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How Churches can Support People with Mental Illness

Updated on December 15, 2017
Carola Finch profile image

Carola is a Christian writer and author of several books. She writes about Christian living, the Bible, relationships, and other topics.

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When people are struggle with mental health issues, they often turn to the church for help. The question is, is the church ready to embrace and support them? Mental illness is a complex that scientists do not fully understand. There are genetic factors, trauma, environmental influences, and chemical imbalances in the brain.

Mentally ill people are often plagued by intrusive thoughts that cannot be shut off and symptoms they cannot control. Unfortunately, there is still a huge stigma against mental disorders that drives people to hide their condition and not seek help.

Myths about Christians with mental illness

  • They are demon-influenced or possessed
  • Mental illness is not common
  • They are spiritually weak
  • They lack faith in God
  • They do not pray or study the Bible enough
  • They have not repented of their sins
  • Taking medication is evidence of a lack of faith
  • They can stop feeling that way if they just tried hard enough
  • They should not seek psychiatric help because psychiatry is ineffective or pushes drug use
  • people with mental illness should be feared because they may do us physical harm

Attitudes towards mental illness, past and present

In the past, Christians never talked about mental illnesses such as depression. There has been a lot of misunderstanding and confusion about mental illness in the church. Some have felt that mental illness was caused by demonic activity. Others think that people are mentally ill are spiritually weak, in sin, or are lacking in faith.

Mentally ill people felt like they are the only ones who are suffering, and feel shamed and embarrassed. They went into hiding. Some Christians also felt that psychiatrists were a tool of darkness. Some people tend to blame mentally ill people for their illness and tell them to “get over it, or “get a grip on yourself.”

When mentally ill people take medication, some Christians may accuse them of lacking faith in God’s healing and not praying enough. Some even think that doctors prescribe medications to make the pharmaceutical companies rich rather than trying to make their patients well.

Satan and mental illness

There are instances of demon possession that are well documented in the Bible. A mental illness does not mean that a person is demon possessed. People who are mentally ill are more vulnerable, however to satanic messages when they are not able to control their thought processes.

The church has come a long way in understanding mental illness, especially since the suicide of Matthew Warren, the youngest son of renowned pastor and author, Rick Warren. Churches are holding seminars regarding mental illness and some are even running support groups. A lot more education about mental health disorders is needed, however, for churches as a whole to become welcoming places for people with mental illness.

Recognizing the realities of mental illness

Many people think that mental illness is not common, but in reality, up to one in four people will have a mental illness in their lifetime. People may not even recognize their symptoms as signs of a mental health disorder and turn to the church for help. The church needs to know how to respond by giving them support without judgment.

Sometimes people with mental illness are hard to deal with. They may wear strange clothes and seem to have weird tastes. They may say the wrong thing or act inappropriately such as shoplifting on impulse. Some with serious mental illness may be suspicious of others and accuse them of trying to harm them in some way. Others may be verbally abusive to the people who love them the most. They need to be treated with understanding and patience by the church instead of being avoided or scorned..

The place to start is for Christians, particularly those in leadership, to learn more about various mental health issues. Youth pastors especially should be able to recognize the symptoms of mental illness in teens such as a loss of interest in things that they used to enjoy, hopelessness, isolation, feeling God has abandoned them, and prolonged depression. Early intervention and treatment could save teens from many years of suffering.

Denial

Unfortunately, many people are in denial about their mental health issues. For example, pastors who have mental breakdowns may refer to themselves as being “burnt out.” This label may minimize the problem and keep people from seeking the medical help that they need.

Christians who see symptoms of mental illness in someone may want to jump in and tell the mentally ill what they see. The problem is that people may not be ready to accept their condition. Until the mentally ill come to terms with their condition, they will refuse to seek medical help and will try to hide their symptoms. Sometimes all that Christians can do is to make a suggestion, if appropriate, and pray for these people until they are ready to face their condition.

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The use of medications

Christians should be able to choose to take medication for their mental health issues without being judged. Christians wear glasses to correct their vision, and hearing aids to correct their hearing, so mentally ill people should be able to take medications without being criticized, shamed, or judged.

What churches can do

Overcome stigma: We need to educate ourselves by learning about mental illness and the resources that are available. There are many myths about mental illness such as that people with mental illness are violent. Research has proven time and again that most mentally ill people are not violent, and are actually more likely to be the victims of violence than perpetrators. Unfortunately, many mentally people are feared, judged, shamed, or rejected by others.

Accept them: People with mental illness need our compassion and acceptance. They may struggle with guilt and shame over their condition and fear rejection. Acknowledge that you have troubles too when appropriate.

Encourage them: A kind word from us can comfort an anxious, heavy heart (Proverbs 12:25). The right word at the right time are sweet and healing (Proverbs 15:23, Proverbs 16:24). There is always hope for a better life and healing. God is all about transforming us into a new creation.

