ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Demonic Possession and The Role of Exorcism as Seen Through the Catholic Lens

Updated on June 5, 2018
savvydating profile image

Yves has always had a great fascination with the spiritual, supernatural and religious aspects of life.

Readying for the exorcism
Readying for the exorcism

This article explores how the Catholic Church determines when a diabolical encounter has occurred in an individual's life and how the exorcist may assist those inflicted by the demonic. Let's face it---the Catholic Church has a reputation for knowing how to "deal with the devil." Hence, this article will explore the rite of exorcism as seen through the catholic lens. Let us begin with some definitions:

  • Exorcism: “The act of driving out, or warding off, demons, or evil spirits, from persons." The word exorcist, in Hebrew, literally means, "to bind with an oath."
  • Demoniacal Possession: Possession is present when the "entity" has taken control of the body and is causing great anguish to the afflicted individual. For example, a possessed person might tell its body to walk in one direction, but the entity which has taken control of the body will walk wherever it chooses despite the will of the person.
  • Oppression: An overwhelming feeling of being surrounded by and “oppressed” by evil, though the evil entity remains outside of the body.
  • Exorcist: “One who exorcises or professes to exorcise demons; in particular, one ordained by a bishop for this office.” ( A Catholic exorcist is always required to be ordained by a bishop; otherwise, he is not sanctioned by the Church.)

How Does the "Afflicted" Person Feel and What Drives Her to Seek an Exorcist?

The words most commonly used to describe how the afflicted person feels: Agitated, helpless, suicidal, “having experienced hell,” nauseous, feverish, detached from reality, "in a horrible place where there is no hope,” “on fire,” fearful, in chronic pain that causes them to "twist and weep."

Such feelings are also suspiciously similar to those experienced by the mentally ill. Consequently, the Church requires that any person requesting exorcism must first undergo extensive psychiatric testing as well as medical examinations to eliminate any medical causes for the unwanted "disturbance." Only after thorough and multiple testing may the rite of exorcism be considered. If the medical community determines that the anguish associated with the individual is not the cause of a medical or mental illness, the exorcist may then begin to prepare himself for the rite of Exorcism.

Father Gabriele Amorth, Chief exorcist of Rome, who was mentored by Father Candido,  renowned exorcist before him.
Father Gabriele Amorth, Chief exorcist of Rome, who was mentored by Father Candido, renowned exorcist before him.

One day Father Candido asked a thirteen-year-old girl who was possessed:

"Two enemies, who hated each other all their lives, hated each other to death, and both ended up in hell." "What is the relationship that they will now share since they will be with each other for all eternity?"

And this was the answer:

"How stupid you are? Down there everyone lives folded within himself and torn apart by his regrets. There is no relationship with anyone; everyone finds himself in the most profound solitude and desperately weeps for the evil that he has committed. It is like a cemetery."

Excerpt from "An Exorcist Tells His Story," by Father Gabriele Amorth

How is the Possessed Person Different from the Mentally Ill Person?

Not unlike the mentally ill, the possessed person feels “out of touch with reality." However, they may also experience terrible physical pain. The following is a list of “signs” that enable the exorcist to conclude that possession is present:

  • Super-human strength, even in a child, whereby the possessed is able to bend hard metals, or even to quite literally "toss people around."
  • Inability to concentrate on one’s studies, even if the oppressed person had formerly been an excellent student.
  • An strong aversion to sacred objects.
  • The ability to speak in foreign languages of which the patient had no former knowledge.
  • Knowledge of embarrassing past events of those present in the room where the exorcism is occurring.
  • A (temporarily) contorted face or body. Occasionally, the possessed person's visage will change to become horribly bloated or to weirdly resemble that of a snake.
  • A deep, guttural voice coming from the patient.
  • A change of temperature in the room where the exorcism is taking place, and/or a foul sulfurous smell.

Tormented
Tormented

How Does Exorcism Work?

Exorcism rids the body of evil spirits. Medical doctors cannot address that which is spiritual---only an exorcist can accomplish this. If the exorcism is successful in removing all demons (there are always several demons occupying the possessed person), the penitent has a good chance to live a normal life. Exorcism is the only way to expel the demons as well as the physical ailments the afflicted individual suffers due to possession---the point being that demons do not leave a body of their own accord---they are like unwanted tenants who refuse to go. To be rid of demons, one must seek the help of a higher authority to force the evil spirits out. That higher authority is the exorcist, who is ordained by a bishop. The exorcist, however, receives his power through Jesus Christ. The Catholic exorcist also calls upon Mother Mary, the archangels, and the saints, to guide him and give him strength as the exorcism proceeds.

