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Oneness of God and concept of 'Tauheed' in Islam
Oneness and Concept of Tauheed
Islam is monotheistic. But more so, as is preached, it is the unification and consolidation to assert oneness of God (Allah), which in totality is what ‘Tauheed’ is all about.
In this article I will explain concept of Tauheed with the help of holy verses and relative concepts of Shirk and Bidddat.
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Categories of Tauheed
The Concept of Tauheed can be categorized as:
- Maintaining the unity of Lordship
- Maintaining unity of God’s names and attributes
- And maintaining the unity of worship
Unity of Lordship is the fundamental concept that God has created everything from nothing as He is the only Creator who does not need anything to create a thing from. He is sustains and cherishes all known and unknown.
Quran (42:11) says:
"There is nothing What ever like unto Him, And He is the One That hears and sees (everything)."
Maintaining God's names and attributes is explained as such God’s creation should not be referred to with His attributes.
Unity of worship is one of the most important aspect of Tauheed. It refers to submitting to the will of God and accepting servitude and worship. Means all are slaves or servants to God
When one accepts Islam, one accepts all three conditions of Lordship, attributes and worship. Quran says (10:31)
"Say: ‘Who is it that Sustains you (in life) From the sky and from the earth? Or who is it that Has power over hearing And sight? And who Is it that brings out The living from the dead And the dead from the living? And who is it that Rules and regulates all affairs?’ They will soon say, ‘Allah’. Say, ‘Will you not then Show piety (to Him)?’ "
Partnering with God
The concept of sharing the attributes of God or worshiping multiple gods is considered the greatest sin and is called as Shirk. The negative concept goes against Tauheed and its categorical implications that no one but God has the ability to create and no one but God is worthy of worship.
As mentioned above, sharing any one or all of categories of unity of Lordship, attributes or worship is called SHIRK. It is the greatest sin, unforgivable and unpardonable. Quran says (4:48)
"Allah forgives not That partners should be set up With Him; but He forgives Anything else, to whom He pleases; to set up Partners with Allah Is to devise a sin Most heinous indeed."
"Allah forgives not (The sin of) joining other gods With Him; but He forgives Whom He pleases other sins Than this: one who joins Other gods with Allah, Has strayed far, far away (From the Right)." [Qur’an 4:116]
Innovation or bringing in new things, concepts and beliefs which have not been told or practiced by prophet is called Biddat. Innovation or bringing in new things are highly prohibited.
Haram in Islam
Both shirk and biddat are haram (not permitted) in Islam, and anyone who deviates from the teachings of God 9as in Quran) and Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) are considered to be out of the circle of Islam and ordained with tough punishment.