ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Bible: What Does Job 11-15 Teach Us About God's Sovereignty and the Brevity of Human Life?

Updated on September 15, 2016

The Potter: Symbolic of God's Sovereignty

potter1.jpg
potter1.jpg

Zophar Adds His Wisdom

Finally, Zophar, Job's third friend, responds (v. 1).

He argues that while Job believes his speech should silence men's "advice", his words, in reality, deserve a rebuke for their emptiness and mockery (vv. 2-3).

He thinks that Job—the one who claims purity of life and teaching (v. 4)—deserves more chastening from God than what he has received (vv. 5, 6).

Zophar discourses on the sovereignty of God (vv. 7-8a, c, 9-11) and man's inability to override anything (ultimately) that He chooses to do (v. 8b, d).

He maintains that if Job confessed and forsook his iniquity (vv. 13-14), then the LORD would restore him, (v. 15) cause him to forget his agony (v. 16), and grant him light (v. 17), security (vv. 18-19a), and respect (v. 19b).

On the other hand, Zophar implies that if Job refuses to repent, he will die as a wicked man (v. 20).

[Again, if Job were truly guilty, then Zophar's instruction would be sound].

Job Speaks to His "Friends"

250px-119_Job_S...
250px-119_Job_S...

God Humbles the Proud

Job 12

Asserting that all nature knows that God is sovereign (vv. 7-10), Job rejects the patronizing, mocking attitude and words of his "friends" (vv. 1-4).

He extols the wisdom and strength of God (cf. Job 9) in humbling the mighty among various classes of men (vv. 13-25).

Among those groups are counselors and judges (v. 17), kings and princes (vv. 18-19), trusted ones and elders (v. 20).

[In this latter part Job referred to categories in which his friends might find themselves.

In other words, "Watch out, or God will humble you wise men!"]

Job Prays for Light

220px-Bonnat02.jpg
220px-Bonnat02.jpg

Job Seeks God for Answers

Job 13

Continuing his rebuttal, Job declares that he is not inferior to his friends, since he knows the same things they know (vv. 1-2).

He desires to talk to God to find answers, because he considers his companions unfit to give wise counsel (vv. 3, 4).

Using a series of questions, Job warns them to beware trying to talk for God against him (vv. 7-11).

When the LORD tests their advice, He will find it weak and worthless like ashes and clay (vv. 9-12).

Job feels constrained to defend himself, believing that God will finally vindicate and restore him (vv. 13-19).

As he begins his prayer, he asks the LORD for continued protection and courage (vv. 20-21). Any way that God desires to converse is fine with him (v. 22).

Without delay, Job pleads for illumination regarding any sin of which he is unaware (v. 23), and wonders why the LORD continues to be against him and put pressure on him (vv. 24-27).

With verse 28 he begins a discourse about man's mortality and frailty, continuing it into the next chapter.

[Job puts his friends on the defensive, admonishing them about their dangerous position as self-appointed judges.

He continues to question God in search of answers].

The Fall of Humanity

Michelangelo_Sü...
Michelangelo_Sü...

Mankind's Mortality and Frailty

Job 14

In describing man's life, Job is partial toward similes.

He compares his mortal body to

(1) something rotten,

(2) a moth-eaten garment (13:28),

(3) a short-lived flower, and

(4) a shadow (v. 2).

He continues the logic of an earlier stage in his prayer, inquiring why God concerns himself with such a creature (v. 3; cf. 13:25).

His question (v. 4) seems to limit God's ability, but perhaps he refers to this life.

Since the sovereign Lord limits man's life span, Job suggests that He let this hired man (another simile) rest until his time is done (vv. 5-6).

Christ the Firstfruits

220px-Noel-coyp...
220px-Noel-coyp...

My "Change": Restoration or Resurrection?

When Job speaks of his "change," does he refer to his restoration to prosperity in this life, or to his resurrection?

See results

Mankind Will Rise From The Dead

Then he contrasts man with a tree (vv. 7-12).

A tree is renewable (v. 7), and even parts of it may die (v. 8), yet water revives it (v. 9).

Conversely, man dies and, like a dried-up river (vv. 10-11), "does not rise" until the day of resurrection (v. 12).

Job desires God's protection from any more distress, and determines to wait for his "change"--a term that may merely refer to his restoration to "normal" (vv. 13-14)-- when the Lord will once more favor him (v. 15).

Again, Job resorts to figurative language, comparing God's destruction of man's hope to a mountainslide (v. 18) and the eroding effects of water (v. 19).

The LORD is relentless in His actions against humanity; they can do nothing but acquiesce (vv. 20-22).

[The Fall of man has produced many results-- some of which Job discusses here.

He does indicate, however, a belief in the resurrection, too].

The Flaw of the Three Counselors

view quiz statistics

Eliphaz's Rant Continues

Job 15

After Job's three-chapter discourse, Eliphaz charges Job with empty talk (vv. 1-3), claiming that he incriminates himself by his many words (vv. 4-6).

Eliphaz poses six questions with which he intends to deflate Job (vv. 7-9).

Then he rebukes him for turning away from the "consolations of God" which he believes he (and his friends) brings (vv. 10-13).

He reiterates the truth of man's depravity (vv. 14-16).

This latter topic seems to remind him of some traditional wisdom story about the plight of the wicked (vv. 17-19).

In this tale an evil man lives in pain (v. 20), in fear and destruction (vv. 21-22), in hunger and darkness (v. 23), in trouble and anguish (v. 24).

He rebels against God (vv. 25-26), and though he is outwardly prosperous, the good times will not continue (vv. 27-29), for God will destroy him (v. 30).

If the wicked continues to trust in empty things, this destruction will occur before his maturity (vv. 31-35).

[Again, Eliphaz’s advice would possess some merit if he were talking to someone guilty of sin. Instead, he is digging a hole for himself].

© 2014 glynch1

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)