ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Most Haunted Places in Michigan

Updated on September 27, 2015
A cat spirit?
A cat spirit?
Paulding Light, Paulding, Michigan. This light is said to be a ghost. No explanation for it can be found.
Paulding Light, Paulding, Michigan. This light is said to be a ghost. No explanation for it can be found. | Source

Haunted Places in Michigan

Many towns have their own ghosts stories and those in Michigan are no exception.Here you can read about some of the most haunted places in Michigan. Michigan might have more than its fair share. The stories may be true or they may just be urban legend. It is up to you to decide.

Many of the ghost died at a young age or died violently. Very few died of old age. Most seem friendly, but a few are evil. Prisons and mental hospitals seem to encourage them.

The houses and schools listed are not open to the public, unless noted. You will be prosecuted if you enter them without permission. Most cemeteries are open to the public during daytime hours only. Don't visit them at night unless you'd like a visit from the police and a possible warrant for trespassing.

Bay City - Visitation Church

The story of a bloody hand being seen at the church may be an urban legend.The building is a Catholic church which has been there for many years. It started out as a small building and over the years has been added onto many times. What isn't an urban legend is the ringing of the old bells at 5 pm everyday. The bells have since been removed. No one could ever explain why the bells rang everyday at that time.

Beaverton -WGEO Radio Station

WGEO needed more space for its business and so it purchased a used repossessed mobile home for offices. It seemed like a good decision until strange things started happening in the back bedroom. Pranks were pulled, weird electrical things would happen and you could feel ice cold air in the hallway near the bedroom. Finally a child in a yellow jacket started appearing. Once the manager started hearing voices that wanted her to hurt herself, they decided to find out what was going on.

The company where they had purchased the home was contacted. Either they wouldn't or couldn't let the radio station know anything about the history of the home. Next WGEO contacted the local church to see if they wouldn't do an exorcism. The answer was no, so nothing could be done.

WGEO is located in central lower Michigan. It is on Highway 18 north of Beaverton.

Bronson - Haunted Houses

For many years, Bronson was a bustling town. Now it is a small quiet community. Before interstates were built, Bronson was the midway point between Chicago and Detroit on US 12. . There was a big hotel there for travellers that stopped for the night. Since then the hotel has been demolished and the corner now has a gazebo. Many notable people stopped, including Al Capone. He liked to vacation at Matteson Lake just outside of town.

Bronson has a large number of houses that are more than a century old. Two of those houses are haunted. One is near the taverns. My daughter lived there and there were many ghostly visits by a young lady. She'd take jewelry and it would disappear. If you asked her to give it back, she would and in the same spot where it belonged. The pantry of the house was eerie and cold all of the time.

On one of her visits, she spread or accidentally dropped flour on the kitchen floor while my daughter was away. My daughter came back with my sister and it was a big mess. My sister said that "That old ghost is at it again." One of the windows fell out and broke, crashing glass everywhere.

My daughter was seeing a young man at the time. He said some mean things to her and music CDs started flying in the air at him. The only explanation was that the ghost was there again. Needless to say, he learned to hold his tongue.

Four different people were in the living room one night and all of them saw an orb go around the room. Finally it went to the upstairs. After my daughter moved out of the house, her friend then moved in. She had the same kinds of experiences.

The Baby in the Basement

The residents of another house in Bronson, claims that there is a baby grave in their basement. It is an old Michigan basement with a dirt floor and there is a tombstone for a baby. At night the family that lives in the house hear a baby cry down there.

Byron Center

Homerich Road Cemetery

There are many stories about the Homerich Road cemetery. One of the tombstones in the cemetery is said to glow. Many people visit the cemetery to try to find that tombstone.

One couple went there to take photos at night. When they downloaded the pictures they got a surprise. A little girl was sitting on a tombstone and the photos were covered with orbs.

Two ladies visited the cemetery trying to find the glowing tombstone. While they were there, they both saw a lady from the 1800s in the dress of that time. The lady just smiled at them and walked away and vanished. This was a daytime visit. Both promised they'd never go there again.


