near future.

    • profile image

      Krishnaprasad 21 months ago

      Thankyou sir for giving me the information related to our hinduism.I want to know more about spread of hinduism in outside asia and india also

    • profile image

      pavan 2 years ago

      Want To Knw How Hindusim Growing outside india..

      wat are steps taken by hindu organisations to expand hindusim. and want to knw why hindusin has nt grown in europe..

    • profile image

      pradeep shukla(b.ed) 2 years ago

      hsanatan dharma sabse purana dharma hai manav ka kalyan isi dharma mein ho sakta hai

    • profile image

      janak prajapati 2 years ago

      This is good statistics from this every hindu can know that how much hindu are live outside india.

      Jai shree ram

      Jai mata di

    • sunilkunnoth2012 profile image
      Author

      Sunil Kumar Kunnoth 2 years ago from Calicut (Kozhikode, South India)

      We love and worship all religions and that is the unique feature of Hinduism. We have special regards or respect towards Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism as these faiths came out of Hinduism. We do visit the worship places of these religious followers. Had our religion not been divided, it would have reached and spread across Asia as Buddhism penetrated there. Your comments are commendable and I appreciate and welcome wholeheartedly.

    • profile image

      BharatK 2 years ago

      Is not Buddhism part of Sanatan Hindu Dharma? Is there anything called Buddhism without Sanatan Hindu Dharma? Further, we all Hindus also worship Buddha (9th avatar of Vishnu). Does that not make us all Hindus also followers of Buddha? We should club all Bharat/Inidc dharma (Hindu, Buddha, Jain, Sikh) together under Greater Dharmic religion. And you will see Dharmic religion is the worlds largest religion.

    • sunilkunnoth2012 profile image
      Author

      Sunil Kumar Kunnoth 2 years ago from Calicut (Kozhikode, South India)

      Interesting observation.

    • profile image

      Sandy 2 years ago

      Christians are clever and learned.

      Muslims are rude and love to fight

      Hindus are fun loving and free bird

    • profile image

      patel 3 years ago

      Jab dunia k log hinduism ko samjge tab puri dunia me santi aur cain aaiga 1 din jarur hindu dharma duniako rah dikhaega aur ram rajya aega

    • sunilkunnoth2012 profile image
      Author

      Sunil Kumar Kunnoth 3 years ago from Calicut (Kozhikode, South India)

      Hindus never go for conversion. They never advocated forceful conversion and never indulged in violence. Naturally, millions of Hindus were subjected to lot of atrocities and were forced to convert their religion. Sri Lanka, Korea, Thaiwan, Singapore, Malaysia, Pakistan, Bhutan, Vietnam, Campodia and a lot of other countries too where Buddhism is the prominent religion. But as you known Buddhism was formed by Budha splitting the Hindu religion. Sikhism, Jainism, all were came out of Hinduism and all these Hindus later shifted their loyalty to these new religions and their successors naturally became non Hindus.

    • profile image

      deepak 3 years ago

      hindu is the oldest realion in the world but % of hindu is less than other realion why so sir

    • profile image

      3 years ago

      at global level hindus should remain united. world wide all hindus should earmark a percentage of their monthly budget for upliftment of fellow hindus.

    • sunilkunnoth2012 profile image
      Author

      Sunil Kumar Kunnoth 3 years ago from Calicut (Kozhikode, South India)

      amarpk

      Your question is right Bali has great mention about Hinduism. I will update it soon. Thank you for bringing this fact to my notice.

    • profile image

      amarpk 3 years ago

      what about the bali hinduism

    • profile image

      amna 3 years ago

      India is the world's second largest country with highest population. And according to a research made by www.thecountriesof.com India has more than 973,750,000 population.

    • sunilkunnoth2012 profile image
      Author

      Sunil Kumar Kunnoth 3 years ago from Calicut (Kozhikode, South India)

      jainismus

      Thank you for the comments you made on my hub. Thanks also for the visit and sharing.

    • jainismus profile image

      Mahaveer Sanglikar 3 years ago from Pune, India

      Well written article on Hinduism. Shared with followers.

    • profile image

      vishal 3 years ago

      but sir it is really hindu population in india 100 core . but indian govt did not mentioned 2011 census

    • sunilkunnoth2012 profile image
      Author

      Sunil Kumar Kunnoth 3 years ago from Calicut (Kozhikode, South India)

      It is there clearly mentioned in the article. Hope you will find it Vishal. thanks for your visit and comments

    • profile image

      vishal 3 years ago

      my self vishal what is a actul figure of hindu population of india ple inform this

    • profile image

      vishal 3 years ago

      my self this is actul figure hindu population ple inform this

    • sunilkunnoth2012 profile image
      Author

      Sunil Kumar Kunnoth 3 years ago from Calicut (Kozhikode, South India)

      Mrinal Debnath

      You are most welcome.

    • profile image

      Mrinal Debnath 3 years ago

      Mrinal debnath 2013,Dhaka , Bangladesh

      Thanks a lot for giving us such a most wanted statistics.

    • sunilkunnoth2012 profile image
      Author

      Sunil Kumar Kunnoth 4 years ago from Calicut (Kozhikode, South India)

      Thank you Soumya for stopping by and leaving nice comments.

    • profile image

      soumyasrajan 4 years ago from Mumbai India and often in USA

      very interesting collection statistics sunil. I enjoyed reading these details very much.

    • sunilkunnoth2012 profile image
      Author

      Sunil Kumar Kunnoth 4 years ago from Calicut (Kozhikode, South India)

      Hi DDE

      Thanks for your visit and comments.

    • DDE profile image

      Devika Primić 4 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      An interesting hub on Hinduism, so I am one of those from South Africa glad you wrote about Hindusim

    • sunilkunnoth2012 profile image
      Author

      Sunil Kumar Kunnoth 4 years ago from Calicut (Kozhikode, South India)

      Hi Torrilynn

      Thanks for your visit and comments. Please keep on following other hubs as well for updating your knowledge on India, Hinduism, etc.

    • torrilynn profile image

      torrilynn 4 years ago

      very detailed account of Hinduism and the amount of people that

      are involved within the religion. thanks for sharing these facts with

      myself and others. Voted up.

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