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Bible: What Do Psalms 45, 47-48 Teach Us About Solomon, Jesus and Jerusalem: The Kings and the Capital?

Updated on September 15, 2016

King Solomon

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220px-Judgement_of_Solomon.jpg

Psalms 45, 47-48: Solomon, Jesus and Jerusalem: The Kings and the Capital

Solomon's "Glory Days"

This song of love (royal wedding song, NIV) celebrates Solomon's “glory days” early in his reign, while prophetically extolling the future Messiah's wondrous character.

Its author waxes eloquently, describing the king's handsome appearance and gracious speech as evidences of, but not reasons for, God's eternal blessing (vv. 1-2).

He exhorts this majestic and powerful ruler to ride victoriously, championing three marvelous virtues as he goes, and to perform awesome deeds of judgment upon both his enemies and the nations (vv. 3-5).

The author of Hebrews borrows verses six and seven from this work, and uses them to attribute absolute Deity to Jesus the Messiah (cf. Heb. 1:8, 9).

The psalmist addresses Solomon as “God,” referring perhaps to the king’s role as a mediatorial ruler with divine authority, whose kingdom through Messiah is eternal (v. 6a; cf. 2 Samuel 7:12-17).

Righteousness, his kingdom's hallmark, moves Elohim to bless him more than other "fellows" (vv. 6b-7).

Scented garments, pleasant music, and high-born ladies create a splendid ambiance for his marriage to the queen, clad all in gold (vv. 8-9).

Afterwards, the writer addresses a "daughter," encouraging her to "leave and cleave."

"Honor the king, because he/He is your lord/Lord and admirer (vv. 10-11), and nobles will honor you," he says (v. 12).

Both the royal daughter and the virgins, all decked in gorgeous robes, will attend the ceremony (vv. 13-15).

Solomon will make his sons princes; God's people will praise him/Him forever (vv. 16-17).

[Sometimes historical and prophetical elements intertwine so intricately that precise interpretation becomes uncertain.

How much is symbolic? Which personages do the symbols represent]?

Messiah Jesus

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King Jesus

Psalm 47

The Coming Reign of Messiah

The psalmist exhorts the “peoples” to direct, uninhibited, enthusiastic worship toward the LORD, the great King, since He will one day rule over the “peoples” through Israel (vv. 1-4).

For this reason, the people of God ought to praise Him enthusiastically, yet also with understanding (vv. 5-7).

Even though this earthly dominion is still future, God nevertheless reigns now over His universe (v. 8); therefore, the nobles of Israel gather to praise Him (v. 9).

[An eschatological Messianic psalm, it tells us that Israel will one day reign with Christ, the great King, and that that dominion will have its headquarters on Earth].

Old Jerusalem

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IsraelJerusalemOldCityViewFromMountOf...

Jerusalem: Israel's Possession?

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Jerusalem, God's City

Psalm 48

Jerusalem, the City of the Great King

The sons of Korah raise another song of praise to their great King.


The LORD has established the beautiful, elevated city of Jerusalem as His own (vv. 1-2); He protects His residence on Earth (v. 3).


By the assembled kings' reactions (namely, fear and pain), one can surmise that God discouraged them from attacking this beloved place (vv. 4-8).


After due consideration of His chesed (“lovingkindness,”loyal love), His shem (“name”), His tsedeq (“righteousness”), and His mishpatim (“judgments”), the writers acknowledge that God deserves all praise (vv. 9-11).

[The “name” of Yahweh refers to His reputation or character].


Jerusalem stands as a testimony to His power and His guidance of the nation of Israel.

Recalling this truth, the psalmist encourages his audience to pass down such knowledge to their descendants (vv. 12-14).


[God has preserved Jerusalem throughout the centuries, and He will one day reign there over the whole earth].

© 2013 glynch1

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    • glynch1 profile image
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      glynch1 22 months ago

      Read my comments more carefully. I wrote: "The psalmist addresses Solomon as 'God,' referring perhaps to the king’s role as a mediatorial ruler with divine authority . . . "

      The Scripture does not say that Solomon is God in the absolute sense, but only that he acts as God in his role as mediatorial ruler in Israel.

    • glynch1 profile image
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      glynch1 2 years ago

      Psalm 45 has a present-day historical context (Solomon's day) and a future perspective (Messiah's day). As I pointed out in my comments, some psalms are indirectly Messianic. We must remember that many of them refer totally to a future King, but some of them also have a historical referent.

      You lost me with the last part of your comment. What connection does it have with my hub?

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      Son of man 2 years ago

      Sorry... I didn't mean to repost that, but the point of my comment is that it is important to make sure as the children of God we are truly being led by the Spirit of God. Because that scripture is not referring to Solomon as God that is an error it is indeed talking about a future Son of David, but it it's not Solomon it is the Son of God. And do you pray that you will be accounted worthy to escape the hour of temptation that is going to come upon world and the you may also be accounted worthy to stand in the presence of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God.

    • glynch1 profile image
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      glynch1 2 years ago

      How is your comment relevant to the Scripture above?

      Nice thought, but consider Romans 8:14: "For all who are being led by the Spirit of God, these are sons of God."

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      Son of man 2 years ago

      Hello children of the one true living God, please ask the Lord Jesus Christ to let the Holy Spirit guide you.