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Updated on October 25, 2015



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1. During the period of Mecca

Although revealed orally, the Qur'an itself consistently refer to as the book written. This hints that the revelation was recorded in writing. Basically the verses of the Qur'an written since the beginning of the development of Islam, although the newborn people still suffer from various problems due to the atrocities carried out by the pagan Quraysh. Follows the story of `Umar ibn al-Khattab since he converted to Islam that we will use as an explanation for this problem:

One day 'Umar out of the house carrying a drawn sword was about to crush the neck of the Prophet Muhammad. Some friends were gathered in a house in the hills of Safa. There were about four decades, including women. Among them is the uncle of the Prophet Mohammed, Hamza, Abu Bakr, 'All, as well as others who do not go emigrated to Ethiopia. Nu'aim accidentally bumped and asked where 'Umar was about to leave. "I'm going to kill Muhammad, the man who has made the Quraish treacherous towards religion and their ancestors torn to shreds and he (Muhammad) berate ways of life, religion, and our gods. Now will I libas him." "You will only be cheating yourself` Umar, he said. " "If you assume that the tires!` Abd Manaf allows you tread on this earth was about to cut off the life of Muhammad, better go home to meet your family and solve their problems. " `Umar home, wondering what had happened to his family. Nu'aim replied, "Brother-in-law, niece named Sa'id and sister have followed the new religion brought by the Prophet Muhammad. Therefore, it would be better if you get back in touch with them." `Umar quickly hunt down the law in the house, where Khabba was reading Surah Taha of a piece of writing of the Qur'an. When they heard the sound of 'Umar, Khabba ran into a small room, while Fatima took the parchment that read the Al-Quran and put under her thighs ... 1

Anger 'Umar increasingly smoldering when he heard saudarasaudaranya converted to Islam. The desire to kill people while before that he headed increasingly becoming so. The main problem in this story relates to skin paper with the words of the Qur'an, according to Ibn 'Abbas verses revealed in Mecca recorded in written form since from there, 2 as can be seen in the words az-Zuhri.3' Abdullah bin Sa'd ibn 'Abi asSarh, a person involved in the writing of the Qur'an during this period, four were accused by some quarters as a forger verses of the Qur'an (an accusation which I have described as completely unfounded) .5 others as the official author is Khalid bin Sa'id ibn al-'As in which he explains, "I am the first to write" Bismillah ar-Rahman arRahim '(In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful) .6

Al-Kattani record this event: When Rafi` bin Malik al-Ansari al-'Aqaba attend baiah, Nab! Muhammad submit all the verses revealed in the previous decade. When he returned to Medina, Rafi` gather all the members of his tribe and read in front mereka.7

2. During the period Medina

i. Author Rev. Prophet Muhammad

In the Medina period we have quite a lot of information including a name, approximately sixty-five companions were commissioned by the Prophet Muhammad acted as author revelation. They are Abban bin Sa'id Abu Umama, Abu Ayyub al-Ansari, Abu Bakr as-Siddiq, Abu Hudhaifa, Abu Sufyan, Abu Salama Abu 'Abbas, Ubayy ibn Ka'b al-Arqam, Usaid bin al Hudair, Aus, Buraida, Bashir, Thabit bin Qais, Ja` far ibn Abi Talib, Jahm bin Sa'd, Suhaim, Hatib, Hudhaifa, Husain, Hanzala, Huwaitib, Khalid bin Sa'id, Khalid ibn al-Walid, az -Zubair bin al-`Awwam, Zubair ibn Arqam, Zaid ibn Thabit, Sa'd ibn ar-Rabi`, Sa'd ibn `Ubada, Sa'id ibn Sa'id, Shurahbil bin Hasna, Talha,` Amir ibn Fuhaira , `Abbas,` Abdullah ibn al-Arqam, `Abdullah ibn Abi Bakr,` Abdullah bin Rawaha, `Abdullah bin Zaid,` Abdullah ibn Sa'd,

'Abdullah bin' Abdullah, 'Abdullah bin' Amr, 'Uthman ibn' Affan, Uqba, al'Ala bin 'Uqba,' All ibn Abi Talib, 'Umar bin al-Khattab,' Amr ibn al-'As, Muhammad bin Maslama, Mu'adh bin Jabal, Mu'awiya, Ma'n ibn 'Adi, Mu'aqib bin Mughira, Mundhir, Muhajir, and Yazid ibn Abi Sufyan.8

ii. Prophet Muhammad dictated AI-Quran

When the revelation down, the Prophet Muhammad routinely call writers are assigned in order to record the verse itu.9 Zaid bin Thabit tells instead or represent a role in the Prophet Mohammed, he is often called upon given the task of writing when the revelation turun.10 When verse al-jihad down Prophet Muhammad called Zaid ibn Thabit to bring ink and stationery and then dictated it; 'Amr ibn Um Maktoum al-A'ma sit asked Prophet Muhammad, "How about me? Because I am a blind man." And then down the verse, "Ghair uli al-darar" 11 (for people who not noted) .12 It seems that there is no evidence of re-checking after dictating. When the task is finished writing, Zaid reread in front of the Prophet Muhammad to be sure there's no other word insertion into the teks.13

iii. Writing tradition Qur'an Among Friends

Common practice prevailing among the friends of the writing AIQur'an, causing Prophet Muhammad forbade people to write something from him except the Quran, "and who has written anything from me other than the Qur'an, then he should remove it . "14 He wants the Qur'an and Hadith are not written on the page of the same paper in order to avoid a jumble and confusion. Actually, for those who can not write are always present in the mosque also holds the parchment and ask other people voluntarily want to write verses of Al-Qur'an.15 Based on the traditions of the Prophet Muhammad called scribe new verses down, we can draw the presumption that during his life the entire Qur'an has been available in written form.


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