Oak Grove Cemetery

This is an enjoyable cemetery to browse through during the day. You'll enjoy viewing all of the graves of Civil War soldiers in the old part of the cemetery. The cemetery is large and divided into two sections. One is on one side of US 12 and the other is on the other side.

When you find the mausoleum, you are in the right spot where the ghosts have been seen. The mausoleum is painted green with vines growing over it. Just being near the area at night is supposed to give an eerie feeling. Photos of the site show two misty figures.

The Halston House

The Halston House was built in the 1870s by Lorenzo Halstead. He was a poor man and arrived with only a dollar in his pocket from New York. He managed to earn and save a lot of money by purchasing and trading furs with the Indians in the area. Later he started a sewing business.

In 1843 he married Laura Ann Lake. After his marriage, he began a building business. Later he became one of the riches men in the area. Coldwater had a boom period when the railroad tracks came in and he built many of the houses in the town.

Halstead passed away in 1906. He is now known as the earliest pioneer in Coldwater. The house where he lived, is said to be haunted. People have seen two little girls sitting at the top of the maids staircase. They are said to always be well behaved and quiet.

Two antique collectors purchased the house and now live there.

Historic Fort Wayne

Haunted Places

Bay City Michigan:

get directions

Visitation Church

Beaverton Michigan:

get directions

WGEO Radio Station

Bronson Michigan:

get directions

Haunted Houses

Byron Center Michigan:

get directions

Homerich Cemetery

Coldwater Michigan:

get directions

Oak Grove Cemetery, The Halston House

Detroit Michigan:

get directions

General Motors Plant, Henry Ford Estates, Masonic Temple, Whittney Inn, Fort Wayne

Hastings Michigan:

get directions

Historic Charlton Park, Hastings Middle School

Grand Rapids Michigan:

get directions

Bell Telephone Company

Guliver Michigan:

get directions

Seul Choix Point Lighthouse


General Motors Plant

In 1964 a man was saved from his death by a worker that had the same accident and died in 1944. The man was almost crushed to death by a machine that was malfunctioning, but the ghost appeared and saved his life. The accident took place at the GM Stamping Plant. Tours may still be available. Call 313-923-3632 for more information.

Henry Ford Estates

The mansion is believed to be haunted by Mr. Ford's butler. Investigations have been completed and they do reveal paranormal activity in the home Visitors have reported a ghostly form following them. Doors and windows close on their own. Photos have shown orbs. One person when asked identified the ghost in a photo. It was the butler. I am sad to see that the mansion is now closed to the public. I've viewed the estates, but wasn't given the pleasure of meeting the ghost.

Masonic Temple

Detroit's Masonic Temple should be included in any tour of Detroit. The building is located at 500 Temple Avenue. It is the largest Masonic Temple in the world with 14 stories. The building is ornate and beautiful. Included are not only several public auditoriums and a ballroom, but also a swimming pool, raquetball area, pool hall, dining areas, hotel lodging for members and a bowling alley. It has 1,037 rooms in all. The building opened in 1926. It is said to have many hidden staircases and rooms within the building.

The temple was financed with funds from George Mason. The building cost so much money to build that even though he was a rich man, he went bankrupt financing it. His wife then left him, which caused him to go into a deep depression. He jumped off the building and fell to his death.

Visitors now say that they can feel someone watching them. The security guards claim to have seen him climbing up the steps to the roof. Doors open and slam for no reason and many other mysterious things go on.

Whittney Inn

The Whitney Inn was once a private home. It is now a restaurant open to the public. It was listed in The National Register of Historic Places in 1972. The house was built in the 1890's by David Whitney Jr. He was one of the lumber barons and considered one of the richest men in Michigan. At the time of its building, the cost for the house was $400,000. In today's money that would be equal to 10.5 million dollars.

The house has 21,000 square feet with 52 rooms. The rooms include 10 bathrooms. Included are 20 fireplaces, a secret vault, an elevator and Tiffany glass windows.

The restaurant is rated as one of the best in Michigan. David Whitney only lived in his new home for 6 years before dying. The home was kept in the family until the 1920s when the family sold it.

Starting in the 1980s, the hotel has been reported as being haunted. The elevator moves up and down with no one in it. People have reported seeing the ghost of a man in a tuxedo. Dishes and place settings move on their own.

