- Religion and Philosophy
Paranormal belief: Revised Paranormal Belief Scale
Revised Paranormal Belief Scale
The Revised Paranormal Belief scale was developed by Tobacyk (2004) and is considered to be the most widely used scale to measure belief in the Paranormal (Irwin, 2007). This scale is consisted of 26 statements which were designed to assess people’s personal (level of) belief in the paranormal. It uses a seven likert scale (from 1=strongly disagree to 7=strongly agree). Those who score higher on this scale are reveal belief in the Paranormal (or at least acceptance of it).
From all 26 statements there are:
- Four statements which measure belief in tradition religious beliefs
- four statements which measure Precognition; four measuring Psi
- four measuring Witchcraft; four measuring Spiritualism
- three measuring Extraordinary Life forms
- three measuring Superstition
Although this test was criticized about how decisively the multidimensionality of paranormal belief is assessed (Lawrence and Thalbourne, 1995), it has been considered the most widely used scale in the majority of studies in this area of research (Irwin, 2009). Yet the major benefit of using the RBPS is that it covers a number of different phenomena which are undertaken as paranormal.
Is paranormal belief common?
To view the Revised Paranormal Belief Scale click on the following link:
A Revised Paranormal Belief Scale
Limitations of the Paranormal Belief Scale
Though this scale has been beneficial for research, there are also some limitations concerning its use. Some statements are not expressed thoroughly. For instance consider the statement “The abominable snowman of Tibet exists”. Many people do not know what this is consequently when this statement comes up answers given are more likely to be inaccurate. Thus, by knowing what the abdominal snowman of Tibet is, maybe people would question its existence, and depending on their judgments they will see to what extend they believe in its existence or not.
It is important to note that the measuring technique used to assess belief, in the RPBS, has been the centre of considerable debate. With others suggesting that paranormal belief should be tested as a multidimensional area (Tobacyk and Milford, 1983) whereas others support that it should be assessed as a unitary variable (Lawrence and Thalbourne, 1995a).
On the other hand, is paranormal belief actually measurable? Say today something is considered paranormal but tomorrow it may not. For instance, bear in mind the statement “there is life on other planets”, in previous years this may have seemed paranormal whereas today it is considered a scientific concept.
Related hubs by Chris Achilleos
- Paranormal phenomena
Paranormal belief has been found common among people for centuries. Thus, numerous experiences of such phenomena have been reported over the years. There has been continuous research conducted on this subject, as paranormal phenomena are not perceive