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The Egyptian Goddess Maat: The Personification of Truth and Moral Integrity
Many people ask why I chose the name “Daughter of Maat” as a screen name. I use it for just about all my online endeavors including video gaming. To me, it’s a tribute to my patron Goddess Maat; I consider myself to be her daughter, so to speak. I even named one of my cats after her.
Maat (pronounced Mot. or Ma'ot) was an integral part of Egyptian culture. Her origins date back to the Old Kingdom where she was described as being “at the nostrils of Ra.”
In later Dynasties, she was known as the daughter of the Sun God. Typically depicted as a woman wearing an ostrich feather (a symbol of truth), Maat was the ultimate judge of the dead.
The heart of the deceased was weighed against the feather of Maat. If the soul was found worthy, it was accompanied to the Underworld by the psychopomp Anubis. If the soul was found to be unworthy, it was fed to the goddess Ammit.
The God of the Underworld, Osiris himself, was known as “Lord of Maat.”
Maat was the personification of all the elements of cosmic harmony, specifically truth, justice and moral integrity.
Unlike the other Gods and Goddesses of ancient Egypt, Maat essentially represented an all-encompassing ethical concept in the form of personification. She was a neter, or principle.
Maat also justified the authority of the king. She gave them the authority to govern the people and uphold the laws of the universe. The pharaoh was the keeper of Maat, or order on Earth which included the annual flood of the Nile.
If a pharaoh failed to rule in accordance with Maat, the cosmic harmony Maat provided would be thrown off balance. This applied to individuals as well.
A lack of integrity caused the cosmos to become unbalanced and Egyptians feared they would be punished with famine or other plagues in order to restore that balance.
Maat was the epitome of order and the antithesis of chaos (personified by the God Seth). She was the one who kept the cosmos from slipping into the chaotic abyss surrounding it.
She was also the consort of the Moon-god Thoth who was also known as the “Lord of Time.” Together, Maat and Thoth accompanied Ra on his nightly journey into the Underworld (this was the sun setting).
Thoth was also known as the “Lord of Wisdom.” Because Maat was the wife of Thoth, she was the expression of divine wisdom.
The Goddess Maat
Since Maat is my Patron Goddess, I use her in quite a bit of spell work. If you decided to call on Maat, make sure your intentions are pure.
Since she is the Goddess of truth and moral integrity, if you have ulterior motives, the spell will backfire.
Maat’s correspondences are:
Candle Colors: black, blue, green, orange, white and yellow
Spells: beginnings, endings, legal matters, power, protection, purification, and transitions
Offerings: gemstones such as emerald; herbs such as aloe; liquids such as galbanum oil; beer or wine; and feathers (especially an ostrich feather)
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