The restaurant is located at 4421 Woodward Ave, Detroit, Michigan 48201

Fort Wayne

No war has been fought at the fort. It was originally a Civil War fort, but it wasn't needed for battle. It includes limestone barracks, a Spanish jail, Indian mounds and a port. An empty field sits nearby where the hospital once was.

Oddly, the ladies bathroom at the visitor's center seems to be the most haunted. Women wait while it is in use and no one is in it. Lights turn on and off when no one is there. The visitor's center is a 1903 building, that was constructed for soldiers to use as a recreation area.

In other areas of the grounds and buildings, ghostly footsteps have been heard. Conversations between the ghosts have also been heard. Apparitions appear during the the early morning hours. Doors open and close themselves. It is considered an extra active ghost site.

Tours are available to visitors. You can contact them with this link.

Hastings Middle School is haunted by an Indian Chief.
Hastings Middle School is haunted by an Indian Chief. | Source

Hastings MI

Charlton Park

Historic Charlton Park has a turn of the century town with all of the buildings you would expect to find in an early 1900s town. They have been moved there over the years from other places. Included is a hotel where a young girl was playing hide and seek. While hiding, she got trapped in a trunk and smothered to death.

Those that volunteer to clean the hotel, claim to hear her mother walking the halls. Civil War Re-enactments also take place at the park. Some of these visitors claim to have seen the young girl giggling while she hides from them.

The park is open to visitors on most weekdays. Parts of the hotel are roped off. For contact information, use this link. Historical Charlton Park.

Hastings Middle School

The school is located at 232 W Grand Street in Hastings. You must receive permission to enter the building. The Middle School was built on what was once an Indian burial mound. Students and teachers claim to have seen an Indian Chief walking the halls. The chief is seen as a dark shadowy figure.

Many students that attended the school have different stories to tell. It is said the spirit leaves turkey feathers in class rooms. The chief is dubbed Chief Turkey Feather by the students and staff.

Grand Rapids

Bell Telephone

The site where the Michigan Bell Telephone Company now sits was once the site where first an elegant mansion sat and later became a boarding house. In 1907 Warren and Virginia Randall moved there.The couple were happy until Warren had an accident working for the railroad. He was a brakeman and lost his leg, which was replaced with a wooden one.

Their once happy marriage started falling apart as Warren became strange and paranoid. He accused his wife of seeing other men and started becoming violent with her. The police visited their home often over the violence. Virginia finally left Warren.

In 1910, Warren talked Virginia into taking a carriage ride and they ended up at the room they once shared. Warren took his wooden leg and beat her terribly. He then sealed all opening in the room with towels and ripped a gas fixture off the wall, so the room would fill with the gas. Then he took a straight razor and slashed his throat.

The boarding house was vacant and no one knew the couple were in it. The adjoining building started smelling the odor from the decaying bodies and called the Department of Health. The bodies were found in a decayed state.

After that no one occupied the house again. People started reporting strange sounds and lights coming on in the house. Others reported hearing screams and the thumping of Warren's leg on the floor. The house was considered haunted and was torn down ten years later.

The Bell Telephone Company purchased the land and erected a new office building there in 1924. The building remains there to this day. Workers claim strange things happen. Residents of Grand Rapids get strange phone calls during the night and when they are traced, they are coming from the building. Neighbors claim to hear screams and a peg leg thumping at night.


Seul Choix Point Lighthouse

Those that work at the lighthouse believe that an old lighthouse keeper from the past still works at the lighthouse. Strange things happen there. Silverware is moved, they smell cigar smoke, and hear someone climbing the steps up to the light.

The lighthouse is on a small harbor on the south shore of the Upper Peninsula on Lake Michigan. It is just 60 miles from the Straits of Mackinac. French traders and Indians used the harbor.

The name is pronounced Sis-shwa and was given the name by the French. The light is still operational, but isn't the original. The house was built large enough for two families. It has been restored to its original state.

It is open to the public from Memorial Day to October seven days a week. Hours are 10am to 6pm.

For more information write to the Gulliver Historical Society, 1906 W County Road 432, Gulliver, Mi 49840. Phone 906-283-3317.

