Facts about Quran (Koran)
The Holy Quran is the religious text of Islam , which was revealed by Allah to Prophet Muhammad. It is widely regarded as the finest piece of literature in the Arabic language . Muslims believe that Quran is the verbal divine guidance and moral direction for human beings. Muslims also believe that Quran is the last revealation from Allah (God).
This Holy book contains material on civil and military law as well as religious beliefs. In other words, we can say that the Holy Quran is not consisting upon the fundamental laws for Muslims but is also contains laws for all humanity till the Day of Judgement.
The Book advocates the worship of one God or Allah. It explains how the followers should pray, how they should conduct business, how marriages should be solemnised and how wars should be fought. It forbids such evils as drinking, swearing, gambling, the worship of graven images, and the belief in the other gods than Allah. In short, it is a complete code of life.
The Quran Karim unlike other religious scriptures directly addresses the common man. In several places in its verses it states explicitly that it is a book of guidance for mankind in general like the Torah and Gospel before it and in particular for the Muslims and the believers.
The Quran’s throughout aim is to inspire the common person to adopt a life infused within Divine ideals. It is not to be considered a handbook for some class of priests and mullahs but is to be regarded as a general invitation for all human beings.
The Holy Quran tells Muslims not to spy on each other. It strictly forbids sexual immorality, and strongly condemns all sins of the flesh such as adultery, fornication, sodomy, homosexuality, debauchery and libertinism, obscenity and lewdness in every form, as heinous crimes. Quran has prescribed exemplary punishments for such sins.
Noble Quran forbids all sins affecting the human body, such as homicide, causing physical hurt of any kind to anyone by any mean except the hurt that is caused in self-defence or is required by justice. Suicide is regarded as a sin according to Quran.
The Holy Quran enjoins good manners, rules of decency and decorum, shows the right way to behave in public and private life and teaches how to walk humbly and talk politely. It emphasises perfect physical cleanliness without which ritual worship is forbidden.
The first message of Allah delivered by Hazrat Gabriel (A.S) to the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H) was the five verses of Surah Al-Alaq in cave Hirra. In this surah Allah says:
In the name of the Lord and Cherisher
Created man, out of
A (mere) clot of congealed blood.
Proclaim! And thy Lord is the most Bountiful
He who taught (the use of) the Pen,
Taught man that which he knew not.
In order of revelation the last Ayat of the Holy Quran is:
Today I have perfected your religion for you. (Surah Al-Maida, Ayat 4)
Facts about Holy Quran
- The literal meaning of the word “Quran” is “that which is recited”.
- Holy Quran is the holiest of all Books and is the most read book of all times.
- The Holy Quran was revealed over a span of 23 years 5 months and 14 days.
- There are 105684 punctuations in it.
- There are 558 ruku.
- There are 6236 Ayahs (Verses), 77,9934 words and 323,760 alphabets.
- There are 114 chapters (Surahs).
- There are 86 Makkhi Surahs in the Quran.
- There are seven Manzil, 14 Ayat-e-Sajida (Prostration) and 30 portions (Para).
- In the Quran the word “Allah” appears 2698 times, the attribute “Rehman” (Benevolent) 57 times and the attribute “Rahim” (Merciful”) 14 times. (Other than Bismillah).
- The Holy Quran refers to 25 Prophets by their names and there are 6 Surahs (Chapters) titled with their names. These six Surahs are: Surah Ibrahim, Surah Yusuf, Surah Muhammad, Surah Nuh, Surah Hood, and Surah Younus (Jonah).
Prophets who are mentioned in Quran are:
- Nuh (Noah)
- Lut (Lot)
- Ibrahim (Abraham)
- Ishaq (Issac)
- Yacoob (Jacob)
- Yusuf (Joseph)
- Ayub (Job)
- Zulkifl (Ezikel)
- Musa (Moses)
- Haroon (Aaron)
- Daud (David)
- Sulaiman (Solomon)
- Ilyas (Elijah)
- Elias (Elisha)
- Yunus (Jonas)
- Yahya (John the Baptist)
- Issa (Jesus)
- The longest Surah is “Al-Baqra” (The Cow) and the shortest Surah is “Al-Kausar”.
- The longest Ayah (Verse) is “Ayat-el-Kursi” and it is also referred to as the Pinnacle of all Ayahs.
- In the Holy Quran there are 4 places commanding “Pauses” (Sakta) and at 86 places there is Commandment for compulsory small “Pauses”.
- Hazrat Mariam (Mary) is the only woman mentioned by name in the holy Quran and has Surah named after “Surah Mariam”.
- Hazrat Zaid bin Harris (May Allah be pleased with him) is that blessed companion of the Prophet whose name is mentioned in Surah Al-Ahzab (The Confederates).
- Surah Tawbah (Repentance) is the only Surah which does not begins with the opening “Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Raheem”.
- In Surah Naml (Ant) “Bismillah” is mentioned twice.
- The Holy Quran refers to 4 mosques and these are: Masjid-el-Haram, Masjid Al-Aqsa, Masjid-e-Zarar and Masjid-e-Quba.
- Hajaj bin Yusuf placed the punctuations in the Holy Quran while Abul’ala Saud distinguished and separated the Ayahs (Verses) introduced and placed the Circle (O).
- In order of revelation, the first Surah to be revealed was Surah “Alaq” (The Blood Clot) and the last Surah “Al-nasr” (help).
- There are 99 Ayats (Verses) that either testify or indicate Sallallaho alaihe wasallam.
- Surah Yaseen is referred to as the “Heart of the Holy Quran” and Surah Rahman as the most magnificent .
- Surah Al-Baqarah (The Cow) ends in a supplication (Dua) while Surah Fatiha (The Opening) is entirely a Supplication.
- The most often repeated verse in the Quran is “Fabiayyi-ala-i-Rabbikumatukadhiban” (Surah Rehman). It is repeated 31 times.
- Quran mentions six angels: Jabrael, Mikael, Israil, Raad, Haaravat and Maarovat.
- Holy Quan refers to seven infidels: Satan, Samri, Abu Lahab, Aazor, Fira’oon (Pharaoh), Hamman (Haman) and Qarnon.
- The earliest surahs of the Makkahan period are generally shorter while the surahs of the later Medinan period are longer, with the exception of the first surah, the Fatihah (Opening). The surahs are arranged roughly according to length, with longer surahs preceding the shorter ones. Consequently, the present arrangement is, for the most part, an inversion of the text’s chronological order.
Surah Rahman - Beautiful and Heart trembling Quran recitation by Syed Sadaqat Ali
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