INTELLECTUAL MEDITATION (For attaining liberation)
For entering into the state of liberation meditator adopt this path. the seekers of intellectual meditation have strong believe in God. They belief that there is true love, real happiness, they can attain via God. Here the meditator feels the presence of God(with no form of its own). He is omnipresent every where present formless. You can say nature is a form of God for them, with no particular shape.
Gyan Marg (path of knowledge) :- Meditator which aim to attain liberation is called gyan marg.
Bhakti Marg (path of devotion) :- Meditation done to increase love towards God to attain his divine love is called Bhakti marg.
In gyan marg meditator adopt many kinds of meditation like:-
- Focusing completely towards a particular form of God or deity to get liberation.
- Concentrating on a flame of candle.
- Making efforts to see a light with closed eyes.
- Trying to here some inner sound.
- Concentrating on a point with eyes open.
- Chanting any name or verse related to God.
- To think that there is nothing except absolute truth.
- Trying to see hidden power in his own body, etc.
All these practices are performed in the mental plane with own efforts, so they are said to be intellectual meditation. If such meditation is done with sincerity for along time, then mind enters a stage of Samadhi which then path to liberation.
Samadhi is a deep mediation stage, where a person is in deep sleep or coma. The difference is in sleep he is not awake and coma he is help less and a patient on bed. But in Samadhi he is attaining great energy and completely awake. Still cant hear any sound, can’t see any thing, can’t smell, means a sort of sleep.
There could be four stages of Samadhi:-
a) Neutral :- A blank meditation with no particular vision. Leave mind in a suspended stage. With no aim of purification of heart or any devotional progress. And so meditator becomes proudy in this stage. And he may think himself to be risen high. Sound sleep with no dream is also a kind of neutral trance.
b) Pious :- It is attained after true practice and here meditator gets some power also like clairvoyance etc. Here is heart starts purifying gradually.
c) Devotional :- Here a connection to God starts and meditator feels some love to God. Pious state is still under ,material influence but devotional stage is influenced by divine love.
d) Liberation :- While meditating, a meditator in intellectual meditation merges his ego and all good and bad qualities into. But as he gets out of the state of meditation, again all this good and bads appears.
Normally, every person is affected by his weakness, such as lust, greed, jealously and anger etc. Apart from this, the beauty of the world and the worldly association of materialistic friends induce a thrill in the mind. In such a situation, it is difficult for a worldly person to continue his dry meditation. And our habit of searching happiness in material world indulge us towards materialism very often.
Further, in such an unstable condition there is no Divine protector to help the intellectual meditator. He himself is helpless and God is neutral because he has not surrendered himself to the personal form of God.
Lord Krishn says in the Gita,
"Those who surrender (with selfless love) to Me, I dwell in them and they are always in Me, but for others I am neutral."
The will to Grace is a nature of God, and a intellectual meditator has not surrendered to God. So a he does not receive any protection from God. It becomes almost impossible on one's own effort to retain good qualities in the mind and to face the violent forces and the sweet attractions of the world without any Divine help. Furthermore, intellectual meditations are against human nature because they are based on the principle of elimination of thoughts and attachments.
After a long and regular practice, an ardent meditator may achieve some psychic powers (siddhis), but this is still not Divine. It is only saltvic, because all the yogic powers are related to the cosmic power.
We can understand this logically. Divine powers are unlimited and liberation is also a Divine state. So how can one attain an unlimited state by limited efforts? It can only be attained through His Grace.
According to the Bhagwatam, such people (yogis, gyanis and others) realize the reality of their meditations at the moment of death when they see that they are only entering into higher material abodes and do not receive liberation because they have not surrendered themselves to God Kristin.
It is human nature to gratify the senses and to love someone. To be desire less is not natural. So, the mind is naturally drawn to its desired objects.
When we sit to meditate, we try to push out all desires from our mind, but mind, according to its nature and habit, again and again returns to its desired place of attraction and attachment. In this pull and push, scores of years pass but the situation remains unchanged, and most of the meditators expire even before entering into the first stage of yog. According to Sage Patanjali, yog begins after the full restraint of material thoughts.
LIBERATION BECOMES IMPOSSIBLE
In this way these practices are contrary to human nature and are against the psychological flow of the mind. Such meditations always remain on the intellectual plane, and so the meditator has to depend upon his own intellectual effort for his yogic progress. For these reasons, the Bhagwatam says,
"Such meditators, who exert their intellect to get Divine knowledge through gyan marg, are like that ignorant country maid who pounds husks to find rice; because the Divine knowledge, which ensures liberation, is an opulence of God. So how can one get it without His Grace?
In fact, vanity continues to have a hold even at the highest stage of because it is a natural form ofego, so a yogi/gyani falls from his yogic stage due to the sensual association of material objects. Constant fiction to sensual pleasure enlivens his sleeping desires and he falls them; yet, due to his conceit, he thinks that he is a yogi or a meditator.
Lord Ved Vyas says,
"Those yogis and gyanis, who have attained the topmost height without affectional meditation through intellectual meditation performing protracted practices of pious samadhi and imagine themselves as liberated (due to their subtle vanity), fall from their attained stage ofself realization because they have overlooked the glory of God. Who is the source of all Divine opulence, including liberation."