Michigan State Prison, Jackson, Michigan
Michigan State Prison, Jackson, Michigan | Source

Jackson Prison, ChristopherTAKClark, Youtube

Jackson Michigan

The Old Jackson Prison

The old Jackson State Prison was the first state prison in Michigan, opening in 1839.For many years, it was considered the largest walled prison in the world. At times, it housed 3840 prisoners at a time when it was at its maximum. Conditions in the prison weren't good. It had no plumbing, heat, or electricity. It has been said that in the winter months, all you could hear were the men's teeth chattering.

Many prisoners died there from all sorts of diseases and others from suicide. Some men in solitary confinement could be under a code of silence for as long as 5 years. Their meals consisted of just bread and water.

Different ghost hunters have checked the prison and have taped voices asking for help in the solitary area. Clanking noises are heard and orbs show up on camera photos. There is a tunnel system in the prison that has a lot of spirit activity. One voice said that they had murdered someone. Orbs show up on cameras there also. The lunchroom area is also considered haunted.

The building now houses the Armory Arts Village. It offers rooms and working area for talented artist. The building is located at 100 Armory Court #107, Jackson, Michigan 49202.


The Civic Theater

The Civic Theater in Kalamazoo has been said to be haunted for years. The actors and actresses there refer to her as Thelma. She has shown herself and spoken to many of them, but then disappears. Thelma likes to play tricks by hiding things and making messes, but she doesn't seem to mean any harm to anyone.

Jackson Michigan:

get directions

Jackson Michigan State Prison

Kalamazoo Michigan:

get directions

Kalamazoo Civic Theater

Mackinac Island Michigan:

get directions

Paulding Michigan:

get directions

Paulding Lights

Mackinac Island

Fort Holmes, Back Trails, Cemeteries, Mission Point Resort

Mackinac (pronounced Mackinaw) Island has so many haunted places that it would take a book to write about each of them, but I will include several. Many Indians from the French Indian war were killed there. The island is also full of Indian mounds. People have reported seeing Indian ghosts on the island.

The Woods Restaurant

A lady in white who is said to be a ghost has been seen looking through a window to the inside of the restaurant.

Carriage Ride

Mackinac Island has no motorized vehicles. Instead of cars, people use bikes, walk and ride horses. A carriage service is available. A common story told is sightings of a lady ghost dressed in white and a soldier in the back of the carriage. The drivers see them and then look back and they are gone.

Grand Hotel Theatre

The hotel has been featured in films because of its elegance. It is worth a site seeing tour in itself. There are many stories about the hotel theatre being haunted.

Paulding Michigan, Paulding Lights

The Paulding lights have also been named The Mysterious Light of the UP, Dog Meadow Light,and Lights of Paulding. The lights were first reported in 1966. Some teenagers saw them and reported them to the local sheriff. Since that time, the lights are viewed regularly at night by many curious people.

At one time Ripley's Believe it or Not offered a reward for an explanation of what was happening at the site. At night a light appears in the sky and no one knows why. Some people say that it is caused by swamp gas. A popular local legend says it is a ghost.

Michigan Tech students used telescopes and claimed the lights were caused by cars on a highway 5 miles away,but In 2010, the site was on the Sy Fi network show Fact or Faked Paranormal Files. Investigators for the show attempted to recreate the lights, but could not figure out what caused them.

The site is near Watersmeet off US 45, on Robins Pond Road. Robbins Pond Road is also known as Old US 45.

Other Information

There are many other haunted places in Michigan. In fact, one couple wrote 3 volumes, just on haunted places.

Just a few books that are available are listed here:

Detroit, The Haunted Locations in Detroit

Michigan's Haunted Nightlife

Ghosts of Michigan: The Most Haunted Locations

Michigan's Haunts and Hauntings

Have you ever lived in a haunted house?

See results


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • Barbara Kay profile imageAUTHOR

      Barbara Badder 

      5 years ago from USA

      Lee Cloak. Thanks for all the compliments and thanks for reading.

    • profile image

      Lee Cloak 

      5 years ago

      Great hub, very very interesting, well done superbly written, thanks!

