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Petty Rules and Regulations Versus Compassion and Mercy
It feels so good, in your whole body, when you sleep for nine hours!! I only woke up once- which is usually three to four times. That one time, during the overnight hours that I did wake up was because Michaela woke up, went to the kitchen for a drink, used the toilet, and went back to bed. She was slow at it, too … five minutes to accomplish everything she needed to get done before heading back to bed. Nine hours and no getting up, except for that once!! Yeah, it was a very good night.
It’s a little foggy atop Brushy Mountain this morning; but, that’s because there was some overnight rain- not a lot, but enough. The fog is always so beautiful, just be careful if you have to drive in it this morning. Use your fog lights and drop your speed by about 5 MPH.
Mattityahu (Matthew) 26:57-68 …
“And those who had seized יהושﬠ led Him away to Qayapha the high priest, where the scribes and the elders were gathered together.
But Kepha followed Him at a distance to the courtyard of the high priest, and he went in and sat with the servants to see the end.
And the chief priests, and the elders, and all the council were seeking false witness against יהושﬠ to put Him to death,
but found none. Although many false witnesses came forward, they found none. But at last two false witnesses came forward,
And said, ‘This one said, “I am able to destroy the Dwelling Place of Elohim and to build it in three days.”’
And the high priest stood up and said to Him, ‘Have You no answer to make? What do these witness against You?’
But יהושﬠ remained silent. So the high priest said to Him, ‘I put You to oath, by the living Elohim that You say to us if You are the Messiah, the Son of Elohim.’
Yeshua said to him, ‘You have said it. Besides I say to you, from now you shall see the Son of Adom sitting at the right hand of the Power and coming on the clouds of heaven.’
Then the high priest tore his garments, saying, ‘He has blasphemed! Why do we need any more witnesses! See, now you have heard His blasphemy!
What do you think?’ And they answering, said, ‘He is liable to death.’
Then they spat in His face and beat Him, and others slapped him,
Saying, ‘Prophesy to us, Messiah! Who is the one who struck You?’” (TS2009)
Tehillim (Psalms) 110:1--”יהוה said to my Master, ‘Sit at My right hand, until I make Your enemies a footstool for Your feet.’ (TS2009)
Dani’el (Daniel) 7:13--”I was looking in the night visions and saw One like the Son of Enosh, coming with the clouds of the heavens! And He came to the Ancient of Days, and they brought Him near before him.” (TS2009)
**Son of Enosh is an Aramaic term that is used in similarity to the Hebrew “Ben Adom”, meaning Son of Adom; similar, not equivalent.**
Shabbat. The Sabbath. The Seventh day of the week. From sunset on Friday evening to sunset on Saturday evening; Saturday on the Gregorian calendar.
The topic of Sabbath is one that is widely argued and made to be controversial; but, what does the word and Word of יהוה say? If one would take the time to know what יהוה has said about the Sabbath, there would be no arguments or controversies against it.
This day was blessed and set apart by Elohim at creation- Bereshit (Genesis) 2:2-3. Later on, it was instituted as the sign of the everlasting (forever) covenant between יהוה and His people, a sign that He sets them apart, an everlasting (forever) sign- Shemot (Exodus) 31:13-17 and Yehezqel (Ezekiel) 20:12-20.
Sabbath-keeping is one of the Ten Words of the Covenant, standing forever, settled forever in heaven, founded forever- Tehillim (Psalms) 89:34, Tehillim (Psalms) 118:8-9, and Tehillim (Psalms) 119:89.
[Some of] Those Who Kept the Sabbath
1.) Yeshua kept the Sabbath- Luqas (Luke) 4:16.
2.) The women who were taught by יהושﬠ still kept the Sabbath at the time of יהושﬠ’s burial- Luqas (Luke) 23:56.
3.) Sha’ul (Saul/Paul) kept the Sabbath- Ma’asei (Acts) 13:14, Ma’asei (Acts) 13:42-44, Ma’asei (Acts) 17:2, and Ma’asei (Acts) 18:4 & 11.
4.) Ludia and the women kept it- Ma’asei (Acts) 16:13.
