India, The Cradle of Civilizations (Religious Impartiality)
Secularism in Indian Society
'India’ with no doubt can be stated as the only post colonial states in Asia who has adopted religious impartiality as a key attribute to its constitution and it would be right to say that it is the bedrock of the tactic for nation-building. What is the exact role of religion in today’s era is by no means a problem specific to ‘India’ but every society works with an institutional arrangement which is according to its cultural needs. The sagacity of belongingness which can be termed as nation cannot be a postulation and thus State come into picture which has to play a pivotal role to raise it. ‘India’ is more focused on being, backward, bordered, regionalized and marked rather than focusing on assembling cultural diversities. It would be right to say that India, the cradle of civilizations, is surely a wonder.
Religion has always played a vital role in an individual’s life and as a dominating factor it has governed and will be governing most of an individual’s activities. Thus it can be said that social behavior and activities of an individual is colored with religious values. Religion while performing dual functions, sustains the social system and also while doing this harsh job serves as a medium for social change. It is structurally related with all social institutions.
Challenge to Secularism
The challenge to secularism is that in India, there is an extensive standing dynastic tradition to our society. Therefore it is of paramount importance to safeguard the pluralistic institution and also to bring back different communities into the mainstream civilization by promoting the strength of multiculturalism. The limited worried citizens of ‘India’ are concerned over the frightening situation of communal dissonance and therefore it brings a fear that it might eventually result in the crumbling of the nation. To start with, we the people have to build the bridges of cohesion among different religious communities if we want to safeguard the pluralistic and multiculturalism of our country. Multiculturalism is not about differences or identity per se but it is a difference of set of beliefs and their approach to it. From time immemorial Indian society has seen multi-cultural, multi-religious, multi-racial, multi-ethnic and multi-linguistic phases and is still in that phase. Thus the goal should be ensure equality.
To say that democracy works in India, will lead us to which is somewhat of an enigma. The principles of acceptance is what India owning its democracy to which were given to ‘we the people’ by political forefathers. India provides the best example of the power of the democratic norms and the pliability of the democratic development.
Also that in India, the secularism has not been based on the scheme of wall of separation. From our golden history to the 21st century modernity, all the idea behind secularism has been on equal respect to all religions within both the public spheres and private spheres.
The struggle to secure the constitutional and political fortification of secularism in India has been elongated and thorny, and secularism's enemies remain abundant. Zilch could be more palpable and more a piece of everyday life than this fact of assortment and multiplicity of diversities yet at this era of modernity, this very landmark diversity is at peril.
Secularism which is a newly urbanized dogma is having its roots in the new Indian modernity. Going into the depth and understanding the meaning of secularism in India we will reach to the conclusion that it remains unclear and there is surely a purposeful usefulness in this vagueness. The borrowed scheme of this particular concept has surely botched to offer significance to the Indian historical experiences.