In response to the question- What does Scripture say about Salvation for a baby that dies?
Losing a baby
It can be very hard for anyone, who hasn't lost an unborn baby or a baby after birth, to imagine how a person that has might feel. Parents that have lost a baby grieve in different ways. A mother may lose a baby and then have a healthy baby, but will always remember the loss of the child that passed away. Whether she lost the child before or shortly after birth.
What is salvation? Salvation is available to us by God, through Jesus Christ for “all sorts of men.” (1Timothy 4:10) He gives us the chance to be saved from sin and death (Romans 8:2), from Babylon the Great (Re 18:2, 4), from this system of things under Satan’s control (John 17:16; Col 1:13), and from being destroyed forever(Revelation 7:14-17; 21:3, 4).
Is there any comfort to be found in the scriptures for Christian parents who lose a bab? Although, the Bible doesn't specifically talk about the salvation of babies. It does provide principles that may bring some comfort.
In God's eyes, when does life begin?
According to the law stated in Exodus 21:22,23 life begins much earlier than birth. It says "22 If men should struggle with each other and they hurt a pregnant woman and she gives birth prematurely but no fatality results, the offender must pay the damages imposed on him by the husband of the woman; and he must pay it through the judges. 23 But if a fatality does occur, then you must give life for life."
So we see that the unborn child is alive and is a living soul.
How valuable is the unborn life to God?
The law stated above in Exodus 21:22,23 shows that the life of an unborn life is just as valuable as the life of an adult, because the one at fault was to pay with his own life. We see then that the life of an unborn child is very valuable to God.
God sees the unborn child as an individual
- King David said “You kept me screened off in the belly of my mother. . . . Your eyes saw even the embryo of me, and in your book all its parts were down in writing, as regards the days when they were formed.”—Psalm 139:13-16.
- In Job we read "15 Did not the One who made me in the womb also make them?
Was it not the same One who formed us before our birth?"Job 31:14, 15.
- When Rebekah was pregnant Jacob and Esau. God prophesied about the twins saying: “Two nations are in your womb, and two peoples will be separated from within you; and the one nation will be stronger than the other nation, and the older will serve the younger.”Genesis 25:22, 23. Also, compare Rom. 9:10-13.
God can see our potential even before we are born. We are unique in his eyes from the moment of conception. So although, a baby has not come to know God yet, God knows the baby.
Is there a difference between the unborn and born child?
Consider the account of John the Baptist. "As Elizabeth heard the greeting of Mary, the infant in her womb leaped; and Elizabeth was filled with holy spirit.” (Luke 1:41) It is interesting to note that the physician Luke used a word in Greek here that could mean fetus or a baby after birth. When writing about Jesus, as a baby lying in a manger, he used the same word (Luke 2:12, 16; 18:15)
It does not seem that the Bible makes a distinction between an unborn baby and one who has been born. Even findings in modern science show that a baby responds to outside sounds and more. Also, many mothers become closely bonded to their baby even before the child is born.
Also consider two examples. Mother A gives birth to a premature baby who dies after a couple of days. and Mother B loses her baby due to complications at birth. Why would one have more hope for salvation than the other?
Why do we die? What happens when we die? and what hope do the dead have?
There are many scriptures that answer these three questions, but I'm going to be brief in my explanation.
- Humans die because of the rebellion that began when Satan (Genesis 3), the original serpent (Revelation 12:9) questioned God's sovereignty and the first man, Adam, disobeyed God and sinned thereby bringing death into the world (Romans 5:12).
- Death is like a deep sleep. Ecclesiastes 9:5 says "For the living know that they will die, but the dead know nothing at all, nor do they have any more reward, because all memory of them is forgotten."verse 10 goes on to say that there is "no work nor planning nor knowledge nor wisdom in the Grave" where all humans eventually go. Also compare Psalm 13:3, John 11:11-13, Acts 13:36, 1 Corinthians 15:20, 1 Thessalonians 4:13.
- All our dead loved ones have the hope of resurrection. Acts 24:15 says "there is going to be a resurrection of both the righteous and the unrighteous." John 5:28 says "all those in the memorial tombs will hear his voice". Jesus told Martha "Your brother will rise.” when Lazarus died. Martha replied “I know he will rise in the resurrection on the last day.” but Jesus said “I am the resurrection and the life." John 11:23-25.
Other resurrection verses. Isaiah 26:19; Daniel 12:2, 13; John 5:28,29; Matthew 22:23,29, Job 14:14,15; John 11:24 (in the last day); 1 Corinthians 15:25,26 (when)
Jesus's resurrection in the Gospels (Matthew 27:62-28:20; Mark 16:1-8, Luke 24:1-53, John20:1-21:25). The apostles and “more than 500 brothers at one time”—saw the resurrected Jesus (1 Corinthians 15:6).
The Bible lets us know that a life actually begins at conception and that God views that life as unique and valuable. Although, the Bible doesn't specifically address the resurrection of babies,
Jesus said: “All things are possible with God.” (Mark 10:27) Consider that Jesus was transferred from heaven to Mary's womb. For humans this seems impossible, but not for God.
Will babies be resurrected? The answer lies with God, who is abundant in loving-kindness and mercy (Psalm 86:15). We know that he always does what is righteous (Deuteronomy 32:3,4). We also know that what his plans for us are of hope (Jeremiah 29:11) and through his son he will “break up the works of the Devil" (1 John 3:8), the one who has the means to cause death (Hebrews 2:14).
God promises us through his word that "He will swallow up death forever, And the Sovereign Lord Jehovah will wipe away the tears from all faces.The reproach of his people he will take away from all the earth, For Jehovah himself has spoken it. In that day they will say: “Look! This is our God! We have hoped in him, And he will save us. This is Jehovah! We have hoped in him. Let us be joyful and rejoice in the salvation by him” Isaiah 25:8.