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Human rights in Islam? What you don't but should know about Islam.
I love Islam.
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST MERCIFUL AND GRACIOUS.
Allah is the absolute and sole master of men and the universe. He is the Sustainer, the Merciful, the Sovereign Lord. He has given each person dignity and honor. And since He breathed into man of His own Spirit, it would be that each man is the same, there is no distinction among them, through Allah each man's attributes are equal, there is no difference in humans based on accidental differences such as sex, color, nationality, or race. Every human is thereby related through Allah, they all become one brotherhood in the worship of the most High Lord, Allah.
An Islamic state could be set up in any part of the world, Islam would not restrict its human rights or privileges to just the boundaries of the Islamic state. Islam has universal rights for humanity as a whole and should be applied to any human no matter what their geographical location.These laws should apply in all circumstances and wither a country is at peace or war.
The Nobel Qur'an clearly says: "O believers, be you securers of justice, witnesses for God. Let no detestation for a people move you not to be equitable; be equitable- that is nearer to the God-fearing."(5:8)
Human blood is sacred and should not be spilled with out justification. If any person would violate this sanctity with no justification, the Qu'ran says it is the same as killing all mankind. In other words if you kill one human Allah will punish you the same as if you killed every human on the planet.
"Whoso slays a soul not to retaliate for a soul slain, nor for corruption done in the land, should be as if he had slain mankind altogether." (5:32)
In Islam it is not acceptable to oppress women, and children, the old, the sick and the wounded. A woman's honor and chastity should be respected under all circumstances. The poor should be feed, the cold clothed, the sick healed. What ever the problem, if you are in a position to help you should.
When human rights are spoken of in Islam, we mean that these rights come from Allah not man. Any law of man that violates this, can be withdrawn by the people and reinstated to the laws of Allah and Islam. Although some dictators who claim to be Muslims would violate the laws of Islam to deceive the world. But since human rights come from God, no man has the authority to revoke them, and those that would are not Muslims and will be punished in the hereafter. These are not philosophical ideas but law from Allah himself put on paper for all man to know and follow. Even those charters of the United Nations and Geneva conventions do not compare or have the right to change those laws sent by God. Every Muslim leader or leader who claims to be Muslim must adopt these rules lest they be be punished by Allah.
"Those who do not judge by what Allah has sent down are the disbelievers. (5:44)
Human rights in a true Islamic state
1. The security of life and property.
The Prophet (may peace be upon him) delivered this law on the Farewell Hajj: "Your lives and properties are forbidden to one another until you meet you Lord on the Day of Resurrection" The Prophet also says about non Muslims "One who kills a man under covenant will not even smell the fragrance of Paradise."
2. The guarantee of honor.
The Qur'an says:
" You who believe, do not let one make fun of another, do not defame on another, don not insult by using nicknames, don not backbite or speak ill of one another." (49:11-12)
3. The sanctity and security of your private life.
The Qur'an has laid down these injunctions:
1) do not spy on one another (49:12)
2) do not enter any house unless you have obtained the permission of the occupant. (24:27)
4. The security of personal freedom.
Islam states that no person should be imprisoned unless their guilt is proven in open court.The arrest of a person on suspicion alone, and placing them in jail with out providing them a fair trial with the opportunity to provide a fair defense is forbidden by Islam.
5. The right to protest against Tyranny
When supporting this right we Muslims often refer to this verse of the Qur'an: "God does not love evil talk in public, unless it is by someone who has been injured thereby." (4:148)
In Islam all power belongs to Allah alone, with man there is only delegated power with becomes a trust. Everyone who receives this power should there by only use it in the way that has been sent down from Allah. This quote from Abu Bakar is often referred to: "Cooperate with me when I am right, but correct me when I am in error; obey me only so long as I follow the laws of Allah and His prophet; but turn away from me when I deviate."
6. Freedom of expression
True Islamic states offer all of the above and the right to the freedom of thought and expression to all its citizens, but only on the condition that it is to be used to propagate virtue and truth and not to spread evil, and wickedness. The Islamic concept of freedom is superior even to those views of freedom in the west.
"Under no circumstances would Islam allow evil and wickedness to be propagated, It also does not give anyone the right to use abusive or offensive language in the name of criticism. It was the practice of the Muslims to inquire from the Prophet whether a divine injunction had been revealed to him on any given matter. If he said that he had received no Divine injunction, the Muslims freely expressed their opinions on the matter.
7. Freedom of Association.
Islam gives the right to the people to form groups and organizations, this is also subject to the rules of Allah and His Prophet.
8. Freedom of conscience and conviction
" Islam has laid down the injunction: There should be no coercion in the matter of faith." (2:256)
Totalitarian states totally deprive individuals of all rights. This indeed is undue abuse of the power of the state. This forms a slavishness on the part of the people. Though slavery has been abolished in most places the use of this type of government is just a way to continue the use of slaves, and call it legal.
9. Protection of Religious sentiments.
Along with other the other freedoms, Islam has provided the people to worship in their own ways and should be given due respect and nothing should be done or said which may endanger this right.
10. Protection from Arbitrary imprisonment.
Islam recognizes the right of people to not be arrested because of the actions of others. The Qur'an says: "No bearer of burdens shall be made to bear the burden of another." (35:18)
11. The right to Basic necessities of life.
In Islam the rights of the needy have been recognized and for help and assistance to be provided. The Qur'an says: "And in their wealth there is acknowledged right for the needy and destitute." (59:19)
12. Equality before the law.
Islam says all citizens are equal and have the right to absolute and complete equality in the eyes of the law.
13. Accountability of Rulers to the law.
" A woman belonging to a high and noble family was arrested in connection with theft. The case was brought to the Prophet and it was recommended that she might be spared the punishment of theft. The Prophet replied, 'The nations that lived before you were destroyed by God because they punished the common man for their offenses, and let their dignitaries go unpunished for their crimes. I swear by Him who holds my life in His hand that even if Faatimah, daughter of Muhammad, had committed this crime, I would have amputated her hand."
14. The right to participate in the affairs of the state.
The Qur'an says: "And their affairs are conducted through mutual consultation among themselves."
The legislative assembly has no meaning but this: the head of government and the members of assembly should be elected by free and independent choice of the people.
In closing it should be said: "Islam tries to achieve the above mentioned human rights and many others not only by providing certain legal safeguards, but mainly by inviting mankind to transcend the lower level of animal life to be able to go beyond the mere ties fostered by the kinship of blood, racial superiority, linguistic arrogance, and economic privileges. It invites mankind to move on to a plane of existence where, by reason of his inner excellence, man can realize the ideal of the Brotherhood of Man."
This information was provided by the Nobel Qur'an and WWW.2DISCOVERISLAM.COM and the Institute of Islamic information & Education.
Sure there are some states who claim to be "Islamic" who violate these laws. They set poor examples to the world. These states ARE NOT ISLAMIC STATES. They are formed from the whisperer to cause people to turn their backs on Islam and see it as evil. When in fact Islam is about love and peace and the one true God, Allah. Brothers I invite you to learn for yourselves and not go on the word of the poor examples and the words of the Media who would support and spread these lies.