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Introduction to Witchcraft (Part I)

Updated on October 8, 2016



An Introduction to "Witchcraft"


(This will be the first of many, many more hubs on this subject... so stay tuned!)

Witchcraft isn't just in fairytales and horror movies. Witchcraft is, and always has been real, and will continue to live on. Since the laws against Witchcraft were repealed in the 1950s, Witches have been able to show their true faces... What they really believe in...

Before there were different "denominations" of religion... Before crosses and churches, and books... The man/woman believed in many gods... A god for hunting, a god for rain, a god for crops, fertility, winds, the sky, (the hunting god being the main god, for this god was most important...) There wasn't just ONE GOD.

A woman by the name of Margaret Murray traced back and saw Witchcraft's origins in Palaeolithic times; 25,000 years ago... She saw it as a more or less unbroken line through to the present, and as a fully organized religion throughout western Europe for centuries before Christianity. She presented some tangible evidence and much thought-provoking material. As a probable development of religio-magick, her theories are still respected.

Also, in England, in 1952, a man by the name of Gerald Gardner, was the first to speak up and stand up for Witchcraft, reason being, he was a witch, himself. Today, witches of every coven owe him great gratitude for having that courage to stand up and be heard. If not for him, would we still be able to learn and know the religion like we do?

The first to stand up in America, was Raymond Buckland, an author of the craft. After him, we recognize the names Sybil Leek, Gavin and Yvonne Frost, and many others followed, one by one.

The Craft is a religion of love and joy, the earth, solar system, planets, stars, ect...ect... It is nature, and all that is. It is not full of let-downs like ideas of "original sin" with salvation and happiness possible only in the afterlife... It is balance and harmony...

Mr. Gerald Gardner

Gerald Gardner
Gerald Gardner
gold pentagram
gold pentagram

Wiccan Denominations:

There is more to The Craft than history, and philosophy though... Different beliefs, magick, the tools you would use for magick, rituals, dedication, feeling, covens, and such... It is more than a religion... It is a way of life.


It is the acceptance of personal and social responsibility. It is acknowledgement of a holistic universe and a means towards a raising of consciousness. Equal rights, feminism, ecology, attunement, brotherly/sisterly love, planetary care- these are all just part and parcel of Witchcraft, the old yet new religion...


Just as there is no one religion that is right for all people, there is no one denomination of Witchcraft that is right for all witches. We are all different. It has often been said that there are many paths, but they all lead the same center. With so many paths, then, you are able to find the right one for YOU; the one path you can travel comfortably and securely. Here, I will put a few examples:




Gardnerian Wica:

This was the first denomination of the Craft to make itself known to the public (1950's - England). The Gardnerian tradition places emphasis on the Goddess over the God, with the female generally lauded over the male. Found in most parts of the world.

Alexandrian Wicca:

Founded by Alex Sanders in England. The rituals are basically Gardnerian but have been modified with many Judeo-Christian and Ceremonial Magick elements. Covens work skyclad. The eight Sabbats are observed and both God and Goddess are honered.

Australian Wicca:

The Craft is alive and well "down under", with Gardnerian, Alexandrian, Seax-Wica and other groups there.

Nova Wicca:

An eclectic group founded by two Gardnerians. They work robed at Esbats and Sabbats and skyclad at initiations. They have a degree system, which is very finely tuned, and an in-depth training, some classes being open to newcomers. A "Mixed Traditional Teaching/Training Coven."


Also, there are Solitary Witches. There are pros and cons to being a solitary witch. Sometimes, being alone is better, yet for certain things, it would be best to have a coven. Here, I will put some examples:


Pros and Cons of being a Solitary Witch:

~With a Covener, the rituals are performed by a group of people.

As a solitary, you do everything yourself.

~The Coven meets in a large (usually nine ft. diameter) circle.

The solitary has a small "compact" circle.

~The Coven use a "full complement" of tools, depending on the tradition.

The Solitary uses only what she/he feels she/he needs.

~A Coven must attune itself as one.

A Solitary IS one.



I hope I sparked everyone's curiosity in this hub, because I will be adding a new one every now and then... So, if your interested, become a fan, and stay in touch with my hubs!

(THIS was just an introduction!)

Wicca Art
Wicca Art

Principals of Wiccan Belief:

In April, 1974, the Counsil of American Witches adopted a set of Principals of Wiccan belief. Here, I put them for all to see... THIS is what the Craft IS all about:

1. We practice rights to attune ourselves with the natural rhythm of life forces marked by the phases of the Moon and the seasonal Quarters and Cross Quarters.


2. We recognize that our intellegence gives us a unique responsibility toward our environment. We seek to live in harmony with Nature, in ecological balance offering fulfillment to life and consciousness within an evolutionary concept.


3. We acknowledge a depth of power far greater than that apparent to the average person. Because it is far greater than ordinary it is sometimes called "supernatural", but we see it as lying within that which is naturally potential to all.


4. We conceive of the Creative Power in the universe as manifesting through polarity- as masculine and feminine- And that this same Creative Power lies in all people, and funtions through the interaction of the masculine and feminine. We value neither above the other. We value sex as pleasure, as the symbol and embodiment of life, and as one of the sources of energies used in magickal practice and religious worship.


