ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Obligations of a Muslim toward dead - Funeral Rites in Islam

Updated on April 25, 2015

What are the Obligations of a Muslim towards a dead? - Funeral rites in Islam

While we are alive on this earth we have certain obligations, first to Allah, then to ourselves, thereafter to others who are our fellow creatures, and finally to others who die or are dead. When death has come upon a Muslim it is Sunnat to do the following acts:-

1. To close his eyes while saying Bismillah-e-Ala millata Rasullullah-e-Salalahu alihe wassalam.

2. To tie his chin.

3. To stretch out the joints and gently fold them.

4. To place a weight of about 4 ounces on his abdomen.

5. To straighten his head.

6. To clean up all secretions.

7. To place him on an elevated place like a bad.

8. To keep his face and the soles of his feet directed towards the Qiblah.

9. To cover his entire body, including his head, with a soft cloth.

10. To place one end of this cloth under his head and the other end under his feet.

Funeral Rites in Islam:-

Following four acts are obligatory on the community: (1) bathing the corpse; (2) enshrouding the corpse; (3) Offering Janazah prayer (4) interring the corpse. All four obligations must be observed even if the body is of one who committed suicide.

Before commencing to wash the body, all impurities from the body should be removed to a distant place. The person washing the body should wrap a piece of cloth around his hand. After a body is washed, it is sunnat to dry it with some soft material.

So far as the shroud is concerned, complete shroud of a male consists of three full coverings, and of a female, of two coverings, a covering for the body below the waist, a jacket or a cloak and a face covering.

The conditions of Janazah prayer:

1. The body should have been bathed or tayammum should have been done to it.

2. Those offering Janazah prayer should not stand ahead of the body, even when the prayer is offered beside the grave.

3. In conducting a Janazah prayer, it is Sunnat from the Imam to stand directly opposite the face of the deceased if the deceased is a male, and directly opposite the waist if the deceased is a female. The others will stand behind the Imam, preferably in three or more rows in odd numbers.

How the body is buried:-

This is the fourth obligation towards the dead. Following is the way of interring the dead.

1. Minimum requirement of grave is that it should remove the odor and keep off carnivorous animals.

2. Grave should be four and half cubits deep and one and a half cubits wide.

3. It is disliked to bury the body in a coffin unless the soil is very sandy or very muddy.

4. It is obligatory to turn the corpse so that it faces the Qiblah.

5. It is Sunnat for each of those standing beside the grave at the time of burial to cast three handful of earth towards the head side of the grave, saying the first time: Minha khalaqtakum, the second time: wa fiha noeedohum and the third time wa minha nukhrijokum tara ukhra.

6. After burying the Muslim brother or sister it is good to offer prayer/dua in favor of the deceased. It is good to install a branch of three on the grave which is sunnah of Holy Prophet (PBUH.

7. Sunni Muslims also arrange meeting namely Qul sharif wherein the following verse of Quran is recited by all the relatives and friends many a times for the esale sawab of the deceased.

8. Sunni Muslims also arrange ceremony of Chehlam for the esale sawab of the deceased.


Submit a Comment

No comments yet.


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)