ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Lord Krishna and Hinduism

Updated on December 25, 2015

LORD KRISHNA

WHO IS LORD KRISHNA

Hindu Mythology believes in three supreme Gods described as Brahma (Creator), Mahesh (Destroyer) and Vishnu (Preserver). Lord Krishna is said to be the eighth incarnation of Lord Vishnu who promised Goddess earth to take birth as a human being to remove sin and offer the world his sacred preaching. Eternal message of spiritual wisdom were kept in front of the entire world by the deity in the form of Bhagavad Gita (Religious book of Hindus) which contains the shloks (sayings) by Lord Krishna spoken to Prince Arjun during the war of Kurukshetra 5000 years ago among the pandavas and kauravas.

BIRTH OF LORD KRISHNA

Birth of our deity God is an amazing story narrated to almost every child by their parents. Among the yadavas in Mathura, there was a king named Kansa who was threatened by a loud voice from the sky (Akashvani) that he will be killed by the eighth son of his sister (Devki) due to the sins committed by him. On hearing this, Kansa put his sister and her husband behind the bars in his own palace. While in the Prison Lord Vishnu appeared in front of the couple and Informed them about his birth from the womb of Devki so that to Kill Kansa and release the people of his terror. During the birth of Lord Vishnu, a miracle happened and all doors opened automatically and even the guards got unconscious. It was the time when Vasudeva (Devki’s Husband) took the child out of the prison to his friend Nanda’s (Cow herd chief in Gokul) House crossing the full fledged Yamuna River during the heavy rains. Vasudeva and Nanda exchanged their kids and Vasudeva came back to the prison with daughter of Nanda. Kansa as soon as got the information of the birth of a child appeared in front of Devki and Vasudeva to kill the eighth child and took her in his hands. As he tried to kill the child, she transformed into the Goddess Yogamaya and told Kansa “You are a fool and will not get anything by killing me. Your nemesis is already born somewhere else to plan your demise.”

INFANT LORD KRISHNA

CHILDHOOD AND THE YOUTH

Krishna was the son of the head of the community of Cow herders in Vrindavan. Hence he also became a cow herder. Krishna was the most mischievous child of the entire community always engaged in some or the other kind of pranks. He was mostly famous as makhan chor (butter thief) which he did from almost every house of the village. Logic behind this prank was that he wanted to be a strong person along with his fellow friends so that to be a protector of the entire Vrindavan.

He is also famous for his play with the gopis (milkmaids) his community. Radha among them was his favorite who is still worshipped as goddess along with Lord Krishna. His play with them is popularly known as Raaslila.

During his childhood, Krishna killed the demoness putana who was sent by Kansa to kill Krishna. Later he also tamed the serpent Kaliya, who was responsible for the poison in Yamuna River and killed numerous herds.

Apart from this he also taught a lesson to Indra Dev (God of Rain) who was full of pride and ego and got angry on Krishna’s advice to protect and take care of the people of Vrindavan. As per the views of Krishna, people should stop worshipping Indra Dev and spending their resources. He says that rain comes from the nearby hill called Goverdhana and advised people to worship the hill instead of Indra. This made Indra extreme furious and sent heavy storms along with rain. To safeguard the people of Vrindavan, Krishna lift up the Goverdhan hill to shelter the people and safeguard them from this terror of Indra dev.

Childhood of Krishna was full of fun, enjoyment and various teachings. From Time to time he safeguards the people of Vrindavan from various calamities and demons and wins their heart with his charming behavior and intelligence. Not only this, cows, birds, trees and various other animals were fond of his flute voice and loved him truly.

Kurukshetra War

KURUKSHETRA AND BHAGAVAD GITA

After growing up he left Vrindavan and went to Mathura to kill his maternal uncle, Kansa. After his demise he handed over the thrown to Kansa’s father Ugrasen and himself became the Prince. It was then he came in touch with Pandavas and became a close friend of Arjuna.

