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In Deuteronomy, He's Moses' Voice
Deuteronomy can be broken into three separate speeches that were delivered to Israel. There are three main points that Moses made within the 34 chapters that make up Deuteronomy.
- Moses reiterated the reasons for their wandering in the desert for 40 years.
- Moses reminded the whole Israelite congregation of the need to give their allegiance to God and to observe all of God's laws and commandments.
- Moses reminded the Hebrew children of the blessings they would gain for their obedience or the curses they would incur for their disobedience.
Moses and Jesus
There are many, many similarities between Moses and Jesus, the Christ. I need to note here, though, that whereas the actions are similar, and the symbolism similar, it is Jesus, the Christ who is the only one who can offer salvation. It was Jesus, the Christ that died on the cross for the sins of the world, not Moses. John 14:6--"Jesus answered, 'I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.' "
- When Jesus was born, Israel suffered under foreign domination. Luke 2:1--"In those days Caesar Augustus issued a decree that a census should be taken of the entire Roman world."
- When Jesus was born, he was laid in a special "cradle" because He had no place in society. Luke 2:7--"and she gave birth to her firstborn, a son. She wrapped him in cloths and placed him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the inn."
- Jesus was an Israelite, a descendant of the tribe of Judah. Judah is one of the twelve tribes are the twelve sons of Jacob, who later had his name changed to Israel. Matthew, chapter one, gives testimony to Jesus's lineage through His earthly father, Joseph, back to David, back to Judah, back to Jacob, back to Isaac, back to Abraham.
- When Jesus was born, there was an order given by the ruling dynasty of His time to kill all baby boys because the king of that time was afraid of a deliverer being born for the Hebrew children. Matthew 2:16--"When Herod realized that he had been outwitted by the Magi, he was furious, and he gave orders to kill all the boys in Bethlehem and its vicinity who were two years old and under, in accordance with the time he had learned from the magi."
- Jesus fasted for 40 days and 40 nights at the start of His ministry, after having been baptized in the Jordan River. Matthew 3:16-4:2--"As soon as Jesus was baptized, he went up out of the water. At that moment heaven was opened, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and lighting on him. And a voice from heaven said, 'This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased.' Then Jesus was led by the Spirit into the desert to be tempted by the devil. After fasting forty days and forty nights, he was hungry."
- Jesus performed many miracles in front of many people. John 15:24--" 'If I had not done among them what no one else did, they would not be guilty of sin. But now they has seen these miracles, and yet they have hated both me and my Father.' "
- Jesus is the bread of Heaven given unto all mankind. John 6:32-35--"Jesus said to them, 'I tell you the truth, it is not Moses who has given you the bread from heaven, but it is my Father who gives the true bread from heaven. For the bread of God is he who comes down from heaven and gives life to the world.' 'Sir,' they said, 'from now on give us this bread.' Then Jesus declared, 'I am the bread of life. He who comes to me will never go hungry, and he who believes in me will never be thirsty.' "
- Through Jesus, the Christ we were given grace and truth. John 1:7--"He came as a witness to testify concerning that light, so that through him all men might believe."
- Our covenant with God was made through the blood of Jesus, the Sacrificial Lamb, who bore the sins of the world. Matthew 26:28--" 'This is my blood of he covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.' "
- Jesus delivered the world from the burden of sin. Matthew 20:28--" 'just as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.' "
- Jesus stretched His hands over the waters and controlled the sea. Matthew 8:26-27--"He [Jesus] replied, 'You of little faith, why are you so afraid?' Then He [Jesus] got up and rebuked the winds and the waves, and it was completely calm. The men were amazed and asked, 'What kind of man is this? Even the winds and the waves obey him!' "
- Jesus stands as High Priest for the world. Hebrews 7:24--"but because Jesus lives forever, he has a permanent priesthood."
- Jesus is the Great Shepherd. John 10:11--" 'I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep.' "
- When Moses was born, Israel suffered under foreign domination. Exodus 1:11--"So they [Egypt] put slave masters over them to oppress them with forced labor, and they built Pithom and Rameses as store cities for Pharaoh."
- When Moses was born, he was laid in a special "cradle" because he had no place in society. Exodus 2:3--"But when she could hide him no longer, she got a papyrus basket for him and coated it with tar and pitch. Then she placed the child [Moses] in it and put it among the reeds along the bank of the Nile.
- Moses was an Israelite, a descendant of the tribe of Levi. Levi is one of the twelve tribes that are the twelve sons of Jacob, who later had his name changed to Israel. Exodus 2:1-2--"Now a man of the house of Levi married a Levite woman, and she became pregnant and gave birth to a son. When she saw that he was a fine child, she hid him for three months."
- When Moses was born, there was an order given by the ruling dynasty of his time to kill all baby boys because the king of that time was afraid of a deliverer being born for the Hebrew children. Exodus 1:22--"Then Pharaoh gave this order to all his people: 'Every boy that is born you must throw into the Nile, but let every girl live.' "
- Moses fasted for 40 days and 40 nights while on the mountain, after having crossed the Red Sea. Exodus 34:28--"Moses was there with the Lord forty days and forty nights without eating bread or drinking water. And he wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant-the Ten Commandments."
- Moses performed many miracles in front of many people. Read chapters 7-14 of Exodus (I'm not going to type all eight chapters); these chapters tell of the ten plagues that God sent to the Egyptian people when Pharaoh refused to give the Hebrew children their freedom and then finish with the parting of the Red Sea.
- Moses prayed for bread from Heaven for the Hebrew children. Exodus 16:8--"Moses also said, 'You will know that it was the Lord when he gives you meat to eat in the evening and all the bread you want in the morning, because he has heard your grumbling against him. Who are we? You are not grumblings against us, but against the Lord.' "
- Through Moses we were given the law. Exodus 24:12--"The Lord said to Moses, 'Come up to me on the mountain and stay here, and I will you the tablets of stone, with the law and commands I have written for their instruction.' "
- The covenant for the Israelite nation was made through the blood of lambs which were sacrificed under the direction of the high priest. Exodus 24:2-6--"but Moses alone is to approach the Lord; the others must not come near. And the people may not come up to him. When Moses went and told the people all the Lord's words and laws, they responded with one voice. 'Everything the Lord has said we will do.' Moses then wrote down everything the Lord had said. He got up early the next morning and built an altar at the foot of the mountain and set up twelve stone pillars representing the twelve tries of Israel. Then he sent young Israelite men, and they offered burnt offerings and scarified young bulls as fellowship offerings to the Lord. Moses took half of the blood and put it in bowls, and the other half he sprinkled on the altar."
- Moses delivered the Hebrew children from their burden of slavery. Exodus 3:10--"So now, go. I am sending you to Pharaoh to bring my people the Israelites out of Egypt."
- Moses, by the word of the Lord, stretched his hands over the Red Sea. Exodus 14:21--"Then Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and all that night the Lord drove the sea back with a strong east wind and turned it into dry land."
- Moses stood as a priest among the nation of Israel. Psalms 99:6--"Moses and Aaron were among his priests, Samuel was among those who called on his name; they called on the Lord and he answered them."
- Moses was a shepherd. Exodus 3:1--"Now Moses was tending the flock of Jethro his father-in-law, the priest of Midian, and he led the flock to the far side of the desert and came to Horeb, the mountain of God."
There are still many more comparisons between Moses and Jesus, the Christ. To dwell on them, however, would lend more to Moses and less to Jesus. We must believe on the Lord and look to Him for the promise of redemption.
Psalms 130:7--"O Israel, put your hope in the Lord, for with the Lord is unfailing love and with Him is full redemption."