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Mahabharat : The Longest Epic Saga

Updated on March 2, 2015

Mahabharat : An Epic Saga

Mahabharat is one of the best saga and one of the longest saga in the world. No one can deny that it is one of the greatest epic we have on the earth. It is the longest epic in the world. It has more than 74000 verses and more than 1.8 million words. Mahabharat was written by Ved Vyasa. Originally Mahabharat was written in Sanskrit language. Now it has been translated in many languages in the world.

Mahabharat teach us religion, what is wrong and what is not, it teach us bravery, honesty, fight against the evil forces, respect and family values. Mahabharat has solution for each and everything and we can easily relate some of the lessons from Mahabharat to modern era problems to get solutions. It provides the perfect scenarios to understand all the lessons in a very easy way.

Mahabharat contains whole Geeta, which gives the best philosophical lesson in the easiest way you can. Mahabharat along with Geeta gives answers to any question in the world.

Democracy and Deplomacy in Mahabharat

Mahabharat started with king Bharat. King Bharat was ruling the kingdom of Kuru. We can see that Mahabharat teach us to give opportunity to the deserving person and not to your son only. This is how a democracy works. In democracy, only the deserving person should get chance to the capable person. This follows when Bheeshma announce King Pandu as his successor even though Dhritrashtra. The same thing happened when King Dhritrashtra announce Yudhisthira as his successor and not to his son Duryodhana.

Krishna gave some of the best lessons of democracy and diplomacy throughout in Mahabharat. Sakuni was a great diplomat too but he was on negative side. Sakuni supported Kauravas and Krishna supported Pandavas and Arjun.

Mahabharat : An Epic

Five Pandavas and Hundread Kauravas

Pandavas were son of King Pandu and his two queens Kunti and Madri. Pandavas were actually sons of Gods as King Pandu had curse to not make any physical relation with anyone. Five Pandavas are Yudhisthir, Bhhema, Arjuna, Sahdev and Nakul. Kunti also had one more son from Sun. His name was Karna. Kunti left him as he born before her marriage. Later a Charioteer of Bheesma's chariot found him and adopt him as a son.

King Dhritrastra's son called Kauravas. They were 100 brothers. King Duryodhna's queen gandhari gave born of a non mature baby. Gandhari was blessed from Eishi Ved Vyas to get 100 sons. So, Rishi Vyas suggested to cut the amateur flash in to 100 pieces and kept them in jars full of oil. Gandhari want to have a daughter too so Ved Vyas created 101 jars. From these 101 jars, King Dhritrastra had 100 sons and a daughter.

Kingdoms during Mahabharat Time

There were many kingdoms during Mahabharat era in India. Big kingdoms are Hastinapur, Vidarbh and Panchal. Other small kingdoms are Kosal, Kashi, Aang, Indraprasth and Gandhar.

Hastinapur kingdom ruled by Kuru. Satyavati and Bheesma worked together as combined caretaker of Hastinapur. Hastinapur won other small kingdoms around it such as Anga and Indraprastha.

Vedic Time Indian Kingdoms

Guru Dronacharya

Drona was the guru of Pandavas and Kauravas. Drona was a great archer and he was a master of all military arts and strategies. He gave training to Pandavas and Kauravas.
Eklavya, was a minor cast student of Drona. He actually wanted to learn from Drona but he knew he cannot get it from Drona as he teaches only Prince. Drona refused Eklavya and asked his thumb as his Gurudakshina (Fees that Guru asks from student). Without thumb one cannot do archery but still Eklavya cut his thumb from his own hand for his Guru.

Guru Drona played a vital role in Mahabharat. His favourite and the best student was Arjun. Although Drona took part in war from Kaurava side.

Krishna And Arjuna in Kurushetra

Arjun and Krishna

Arjun is one of the best characters in the Mahabharat. He was the third Pandav and was a son of Indra and Kunti. He was the best archer of his time and the best student of Guru Dronacharya.

He played a very important role in kurushetra war. He was the only one who knows how to break a war strategy called "Chakravyuh". He had four wives; Draupadi, Subhadra,

Krishna was the best friend of Arjuna. Arjun also married with Krishna's younger sister Subhadra. Krishna played a very important role in motivating Pandavas and especially Arjuna. Krishna gave a great lesson to Arjuna regarding Karma which is known as Geeta. Geeta has answer for every question on the earth.Krishna's philosophy is one of my favorite.Krishna tried make peace between both parties but it did not worked out because Duryodhana and Shakuni. Shakuni and Krishna were diplomats from Kauravas and Pandavas camp respectively.

What is your favorite character in Mahabharat ?

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The War of Mahabharat

The war of Mahabharat is known as one of the biggest war in ancient India. It lasted 18 days and involved almost all kingdoms present at that time in Indian subcontinent. It was a war between Pandavas and Kauravas.

Krishna played a great role in the war. He offered either himself unarmed or his army. Arjun and Duryodhana both went to Krishna to accept their choice on the offer. Duryodhan wanted to choose Krishna's army and Arjun wanted unarmed Krishna. Krishna gave Arjuna first chance, and he chooses unarmed Krishna. Arjun knew that victory will be on Krishna's side only. Duryodhana got second chance but he was happy to get Krishna's army. Krishna became Charioteer of Arjuna.


Pandava's army includes Five Pandavas, Drupad, Shikhandi, dhristadhrumn, Satyaki and Kekaya. Kaurava's aemy includes hundreas kauravas, Guru Drona, Bheesma, Karna and Sakuni.

Must See - Mahabharat Tunes

Summary

Mahabharat is a great epic of India. It is a Hindu religious epic but it give a great lesson to all mankind. It provides lessons for democracy, diplomacy, truth and honesty. Mahabharat also showcase great manufacturing, construction and technology advance in that era. It shows we have to fight for what is truth. I think Mahabharat has answer for all our modern era questions.

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    • ktnptl profile image
      Author

      ktnptl 2 years ago from Atlanta, GA

      I appreciate Akriti, Mahabharata is one of my favorite and there are many things we can learn from The Mahabharata.

    • Akriti Mattu profile image

      Akriti Mattu 2 years ago from Shimla, India

      It is so impressive to see an individual from a foreign land write about Mahabharat. As an Indian, i loved your post and your knowledge on the subject. Voted up :-)

    • ktnptl profile image
      Author

      ktnptl 3 years ago from Atlanta, GA

      Indeed, one can consider and relate their life with any one of the character easily.

    • ardhendudey profile image

      Ardhendu Dey 3 years ago from Jamshedpur

      Mahabharat is indeed a wonderful epic. It perfectly portrays the condition of the real society and helps to distinguish between the right and the wrong correctly.