The families of people with mental illness also need encouragement and at times, a listening ear. We should also encourage and support the families of people with mental illnesses, who are also affected by stigma. Mental illness can cause incredible stress, fear, and grief in family members.

Acknowledge people who struggle with mental illness at church: Churches should talk about mental illness from time to time.

Provide training for ministry leaders about mental illness: Check the resources below for more information. Once they are trained, they will be able to direct those who need it to specialized services in the community. Leaders should also build relationships with organizations and professionals who provide mental health services.. They may see a need to set up support groups or ministries serving the mentally ill.

Pray for them: A person who is depressed may not be praying for themselves. We can encourage them by letting them know that we are praying for them.

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Resources

Doctor Grant Mullen, a Canadian medical doctor who treats patients with mental illness, offers many resources on mental illness such as books, CDs, and services to churches such as coaching and workshops on his website.

Focus on the Family and Saddleback Church hacw a Mental Health and the Church video series on YouTube.

Other non-Christian groups offer information and support such as:

National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI)
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Center for Parent Information and Resources - information on children with disabilities

These national sites also offer information on local organizations.

References:

The Holy Bible, New International Version
Moods Seminar by Dr. Grant Mullen, May 2, 2015
Mental Illness: What is the Church’s Role? Amy Simpson
Christians Can't Ignore the Uncomfortable Reality of Mental Illness, Christianity Today
How Do You Deal With Mental Illness in Church Members? Kim Martinez, Ministry Today Magazine
Can Churches Separate Mental Illness and Shame? Christine A. Scheller


© 2015 Carola Finch

Comments

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  • FlourishAnyway profile image

    FlourishAnyway 3 years ago from USA

    One would hope that a person with a mental illness would receive welcome hearts in a church of all places, although my aunt has experienced pettiness, gossip, and exclusion. Everyone needs acceptance on some level, and if they are presenting themselves at the church door for forgiveness and acceptance and are willing to participate, one would hope churchgoers would find a way to be inclusive.

  • Minnetonka Twin profile image

    Linda Rogers 3 years ago from Minnesota

    Excellent article on churches and mental illness. As someone in the mental health field, I can tell you that mental illness hits most of us at some time in our life and is not something to fear or judge. The church should be one of the most accepting places of all God's children; whether healthy, unhealthy, sad, happy, mentally ill or not. I think your so right that training for those in church ministery is vital for all involved.

  • Faith Reaper profile image

    Faith Reaper 3 years ago from southern USA

    Important hub! Your hub should be read by all churches, as churches should be a safe haven for all, including those who suffer with mental illness, to feel welcomed. If we are to be Christlike, then we should have compassion, show mercy, pray for others and genuinely care about what is going on in their lives.

    Excellent work here! Up +++ tweeting, pinning, G+ and sharing

    God bless you

  • Carola Finch profile image
    Author

    Carola Finch 3 years ago from Ontario, Canada

    Thanks for your comments. As someone who struggled with depression early in life and currently has a loved one and friends with serious mental illnesses, I am aware of the severe stigma out there against people with mental illness, no matter what terminology we use.

    I have never heard objections to the term "mentally ill" in the years I have been reading and writing about mental illness (I am in Canada, if that makes a difference). I am glad that you recognize that I intended to use the terms for identifying purposes only and not as a negative label.

    I appreciate your kind comments and wish you all the best in your journey.

  • lambservant profile image

    Lori Colbo 3 years ago from Pacific Northwest

    This is an extremely important issue which I am very affected by and have advocated about! The videos are excellent! You presented the problem quite fairly and accurately and offered viewpoints, information, and suggestions on how to do support and help rather than shame and discourage.

    There is one thing I strongly take issue with in your article however, and that is your continuous use of the term" mentally ill people." It may seem appropriate, and some might say I'm focusing on trivial semantics and hair splitting, but really, one or two word changes or word orders can totally change a meaning or dynamic! Refering to people who struggle with a mental illness as mentally ill people labels and defines them in everyway by their illness! As one who has a mental illness, being referred to as a mentally ill person makes me feel that my essence is being identified and defined bein "ill". It separates me, and my fellows, from" normal." It identifies me as essentially different in a negative way! I can see that wasn't your intention! I think because your article is on the topic of mental illness it's understandable how that happens, and to be honest, I know it is something I, and most people, tend to do! But being identified this way has caused me to be mindful of my perceptions of people with struggles and challenges, and how I identify them in my speech or writing! It is hard to nor do it even if trying to advocate!

    Please know I think you did an excellent job here! I was thrilled to see someone bringing this to light with such compassion and showing that at the end of the day it is just common sense! I have son who says "commonsense isn't so common!" Job well done!!!

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