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Parsi Disposal of Their Dead: Tower of Silence in Mumbai

Updated on June 18, 2012
Tower of Silence
Tower of Silence
Mumbai Tower of Silence
Mumbai Tower of Silence

Parsi's and Death Rituals.

The Parsi temple and place of disposal of the dead is often referred to as the Tower of Silence. One of the most significant Tower of Silence is in Mumbai. It is situated on prime land at Malabar hill. The man responsible for coining the word ‘Tower of Silence’ goes to a Britishers named Robert Murphy. He coined the word in 1832. It is a translation of a similar meaning word Dakhma from the language of the Parsis Avesta.

Zoroaster (Parsi) tradition has a unique system of disposal of the human body after death. To keep the body pure after death Zoarsterism enjoins its believers to leave the body in the open exposed to nature. In real fact most of these towers of silence are vast open spaces with a temple at the entrance. The vast open spaces are home to vultures which eat the flesh of the dead.

The tower of silence will have a perimeter wall which encloses the place where the bodies are kept. Inside there are 3 concentric circles. The bodies of the men are arranged on the outer circle and the women in the middle circle and children are placed in the innermost circle. Nobody is allowed to enter the sacred burial place and only special pall bearers are allowed inside.

The Parsi tower of silence in Mumbai is a landmark of the city. It is almost hidden in a maze of dense trees and bushes. The Mumbai tower of silence has a bleak look and one can easily recognize it with the vultures hovering over it.

The Parsi towers of silence date from the earliest times. It was brought with them to India by the Parsis who escaped from Iran to save themselves from conversion and persecution. But in the Tower of silence in Mumbai there is now a dearth of vultures and many Parsis would like their bodies to be buried instead of being left in the open to elements of nature.

The principle behind this leaving of the dead body to nature and birds is supposed to be the last act of charity of a Parsi, where in he donates his body to birds for food. The body of the dead Parsi is brought in a coffin to the Tower of silence and after a ceremony is taken inside by the special pall bearers. The body is then left in the open. Nobody can visit the body again once it is committed to the Parsi Tower of silence.

Most of the Towers of silence are only in India. Thus Parsis abroad have perforce to opt for a burial. In India the Parsi towers of silence have gained an iconic image and die hard Parsis will only follow this method of disposal of the body after death.

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    • MG Singh profile image
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      MG Singh 3 years ago from Singapore

      Thank you Mayank for your comment

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      mayank patel 3 years ago

      Really parsi community in my country is very great and sweet I like parsi but I never show after death how disposal dead body

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      Chanchal Aggarwal 3 years ago

      thanks for information

    • MG Singh profile image
      Author

      MG Singh 3 years ago from Singapore

      I am glad I could be of some help to you

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      himadri 3 years ago

      thanks this information has helped me a lot for my history project

    • MG Singh profile image
      Author

      MG Singh 3 years ago from Singapore

      Nice of you to have commented Maninder.

    • MG Singh profile image
      Author

      MG Singh 3 years ago from Singapore

      Nice of you to have commented Maninder.

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      maninder 3 years ago

      After death as a human thinking I suggest to all religion too just wipe out all entire body by burning its saving of land & memory of past person which is good thing to move further

    • MG Singh profile image
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      MG Singh 4 years ago from Singapore

      Thank you Alisha for reading and commenting

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      Alisha Patel 4 years ago

      this information has helped me greatly for my project. So thanks!!

    • MG Singh profile image
      Author

      MG Singh 4 years ago from Singapore

      Thank you Amit for reading and commenting

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      amit 4 years ago

      salute to parsi community..

    • MG Singh profile image
      Author

      MG Singh 4 years ago from Singapore

      Thank you Mala

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      Mala 4 years ago

      A friend at work had mentioned this to me. He didn't have all the details though. I wanted to know more and that is why I am here. Thanks for providing such in-depth information.

    • MG Singh profile image
      Author

      MG Singh 5 years ago from Singapore

      Thank you Nell for commenting

    • Nell Rose profile image

      Nell Rose 5 years ago from England

      Fascinating and grim place. Every religion or race have their own way of burying their loved ones. I have seen this on TV, I am not sure that in this day and age it is appropriate, but who am I to say? as long as the people living around it are fine with it, then that's the main thing, thanks nell