5.) We are reminded of the necessity of keeping the Sabbath in Ib’rim (Hebrews) 4:9.
6.) At the end of the age- Yeshayahu (Isaiah) 66:23 -the Sabbath will still be kept.
יהושﬠ's Mock Trial
The Mattityahu passage of Scripture- above -describes the mock trial of יהושﬠ; a trial that happened illegally and a trial that was fraught with false witnesses and lies. And, what was the charge that resulted from this mock trial? Blasphemy, not breaking the Sabbath. Why?
The Law, that the Pharisees continued to add to, followed the truth of the Sabbath day to be kept, doing no work. The Law became legalistic because Pharisaic legalists had a passion for defining what they defined as being the Law. What did they [continue] to define in regards to the Sabbath? Work. They defined work as being the “action of carrying a burden”. But, what is a burden? They defined a burden as being something equivalent to food equalling the weight of a dried fig or enough wine to fill a goblet or enough ink to write two letters of the alphabet, and on and on and on. Endless hours were spent arguing, debating, and negotiating about whether or not an individual could carry his or her lit lamp from one room to another in his or her own home or if a woman should put her tichel (head covering) on (whether she left her home or not) or if a daddy should be able to lift his young child into his arms. Petty rules and regulations is what became of the Sabbath.
And, it was because of these petty rules and regulations that the Pharisees took issue with, especially concerning יהושﬠ. To the Pharisees, יהושﬠ was always “violating” the Sabbath.
Eating? Healing? On the Sabbath?
Mattityahu (Matthew) 12:1-14 …
“At that time יהושﬠ went through the grain fields on the Sabbath. And His taught ones were hungry, and began to pluck heads of grain, to eat.
And when the Pharisees saw it, they said to Him, ‘Look, Your taught ones are doing what is not right to do on the Sabbath!”
But He said to them, ‘Have you not read what David did when he was hungry, he and those who were with him:
how he went into the House of Elohim and ate the showbread which was not right for him to eat, nor for those who were with him, but only for the priests?
Or did you not read in the Torah that on the Sabbath the priests in the Set-apart Place profane the Sabbath, and are blameless?
But I say to you that in this place there is One greater than the Set-apart Place.
And if you had known what this means, “I desire compassion and not offering,” [Hoshea (Hosea) 6:6] you would not have condemned the blameless.
For the Son of Adom is Master of the Sabbath.’
And having left there, He went into their congregation.
And see, there was a man having a withered hand. And they asked Him, saying, ‘Is it right to heal on the Sabbath?’ - so as to accuse Him.
And He said to them, ‘What man is there among you who has one sheep, and if it falls into a pit on the Sabbath, shall not take hold of it and lift it out?
How much more worth is a man than a sheep! So it is right to do good on the Sabbath.’
Then He said to the man, ‘Stretch out your hand.’ And he stretched it out, and it was restored, as healthy as the other.
But the Pharisees went out and took counsel against Him, so as to destroy Him.” (TS2009)
There are two issues that were brought up in this passage of Scripture: 1.) יהושﬠ’s disciples gathered grain to eat while they were walking, under the protest of the Pharisees. And, 2.) יהושﬠ restored a man’s hand, in the synagogue, under the protest of the synagogue leaders.
Both of these were paralleled, by יהושﬠ, to Shemu’el Aleph (1 Samuel) 21, in which David and his men were given the set-apart bread by Ahimelek, the priest. David and his men were hungry, the only thing for them to eat was the set-apart bread, Ahimelek gave them the set-apart bread, thereby profaning something that was sacred unto יהוה. Yeshua’s disciples were hungry, the only thing for them to eat was grain found in the field where they were walking; but, because, according to the Pharisaical oral traditions of the Sabbath law, the disciples, and thusיהושﬠ, were profaning the Sabbath unto יהוה.
