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Did Jesus Live During the Old or New Testament?

Updated on November 25, 2014

The Testaments and Jesus

Depending on which bible you use, the word testament and covenant could have the same meaning. The word testament is used to divide the two main parts of the bible, which we refer to as the Old Testament and New Testament. The Old Testament as we know describes everything from the time of God's creation which is in the Book of Genesis and all the way to the Book of Malachi. Now we come to what is referred to as the New Testament which describes from the birth of Jesus (in the first four gospel) to the final world events and the set up of the New Jerusalem in the Book of Revelation .

I will mention again the words testament and covenant are referred to as having the same meaning. And I believe this has caused a big problem within the christian faith. And the problem is; which Testament (Covenant) was Jesus born, lived His life and gave His three and a half years ministry? We all assume it was in the New Testament. But was it?

The simple answer is; No.

The Old Testament and Jesus.

I will quote the words of Jesus in Matthew 26:28 (KJV) which states: 28 For this is my blood of the New Testament which is shed for many for the remission of sins.

The following verses will prove my point in Hebrews 9: 16-17 (NKJV) which states: 16 "For where there is a testament, there must of necessity be the death of the testator. 17 For a testament is in force after men are dead, since it has no power at all while the testator lives."

This means the New Testament begins with His death on the cross ( not at His birth). This also means that, as a man on this earth and throughout His human life and ministry, Jesus was under the Old Testament (Covenant).

So what does this mean?

Jesus was a Jew who had to follow the 10 Commandments, the Feasts, the Holy Days (Sabbaths) and could not eat certain foods just like the rest of the Jewish people of His day. Not only did Jesus meet the standards of the Old Covenant (Testament) laws, but He by far exceeded them.

So what made Jesus different from the rest of the Jewish people?

Jesus knew who He was, as the Son of God. He knew exactly why He was sent to this earth, He knew He was not of this world, but while He was here He would witness to the world of the Kingdom of God. Which is where He had come from. He would witness what He had seen and heard. As a man on this earth Jesus talked, walked, and lived the standards of the Kingdom of God with all of His grace.

In Matthew 4: 17 (NKJV) it states: 17 From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say; "Repent; for the kingdom of heavenis at hand."

And as He continued to follow the Old Covenant laws, Jesus was telling them to change the way they think, because something greater is coming and it called; "The Kingdom of God."

So what was the three and a half years of Jesus ministry for?

To prepare those of Christ's ekklesia that Christ built to enter the Kingdom of God. Jesus Christ death the cross began the New Testament. The disciples of Jesus, with the guide of the Holy Spirit, would continue to build on the foundation of Christ's ministry and spread the Gospel of the Kingdom of God and His Grace.

In Matthew 6:33 (KJV) it states : 33 But seek ye FIRST the Kingdom of God and His Rightieousness; and all these things shall be added unto you.

Did you notice this verse above it did not say; seek the 10 Commandments, or the sabbaths, or the feasts, or watch what you eat or drink or tithings.

As a matter of fact it is stated in Matthew 5: 20 (NKJV) : 20 For assuredly, I say to you that unless your righteousness exceeds the righteouness of the scribes and the Pharisees, you will by no means enter the Kingdom of God.

So what does this mean for christians?

This means there is not an overlap of the Old and New Covenants (Testament). This mean we as christians in the New Testament (Covenant) are to focus our effort on the the Kingdom of God and His Grace (rightieousness) through faith.

I will end this Hub with these words from Jesus in verses from Matthew 28: 18 thru 20(NKJV) which states: 18 And Jesus came and spoke to them saying, All authority has been given to me in heaven and on earth. 19 Go therefore and make desciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 20 teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you, and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age. Amen


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    • profile imageAUTHOR


      4 years ago from those of the Ekklesia

      searchinsany- There are many areas of the bible that would open up if people would just take the time and effort to study God's word. And this article is just one example of something I come to realize only because I take the time to study. There are many out there who do study, but the are even more out there who rely on others to spoon feed the bible to them (in church). In doing so, many allow false or wrong doctrine to fall into their lap. One should never assume that what someone else writes (or their teachings) relating to the bible that it is sound doctrine. It should always be confirmed directly through God's word first and always and should be understood in the context in which it was write. This is another reason why I believe personal study of God's word is most important. As you gain knowledge and understanding because of self study, it make it far easier to spot or identify false doctrine when you hear or read it. And there is a ton of false teaching out there.

      I thank you for you comment and God bless.

    • searchinsany profile image

      Alexander Gibb 

      4 years ago from UK

      Excellent, by revealing gems like these it enlightens readers and helps to increase their understanding of the Scriptures.

      Heb 1:2    Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds;

      Jesus' ministry was during the Old Covenant Age, He lived during the 'last days'!

    • profile imageAUTHOR


      5 years ago from those of the Ekklesia

      BlossomSB- I should have mentioned that we are not called to do missionary work just to save others, but we are called to make disciples of all nations. I believe there is much focus on saving and not focus on making disciples. Making disciples takes time to individually teach a persons. By discipling one or more, then they will over time go out and make desciples of others. That is what we are called to do. Many blessings And again thank you

    • profile imageAUTHOR


      5 years ago from those of the Ekklesia

      BlossomSB- Thank you very much for your comment. It is my hope that many through this Hub and the few that may be like it to come to the understanding the Jesus lived on this earth and gave His ministry during the end of last three and a half of the Old Testament. The great commission as you put it was the early beginning of the New Testament following Jesus death on the cross. I hope there are those who will find this Hub and others like it, to be helpful in their understanding of the four gospels.

      Many blessing to you and thanks again

    • BlossomSB profile image

      Bronwen Scott-Branagan 

      5 years ago from Victoria, Australia

      Your final quote is one of my favourites - what we often refer to as The Great Commission. It is not just for those who are called to be missionaries, but for all Christians. A good write.

    • profile imageAUTHOR


      5 years ago from those of the Ekklesia

      Eric-JT-celafoe- I wish to thank all three of you for you kind words and vote.

      celafore- you are right, I forgot to mention that fact, I wish to thank you for bring that point up. When I edite I will fit that in.

      Many blessing to all three of you.

    • celafoe profile image


      5 years ago from From Kingdom of God living on Planet earth in between the oceans

      excellent-- and i would add for you that might not understand, that the time that He was on the earth after his resurrection, He was NOT a mortal man as He had already been Glorified.

      As you so well explained He came, did what He was sent to do, lived a perfect life and completed the Law opening the way and instituting His new way.

      keep up the good work my brother

    • profile image


      5 years ago

      Awesome Grace!! Voted up and awesome.

    • Ericdierker profile image

      Eric Dierker 

      5 years ago from Spring Valley, CA. U.S.A.

      Awesome and great friend. Are you as happy as I am? I think so. Let us just let it wash over us, and then pass it on.


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