Padre Pio
Padre Pio

Who Is Most Vulnerable to Attack by Demons?

Strangely, a high level of piety in a person is not a guarantee against demonic oppression. Both Padre Pio and Mother Theresa experienced attacks by the evil one and both underwent "blessings" to regain their equanimity.

Children are also vulnerable to attack because of their lack of discernment. Evil has no boundaries and it will attack anyone who is an easy target. Children and teenagers are often intrigued by the occult. As such, they may choose to dabble with the Ouija board or séances. However, young people do so at their own risk, blindly, without realizing the dangers contained therein. In other words, when one "plays around" with the occult, one has essentially opened the door to strangers. Those "strangers" are demons and they can create havoc and do great harm.

Many New Agers make themselves vulnerable to evil influence due to their naiveté'. "White Lighters" mistakenly believe they attract messages or messengers who are benevolent and "evolved" because they believe themselves to have a "higher consciousness." They are wrong. The only thing such people have are gullible minds. In all cases, the spirit messenger is anything but evolved. Rather, they are low level spirits who pretend to be anything you want them to be---they do so to gain entrance into your home and your thoughts.

"Demonio"
"Demonio" | Source

The Danger of Immorality

But make no mistake, any person who is hardened against godliness or that which is good and decent are not doing themselves any favors. When an individual releases her need for morality, she has aligned herself with evil and she will become a puppet of the demonic. According to Father Gabriele Amorth, Hitler and Stalin were two highly immoral men who were most certainly possessed by evil.

Finally, it goes without saying that anyone who makes a pact with the devil and who invites him/it into her life, of her own free will, has made a catastrophic decision. The devil is not benevolent. Eventually, the misinformed person will pay with their lives and will most certainly take down many other innocent lives with them.

Prior To The Exorcism or the "Casting Out"

Before the exorcism begins, the priest must go to confession. He wears a simple tunic and places a purple mantle over his shoulders. The exorcist then begins the ritual. He first blesses the penitent with holy water, then himself and the others' whom he has chosen to attend the exorcism. The priest begins the prayers: The Litany of Saints, the Our Father, and many other lengthy prayers. The process can be quite tedious.

The exorcist is also admonished not to engage in unnecessary conversation with the demons, so as not to be distracted by their cleverness. (This admonition is found in the Ritual Romanum.) However, a highly seasoned priest may, on rare occasion, ask a question or two of the demons if he senses that God is permitting him to do so.

Rituale Romanum
Rituale Romanum | Source

The Rituale Romanum

The Rituale Romanum was first published in 1614, in Rome, under Pope Paul V, and was left untouched until two minor revisions were added in 1952. The Roman Ritual has since been made more "modern" through the addition of the English language. (The passages in the book were formerly written entirely in Latin.) The Rituale Romanum is comprised of various rites, including the rite of exorcism. In its pages, a priest will find rites for baptism, confirmation, marriage, and the last anointing for the dying, among other rituals and sacraments. In the volumes of the book, the priest will find the proper, specific protocol for various liturgical processions and official blessings. The Rituale Romanum is not to be used by the layperson; it was created as a specific tool for ordained priests.

A
Rome:
Rome, Metropolitan City of Rome, Italy

get directions

Little Known Facts

  • During the exorcism, the penitent sometimes vomits nails, shards of glass, hair, and pieces of bone, among other strange objects. However, the patient is not harmed by aspirating the items. Getting the objects out of the body is a needed and welcome release.
  • Some exorcisms must be repeated over months, sometimes years---because the affliction has been "long standing."
  • In some cases, as in a curse that was cast many years ago through black magic, the demon cannot be expelled.
  • Some experienced Catholic exorcists fully recognize and appreciate the skill of many Protestant exorcists to exorcise demons. Father Amorth has stated: "Protestant literature (regarding the subject of exorcism) contains a wealth of information.”
  • Most exorcisms are not "sensational" or violent.

What Happens During an Exorcism?