Yeshua was challenged to either condemn His disciples, thereby accepting that His disciples should be punished, or condone HIs disciples, thereby opposing the Pharisees. Yeshua did neither, this gave the assumption to the Pharisees that Yeshua was reprimanding HIs disciples; however, יהושﬠ did bring up the event of David and his men and the set-apart bread given to them by the priest, Ahimelek. Would the Pharisees take issue with what David, his men, and Ahimelek did? And, really, there was no one in his or her right mind who would ever “accuse” David of such an atrocity. Why was David acquitted of his charge of hunger and not יהושﬠ’s disciples? Would/could the Pharisees grant David an exception to the breaking of the Sabbath law but no one else? And what of Ahimelek? He believed that David had been sent by the king for an important mission, and Ahimelek believed that the Law was not so rigid as to provide food when one was hungry. Should Ahimelek have been charged with profaning something that was יהוה? Then, why the accusation of profaning something that was יהוה’s that יהושﬠ purportedly profaned … allowing His disciples to pluck grain to eat to alleviate their hunger?
If this was not enough to set the Pharisees’ heads to spinning, יהושﬠ then states, in verse 5, “Or did you not read in the Torah that on the Sabbath the priests in the Set-apart Place profane the Sabbath, and are blameless.” For the Pharisees, though, the argument became that it was for the greatness of the Temple that the synagogue leaders worked on the Sabbath. However, there was no one who could ever refute the greatness of the Temple; the synagogue leaders were justified in their work on the Sabbath.
Then, in verse 7, יהושﬠ reminds the Pharisees of Hoshea (Hosea) 6:6, when יהוה declared, “I desire compassion and not offering.” This, then, is the heart of the problem; the Pharisees were so focused on the mechanical and ritualistic aspects of the Sabbath law that they failed in compassion and mercy. They were intent on every letter in the Law, but missed the point of the Law itself.
Another Healing? Again on the Sabbath?
In Yochanan (John) 5:1-18, יהושﬠ sees a man waiting at the pool of water known as Beyt Zatha (5:2), near the Sheep Gate. This man could only lay on his mat hoping that someone would help him into the stirred waters for healing. יהושﬠ said to the man, “Rise, take up your bed and walk.” (5:8), and, immediately, the man became well (5:9). It just so happened that the day that יהושﬠ healed this man was the Sabbath, and, again, once at the synagogue, יהושﬠ is accused of “violating” the Sabbath. This argument carried over to Yochanan (John) 7:21-24, when יהושﬠ questioned how a male child could be circumcised should his eighth day of life be on a Sabbath and this is okay because it was Law that a male child be circumcised on his eighth day of life regardless of what day that eighth day fell on yet He Himself could not heal a man on the Sabbath. [Not that יהושﬠ questioned His work.]
The Bottom Line ...
For יהושﬠ’s disciples to have picked grain to eat or David’s men to eat the Showbread or for יהושﬠ to heal on the Sabbath was [technically] a “violation” of the Sabbath law; but, יהושﬠ pointed out that such were the acts of compassion. Legalism is to be condemned where there is to be instead mercy and compassion. Yes, obey the Law; but, obey the Law with a right and righteous heart, doing so because you love יהוה and your fellow man/woman/child, and not simply to “look” right or righteous.
It was not for the Sabbath works that יהושﬠ was condemned; it was because of the [false] charge of blasphemy. יהושﬠ was/is the Messiah, יהוה’s representative from Him to man(kind), and the Pharisees wanted nothing of it. It was the puffed-upness of the Pharisees that they became the interpreters and definers of the Law. And, it was at an illegal trial, held in a very illegal manner- even יהושﬠ’s arrest was illegal -that the Pharisees finally achieved a result that they liked … being able to convict and crucify He Who had come to save them.
Bottom line … Shabbat. The Sabbath. The Seventh day of the week. From sunset on Friday evening to sunset on Saturday evening- Saturday on the Gregorian calendar -is to be observed as a day of rest as יהוה declared it to be … forever. Do not get so caught up in the rules and regulations, though, that you forget to love יהוה or your fellow man/woman/child.
**At the posting of this typed material, it is in the afternoon, due to unforeseen circumstances. I hope and pray, and since hope equal expectation, I expect that all driving this morning was accomplished in safety and that everyone reached their destinations safely.**