5. We recognize both outer worlds, and inner, or psychological, worlds sometimes known as the Spiritual World, the Collective Unconscious, Inner Planes, etc.- and we see in the inter-action of these two dimentions the basis for paranormal phenomena and magickal excersises. We neglect neither dimention for the other, seeing both as necessary for our fulfillment.


6. We do not recognize any authoritarian hierarchy, but do honor those who teach, respect those who share their greatest knowledge and wisdom, and acknowledge those who have courageously given of themselves in leadership.


7. We see religion, magick and wisdom in living as being united in the way one views the world, and lives within it- a world view and philosophy of life which we identify as Witchcraft- The Wiccan Way.


8. Calling oneself "Witch" does not make a witch- but neither does heredity itself, nor the collecting of titles, degrees and initiations. A Witch seeks to control the forces within her/himself that make life possible in order to live wisely and well without harm to others and in harmony with Nature.


9. We believe in the affirmation and fulfillment of life in a continuation of evolution and development of consciousness giving meaning to the Universe we know and our personal role within it.


10. Our only animosity towards Christianity, or toward any other religion or philosophy of life, is to the extent that it's institutions have claimed to be "the only way" and have sought to deny freedom to others and to suppress other ways of religious practice and belief.


11. As American Witches, we are not threatened by debates on the history of the Craft, the origins of various terms, the legitimacy of various aspects of different traditions. We are concerned with our present and our future.


12. We do not accept the concept of absolute evil, nor do we worship any entity known as "Satan" or "the Devil", as defined by the Christian tradition. We do not seek power through the suffering of others, nor accept that personal benefit can be derived only by denial to another.


13. We believe that we should seek within Nature that which is contributory to our health and well-being.

What are you?

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    • profile image

      JadedLove 6 years ago

      YAY! I have found a new friend, I too believe.

    • profile image

      shawnabwana 6 years ago

      Ive had 3 strangers pull me over in the car or while walking in the store to tell me I have the brightest glowing white aura surrounding me and I have a wicca sign above my head. They felt the need to tell me this among other things that were happening in my life and past life. I come from a family with spiritual and psychic capabilities. My grandfather use to witch water with stick, my aunt gets messages from the other side as well as the unborn, my cousin read auras and my mom ignores her abilities cause shes blocked. On my fathers side I am eigth Cherokee Indian. What does this mean?

    • profile image

      liz towers 7 years ago

      very good hub ! i have always tried to practice Wicca, and have recently strayed due to stress and life changes, i want to get back on track and try to learn and practice more ! i was just starting to get into it and research when my life took a wrong turn, I think if i would have stayed with it, it would have given me the energy to get through the agree?

      beautiful info, btw....;)

    • profile image

      new yorker 7 years ago

      great article, very well written. had a report on wicca and found much useful information here. thank you. can you tell me anything about crystal moon wicca other than it is an eclectic form?

    • Ur Anaite profile image

      Ur Anaite 7 years ago from The Land of the Dead

      Surely Gardener wasn't the first to speak up about witchcraft, his teacher was infamous and reguarly appeared in the media. If anyone revivied interest in witchcraft it was Crowley, all Gardener did was take away the edge and make it soft and more socially acceptable.

    • 4elements profile image

      4elements 7 years ago

      I loved your article. it was a very good read. I myself am a solitare witch, mostly I work alone. I do have a friend who is very interested and has asked me to help her to undersatand. I do my best, but her like most was a sceptic as well as a believer of witches being dark, evil and of course consorting with the devil. Since we have been friends she has gotten a better understanding of the truth of wicca, witches,magick and spells. In fact we will cast circles together to help. She no longer judges but excepts that it is real and she has said to me that she actually feels complete and fullfilled since taken part in the practice. Thank you for your wise words, and I will stay tuned. Blessings, peace, love, and light!

    • profile image

      xyz 8 years ago


      wat is dis

    • multifunctions profile image

      Sanjay Sapre 8 years ago from India

      very good article. the gold pentagram is similar to yantra in India. the two intertwined triangles. the base one representing the earth and the above one the antariksh(sky literally the empty space) and the circle the bounds of the nature.

    • MamaDragonfly2677 profile image

      Shannon 9 years ago from New York

      I am hopeing to add more to this subject. Witchcraft is SO misunderstood. I'd like to straiten some things out about it, that's all... Maybe if people better understand it, then they won't be so quick to dismiss it... Thanks for the comment Tatjana.

    • Tatjana-Mihaela profile image

      Tatjana-Mihaela 9 years ago from Zadar, CROATIA

      There is no spiritual progress without connecting with the forces of nature! Divine is everything!

      So called "Devil" is just creation of human fears, human fears are the ones who say "my way is only way" and "whoever thinks different must be connected with "evil force". So many women were killed, especially in Middle Age Europe, because of human fears of "being different"...and sadistic (SM) needs of men who were inquisitors (they just found the way how to fulfill their sick pervert ideas, while torturing, raping and killing the women (witches))

      The biggest problem I find in Christianity is that priests are men only, and very frightened of women's spiritual powers, very frightened of forces of nature, and a lot of them cannot accept "different approach" to spirituality because of FEARS only. But, a lot of Christians are not like that, fortunately...

      Thumbs up for this brave article!

      A lots of Love & Light