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Nine Planetary Deities of Hinduism

Updated on February 1, 2013

In Hinduism nine planetary deities are getting importance as they have significant efffect on everyone's life. They all are worshipped and celebrated as other major gods and goddesses like Lord Shiva, Lord Vishnu, Shri Shakthi and Shri MahaLaxmi. Sun, Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Rahu (Uranus), Ketu (Neptune) are nine planetary gods. All these nine planetary deities can be either malefic or benefic according to their astrological positions. Both malefic and auspicious planets are the basic elements of the Hinduism and any one who likes to get blessings of Supreme Gods of Hinduism should also pray and worship planetary gods. In Hinduism all these planets in the solar system get their names as follows

Sun ---------- Surya Narayanar or Ravi

Moon -------- Shri Chandra Bhagavan or Shri Soma Bhagavan

Mercury ----- Shri Budha Bhagavan

Mars ---------Shri Angaraha Bhagavan

Venus ------- Shri Sukra Bhagavan

Jupiter ------ Shri Guru Bhagavan or Lord Dakshinamoorthy or Brahispathy

Saturn ------ Shri Shaneeshwara Bhagavan

Uranus ------ Shri Rahu Bhagavan

Neptune ----- Shri Ketu Bhagavan

Tribulations by Malefic Planets

It is said that unlucky people who have unfavorable positions of planets in their astrological chart are getting a lot of tribulations in their life. However, many people overcome the situation faithfully praying the same malefic planets and other gods and goddesses of Hinduism. Though malefic planets like Lord Saturn, Lord Rahu and Lord Ketu are giving many problems to humans, they are also blessing all wealth and health to their faithful devotees. They are merely standing as securities for the superior gods and goddesses of Hinduism. Accdording to Hinduism the people who can really stand with the tribulations of malefic planets can get real spiritual enlightenment and blessings of other major gods and goddesses.


 Navagrahas in Hindu Temples

Most of the Hindu Temples in India and other parts of the world are provided with these NavaGrahas. 'Nava' stands for Nine and 'Grahas' for Planets. In a separate panel small idols of all these planetary gods are aligned in 3x3 rows. And the prime planetary god of Lord Saturn is lying front side facing west direction and people used put a small bundle of sesame seeds dipped in gingely oil and fired it in front of Him. Each god stands facing different directions and wears cloths in different colors and designs. Devotees used to revolve 9 times the panel and they pray the planetary dieties one by one for each revolve.

Kumbakonam, Tamil Nadu, India is the center place for all the Prime Temples of Planetary Deities

Kumbakonam in Tamil Nadu, India is surrounded by the prime temples of all planetary deities of Hinduism. We can easily reach all the temples traveling anywhere from 8 to 25 Km from this place. Surya Narayanar Kovil (Lord Sun's Temple), Alangudi (Lord Dakshina Moorthy's Temple), Kanjanoor (Sukra Moorthy's Temple), Vaitheeswaran Koil  (Lord Angarahan's Temple), Thingaloor (Lord Chandra Bhagavan's Temple), Thirunageswaram (Lord Rahu's Temple), Thirunallar (Lord Shaneeswarar's Temple), Keezhperumpallam (Shri Ketu Baghavan's Temple) are some important nearby places of Kumbakonam where we can get peaceful darshan and blessing of these planetary deities.

Lord Sun

 Lord Sun (Shri Surya Bhagavan or Ravi)

He is shown as riding on a one wheeled chariot pulled by the seven horses which stand for seven colors that appear in the rainbow. He is prime god and placed in the center part of solar system. He is associated with Number 1, Red Color, Wheat, Ornaments, Jwelry, Politics, Ruby Gemstone and Sunday. The zodiac sign of Sun is Leo (Simha).  He has many temples in India including Suryanar Temple in Konarak in Orissa, India and Shri Surya Narayanar Kovil near Kumbakonam in Tamil Nadu, India.

Lord Moon

 Lord Moon (Shri Chandra Bhagavan)

Lord Moon is associated with Love, Affection, White Color, Number 2, Paddy Rice,  Pearl and Monday. The zodiac sign of this god is Cancer (Karka). He is always partially depicted with two hands holding lotus each other and riding on a chariot pulled by the ten horses. He has his prime temple at Thingaloor in Tamil Nadu, India.

