Parallels Between the Quran and the Torah
The Jewish Religious Text- The Torah
The Jewish religious text, named the Torah, outlines many of the varying degrees of the religion as a whole. Widely accepted as the first monotheistic religion established in the world, the Torah has many important elements when comparing it to the Quran. First and foremost, the Torah introduced the concept of a one Creator--a huge contrast to the polytheism traditionally practiced in Greco-Roman tradition. As a result, the Jewish people were isolated, persecuted, and treated terribly for their “new” belief system. As a consequence, monotheism became the norm, and both Christianity and Islam emerged.
The Holy Text of the Islamic People - The Quran
The Quran- The Central Religious Text of Islam
The Quran is the central religious text of the religion Islam. A text which Muslims believe to be the verbatim word of God. It is widely regarded as the finest piece of literature in the Arabic language. Many parallels can be drawn between what is written in the Quran and other present day religions. Muslims believe that the Quran is the “recitation” of God. In Judeo-Christian tradition, parallels can be drawn between what is written in the Quran and what is believed by both Jewish and Christian followers today.
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Muhammad and the Quran
The Quran, very easily the longest of any of the three major religious texts, is less of a contrast--contrary to popular belief, primarily due to radical Islam portrayed so frequently in the media. In fact as a text, the Quran incorporates all the major prophets with little exception. Moses and Jesus of Nazareth are portrayed as extremely important figures in the Quran, however, the harsh contrast between the sacred Islamic text compared to the other two is the incorporation of the prophet Muhammad. He is the central and most important prophet in the Islamic faith, placed above Jesus and Moses, which is the main problem when considering the three main religions.
Although at first glance the religions may seem very different, this is a common misconception--Islam has deference for Moses and Jesus of Nazareth, while adding the peaceful teachings of the other prophet Mohammad, left out of the other two texts, and causing much of the modern controversy.
Quran Manuscript from the Seventh Century
More About the Quran
The Quran consists of 114 chapters of varying lengths, each known as a sura.
The Quran, as a very sharp contrast to both Jewish and Christian religious texts, recognizes many “prophets” of varying degrees of importance as vessels of the word of God, rather than the traditions found in both Jewish and Christian texts.
Muslims regard the Quran as a sacred miracle of Muhammad, delivered via the angel Gabriel. The Quran assumes familiarity with major narratives recounted in both the Jewish and the Christian scriptures.
Commonalities Between the Torah, the Quran and the Bible
Religious Symbols of Islam, Judaism and Christianity
Judaism's Influence on Christianity
Religious text in the Christian faith actually includes the Torah, however re-brands it as the Old Testament. Featuring such centralized figures as Abraham and Moses, the Christian faith added other elements to the monotheistic Jewish religion that caused people to branch away from the Temple.
Referring to the prophet--and literal Son of God--Jesus of Nazareth is written to have been born of a Virgin Mother, and conceived by God. Although Jesus was a Jewish man, and is said to be a direct descendant of King Solomon himself, many members of the Jewish faith did not follow this belief.
After Jesus was persecuted and killed for his teachings, his followers recorded his miracles, Gospel’s, acts, and teachings and compiled them all into the New Testament of the Bible, what is now regarded as one of Christianity’s main religious texts.
The New Testament combined the Torah with the teachings of Jesus Christ, his disciples and his followers. The Bible, which is the main religious text of Christianity, is compiled of the Torah and the New Testament. The books of the New Testament were recorded by four different people--Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. These are known as the Gospels in the Christian church.
Muhammad's Interaction with the Jewish People
Muhammad interacted much with Jews in Medina when he migrated there. He included them in treaties, as well as the constitution he authored for the city of Medina.
The second Islamic Caliph Omar conquered Jerusalem, ending the ban on Jews from entering the holy city. Omar even aided in reconstructing the sacred Temple of Solomon that was destroyed by the Romans.
When the early Muslims underwent a terrible persecution at Mecca, Muhammad told some of his followers to seek asylum in the Christian kingdom of Abyssinia. The Meccan authorities attempted to get them deported by using their military ties.
The King of Abyssinia refused the deportation after learning that the Quran was the only non-Christian scripture that considered Mary to be a virgin and that considered Jesus to be the Messiah to the Israelites.
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Historical Similarities Between Islam and Judaism
There are many historical similarities between Islam and Judaism. Judaism has many of the same prophets as early Islam, however it does not recognize later prophets, such as Isa, Yahya and Muhammad. Both religions recognize most of the prophets in the Torah.
Both Islam and Judaism are monotheistic religions- faiths that worship only one god.
In both the Quran and the Torah the people are described as being chosen by Allah. Both holy books also reference a holy land, sacred to the Islamic people, as well as the Jewish people.
Both the Islamic people and the Jewish people are descendants of Abraham according to their sacred scripture. The Islamic people born from Ishmael, and the Jewish people born from Isaac.