In an exorcism, the afflicted individual will usually have no knowledge or remembrance of anything that happens during "peak" times of the exorcism. The demons are "running the show," so to speak, and the possessed person knows nothing of what the demon is saying and doing. The demons, in fact, speak through the tormented person, which accounts for the disembodied sound coming from the plagued man or woman. However, it should be noted that the demons actually resist speaking during the rite, and they particularly resist revealing their names. However, the exorcist will always push the demon to reveal his name because the demons are weakened once they reveal who they are.

Some demons cannot bear to hear the name of Mary, the mother of Jesus. as her name alone causes them great agony. Consequently, in such a case, the exorcist will make a point of mentioning her name frequently during his prayers. In due time, the demon will yield, not having the strength to withstand the suffering he is experiencing at the mention of holy names. However, a powerful demon will put up a huge fight before revealing anything about himself. It is this strong resistance that accounts for some of the sensational and all too true stories of super-human strength, the blasphemies, the sarcasm, and other "hellish" behavior that may occur during an exorcism.

Indeed, in the case of a severe possession, the demon and the exorcist are in a battle, one to destroy a life and the other to save a life. It is no simple feat to wrestle with pure evil and, nearly always, several exorcisms are required before the demon finally leaves the body.

"I recently delivered a very powerful demon whose name was Shroud. I got attacked and so did the other priest who was with me. He had a numbness down his leg for weeks, some kind of nerve damage. In my case it was emotional. We had a hard time delivering this demon. He just wouldn’t come out....but once you get them to divulge their name, they have lost.”

— Father Gary Thomas, American Exorcist

After The Exorcism

Having become liberated from the invading, malicious spirits, the penitent must be ever cognizant of her responsibility to live a moral life, lest the demons return to haunt her once again. It is essential that the “patient” pray often and receive the sacraments of communion and confession as frequently as possible. Furthermore, she must align her life with the Gospel of Jesus Christ. The penitent must also ask for the prayers of others by maintaining a network of support groups to call upon so that she may "stay the course". You see, the formerly possessed person is not unlike an addict who is still vulnerable to temptation. She must surround herself with good and righteous people who will be there for her and who will pray for her. The penitent did not become oppressed overnight; she must therefore work toward a better life.

In not a few cases, the "patient" may also need psychiatric counseling and medication for years to come. It makes sense. The penitent, after all, has been through a horrific trauma, not unlike a soldier who suffers from PTSD. The good news is that once the patient is freed from oppression it is not unusual for whole families to experience a renewal of their faith---one that is quite profound and much more meaningful than the faith they shared before the exorcism occurred. Thus, a much needed healing occurs within the family unit. Having seen firsthand the battle of goodness over evil, the family's hope and faith is strengthened immensely.

Do You Believe in the Effectiveness of Exorcism?

See results

Summary

Just like the doctor who removes tumors from a body, the exorcist can remove demon(s) from the penitent. However, if the patient is unwilling to change their habits and behaviors, all the work of the experts is for naught. When all is said and done---after a successful exorcism, the penitent is free to embrace a better life. The question remains: Will he or she choose to do that which is necessary to keep the evil away or will they welcome the evil back?

To conclude, I leave you with a Catholic prayer of deliverance:

"My Lord, you are all powerful, you are God, you are Father. We beg through your intercession and help of the archangels, Michael, Raphael, and Gabriel for deliverance of our brothers and sisters who are enslaved by the evil one. All saints of heaven, come to our aid."

My best....Yves

© 2015 Yves

Comments

Submit a Comment

  • savvydating profile imageAUTHOR

    Yves 

    8 months ago

    HI Nell...I am glad this article puts things in perspective a bit. Full possession can be compared to madness, but there are distinct differences. I am glad you have found this hub helpful enough to return to in order to gain a clearer view of the why's and how's. Thanks for the re-read. Exorcism is a fascinating topic, at least to me. :)

  • Nell Rose profile image

    Nell Rose 

    8 months ago from England

    Actually this is the third visit to this hub! lol! but there is a reason. I have been watching a tv program about exorcism, and its so chilling. There was a girl on there who they were trying to help, wow! she was either completely mad or possessed! Reading this puts it into perspective.

  • savvydating profile imageAUTHOR

    Yves 

    20 months ago

    I agree. Maybe this stuff will all be explained scientifically one day. Unless that day arrives, I believe the supernatural exists and evil spirits exist. I just do! Thank for visiting again, dear Nell Rose.