Lord Mercury

 Lord Mercury (Shri Budha Bhagavan)

He is associated with Green color, Number 5, Green Gram, Emerald Gemstone and Wednesday. His zodiac signs are Gemini (Mithun) and Virgo (Kanya). He will be always shown with four hands and riding on a lion or a chariot. His three hands are holding sword, sheild and mace and fourth one is held in varada mudra. He offers good wealth and higher education to his devotees and is also favorable to merchants. Thiruvenkadu in Tamil Nadu, India is the place where we can get glimpse of this planetary god.

Lord Venus

 Lord Venus (Shri Sukra Bhagavan)

He is the most favorable planetary deity of human beings associated with good health, wealth, sex feeling, white color, Number 6, Beans,  Diamond gemstone. The signs of this God are Taurus (Rishabh) and Libra (Tula).   He is the tutor for the asuras. He is depicted with four hands, wearing white cloth and riding on a silver charriot pulled by the eight horses. Kanjanoor in Tamil Nadu, India is where we can visit the prime temple of this planetary deity.

Lord Mars

 Lord Mars (Shri Angarahan)

He is the son of Prithvi (Goddess Earth) and shown with four hands. His two hands are holding mace and javlin and other two are held in abhaya and varada mudra. Lord Mars is associated with war, Red color, coral and Tuesday. The zodiac signs of this Lord are  Aries (Mangal) and Scorpio (Vrishchik). His prime temple is situated at Vaitheeswaran Koil of Tamil Nadu in India.

Lord Jupiter

Lord Jupiter (Lord Dakshinamoorthy)

He is celebrated and adorned as the most auspicious planetary god and He is the Guru (Tutor) of Devas in Devalokam. Since He is facing south direction also called as Lord Dakshinamoorthy. In sanskrit Dakshin literally means south. He is one who offers education and plenty of wealth in all manners to His true devotees. He is associated with Yellow color, Number 3, Bengal Gram, Yellow Sapphire gemstone and Thursday. The zodiac signs of this God are Sagittarius (Dhanu) and Pisces (Meen). His prime temple is located at Alangudi near Kumbakonam, Tamil Nadu, India.

Lord Saturn

 Lord Saturn (Lord Saneeshwarar)

He is aodrned and celebrated as the most powerful and malefic planetary god and son of Lord Sun. Lord Saturn is appeared as riding on a chariot pulled by eight horses. He is shown with four hands and three of his hands are holding bow, arrow and javelin and the fouth one is held in varada mudra. This god is associated with number 8, Sesame Seeds, Blue color, Blue Sapphire and Saturday and his vehicle is Crow. His signs are Capricorn (Mahara) and Aquarius (Kumbha).  He is giving a lot of tribulations and diseases for a period of seven and half years when He rules a particular person. However any one can get rid of his tribulations praying Lord Vinayaka and Lord Hanuman. Thirunallar in Tamil Nadu, India is the place where the prime temple of this deity is situated in.

Lord Rahu

 Lord Uranus (Shri Rahu Bhagavan)

Lord Rahu is the most powerful malefic planetary god of Hinduism. In legend it is told that Rahu and Ketu are the two parts of a snake demon. The snake demon wickedly got the nectar from Devas group and it was later informed by the Lord Sun and Moon to Lord Vishnu. Lord Vishnu got angry and let out the wheel at the demon and the demon was cut into two parts. Since the demon had already drunk the nectar he was not dead. The head part of the snake demon is adorned as Lord Rahu and tail part as Lord Ketu. Though they both are demons, they are offering wealth and health to their faithful devotees. Lord Rahu is shown with four hands and three of them are holding sword, javelin and shield and fourth one is held in varada mudra. He is associated with Number 4, misfortunes, accidents, skin diseases and Hessonite Garnet gemstone. The zodiac sign of this God is vigro (kanya). The prime temple of this God is situated at Thirunageswaram of Tamil Nadu in India.

Lord Ketu

Lord Neptune (Shri Ketu Bhagavan)

In legend He is described as the tail part of snake demon. He is also experienced as one of the malefic planetary Gods. He is associated with Number 7, Wisdom and Cat Eye Gemstone. His sign is Pisces (Meen). He has his prime temple at Keezhperumpallam in Tamil Nadu, India.


