- Religion and Philosophy»
- The Role of Religion in History & Society
Power struggles from ancient days!
Survival of the fittest!
Power struggles started once people started settling along river beds. Grass land for cattle is the first area demarcation between nomads who migrated to riversides and green valleys in search of fodder for the cattle. Survival of the fittest is a common term in Darwin’s theory of evolution. Though Darwin meant it for animals and other species, man realized the need to secure him and his tribe. Fights erupted when other people transgressed into one settlement. Even the illiterate tribal living in hills and forest were particular to safeguard their territory from wild beasts and intruders. Hence survival and safety was the predominant concerns of all species of life including human beings. When civilization evolved, villages, towns and kingdoms slowly developed. Mainly agriculture and animal husbandry were the most important reasons for human settlement. In many parts of the globe, essential grains were planted and reared for both human and animal consumption. When agriculture yielded the required grains, people started stocking the excess grain for rainy days. Man started craving for varieties and explorers of land and ocean found many lands where human beings existed like their homeland. Different regions of the world produced different food grains, vegetables, fruits, minerals and condiments. Thus we have the ‘silk route’, salt route, spices and condiments and perfumery. The fair sex who are affluent craved for new varieties of costumes and jewelries including pearls and gems. Spices and condiments from different places attracted them alike!
Slowly different types of kingdoms were established in different regions of the world. When rulers try to usurp the labor and grains from the poor peasants, revolts have taken place. The king being the most powerful man controlled the upraise ruthlessly with his guards and thugs. Thus money power and muscle power made many kings mighty and people and citizens feared such autocratic kings. People started observing the life styles of wealthy land lords, big business people and the members of the royal household. They found they are suffering worst due to lack of food, clothing and shelter. In the good olden days, many kings were just and caring for their citizens. Such kingdoms flourished. Why many foreigners invaded India? It is the richness of all resources and amicability between different sects ruled by the kings. Because, truth and righteousness was the foremost qualities of those rulers, people respected their kings and paid the legitimate levies without any murmur. Hence the treasury was always full and the kings have provided many people friendly measures like rest houses, hospitals, education centers and perfect administration without corruption. People lived in peace and harmony. There were many temples for offering worship to different forms of godhead. The preceptors and Pundits were honored by the king. Art and literature flourished which led to music, dance and drama festivals. The participants were gifted with rich presents. The king provided plenty to all sections of society including those who are engaged in labor in agriculture, cattle farming and smiths of different metals. People obeyed such kings and nature too blessed those lands with copious and timely rains.
Ramayana and Mahabharata!
The king used to ask the citizens whenever he goes around the kingdom ‘whether there is three times rain during a month? Yes it was the condition of ancient Kingdoms which followed righteous rule! We have heard about the great epics Ramayana and Mahabharata, both were real history. Simply put, Ramayana happened due to the atrocities of demon tribe who ruled the Sri Lanka and forest regions around them. The extreme lust of Ravana triggered the events that are narrated in the epic. How the Divine incarnation Rama destroyed the demon kings who are rules unto themselves. The epic Mahabharata narrates the struggle of five good princes with their wicked cousins who are one hundred in numbers. Though physically the five princes are minority and the other hundred are majority, what happened ultimately is “Dharma or Righteousness won the struggle? The legitimate dues of the five noble princes were refused by the adamant and wicked Kauravas! Two villains played the role in the epics. In Ramayana, it was the “Kuni”, maid of Kaikeyi. In the Mahabharata, it was Sakuni, the uncle of Kaurava clan. Even while reading this post, if you imagine certain people in the political struggle that happens in South India, I am not responsible. I am just narrating the past and please do not connect them to the present political scenario anywhere. It is just coincidence.
What I would like to emphasize here is, Righteousness will triumph ultimately! But do not compare events of US where someone has triumphed! Usurping powers illegally by browbeating people will not last long forever. The King may punish instantly but god will wait to punish! Let us wait and see!