  • Nell Rose profile image

    Nell Rose 

    20 months ago from England

    Came back for another visit. I always say that there is more in this world that we will ever know, so I would never say not real!

  • savvydating profile imageAUTHOR

    Yves 

    21 months ago

    Hi Nathanel....The topics don't relate. Sometimes I write about other subject matter. Exorcism is one of those topics I find rather fascinating.

    Thank you for providing some extra information about the movie, The Exorcist, which as you know, was based on a true story. The book is well written, by the way.

    Appreciate your dropping by!

  • profile image

    Nathanael West 

    21 months ago

    I like the movie The Exorcist. The writer recently died. The director was just in Rome and said he took pictures of a priest performing an exorcism. I read this one because it seemed the most different from your other topics. Do they relate somehow?

  • savvydating profile imageAUTHOR

    Yves 

    23 months ago

    Hello Two Pennies. Thank you for commenting. Yes, I had read elsewhere that Hitler was an occultist, Strangely, I've heard people say that Hitler was a Christian, as if to prove how immoral Christianity can be. Drives me a little batty.

    Anyway, exorcism is an interesting topic. I believe it is a very real phenomenon. As I mentioned briefly, most exorcisms are not sensational at all.

  • My Two Pennies profile image

    My Two Pennies 

    23 months ago from United States

    Interesting and insightful read on a topic that most of us only know through Hollywood's dramatization. As a historian, I found the reference to Hitler and Stalin particularly intriguing, especially as the Nazis did in fact dabble in the occult and even searched for "artifacts" (yep a lose basis for the Indiana Jones films).

  • savvydating profile imageAUTHOR

    Yves 

    2 years ago

    Indeed Laurinzo. These things are a mystery to us mere mortals. I appreciate the following verse because it makes clear distinctions about what Jesus did: "Heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, cast out devils: freely ye have received, freely give." Matthew 10:8

    Thank you for reading this article. It's certainly different from my usual...

  • Laurinzo Scott profile image

    LJ Scott 

    2 years ago from Phoenix, Az.

    WOW... a very heavy and real subject ... I believe that such an occurrence is real and totally unimagined... so many mysteries that the answers to won't matter once we encounter God face-to face ... Nicely written

  • savvydating profile imageAUTHOR

    Yves 

    2 years ago

    Thanks for the critique, ologsinquito. I appreciate your feedback. I will say that my method is to lay out the facts and let people decide for themselves.

    Thanks for all the good work you do. I get quite a lot from your hubs on narcissism.

  • ologsinquito profile image

    ologsinquito 

    2 years ago from USA

    Hi savvy, you did a really good job with this. More attention needs to be given to the fact that the devil is real, and, occasionally needs to be driven out of someone by a formal Catholic exorcism.

  • savvydating profile imageAUTHOR

    Yves 

    2 years ago

    Hi Flourish.....Strangely enough, from all my readings, the family is committed to helping the afflicted individual through thick and thin. Consequently, they are not at all stand-offish. And after the exorcism (banishment of demons) the family has a renewed strength and faith. The family becomes more devout. Some who were not Catholics before even choose to convert.

    BTW, I did not write this article to advocate for the Catholic religion. All I know is that there are powerful exorcists out there and these priests who do this work seem to realize that more of them are needed.

    Whatever one thinks, it's an interesting topic. In my view, evil is real.

    Thanks for commenting, Flourish. Great question!

  • FlourishAnyway profile image

    FlourishAnyway 

    2 years ago from USA

    Scary stuff, savvy! I didn't know Mother Theresa experienced this. I wonder what the experience is of relatives and others who are close to the person -- whether they are more vulnerable, permanently standoffish of the person, etc.

  • savvydating profile imageAUTHOR

    Yves 

    3 years ago

    Hi Word55. The article is based upon factual information. There is a plethora of information out there, from both Catholics and Protestants. I am glad you enjoyed the reading. Thanks for visiting. :)

  • word55 profile image

    Al Wordlaw 

    3 years ago from Chicago

    Hi savvydating, this is quite extreme perhaps, as much as The Exorcist movie. However, I found this reading quite as entertaining.

  • savvydating profile imageAUTHOR

    Yves 

    3 years ago

    Thanks, Nell Rose. I hear you. I love this sort of thing too. It's all so fascinating. Mostly, I hope to help people think twice before traveling over to the dark side because once a person is there, it's awfully hard to find a way back.