Submit a Comment
  • sunilkunnoth2012 profile image

    Sunil Kumar Kunnoth 

    6 years ago from Calicut (Kozhikode, South India)

    Nice topic and good presentation. Thank you for writhing this hub. Even yesterday I had visited a temple having these features. Congrats.

  • profile image


    7 years ago


    Can you help me out in suggesting the different planets views on tamil astrology chart. For example, Shri Guru Bhagavan has views on 5,7 & 9.

    I just wanted to know for the rest of the planets.

  • profile image

    Dave Naicker 

    7 years ago

    Deva Naicker

    Vanakum, please show me the placing of the Navagraha Moorthies in our

    temple. Photos and a placement sketch will be helpful. Thank you.

  • Steefen profile image


    9 years ago

    Dear Ratnaveera, Thank you for your reply of answers.

  • ratnaveera profile imageAUTHOR


    9 years ago from Cumbum

    Dear Steefen, Thank you for coming here and your nice comments. In Hinduism it is believed that all the nine planetary deities are the ones who will work as the servants of other major Gods like Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu. Among them Lord Saturn has special power and will give a lot of troubles to the people when he is in a malefic position. It is also said that favorable position of Lord Saturn in a particular astrological chart would be responsible for the good health and wealth. So, many Hindus in their daily life will give great importance to this God Saturn and He is considered to be equal to Lord Shiva.

  • Steefen profile image


    9 years ago

    I'm so new to this I don't understand. I was told to befriend Saturn by using The Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra which relates to Shiva and to strengthen my Sun (I'm looking for a mantra as good as the one I found for Saturn). You don't mention Shiva in your Saturn description. Why? Does a planetary deity report up to a higher deity like Shiva?

  • ratnaveera profile imageAUTHOR


    9 years ago from Cumbum

    Dear msms, Thanks a lot for coming here and your valuable comments!

  • msms profile image


    9 years ago

    ratnaveera - you are a man-of-god respects to you. You have written a hub on very unusual topic which very good information and useful. Please do write more on these issues, God has given you the 'might-of-pen' to spread knowledge .Thanks again ratnaveera

  • profile image

    freelance writing 

    9 years ago

    I don’t know if you believe me, hence, I would like to apprise your really hot content referring to this good post. Before this I took the aid at writing jobs service.

  • profile image


    10 years ago from Mumbai India and often in USA

    Nice article ratnaveera! I liked pictures very much

  • profile image


    10 years ago


    Shri Angarahan suppose associated with no 9. As all the other numbers already associated with.

    Above is a beautiful and consice information. Thanks

  • profile image

    siVA PRASAD 

    10 years ago


    i need guru stotram for lord bruhaspathi pls

  • ratnaveera profile imageAUTHOR


    10 years ago from Cumbum

    Dear Anamika, Thanks a lot for coming here and putting your nice comments!

  • Anamika S profile image

    Anamika S Jain 

    10 years ago from Mumbai - Maharashtra, India

    This is a nice writeup on Planetary Gods and beautiful Pictures too! I am also happy to see that my Hub Navagrahas or Nine Planetary Gods of Hindu Religion in the first position in related Hubs.

  • ratnaveera profile imageAUTHOR


    11 years ago from Cumbum

    Dear ganesh, Thanks for your nice comments.

  • profile image


    11 years ago


    i been searching , what is the name of the planet Sukra known in English at last i found it thank's to u!!!!!!!!!!

  • ratnaveera profile imageAUTHOR


    11 years ago from Cumbum

    Dear Jyoti, A lot of thanks for visiting my Navagraha Hub. I got pictures of Navagrahas using Google search engine. I have great bakthi on these gods in my real life also. Yes! Lord Mars is also called as Mangal and thanks for this nice suggestion and also for linking this to your Navaratna Hub.

  • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image

    Jyoti Kothari 

    11 years ago from Jaipur

    Hi Ratnaveera,

    Where from you find these beautiful pictures of "Graha"? Very nice, descriptive and illustrated.

    Lord Marsh is also called Mangal.

    Thanks and thumbs up! I am linking this to my Navaratna hub.

    Jyoti Kothari


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