    • Barbara Kay profile imageAUTHOR

      Barbara Badder 

      5 years ago from USA

      peachpurple, I have no idea. I am sure that are both kinds.

    • peachpurple profile image


      5 years ago from Home Sweet Home

      i noticed that from your daughter experience, the ghost of the house do not harm or hurt humans, right? I think they wanted peace and quiet

    • Barbara Kay profile imageAUTHOR

      Barbara Badder 

      6 years ago from USA

      glassvisage, I will add more photos when the weather warms up here. We've had such cold snowy weather, you don't leave home unless you have to do it. Yes, Michigan has a lot and many more that I didn't add. It would take an entire book. Thanks for visiting the hub.

    • glassvisage profile image


      6 years ago from Northern California

      Wow, there are a lot of haunted places in Michigan! This is a great idea for a Hub topic. I would love to see more photos of these places!

    • Barbara Kay profile imageAUTHOR

      Barbara Badder 

      6 years ago from USA

      Shyron, I think you are right about every town having one. Where ever we've lived there has been at least one, if not several. Thanks for voting it up and sharing.

    • Shyron E Shenko profile image

      Shyron E Shenko 

      6 years ago from Texas

      Barbara, this is very interesting and I guess every town has at least one haunted house. I would not mind visiting during the day but night, no way. I would not make it through the night.

      Voted-up and interesting and shared.

    • Barbara Kay profile imageAUTHOR

      Barbara Badder 

      6 years ago from USA

      Marina7, A few of the places I know are haunted. Some of them I wonder. Thanks for reading.

    • Marina7 profile image


      6 years ago from Clarksville TN

      You have much knowledge about haunted places. Those are very interesting stories. Thank you for sharing!!

    • Barbara Kay profile imageAUTHOR

      Barbara Badder 

      6 years ago from USA

      Shyron, It might be scary if you actually saw one. Thanks for reading and commenting.

    • Shyron E Shenko profile image

      Shyron E Shenko 

      6 years ago from Texas

      I lived in Michigan once, but did not know about any of these. They are very interesting and I would love to visit some of these, but I might have a heart attack.

      Voted-up and interesting and shared.

    • Barbara Kay profile imageAUTHOR

      Barbara Badder 

      6 years ago from USA

      moonlake, I've haven't seen it myself, but my son lived in the Upper Peninsula for awhile and he had been there several times. Thanks for voting it up and pinning.

    • moonlake profile image


      6 years ago from America

      Came back for a visit. We all know about the Paulding LIght. I have never been there but our kids have it has always been a fun thing for teens to do around here. I have a hub on it. Voted up and pinned to my ghost board.

    • Barbara Kay profile imageAUTHOR

      Barbara Badder 

      6 years ago from USA

      Jackie, Thanks for reading. I hope a few are near her. Scary places!

    • Jackie Lynnley profile image

      Jackie Lynnley 

      6 years ago from the beautiful south

      Ewwww, I will have to send this along to my daughter-in-law from Michigan! Great hub for Halloween coming up soon.

    • Barbara Kay profile imageAUTHOR

      Barbara Badder 

      6 years ago from USA

      FlourishAnyway, They should have fun. Not only are some of the places haunted, but are great places for historical buffs. Thanks and I hope you have a wonderful day,

    • FlourishAnyway profile image


      6 years ago from USA

      Great hub, especially for anyone venturing to Michigan. I'm going to send this to a friend who moved there last year. Should be great, especially this time of year! Voted up and more!

    • Barbara Kay profile imageAUTHOR

      Barbara Badder 

      7 years ago from USA

      creativemisings, I am happy to hear that you enjoyed it. Thanks for reading and commenting.

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      Fun read. This is what I call "spooktacular". Have always loved reading about haunted places, it is another thing that I won't go anywhere near such a place!

    • Barbara Kay profile imageAUTHOR

      Barbara Badder 

      7 years ago from USA

      Marcy, Thanks for reading the hub and all your comments. I've seen the outside of the Grand Hotel and would love to take the tour. When I visited Mackinac Island, no one else wanted to do it. Mackinac Island alone is worth the trip. Thanks for voting up and sharing.