    As always, it's a pleasure communicating with you. :)

  • Nell Rose profile image

    Nell Rose 

    3 years ago from England

    Fascinating read savvy! I love this kind of thing, I do believe then I don't then its a, sigh not sure! lol! but to be honest something is definitely going on, what a great read!

  • savvydating profile imageAUTHOR

    Yves 

    3 years ago

    Indeed, Jewel. Frankly, I strongly agree that a no-nonsense approach towards anything evil or problematic is always the best approach. I am intrigued by your savvy & will consequently plan on visiting your site in the near future. Thanks for commenting.

  • Jewels profile image

    Jewels 

    3 years ago from Australia

    Good to hear re not messing with them, it's a murky space. I have a particular technique for sourcing them within peoples energy so it's as much about dealing with a persons resistance as well as the energy attached to it. It is a fascinating topic, but so glad I have a 'matter of fact' approach. The world is an amazing place isn't it!!

  • savvydating profile imageAUTHOR

    Yves 

    3 years ago

    That's fascinating, Jewel! I am glad you are able to help people in that manner.

    Most possessions are not dramatic at all. However, there are a few that are really tough. When a powerful demon has been around a person a long time, they will not easily give up their perceived "territory." This is when the "combat" begins. I appreciate your comment, and for sure---I am thankful that the spirits you deal with do not harass you. Some people, like you, seem to be naturally protected. The world of spirits is something I find highly interesting---but I don't mess with them. Lol.

  • Jewels profile image

    Jewels 

    3 years ago from Australia

    I am a clearer of the ghostly kind, yet I've never seen or experienced the dramatic kind of 'demonic possession' that is written about. I often wonder if there is dramatisation by the possessee because of a lack of knowledge or hyper emotional expression. Don't know. I'm open to it, sort of - I mean I don't chose to live my life being influenced by these entities. I have learned to see, and clear as per the requests of clients. But pleased I have the constitution not to be polluted by them.

  • savvydating profile imageAUTHOR

    Yves 

    3 years ago

    Thank you, Nell. I always appreciate your comments. You might enjoy an interesting book entitled, "Shouting At the Wolf." This individual was and is a practicing psychic. She didn't believe in any of that either, until she was attacked by evil. She now does exorcisms on places.

    BTW, there was much more I wished to say on your Robin Williams hub, but I was writing on my iphone and it was giving me grief. The short of it was that I found your hub very interesting and I wanted to congratulate you on the Hubbie Award. I voted for you! :)

  • Nell Rose profile image

    Nell Rose 

    3 years ago from England

    Hi, I don't really believe in demons and exorcism, maybe I haven't seen a real one that would scare the pants of me! lol! interesting hub though, I love these sort of themes, nell

  • savvydating profile imageAUTHOR

    Yves 

    3 years ago

    Hi DDE.....you are not alone. I suspect most people do not believe in demons. Thank you for commenting. I trust life is treating you well. :)

  • DDE profile image

    Devika Primić 

    3 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

    Interesting and lots to think about here. I don't believe in demons.

  • savvydating profile imageAUTHOR

    Yves 

    3 years ago

    Yes, exorcism is one of those things most people have questions about---either that, or they just assign it to something Hollywood does to make a few bucks. Ha! Thank you for dropping by, Frank. I do appreciate it!

  • Frank Atanacio profile image

    Frank Atanacio 

    3 years ago from Shelton

    wow, very interesting.. I'm skeptical, but hey who really knows.. thanks for peeking my curiosity :)

  • savvydating profile imageAUTHOR

    Yves 

    3 years ago

    Hi Jodah, What an interesting story about your house. The say when an object, such as a house, contains evil spirits, it is called an infestation. I omitted information about "objects" to keep the hub from getting too long. I am certainly glad the priest's blessing helped. Thanks for your complimentary comment!

  • Jodah profile image

    John Hansen 

    3 years ago from Queensland Australia

    Interesting subject Savvydating. I do think evil exists and people and things can become possessed. Years ago we felt that a house we were living in contained evil spirits. We had priests go in and bless it and try to drive out any spirits. It seemed to work as everything improved. This was very in depth and well written.

working

This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

Show Details
Necessary
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Features
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Marketing
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Statistics
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)