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Pagan/Wiccan Gods & Goddesses: Aradia

Updated on November 12, 2014
Daniella Lopez profile image

Danielle Lopez is a published fantasy author, freelance health and medical writer, finance author, and certified birth & bereavement doula.

Who is Aradia the Goddess?

The goddess of teachers, the poor, slaves, and witches; she is the daughter of the sun and the moon. Her mother is Dianna (the Greek goddess) and her father is believed to be Lucifer (not the same Lucifer of the Bible), who was cast out of paradise because of his splendor and beauty. She is often times considered the "Mother of Witches" and the "Mother of Italian Witchcraft".

Aradia was trained by her mother in witchcraft and sent out amongst the Italian pheasants to spread the knowledge of witchcraft. She was sent to teach the Old Religion to these people to help them survive against the rise of the Roman Catholic Church and also to preserve the old ways.

She worked with the poor and helped slaves escape slavery. She was captured many times but always managed to escape, continuing to spread the knowledge of Witchcraft and the teachings of the Old Religion.

Almost all of our information on Aradia the Goddess comes from Charles Leland's book, Aradia, or the Gospel of the Witches. Leland claimed that he received the text from a group of witches in Tuscany who claimed that it was a valid religious text. However, some historians and researchers have disputed this claim.


Aradia di Toscano

For years, Leland's account of Aradia was all that Pagans and Wiccans had. Recently, prominent Italian witchcraft author Raven Grimassi has written out a different account of Aradia. Grimassi claimed that Leland's account of Aradia was "off" and that Aradia was actually a real woman by the name of Aradia di Toscano.

Grimassi claimed that Aradia di Toscano was a woman who lived during the 1300's and helped spread the revival of Italian Witchcraft during the rise of Catholicism. His account of the human Aradia is almost identical to that of Leland's goddess account. Both Aradia's lead religious revivals and were known for helping the poor and the slaves out of their hardships.

Symbols Associated with the Goddess Aradia

  • The moon
  • The sun
  • The color yellow
  • The element air
  • Waxing moon cycle
  • Red garter

Pagan Worship of Aradia

Aradia is a very popular patron goddess amongst Wiccans. Despite the fact that there is very little information on the goddess aspect of her, this actually makes her an easier goddess to look up to and revere. This allows you to seek out the goddess herself and inquire from her on how she would like you to connect to her.

One way to connect to her is through the moon. The moon has huge symbolic meaning for the goddess and is a great way to produce a connection with her. Add a symbol of the moon to your altar, or perhaps wear a moon totem piece of jewelry to show your reverence to her.

Air is an element that has great symbolic meaning to the goddess. Taking a walk outside during a windy day, or simply enjoying the breeze from your porch is a great way to connect to her.

Remember to keep your mind and heart open to allow the goddess to communicate with you. Just listen and she will speak to you and show you ways to communicate with her.


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      MysticMoonlight 4 years ago

      Love this article. I find myself very interested in Aradia, feel a connection with her, etc. so I always want to read up on her and learn new things about her so thanks for sharing this Hub.

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      Myth Woodling 4 years ago

      I have added "Mother of Witches" and "Mother of Italian Witchcraft" to my list of "Epithets or Titles of Aradia".

      Thank you.

    • profile image

      Myth Woodling 4 years ago

      Between 1950 and 1960, "Aradia" was probably the secret name of the Goddess in Gardnerian Craft (it has since been changed)... --Sabina Magliocco

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      Myth Wodling 4 years ago

      I like your write up and wis to share a recipe associated with Aradia

      Crescent Cakes

    • Daniella Lopez profile image

      Danielle Lopez 6 years ago from Arkansas

      Thanks Lily! Blessed be!

    • lilyfly profile image

      Lillian K. Staats 6 years ago from Wasilla, Alaska

      Hey, just found a poem called Pagan, what a blast, umm, just published it, and yeah, I have to call Faith on some other things and will tentatively ask her if she wants to connect w/ other Pagan beliefs, should be grand! Man, that would be some great connections! lily

    • Daniella Lopez profile image

      Danielle Lopez 6 years ago from Arkansas

      Awesome Lily! I hope you enjoy your trip! I think it's awesome that Aradia was believed to be a real person. Her human aspect sounds like someone we could look up to and honor just as much as her goddess aspect. I would be interested in finding out more about your publisher, so hit me up! Blessed be, my friend.

    • lilyfly profile image

      Lillian K. Staats 6 years ago from Wasilla, Alaska

      This sent shivers,(good ones) down my spine... My next stop is Greece and Italy, to go to the caves of the Sibyls of Cumae, and I think Cybele is directly connected to those Sibyls that actually lived- So why not Aradia being a real human- isn't that even more powerful than a myth? I wonder if you would like to connect w/ Faith Fjeld,(my Publisher), I just have this feeling, umm, Faith is Sami, (Lapland reindeer herder,) (pagan) Just really enjoyed this as much as I do calling the wind! lily

    • Daniella Lopez profile image

      Danielle Lopez 6 years ago from Arkansas

      @Lisa: It is very interesting when you think about it. I suppose intelligent women should be feared some. =P Blessed be!

      @Rebecca: Thanks for the comment! It was very easy to find great products related to Aradia. I hope you can find some that are useful to you! Blessed be!

    • rebeccamealey profile image

      Rebecca Mealey 6 years ago from Northeastern Georgia, USA

      Very interesting, Danielle. I like how you chose such relevant products as well. I have learned something new.

    • Lisa Kramer profile image

      Lisa Kramer 6 years ago from Auburn, MA

      This is fascinating. I find it really interesting that the goddess of teaching would also be associated with witchcraft, poverty and slavery. It fascinates me how women with knowledge have, in some ways, always been perceived as threatening.