Later he battled from the side of pandavas in the war of Kurukshetra fought between Pandavas and Kauravas for the throne of Hastinapur. Yudhishtira was the eldest brother of Pandavas and cousins Kauravas and was not accepted by Kauravas as king of Hastinapur. Duryodhan, eldest of kauravas wanted to ascend the throne unlawfully which was the ultimate reason for war. In whole of the issue Krishna sided with pandavas for Truth and law but he could not directly fight the war with weapons. So he became the charioteer of Arjuna to guide him all throughout the struggle time. It was this period of battle when Arjuna was counseled by Krishna to fulfill his duties of a warrior and as a human being so that to attain liberation. It was this conversation that has been converted to Bhagawad Gita so that the whole human community can take benefit of the teachings of Lord Krishna. As Bhagavad Gita is nothing else but the preaching of our almighty i .e Lord Krishna, it is the Holy book of Hindus. A person who reads Gita is said to be enlightened with knowledge.

RAASLILA

WIVES OF LORD KRISHNA

Although Radha is the godess worshipped with Lord Krishna and it is believed that Krishna is incomplete without Radha still she was not his wedded wife. Krishna left her alone in Mathura while leaving for Vrindavan. Krishna married eight princely wives called as ashtbharya which includes Rukmani and Satyabhama. Apart from his eight princely wives he married 16000 which were said as his junior wives. They were forcibly kept by Narkasur in his palace and were rescued by Lord Krishna. To save their honor and allow them to live respectfully in society, Krishna himself married them. Rukmani, his first wife is considered as the avatar of Goddess Lakshmi whereas his second wife Satyabhama is considered the aspect of the earth goddess Bhudevi.

IDOLS OF RADHA AND KRISHNA AT MATHURA

WORSHIP OF LORD KRISHNA

Lord Krishna is associated with Vishnu and is considered as his incarnation. Therefore his worship is also a part of Vaishnavism. Lord Krishna is one of the most popular deity of Hindus worshipped all across the country including the southern states. Apart from India, Lord Krishna is the only god popular in western countries as well due to strong efforts of ISCON (International society for Krishna Consciousness). This was the movement called as Hare Krishna Movement which was spread outside through its founder Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada.

Lord Krishna is worshipped in the form of an infant child as well as an adult Krishna with Radha Rani. Idol of Infant Krishna is a small child with some butter in his hand. This image of Krishna is basically treated by the follower as his own child. One pampers the infant Krishna and plays with him like a small child. It is felt as a member of the house and one has to involve him in daily routines. Like getting him up early morning, giving bath and making him ready for the breakfast. In the same manner preparing dinner for him at night and then making him sleep on small couch. One who worships infant Krishna follows every ritual and treats him like his own child.

Adult Krishna is worshipped along with Radha Rani and his name is chanted as RadheKrishna. It also indicates that worship of Krishna is incomplete without Radha. This is also believed that worshipping Radha means touching the heart of Krishna as she resides within his heart. Followers of Lord Krishna visit his native place Mathura and Vrindavan every year. There are number of temples built in the name of the deity that includes Janam Bhumi, Isckon temple, Bankey Bihari Temple etc.

Janamashtami is celebrated as the birthday of Lord Krishna every year in month of Aug-sep. People keep fast on this day and eat anything after 12 midnight which is exactly the birth time of Lord Krishna.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • swalia profile image

      Shaloo Walia 

      2 years ago from India

      A lovely hub on my beloved Krishna...Hari Bol!

    • meenakshibhati profile imageAUTHOR

      meenakshibhati 

      3 years ago

      Namaste Adrien. Feeling proud that Lord krishna and Hindu religion is so popular.

    • Adrien Richards profile image

      Adrien 

      3 years ago

      beautiful thank you, I been into Vivekananda and Vedanta since 15 yrs old and read the Gita and Unpanishad many times, Namaste

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)