    • Marcy Goodfleisch profile image

      Marcy Goodfleisch 

      7 years ago from Planet Earth

      Wow - what an interesting and well-researched hub! Now I want to plan a trip to Michigan (hey - I need to go anyway - I'm craving a visit to the Grand Hotel). The Paulding Lights look like the Marfa Lights in Texas, in a way (they don't resemble them, but the mystery is the same). And I have to say I get tired of the 'swamp gas' line we hear every time there's a hovering light that can't be explained. It would be refreshing to have local officials just own up to it. "It's a ghost!"

      Voted up and shared!

    • Barbara Kay profile imageAUTHOR

      Barbara Badder 

      7 years ago from USA

      alexandry, That is my daughter's cat. After they took the photo, it really creeped them out. Thanks for reading the hub.

    • alexadry profile image

      Adrienne Farricelli 

      7 years ago

      Some bone chilling destinations you have there! I love the picture of the cat with those extra-terrestrial eyes!

    • Barbara Kay profile imageAUTHOR

      Barbara Badder 

      7 years ago from USA

      moonlake, I wonder what they did with adults then. Things were really different. That would be really sad to have to do that. Thanks and I'll put a link to your hub with the Paulding Lights.

    • moonlake profile image


      7 years ago from America

      My neighbor once told me when their babies died in the winter they put them on the porch because the ground was froze and they couldn't bury them so maybe that's why someone would bury their baby in the basement maybe the ground was froze and it couldn't be buried in a cemetery. I did a hub on the Paulding light. Voted up.

    • Barbara Kay profile imageAUTHOR

      Barbara Badder 

      7 years ago from USA

      Angela Blair, I'm happy to find you found it interesting. Thanks for the compliment and thanks for commenting.

    • Barbara Kay profile imageAUTHOR

      Barbara Badder 

      7 years ago from USA

      old ablion, Thanks you for the compliments. I'm happy you enjoyed the hub.

    • Angela Blair profile image

      Angela Blair 

      7 years ago from Central Texas

      What an interesting Hub -- I always enjoy information on the paranormal and your research here is outstanding. Best/Sis

    • old albion profile image

      Graham Lee 

      7 years ago from Lancashire. England.

      Hi Barbara. Congratulations on such a well researched hub. I'm in the UK so I am not aware of Michigan's past but found your hub spooky and interesting. Well done.


    • Barbara Kay profile imageAUTHOR

      Barbara Badder 

      7 years ago from USA

      nstrang22, I've been to a lot of the places too and felt nothing. Two of them gave me an eerie feeling without even having heard the ghost story. I've got a feeling some of the stories are just urban legends. Thanks for commenting.

    • nstrang profile image


      7 years ago

      Great background on each of the places mentioned above for sightings and hauntings. I have actually been to a few of those places, namely in Detroit. I have done a fashion show at the Whitney, and although I didn't feel or sense anything paranormal, the hotel was absolutely beautiful with all of the neat artifacts and décor in each of the rooms.

    • Barbara Kay profile imageAUTHOR

      Barbara Badder 

      7 years ago from USA

      jlcaudill07, Thanks for reading Jess. I had fun finding them all.

    • Barbara Kay profile imageAUTHOR

      Barbara Badder 

      7 years ago from USA

      Emmyboy, Thanks for reading. They fascinate me too.

    • jlcaudill07 profile image


      7 years ago from Michigan

      Very interesting, I like how you included both well known hauntings and some local hauntings.

    • Emmyboy profile image


      7 years ago from Nigeria

      Well written...kind of scary, I must add.

      I don't know why I am always fascinated by ghost stories.

    • Barbara Kay profile imageAUTHOR

      Barbara Badder 

      7 years ago from USA

      Bill, I think people in Michigan suffer from winters that are too long. Since I enjoyed writing a hub about it, I thought about a book since there are possibly 100 different locations. Once I checked out how many books are already written about Michigan hauntings, I gave up on the idea. I'm sure Michigan's boring winters account for some of the stories too.

    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 

      7 years ago from Olympia, WA

      You have done a lot of great research on this. Very nice job! I have no idea where haunted houses are in this area, but if someone wrote a book about it I'll bet it would sell.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)