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Legends of the Flood (Part 1)

Updated on October 15, 2015

Myth, Legend or History?

One of the most spectacular events in Holy Books of the three main monotheistic faiths on our planet. A global catastrophe that in itself that gives new meaning to the phrase "Of Biblical proportions" A flood that annihilated 99.999% or all life on the planet. Yet the sheer scale of the flood has meant that it's hard for us to even comprehend let alone believe and for many in today's world they don't believe it.

For most of us the story of Noah and his ark is something that belongs in the realm of Grimms fairy tales, a myth that may be there to teach that good wins out in the end. For others it's become a legend, something that might have been a localized flood in Mesopotamia that the writers of the Bible built into something else and with a 'moral message'

Today you'd be hard pressed to find people who actually believe in a global flood. That disturbs me as I'm one who likes to be able to find facts to show that what I believe at least haas some truth to it.

Searching for the facts

There's been arguments raging about Noah's Ark and whether there was a flood raging almost since the day the Ark came to rest on the mountain. The event is reputed to have taken place so far in antiquity that there are no records of it happening (or are there?) but could it have really happened? and if so are there any records other than the Bible and Qur'an accounts?

This hub will start to answer some of those questions and show that there's an abundance of evidence if we'll just open our eyes to look for it.

Could this be?

Is this the location?
Is this the location?

The story so far

Up until the eighteenth century pretty much everyone accepted the biblical account (or at least outwardly they did) but starting from about that time people began to question whether there was a God and whether the Bible's account pf things was valid anymore.

Most of the peasant populations still believed what the priest told them to believe but the gentry and the intellectuals began to question belief in God and with the propounding of the theory of evolution people began to think it was time to relegate the Bible to the realm of the fairytale.

Then in 1870 a worker at the British Museum made a startling discovery. George Smith was an engraver who had made a reputation for himself as a banknote engraver who had turned his eye for detail on the passion of his life, that of restoring ancient artifacts so that they could be restored for future generations. He'd been working on cuneiform inscriptions when he realized thane of the tablets he was working on was an account of the Biblical flood, but one like no other that he'd ever come across.

Being self taught in reading cuneiform he recognized the tablet as being in the Babylonian language, a language that had died out at the beginning of the Christian period and long before the Bible had been put together. He was holding the first non-biblical account of the flood and it had been dated (by the style of writing) at around 700BC! Not only that, but it was only a small part of a haul of literally thousands of tablets in the possession of the Museum. But the Bible had been relegated to the ranks of the fairytale! Was the Bible telling the truth after all?

Searching for the facts

I've always been perplexed by those who claim those who claim that there's evidence of the flood and then fail to produce it! either that or they then go on about some expedition or other to Mount Ararat that supposedly found some artifacts that there's no way to prove either way where it came from or even if it really existed in the first place. I know, I'm sounding negative but bear with me).

Recently I was reading a book called 'The Ark before Noah' By Irving Finkel the curator (or a curator) at the British Museum and it was amazing. One of the things he said in the book was that there are actually flood stories in over three hundred pre-literate cultures around the globe all of whom seem to relate to each other!

That was it, I was determined to find out if that was true and my search has been amazing. Not only true but the cultures are all over the earth touching every continent except Antarctica (for obvious reasons, there are no indigenous populations there)

In this hub I want to look at some of those cultures and the stories of the flood that they have. But first some ground rules.

The ground rules

  1. The culture has to have stories that can be traced back before the Missionaries arrived. The story itself will need to be traced right back to the beginning and there has to be no way it can be 'put there' by the Missionaries or interaction with Christians from an earlier time.
  2. The culture can be shown to be ancient. Ancient civilizations have their myths and legends, do any of them relate to a time when the earth was flooded?
  3. They need to be from different continents. Most Biblical scholars know the Babylonian stories of the flood (We'll look at them as well but as part of only one story of the flood as they can be shown to be traced back to one original).

So, are there any?

Actually, three hundred is probably a conservative estimate. The true figures are probably much higher. It's estimated that there are six thousand written languages in the world today with maybe another two or three thousand that have still to be committed to ink and with each one we are finding out more and more about what stone age man knew about his world.

One legend from North America

Some of the legends

The Video is one from the North American continent. It's very different from the Biblical account but the purpose of this hub isn't to argue which is more accurate but to show that there are many more legends of the flood than just what we find in the Holy Books.

Here are some of them that we'll look at

  1. North America (Native American)
  2. Gaelic (Irish pre-christian)
  3. African (Masai)
  4. Indian

(1). North America

Most of the legends of the flood in the Americas begin with the statement of God or one of the 'gods' creating men but men forget the words that god told them and eventually it leads to the situation where the 'gods' have to take the drastic steps of wiping out almost all of humanity and beginning again.

What is amazing is that as far as we know the native population of the Americas (the legend I took for the YouTube clip is one of many) were already living in that continent when the book of Genesis was being penned by Moses and had been there for thousands of years when the Bible was finally completed. They were there isolated and there was no way that they could have known that other cultures would preserve a similar story, yet listen to the story and see if you don't find similarities.

The Native Americans had a culture that didn't have writing, they used oral traditions to transmit their history and traditions, yet this story has been faithfully transmitted for what is probably not hundreds but thousands of years without losing the essential truths of a Creator God who cared for his creation enough to step in and put things right when men messed it up and looked hard enough to find one (or a group) who walked close enough to him that he found a way to bring them through the flood.

Some more flood stories

(2). The Gaelic (Irish) Legends

The Irish are known as some of the best storytellers in the World, but to find that they have a story of the flood? The Irish story is based on the Lebor Gabála Érenn a collection of stories from ancient times that were written down and in some ways 'Christianized' but the Irish were determined that they would not lose their origins and managed to preserve many of the pagan Celtic legends about their origins in the stories.

They tell of the first descendents of Noah through one of his sons (not mentioned in the Bible account) being the first to arrive on the west coast of the Emerald Isle a few weeks before the deluge trying to find a place that would not be affected by it. Three ships make the trip, but only one makes it and they try to avoid the coming deluge but can't and eventually only one is left who is transformed into an Eagle and lives for thousands of years and is eventually transformed into a man again to tell the story.

Ireland is eventually re-settled by descendants of Noah through Magog but for the rest of the legend you'll have to look for it.

(3). Masai

Quoted 'verbatim' from Wikipedia

Once upon a time the rivers began to flood. Then god told two people to get into a ship. He told them to take lots of seed and to take lots of animals. The water of the flood eventually covered the mountains. Finally the flood stopped. Then one of the men, wanting to know if the water had dried up let a dove loose. The dove returned. Later he let loose a hawk which did not return. Then the men left the boat and took the animals and the seeds with them.

The Masai live in East Africa. In Kenya and Tanzania, literally 'at the source of the Nile' thousand of miles from where the events of the Bible took place, yet read the account and see how similar to the other accounts it is?

(4). India

India also has a flood tradition contained in some of the Hindu holy writings the Shatapatha Brahmana from around 700BC. The story is a simple one that says that Vishnu warns 'Manu' of the impending flood and tells him to take all the seed he can as well as all the animals.

A simple legend yet written in the Hindu holy books a long time before the Missionaries got to India (even the Apostle Thomas didn't get there for another seven hundred years and the first Jews didn't arrive for around five hundred years) yet there was a written record of the flood hundreds of years before anyone with a knowledge of the Genesis account arrived in the subcontinent. How can this be?

Legends of the flood

One final word

This isn't necessarily a hub about the accuracy of the Biblical account of the flood (I'll look at that in another hub) but one to show that the Jews and Christians were not the only ones with a flood tradition.

There is a belief that God has placed within every culture a witness to himself that once the people there find it they can use that witness to lead them back to him. Don Richardson in his books 'Peace Child' and 'Heaven in their hearts' explore this (Peace child is his story of his work as a Missionary and how he came across this principle). Could the fact that there are so many stories of the flood be part of that witness?

The next Hub will look more closely at the Ancient Assyrian and Babylonian flood stories and how closely they resemble the Noah account.

Liked the hub? Then go to my profile page (top right where my name is and click) and take a look at the other hubs I've done. Also you can leave a comment just below


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    • lawrence01 profile imageAUTHOR

      Lawrence Hebb 

      3 years ago from Hamilton, New Zealand


      Thank you for the visit. This is only the first hub on the subject and deals with the non biblical and non written records of the flood. What is so amazing is that there are over 600 accounts in cultures from all over the globe including Latin America and North America. All of the accounts make it clear that it happened way back at the dawn of man's walk on the earth and while they may be unrelated 9as some are of a local flood) there is fairly good circumstantial evidence to warrant further study.

      The other hubs take a look at the written accounts and what scientists now think really happened.

      Scientists and historians are now convinced that Noah's flood really did happen and the only argument left is was it global? or was it only the world he knew at the time?

      I really glad you've looked at the article and hope you really enjoy them.

    • CatherineGiordano profile image

      Catherine Giordano 

      3 years ago from Orlando Florida

      I believe that there were extraordinary floods. Every region has floods and so there are stories of floods in every culture. I believe that there were mass extinctions, but none since homo erectus began his time on earth. Scientists claim five extinctions occurred. What I don't believe is that two of every kind of animal in the entire world climbed on to a tiny boat and survived the flood--all at the command of God.

    • lawrence01 profile imageAUTHOR

      Lawrence Hebb 

      3 years ago from Hamilton, New Zealand

      Say yes to life. I enjoyed your hubs on the main types of religions. They were very informative and I agree with you that the multitude of flood stories indicates some degree of truth. Man trying to explain how sea shells end up a thousand miles inland and on a mountain! Glad you liked the hub

    • lawrence01 profile imageAUTHOR

      Lawrence Hebb 

      3 years ago from Hamilton, New Zealand

      Jodah. Thanks for the comments. I'd always heard about the flood stories but never had the chance to read them. This time I decided to 'go find them ' and I was amazed at how close to the story of Noah they are. Over here in NZ the Maori have a legend of how the north and south island were created that is very similar to a flood narrative but I left that one out as it stretches things a bit too far. Glad you liked the hub.

    • Say Yes To Life profile image

      Yoleen Lucas 

      3 years ago from Big Island of Hawaii

      I have just finished a 4 part series on the 10 most practiced religions in the world. Most people believe in at least one god. All religions strive to explain the unexplainable, and teach how to best live in this world. Sea shells can be found on mountaintops; no doubt stories of a great flood encompassing the whole Earth were composed to explain this. These stories could be true.

    • Jodah profile image

      John Hansen 

      3 years ago from Queensland Australia

      Good article lawrence. I have read "flood" stories from all over the world and from other religions that tie in with the time line etc of the flood mentioned in the Bible, and as in your examples here there are many parallels. I look forward to your further hubs on the subject. it is one Biblical story that is becoming difficult to dispute.


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